US 2486245 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 25, 1949.
F. G. BATES DEVICE FOR DI-SPENSING LUBRICATING OIL Filed Dec. a, 1944 Patented 0ct. 25, 1949 DEVI-CE FOR DISPENSING LUBRICATING OIL Fred G. Bates, Detroit, Mich.
Application December 8, 1944, Serial No. 567,261
2 claims. (c1. 222-835) This invention relates to improvements in dispensers, and refers particularly to dispensers for supporting and opening oil cans for their contents to be emptied into the crank case of an automobile.
At the present time there are a number of dispensers on the market for this purpose which are provided with means for opening a can, but in most cases they merely tear one end of the can with the result that dishonest merchants sometimes insert fresh ends after relling the cans with an inferior oil as the original label has not been defaced. Again most dispensers now on the market bend the partly severed portion of the can end inwardly with the result that this inbent portion interferes with complete drainage so that the purchaser does not receive his full measure of oil. Again in many cases the dispensers are so constructed that it is easier and therefore customary to tear the can end prior to the insertion of the dispenser in the iiller opening with the result that oil is often spilled upon the motor or other portions of the vehicle while the dispenser. is being placed in the said opening.
It is an object of the invention to provide a dispenser formed at its lower extremity to t into an oil inlet of a crank case, having means intermediately of its height for supporting a can therein, and a pivoted blade by movement of which both the side and one end of the can, and the seam connecting the end to the side, are severed, thereby making it unprofitable to attempt to rei-lll the can and make it again oil tight; moreover the blade is so arranged that a it also defaces the label upon the can.
Another object of the invention is to provide a dispenser wherein the blade is arranged to iiex the partly severed portion of the can end downwardly and outwardly to facilitate the complete emptying of the can.
A further object of the invention is to provide such a dispenser including a closure adjacent its lower extremity which 'is opened and closed as the blade is moved, Thus I am to provide means for preventing oil from dripping onto the motor or other parts of the vehicle during removal of the dispenser since spring means are provided for returning the blade to its inoperative position and for moving the closure to shut position.
Yet another object of the invention is to provide a dispenser for insertiony in the oil ller pipe of a crank case so constucted and arranged that an unopened can may be placed therein and then opened so that spillage of oil cannot occur while the can is being placed in ythedispenser.
Having thus stated some ci the objects and advantages of the invention I will now describe it with the aid of the accompanying drawin in which:
Figure 1 illustrates a side elevation of the invention. y
Figure 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of Fig'- ure 1.
Figures 3 and 4 are sections on the lines 3-3 and 4--4 respectively of` Figure 2.
Figure 5 is a partial sectional view showing the blade in cutting position.
Figures 6 and 7 are sections on the lines 6-6 and .'-7 respectively of Figure 3, and Figure 8 is a view showing a portion of can when cut by the blade. e
Referring to the drawing, I designates a tubular container which is of reduced diameter toward its lower extremity. Extending inwardly from the wall of the container l intermediately of its height is a striker plate 2 having a vertical face 2a which is sustantially radially disposed, and provided also on the inner face of the container l are one or more supports 3 the upper sides of which are in horizontal alignment with the top of the striker plate 2. These supports 3 and the top of the plate 2 form rests to support the underside of a can A.
Formed through the wall of the container I for a short distance above and below the top of the striker plate 2 is a vertical slot 4. Mounted on the outer face of the container as by suitable anges 5 and a supporting member 5a, is a narrow housing 6 into which the slot 4 opens. Extending through opposite sides of the housing 6 and disposed at right angles to an imaginary line drawn from the axis of the container is a hinge pin 1 on which a blade 8 is pivotally mounted. The blade is provided with one fiat side to move contiguous to the vertical face 2a of the striker plate, and its outer edge is rearwardly taperedA so that rotation of the blade about the pin 1 raises or lowers the said rod. Mounted in the container I adjacent its annular undersideis an outlet member I8 having an opening I9 formed therethrough, and normally held against the underside of the latter and mounted on the lower end of the rod I'l is a closure, member 2l).v Thus.y when the blade 8 is in its position shown in Figure 3 the closure member 20 is held againsty the underside of the opening I9 to form a Seal and prevent the passage of oil therethrough, and when the blade is moved into its position shown in Figure 5 the closure member is loweredv to its position indicated at 20a in Figure 3 and a free flow oi oil through the opening I9 occurs.
Thus it. will be clearly seen that upon movement of the blade 8 from its position shown in Figure 3 to that shown in Figure 5, the; said blade rst cuts the side of the can A, passes through the seamv by which one end` is: secured to the said side and then also cuts the can end and forces a partially severed portion of the latter downward as shown at B i-n Figure 8.
While in the foregoing the preferred embodiment of the invention has been described and shown it is understood that alterations and modications may be made thereto provided the said alterations and modifications fall within thescope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. A dispenser including an annular container open at the top and bottom, said container being of uniform cross section from its upper extremity for a portion of its length to receive a can, the lower. portion of the container being of decreasing cross sectional area toward its bottom extremity, said container being rigid throughoutits length whereby when its bottom extremity is inserted in a ller pipe the container is substantially vertically supported thereby, an annular seat in the container adjacent its lower extremity so that all oil flowing therefrom passes through the seat, a closure adapted to rest on said seat, spaced supporting means including a striker plate on the interior of the container toward its upper extremity to support the base of the can, a housing mounted on the outer face of the container, the latter being vertically slotted to provide an opening into the housing, a blade pivoted in the housing; adapted to move inwardly through the slot and downwardly in the container adjacent the striker plate to out one side and the base of the can so that the severed portions of the base are bent downwardly, means for forcing the blade inwardly and downwardly, spring means for moving'tlle` blade in the opposite direction, and means pivotally connected to the blade and to the closure for moving the latter away from the 'seat as the bladey is: moved inwardly and downwardly and for moving the closure toward the seat as the blade is moved in the opposite direction.
2. The combination in claim 1, wherein the means for forcing theblade inwardly and downwardly includes a block in the housing pivoted on the blade, an operating member pivoted in the housing and projecting outwardly therefrom, and a cam on the' member cooperating with one surfaceof the block for moving the latter and the blade.
FRED G. BATES.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS