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Publication numberUS2485942 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 25, 1949
Filing dateJun 20, 1945
Priority dateJun 20, 1945
Publication numberUS 2485942 A, US 2485942A, US-A-2485942, US2485942 A, US2485942A
InventorsTurner Ralph R P
Original AssigneeTurner Ralph R P
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Valve position indicator
US 2485942 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 25, 1949. TURNER 2,485,942

VALVE POS ITION INDICATOR [Filed June 20, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 lnvm'ton Patented Oct. 25, 1949 UNITED .STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,485,942 VALVE POSITION INDICATOR Ralph R. P. Turner, Walkersville, Md.

Application June 20, 1945, Serial No. 600,496

4 Claims. (Cl. 116-125) This invention is directed to an improvement in valve signals wherein the position of the valve is automatically indicated as a result of valve operation.

The primary object of the present invention is the provision of a plurality of vanes, one'held fixed with the valve bonnet and the other responsive to the valve stem movement, the respective sets of vanes being particularly formed so that a vane carried by the valve stem will, in one position of the valve, be superimposed on one side of the fixed vane and in another position of the valve will be superimposed on the other side of the fixed vane, with the respective vanes having relatively different markings, as for example, different colors, on their respective sides to indicate the position of the valve by the markings of the exposed vane surfaces following a particular valve operation.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a valve signalling assembly including at least one vane fixed against movement with respect to the valve stem and the other vane frictionally cooperating with the valve stem to follow the movement of the valve stem until the vanes are in superimposed relation, with the fixed vane being for example, colored green on the upper surface and red on the lower surface and the movable vane being colored red on the upper surface and green on the lower surface.

A further object of the invention is the provision in the aforementioned type of signal of means whereby the movable vane is limited in movement in both directions to accurate signalling positions and, through frictional cooperation with the valve stem, held in that position regardless of further movement of the valve stem in the same direction.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the improved signal applied to a valve shown in dotted lines, the signal being positioned to indicate that the valve is closed;

Figure 2 is a similar but enlarged view of the signal positioned to indicate that the valve is Figure 3 is a detail perspective view of the upper signal section viewed from the under side;

Figure 4 is a similar view of the lower signal section viewed from the top;

Figure 5 is a diagrammatic edge view of the signal in valve closed position;

Figure 6 is a top plan view of the signal showing the parts in the position shown in Figure 2;

Figure 7 is a bottom view of the signal shown in Figure 6; and

Figure 8 is a plan view illustrating a slightly different form of signal.

The invention is illustrated in connection with a globe valve indicated at I having threaded bonnet extension 2, through which the valve stem 3 2 extends and is terminally provided with an operating wheel or head 4.

' The invention is not limited to the particular type of valve shown though obviously, it is restricted to a valve stem which opens and closes thevalve merely by rotation and without endwise movement. I

The invention comprises an upper indicator 5' and a lower indicator 6, as best shown in Fig. 1. The lower indicator is in the form of a circular disc 1 divided diametrically at 8 to provide vanes 9 and H). The vanes are centrally connected by web II having a central opening I2 of a diameter to loosely receive the valve stem 3, the web II including a narrow annular section l3 concentric with the opening I2 and outwardly flaring sections l4 joined to the respective vanes 9 and I0. One edge of each section I4 coincides with the diamet'rjic. division 8 and the opposite edge 39 terminates short of the other diametric division to provide arcuate spaces l5 for at least half of the circular length of the inner margin of each vane. The vanes 9 and ID of this indicator 6 are, according to the preferred type of signalling employed, colored green on the upper surface and red on the lower surface. The respective vanes are tilted from a horizontal plane and in relatively opposite directions so that the end iii of the vane I0 is on a plane below the end I! of the vane 9, while the opposite edge l8 of the vane I0 is on a plane above the edge IQ of the vane 9, as clearly shown in Figure 4. Edge flange section I4 is provided with a depending angle strip 20 through the depending arm of which the lower indicator 6 is removably secured as by screws 2| to the bonnet nut 22 of the valve body, whereby the lower indicator is fixed against movement during valve manipulation.

