US 2486500 A
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1 W. A. SHOCKET STAPLING DEVICE INVENTOR.v WH. Shocife Nov. l, 1949.
Filed June 21, 1946 Nov. 1949.,
W. A. SHOCKET STAPLING DEVICE Filed June 21, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INI/ENTOR.A W H. Simdre N, m mw hw Patented Nov. 1, 1949 UNITED STATES FATENT OFFICE STAPLING DEVICE William A. Shocket, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application June 21, 1946, Serial No. 678,443
This invention relates to stapling devices adapted to be held and operated in one hand to fasten sheets of material together by driving U- shaped staples or iastenersinto the sheets and clinching the ends of the leg portions oi the staples projecting from the sheets, and consisting of a magazine and arms carrying a driver and an anvil and pivoted on the magazine to have movements toward and away from the top and bottom ofthe magazine, respectively.
It is an object of the invention to adapt a stapling device of this character to be mounted in a carrying case resembling a fountain pen.
It is another object of the invention to provide a driver adjustable on its carrying arm to permit adjustment of said driver into and out of staple driving position and prevent the driving of staples when the stapling device is adjusted to be enclosed by a cap member of the carrying case.
It is another object of the invention to provide the magazine of the stapling device with inspection openings to permit the operator to see when the supply of staples needs to be replenished.
It is a further object of the invention to provide one end of the magazine with an annular portion adapted to releasably support pusher mechanism and adapt said magazine to be mounted in the carrying case.
` Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear.
In the drawings accompanying and forming a part of this application, Figure l is a plan view of the device forming the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 2 is a side elevational view looking at the bottom of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view showing sheets of material clamped between the magazine and anvil and the driver in position to drive a staple from a throat of the magazine.
Figure 4 is a cross sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows to show the shape ofthe staple replenishing end of the magazine.
Figure 5 is :a sectional View, on an enlarged scale, of the stapling end of the device to show the driver driving a staple into sheets of material and the anvil clinching said staple.
Figure 6 is a cross .sectional view taken on the line 6 6 of Figure 5 looking in the direction or the arrows to show the clinching of a driven staple.
Figure 7 is a view similar to Figure 5 showing the driver adjusted to a position in front of the throat of the magazine to permit positioning of the driver and anvilin juxtaposed relation to the magazine without driving and clinching a staple. 1
Figure 8 is a perspective view of pusher mechanism with a staple engaging portion thereof in section and anadjacent portion of a supporting rod broken away to show the construction thereof.
Figure 9 is a view of a case for carrying the stapling device shown in Figures 1 and 2 in assembled condition to be placed in a pocket of the user.
Figure v10 is a View of a body of the carrying case with a cap member of said case disconnected and showing the stapling end of the stapling device projecting from said body and the pusher mechanism partly removed from the stapling device and the body of the case.
Figure l1 is a view of a cap member of the carrying case.
Figure 12 is a longitudinal sectional view of the case shown in Figure 9 and showing the stapling device mounted therein.
Figure 13 is a cross sectional view taken on the line I3-I3 of Figure 9 looking in the direction l of the arrows.
The stapling device forming the embodiment of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawings comprises a magazine of channel shape in cross section having a bottom wall I4 and side walls I5 arranged with inwardly flanged longitudinal edges I6 joined at one end of the magazine by a transverse portion Il curved in a direction toward thebottom wall I4. The downwardlyI curved portion II conforms to the contour of the leg connecting portion of the staples s to facilitate the engagement of a clip or gang of detachably connected staples s, as shown in Figures 4 and 6. The inwardly extending flanges I6 engage the juncture between the connecting and leg portions of the staples and retain the ends of the leg portions of the staples against the bottom wall I4 of the magazine. The end of the magazine having the transverse portion I'I is provided with an annular member I8 having diametrically opposed bayonet slots I9 opening to one end and attached at the opposite end to the side walls I5 of the magazine by suitable means, such as solder or a weld, as indicated at 20 in Figures 1, 2 and 12, with diametrically opposed wall portions spaced from the bottom wall I4 and flanges I6 of the magazine, as shown in Figure 3. The opposite end of the magazine is arranged with a throat through which the leading staple of the clip of staples supported in the magazine is driven or discharged from the magazine. Said throat is formed by severing inwardly the end portion of the bottom wall M from the side walls I5 and bending said severed portion in an upwardly direction, as shown at 2l in Figures 3, 5 and 7, and forming notches 22 in the side walls I5 adjacent the ends thereof and said end portions-oi the side walls extending outwardly froirthe notches 22 having-thelongitudi#Y nal edges straight and not arranged with the flanges I5 and bent inwardly toward each other-'- and in spaced relation to the outer or front `face of the upwardly bent bottom portion 2 I, assilbv at 23.