. The upper indicator is substantially identical in form to the lower indicator and, as best shown in Fig. 3, comprises a disc 23 of a diameter corresponding to that of the disc 1 of the lower indicator. The disc 23 is diametrically divided at 24 to provide vanes 25 and 26 which are carried by sections 29 flaring from a central annular section 2'! having an opening 28 for loosely fitting around the valve stem 3. One edge of each of the flaring sections 29 coincides with the diametrical division. and the other edge 40 of each terminates short of the opposite side of the diametrical division 24. The central section 21 is provided with a securing member 34 terminating above the opening 28 in spring clips 35 which are spaced to frictionally grip the opposite sides of the valve stem 3 and thereby secure the upper indicator 5 to the valve stem for movement therewith through the permitted limit and thereafter slip on the stem if the rotation of the stem is continued.

The vanes 25 and 26 are each inclined from the horizontal plane throughout their lengths so that-the edge 30 of vane 26 is on a plane below 3 the edge 3| of vane 25 and the edge 32 of vane 26 is above the edge 33 of vane 25. The adjacent edges of the upper and lower indicators are In addition, the lower surfaces of the vanes of the lower indicator 6 are marked with indicia.

similar to the indicia of the upper surfaces of the upper indicator 5 and, for instance in the given example, may be colored red. Similarly,.the upper surfaces of the vanes of the lower indicator 6 are provided with contrasting indicia similar to those of the lower surfaces of the vanes of the upper indicator 5 and, for example, may be colored green. Therefore, in the extreme positions of the indicators, the exposed surfaces of the vanes are provided with similar indicia',.or color, so that the indicia is clearly visible from both above and below the valve and will indicate the position of the valve. The signal thus cooperates with both normally positioned and overhead valves.

As will appear from the following described operation, the respective vanes of the upper indicator move in the turning movement of the valve stem 3 through the openings between the edges l6 and I! and I9 and I9 of the fixed lower indicator. The vanes of the upper indicator move in one direction of valve stem movement below the vanes of the lower fixed indicator and in the other direction of valve stem movement above said vanes. The movement of the vanes of the upper indicator must be limited in at least one direction of valve stem movement to insure vertical registry of the vanes for signalling purposes. To secure this result, the edge [8 of the vane ID of the lower indicator 6 is provided with an upstanding lip 31 near its extreme outer end while the edge I! of the vane 9 of such lower indicator is provided with an upstanding lip 38 near its outer end;

The upper and lower indicators are secured to the valve as described, the upper indicator 5 having a frictional engagement with the valve stem 3 and the lower indicator being fixed to a stationary part of the valve, such as the nut 22, as shown in Fig. 2. When the valve is closed the vanes 25 and 26 of the upper indicator 5 are in vertical registry with and overlying the vanes9 and ll] of the lower indicator 6, as shown in Fig. 1. As the upper surface of the upper indicator and .the under surface of the lower indicator which, in the example given, both are colored red, the signal visible from above or in the plane of the valve shows that the valve is closed.

' When the valve stem 3 is turned to open the valve, the upper indicator 5 moves from the described closed valve position and the edge 30 of the vane 26 of the upper indicator passes through the space between the edges I6 and I! of the vanes 9 and ID of the lower indicator while the edge 33 of the vane 25 of the upper indicator passes through the space between the edges l8 and I9 of the vanes 9 and ll! of the-lowerindicator. The opening movement continues until the vanes of the upper indicator are disposed fully beneath the vanes of the lower indicator, as sh n in Fig. 2.

As previously stated, the vanes of the respective indicators are inclined from the horizontal so that the'edge 39 of the opening [5 of the lower indicator 6 is necessarily inclined with respect to the edge 40 of the corresponding opening of the upper indicator 5. Therefore, in the valve opening movement of the valve stem and the corresponding movement of the upper indicator 5, the movement will continue until the vanes of the upper indicator are below the vanes of the lower indicator and when this registry occurs, the edge 39 will contact with the edge 40 and further movement of the upper indicator is interrupted. As the upper indicator is frictionally held to the valve stem 3, the movement of the valve stem may be continued for further opening of the valve while the upper indicator is held stationary. The indicator is now understood to indicate an open position of the valve in which position of the indicator the upper surfaces of the vanes 9 and 10 of the lower indicator 5 are visible from above and. the lower surface of the vanes 25 and26 of the upper indicator 5 visible from below; As these respective surfaces are colored green, the indicator will indicate both from above and belowthe fact that the valve is open.

Of course, the signal, while shown as having two vanes in each indicator; may, obviously, includeany other number of vanes that is deemed advisable. The vane formation and operation where a greater number of the vanes are provided for operation than is illustrated, are identical in form and operation to the vanes above described except that the relative movement between the discs will be varied in accordance with the number of vanes thereon. The invention is not concerned with the means for securing the indicators in place as any conventional means may be employed for this purpose so long as the connection of the upper indicator to the valve stem is such as to permit continued movement of the valve stem after the upper indicator has reached its" limit of movement in either direction. The indicators per se are preferably constructed of thin metal sufficiently rigid to hold its shape and position and may, obviously, be constructed of any material and in any de-' sired or relative diameter which will insure the clear visible signal following the respective operations of the valve stem. The signalas a Whole may be applied to any type of valve so long as the stem is prevented longitudinal movement in the valve operation.

In Figure 8, in lieu of the discs, substantially semi-circular elements 43 are shown.

The element 44 frictionally engages the valve stem 3, while the companion element 45 is secured to the bonnet of the valve. The tip end 46 of the element 44 is bent downwardly to ride under the element 45, as shown in Figure 8. The element 44 has aneck portion 41 which acts in one movement to form a stop. The end 48 of the element 45 is bent downwardly while its opposite end is provided with a flange 49. This element 45 also has a neck 50 which cooperates with the neck 41 of element 44 to limit'the movement of the element in one direction. The flange 49 limits the movementof element 44 in the opposite direction.

What is claimedas new is:

1. An indicator for valves of the type having a valve stem that isv rotatable relative to the valve housing, said indicator comprising a pair of elements each including a hub portion for positioning in close parallelism and axially relative to the valve stem, means on one of said hub portions for securing the respective element to the valve housing to be supported in fixed position, means on the other of said hub portions for securing the respective element to the valve stem to be movably supported relative to the fixed element, an arm portion extending radially from each of said hub portions, vanes carried by said arm portions and substantially parallelly angularly inclined transversely the radii of their respective hub portions, said vanes each extending laterally from one side of their supporting arm portions and respectively from the opposite sides of their respective arm portions to permit their superposition in registry on opposite sides of each other by rotation of the valve stem and consequent revolving of the element carried thereby, and contrasting indicia on opposite sides of said vanes with the indicia on the relative opposite sides of said vanes coinciding so that the exposed indicia will coincide when said vanes are superposed in registry.

2. An indicator for valves of the type having a valve stem that is rotatable relative to the valve housing, said indicator comprising a pair of elements each including a hub portion for positioning in close parallelism and axially relative to the valve stem, means on one of said hub portions for securing the respective element to the valve housing to be supported in fixed position, means on the other of said hub portions for frictionally securing the respective element to the valve stem to be movably supported relative to the fixed element, an arm portion extending radially from each of said hub portions, vanes carried by said arm portions and substantially parallelly angularly inclined transversely of the radii of their respective hub portions, said vanes each extending laterally from one side of their supporting arm portions and respectively from the opposite sides of their respective arm portions to permit their superposition in registry on opposite sides of each other by rotation of the valve stem and consequent revolving of the element carried thereby, the said opposite sides of said arm portions forming cooperative abutments for limiting the relative movement of said elements in one direction with said vanes in superimposed registry, a stop on the laterally extending portion of one of said vanes for abutment with the coinciding edge of the other of said vanes to limit the relative movement of said elements in the other direction and with said vanes in superimposed registry, and contrasting indicia on opposite sides of said vanes with the indicia on the relative opposite sides of said vanes coinciding so that the exposed indicia will coincide when said vanes are superimposed in registry.

3. An indicator for valves of the type having a valve stem that is rotatable relative to the valve housing, said indicator comprising a pair of discs each including a hub portion for positioning in close parallelism and axially relative to the valve stem, means on one of said hub portions for securing the respective disc to the valve housing to be supported in fixed position, means on the other of said hub portions for securing the respective disc to the valve stem to be movably supported relative to the fixed disc, diametrical radial slots in said discs and extending to said hub portions to provide segmental vanes of corresponding size and shape, diametrical arcuate slots concentrically in said discs and respectively extending from one side only of each of said radial slots to half the arcuate width of said vanes to separate said vanes from their hub portions and form arm portions therebetween, said segmental vanes being substantially parallelly angularly inclined relative to the normal plane of their respective discs, the vanes of each of said discs respectively extending laterally from the opposite sides of their respective arm portions to permit their superposition in registry on opposite sides of each other by rotation of the valve stem and consequent revolving of the disc carried thereby, and contrasting indicia on opposite sides of said vanes with the indicia on the relative opposite sides of said vanes coinciding so that the exposed indicia will coincide when said vanes are superposed in registry.