The clip of staples s are moved and maintained under compression by pushefnlechaifisrnfcnle" prising a finger gripping or manipulating'mem-.- ber 24 having a circular enlarged head 25 slidably engaged inthe aniular lmember I8 of the 4 comprising an angle shaped member having one side portion 4I of substantially the same width as the distance between the side walls 35 and the other side portion 42 of a width substantially equal to the width of the throat 2I-23 or the distance between the side walls I5 of the magazine, whereby the portion 4I is slidable on the bottom wall of the arm 34 between the side walls 35A andthe portion 42 isi-.slidable-in thethroat zl-zs. 'rlie driver member 41,42"Y is slidably mounted on the bottom wall of the arm 34 by a Din shown in the form of a rivet 43 slidable in a slot 44 in the arm 34 and having one end xed infthe-driver portion 4I and the opposite end fixed in a n nger engaging or manipulating mem- The staple in the throatfi'diveilby thed'river" portion l 4 2J iiitoNv jitp'sdshet of materiali as indicated: at in: Figuren 3;.52 .6t andi 7', and' the? leig pdrti'ons'off' s'a-idstapler projecting from' saidE sheets are clinched over and into the lowerniostv slieetasshowii" atfeliiifFigurefe, byi' an anvil 5I having clincher grooves 522 aii'dlibuntedononef end of andllntheichanneloi an =arm 1 53'f ofl channel lshapeE inicrossfse'ction'andhaving at the'opp' site end ear@ portions,`- 54vl extending? froml andl in the plane onthefside Wall'sio'fthechannelfonfthef opposite f sides i of tlief magazine' I4=-- 6* and pivotallyf'lnolintedl on' the ends"` ofi pin- 31 pro" jeetin'gv fronti the can portions` 38 of' the@ xnagat zine I4-I6 withian-endipolftion of-thearrn53- andearportions 54fextenditigto the rear' ofthe pinv 3l:` The-f pinf 31i isiretaiined-l inthe knuckle- 36 and` ea'rpbrtions 38ra`ndi 54 by peening over'- th-e ends'iofft-hefpin.-V projecting froml theear 'por-f tions`i54ass1hown atf31f in-Figureili The anvil 54 is y-ieldirlgly urged I fromi thebottorn or" dis-v charge e'nd1 ofL the" throat? 2 I==23 by` al spring 55i iixed at one end to the under face of the bottomwaili Mz offthefriagazine by' suitable means; such a riv'e'ti 56,fandftlfiefopposite=ei1dfofl thelspringi engaging the end of the arm 53 extending to the rear of the pin 31.
Sheets of material m are stapled by inserting and clamping said sheets between the bottom wall I4 and the anvil 5l and then actuating the arm 34 toward the top of the magazine to engage the driver portion 42 into the throat 2i--23 of the magazine. The actuation of the arms 39 and 53 toward the magazine |4-I6 is accomplished by the thumb and forenger of one hand of the user while the sheets are inserted between the anvil and magazine by the other hand.