4. An indicator for valves of the type having a valve stem that is rotatable relative to the valve housing, said indicator comprising a pair of discs each including a hub portion for positioning in close parallelism and axially relative to the valve stem, means on one of said hub portions for securing the respective disc to the valve housing to be supported in fixed position, means on the other of said hub portions for frictionally securing the respective disc to the valve stem to be movably supported relative to the fixed disc, diametrical radial slots in said discs and extending to said hub portions to provide segmental vanes of corresponding size and shape, diametrical arcuate slots concentrically in said discs and respectively extending from one side only of each of said radial slots to half the arcuate width of said vanes to separate said vanes from their hub portions and form arm portions therebetween, said segmental vanes being substantially parallelly angularly inclined relative to the normal plane of their respective discs, the vanes of each of said discs respectively extending laterally from the opposite sides of their respective arm portions to permit their superposition in registry on opposite sides of each other by rotation of the valve stem and consequent revolving of the disc carried thereby, the said opposite sides of said arm portions forming cooperative abutments for limiting the relative movement of said discs in one direction and with said vanes in superimposed registry, a stop on the radial slot edges of the laterally extending portions of the fixed disc vanes for abutment with the coinciding edges of the movable disc vanes to limit the relative movement of said discs in the other direction and with said vanes in superimposed registry, and contrasting indicia on opposite sides of said vanes with the indicia on the relative opposite sides of said vanes coinciding so that the exposed indicia will coincide when said vanes are superposed in registry.

RALPH R. P. TURNER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name 1 Date 201,637 Treat Mar. 26, 1878 1,468,235 Japy Sept. 18, 1923 2,011,517 Geofirion Aug. 13, 1935 2,255,188 Rieper Sept. 9, 1941

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2904041 *Jan 23, 1957Sep 15, 1959Brown Albert LProtective device
US4058081 *Nov 2, 1976Nov 15, 1977Maureen Adele MaxfieldFull tank marker
US4137942 *Jul 15, 1976Feb 6, 1979W-K-M Wellhead Systems, Inc.Control valve having integral visual indicator for fluid safety systems
US4194529 *Sep 21, 1978Mar 25, 1980W-K-M Wellhead Systems, Inc.Control valve having integral visual indicator for fluid safety systems
US4606374 *Apr 5, 1983Aug 19, 1986Nupro CompanyValve
US5223822 *Apr 24, 1992Jun 29, 1993Stonel CorporationValve position indicator
US5469805 *Jan 7, 1994Nov 28, 1995Keystone International Holdings Corp.High visibility valve position indicator
US6536371 *Aug 1, 2001Mar 25, 2003One World Technologies, Inc.Rotary direction indicator
US6655316Oct 31, 2001Dec 2, 2003Leon KergerVisual position indicator for valves with linear moving valve stem
US6920896Sep 4, 2003Jul 26, 2005Torrent Trading Ltd.Visual position indicator for valves with linear moving valve stem
US8262059May 4, 2006Sep 11, 2012Flowserve Management CompanyHandwheel torque limitor
US8523140Sep 11, 2012Sep 3, 2013Flowserve Management CompanyHandwheel torque limitor
US20040113114 *Sep 4, 2003Jun 17, 2004Leon KergerVisual position indicator for valves with linear moving valve stem
US20090302246 *May 4, 2006Dec 10, 2009Dolenti William THandwheel Torque Limitor
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EP0092714A1 *Apr 8, 1983Nov 2, 1983Westlock Control CorporationPosition indicator assembly and valve assembly making use thereof
EP0584975A1 *Aug 2, 1993Mar 2, 1994Keystone Valve (U.K.) LimitedHigh visibility indicator
Classifications
U.S. Classification116/277, 116/300
International ClassificationF16K37/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16K37/0008
European ClassificationF16K37/00B