The stapling device as described is of such size as to be readily carried in the pocket of the user and to facilitate the carrying of said device in the pocket of the user, there is provided, as shown in Figures 9 to 13, inclusive, a carrying case cornprising a tubular body or casing 51 having an exteriorly screw threaded enlarged portion 58 at one end and the Wall at the opposite end of increased thickness extending inwardly to form a bore portion of reduced diameter, as shown at 59 in Figure l2, for the mounting therein of the annular member I8 of the magazine I4-I6. The member I8 is retained in said reduced bore portion 59 by a set screw 60. The manipulating member 24 extends from the casing 51 and to enhance the appearance of the device, said member 24 is encased in a knob 6I of suitable material, such as plastic, which may be molded on the member 24 and secured thereto by lugs or ears 62 integral with and extending from the member 24, as shown in Figure 12. To facilitate the turning of the knob to engage the pins 26 with the bayonet slots I9 or to disengage the pins 26 from the bayonet slots i9, the knob 6| is arranged with knurling 63. The inner end of the knob abuts the outer end of the casing 51 when the pins 26 are engaged in the slots I9. The casing 51 is made of the same material and in the same or contrasting color as the knob 6I. The casing 51 is of a length substantially equal to the distancer between the outer end of the annular member I8 and the pivot pin 31, so that the end portions of the arms 34, 53 and the magazine carrying the driver 4|, 42, the anvil 5l and throat 2I--23, respectively, will extend from the screw threaded end 58 of the casing 51 to permit the stapling of the sheets m Without interference. When the stapling device is not in use the stapling portions of said device extending from the screw threaded end 58 of the casing 51 are encased in a cap member 64 having internal screw threads 65 at the open end to releasably mount the cap member on the screw threaded portion 58 of the casing 51 and a pocket clip 66 mounted thereon adjacent to the closed end. The cap member 64 is also made of the same material and in the same or contrasting color as the casing 51 and knob 5 l. When the carrying case 51-66 is fully assembled, it resembles a fountain pen in appearance. When it is desired to encase the extending portions of the arms 34, 53 and magazine I4-l6 with the cap member 64-66, the driver 4l, 42 is adjusted to engage the detent 48 in the indentation 46 to position the driver portion 42 in front of the throat 2 I-23, and the arms 34 and 53 are juxtaposed to the magazine I4-I 6 to permit sliding of the cap member over said extending portions of the arms and magazine and engagement of the screw threaded portion 65 with the screw threaded portion 58. With the cap member 64 engaged on the casing 51, the arms 34 and 53 will assume the broken line positions shown in Figure 12 under the iniiuence of the springs 39- and 55,1
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
` 1. In a stapling device, a magazine for staples having a throat at one end for the discharge of staples from the magazine, an arm pivotally mounted at one end on the magazine to have movement toward and away from the top of the magazine, a driver adjustably mounted on the opposite free end of the arm to reciprocate in the throat and drive staples therefrom in one adjusted position and to extend exteriorly of the throat in the other adjusted position, and a second arm pivotally mounted adjacent one end on the magazine .to have movement toward and away from the bottom of the magazine and arranged with an anvil at the opposite end to be positioned relative to the discharge end of the throat and adapted to clinch the driven staples.
2. In a stapling device, a magazine having a throat portion for the discharge of staples from the magazine, an arm pivotally mounted on the magazine to have movement toward and away from the top of the magazine and having a slot therein, a driver comprising an angular member, a manipulating member and a pin fixed at the opposite ends in a side portion of the angular member and the manipulating member with an intermediate portion slidable in the' slot of the arm and said side portion of the angular member and the manipulating member adjustable on op.. posite faces of the arm to adjust the other side portion of the angular member to reciprocate in the throat to drive staples therefrom in one position and to extend in front of said throat in the other position, and an anvil pivotally mounted 0n the magazine to have movement toward and away from the bottom of the magazine to be positioned relative to the discharge end of the throat for clinching the driven staples.
3. A stapling device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the juxtaposed surfaces of the arm and lirst side portion of the angular member of the driver are arranged with coperating means to releasably retain ythe driver in the adjusted positions.
4. In a stapling device, a magzine having a throat for the discharge of staples therefrom, an arm pivotally mounted on the magazine to have movement toward and away from the top of the magazine, a driver adjustably mounted on the arm to have limited movement on the underface of the arm' and having a manipulating portion slidable on the upperface of the arm to position the driver to reciprocate in the throat and drive staples therefrom and to extend in front of the throat, and an anvil pivotally mounted on the `magazine to have movement toward and away from the bottom of the magazine to be positioned relative to the discharge end of the throat to clinch the driven staples.
5. In a stapling device, a magazine for staples having a throat at one end for the discharge of staples from the magazine, an arm pivotally mounted at one end on an intermediate portion 'of the magazine to have movement toward and away from the top of the magazine, a driver mounted on the opposite end of the arm to reciprocate in the throat of the magazine and drive staples therefrom, a resilient member xed at one end to the arm and the opposite end adapted to engage the magazine and yieldingly urge the driver from the throat of the magazine, a second arm pivotally mounted adjacent one end on the intermediate portion of the magazine to iran/e2movementtewaxnamhawasrffrom tteebotatom of the magazine and arranged witiinafxra'xrvili` at thee oppositef endtoa be: postticmeri;relative:` to theedischarge: end; ori thett throat r andi: adapted xto clineh'the. driven staples, `andia second .resilient mzenzrber.fixed;v atx one: endo. to: the: magazinesi ami the: opposite lerxdr.enga'ging; thefendaof! thesecond. arm adjacenti to; the pivotal: morini/inguof;` Said. arm toA yieldingly urgeethe: anvilendiofrtheesecfond armi from.l the; discharge end: ofi, thee throat of ther-magazine:`
6i. In arstapling deviee, aimagezinefofichnmei shane: in cross.: seeti'om having: ear.. portionss on: thev side walls; 01;v the)A channeitintermediat the ends cit-,thefm'agazineendaathroat'ationeendffon the discharge-ofi staples..- from:L ther. magazine: an arm .pivotaiiyfmountedzbetweem the ear'.` portions of c the. magazinefto i havef.` movemer-1t-u toward; and away.l from, the top; ot: the; magazzineie a1. driven mounted-:on -theazrm .to Ireeiprocateirnthe .throat Walls: with said; second-1 arm.- in opposed@ relation torthe bottom of the m'agazineaand 'an'.anvil y arranged on f the-second :arnrrto berpositonedireia tive :to :the dischargeend:of-4 the :throattto -clinch the drivemstaples-J '7'.V In-arstapiingi, device? magazinemf channei shapefin-J cross-:section having; arthroat-at one end fonY the.- discharge: ofr stapies:y from` their magazine and.. an, opening,4 in i thefside-fwaiis: of.: the-channel'. adjacentto therthroatto..v\iewv` thee snpniy staples inthe magazineaan arm `offohannei:shape in cross sectionfpivotally mounted on-,themaga zine tot have)` movement toward andi: awayfrom thetop foithe magazine 'andi-having anwopening inthe sidewalls ofi the channei thereof to.-be registered with thaopeningsiinthe sidra: walls-ot the magazine, adriver carriedibyftharm to reciprocate irrthe throatranchdrvefstapless theren from,l and-1 ani anv-ih pivotazlly; mounted: on the magazine to.- have: movement.. toward and away;A from the bottom of:` the. magazine: andi be:-.posi. tioned relative to the discharge end of thefthizoatr to ciinchfthe-driven staples 8l.In-, al stapling device, a tubular: casing; a magazinevforstaplesfhaving, athrcatsat one end for. thedischarge ofl stapleswfromvthe-magazine e and mounted: at thef opposite: errdf in! the,- casing with i the. throat y end` extending?. from the casing; an( arm pivotant?, mountedv ony themagazine to have movement towarrh arrch away;V from. the: top.
l zine extends. Y
11),:,Imaastap1-ingdevice assclaimeeh imclafinr'; resilient members: associated: with; eachz azrm.` to. yieidingly urgetheramms fromsthe magazine-,aand the. engagement;V of the :capfmemberz-on :the ',-case- Y ingfretainingetliee anmsireiative to.the:magazine.
against-` the forcee ofi satuzlx.'resilient,A members:l
11;.. Infa staplfing device:asso1aimed iiniciaim; 891 pusher. mechanismr reieasabiyt: mounted: im the: end fof the-f magazinemountedr; inithe casing;.and: having a:manimnatingportionxtofabutrandiclose the-end offtheasing oppositeethe-,endifronrxwhich the-:.magazine:extends:-t
12. L In: avstaplinggdreafice a: tuhularr casing have ing; one: endi therev bore: oft reduceeb diameters., a magazines for', sta-pleas off charmer.: shapes im cross: section having: any annulant'portion;A at one end" mounted ini the:l reduced: end :or the; b'oree of: the casing and the;oppositie@fernaboirthe@magazine:ex,l tending,vv fromithe; oppositeeendx off thecasing: and arranged;-` withA a v.throat-\at,\tsaid: opposite end: fon the; discharge: oa' staples:` from; the-1magazimzf;V a driverf pivotally mounted! the: magazinef tu havemovement*4 towardi andi awayy from.` the; top; of, the:magazinerttrreeiprocatincthee throattant;y drive: staples thererorrr an: anvil; pivotally; mounted ion ,the;magazineeto,fhave?l mevementrtward..and away fromxthefbottomzoixthe:magazine toA be? positioned reiativetostheidisohargeeendian the: throat. and. clinch the driven; staples;` and pnshen mechanism reieasablm mounteddmtheian nular portionl of the magaziner andi having; a: manipulating portion` torv'engager andi close the reduced borefendnf 'the casing.
REFERENCES, GL'ILED The* following references-1 areJ 0f 'record in the' ie of patent-z UIISH'IIEDL PATENTS;