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Publication numberUS2487268 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 8, 1949
Filing dateJul 21, 1947
Priority dateJul 21, 1947
Publication numberUS 2487268 A, US 2487268A, US-A-2487268, US2487268 A, US2487268A
InventorsOleson Ford L
Original AssigneeOleson Ford L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Plastic switch
US 2487268 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

NOV. 8, 1949 QLESON 2,487,268

PLASTIC SWITCH Filed July 21, 1947 INVENTOR. Fora Z. 0/6500 BY Q- Patented Nov. 8, 1 949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PLASTIC SWITCH Ford L. Oleson, San Francisco, Calif.

Application July 21, 1947, Serial No. 762,361

2 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in switches, made of thermoplastic resinous material.

The principal object of this invention is to produce a switch for the purpose of controlling an electrical circuit through change in temperature of the air surrounding the switch.

A further object is to produce a switch which is economical to manufacture, positive in operation and simple to install.

A still further object is to produce a. switch having a known characteristic so that the same will always actuate under given physical conditions.

Other objects and advantages will be apparent during the course of the following description.

In the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification and in which like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same,

Fig. 1 is a side elevation of one form of my switch adapted to close a circuit.

Fig. 2 is a. side elevation of a modified form of myswitch adapted to close a circuit, and

Fig. 3 is a side elevation of a switch adapted to open a circuit.

In many places it is desirable to have some means for indicating sudden rises in temperature which will indicate the possibility of fire and promote an investigation.

These switches must be of such a nature that they will actuate under given conditions in a. positive manner so that even after long periods of time, and without investigation, the same will function.

I have, therefore, devised a switch arrangement wherein the thermoplastic resinous material is I employed to open or close an electrical circuit when certain preset locked-in forces are released through heat, which permits these locked-in forces to tend to change the form of the thermoplastic resinous material to return it to its original shape; also, by varying the thickness of the thermoplastic resinous materialwhich is bent to form the switch a very definite degree of temperature change can be predetermined so that a switch may be designed for almost any known condition.

In the accompanying drawings wherein for the purpose of illustration is shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, the numeral 5 designates a base of any type, upon which I mount a pair of arms of thermoplastic resinous material, as shown at 6 and l.

The arm 6 is preferably a flat strip oi material,

upon which is positioned a contact 8 which may be electrically connected to one side of an electrical circuit.

The arm 1, is also formed of a thermoplastic resinous strip which is provided with a pair of oiiset bends 9, whereby the portion II, is offset with respect to the remainder of the arm. This is accomplished by heating the thermoplastic material, bending it and holding it until it cools off sufficiently to become rigid which results in establishing in the arm locked-in forces, for the reason that such material, when bent under these conditions, has a tendency to again straighten out or assume its original shape when heat is applied thereto. The offset portion ll, carries a contact l2, which may be connected to the opposite side of the electric circuit, the result being that, when the parts are in the full-line position, as shown in Fig. 1, the contacts 8 and I2, will be held in separated position. However, when the temperature surrounding the switch rises to a definite predetermined point, the arm 1, will tend to soften and the above-described locked-in forces or stresses, will tend to straighten the arm, as shown in dotted lines, thus moving the contact I 2, into engagement with the contact 8.

This movement will also cause a wiping action of one contact on the other so that any dust which might interfere with causing a good contact will be wiped away.

In the modified form shown in Fig. 2 the arms l3 and M are also made of thermoplastic resinous material and have their ends bent into arcuate curves, as shown at l6 and I1, respectively, these curved ends being spaced one from the other and each carrying a contact as shown at l8 and I9, which contacts are in turn connected to the opposite sides of an electrical circuit.

In this modified form, when heat occurs around the switch the two arms l3 and M will commence to soften and their locked-in stresses will cause the curved ends to move toward each other, thus causing the contacts l8 and i9 to engage and complete an electrical circuit.

In the form shown in Fig. 3, a thermoplastic resinous strip 2i has an arcuate U-shaped bend 22 formed substantially midway of its length and as the ends of the strip are secured to the base 5 by bolts 23 and 24, it will be apparent that the two ends of the strip cannot be moved relative to each other. Therefore, a contact 26 carried by the middle portion of the bend 22 may engage a contact 21 carried by the base 5.

These two contacts are electrically connected to a circuit so that when heat is applied to the aaeaaea switch the locked-in stresses will cause the U shaped portion to tend to straighten out, as shown in dotted lines in the figure.

This will move the two contacts apart, thus-- breaking the circuit and causing a signal to be given.

It will thus be seen that by employing the locked-in stresses of thermoplastic resinous material I have created a positive acting switch arrangement.

It is to be understood that the form of my invention herewith shown and described is to be taken as a preferred example of the same and that various changes relative to the material,

size, shape and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the subjcined claims.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

1. In a switch of the character described, a base, a pair of arms formed of thermo-plastic resinous material secured to said base at their opposite extremities, one of said arms being bent under heat and then cooled to create a lockedin force in said arm and having its free end spaced from the free end of the other of said arms, and a contact carried by the free end of each of said arms, whereby the release of stress in said bent arm through the application of heat, will cause said contacts to engage each other. I

2. In a switch, a rigid base, a pair of elongated members formed of thermo-plastic resinous material, each having one end thereof secured to said base, at least one of said members being bent under heat and then cooled to create a locked-in force in the member at a point between its ends, the free end of one member being spaced from the free end of the other memher, and a contact carried by each of said members, whereby, when said bent member is heated, the stresses locked therein by the bending operation are released to cause said contacts to engage one with the other.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,057,807 Day Apr. 1, 1913 1,597,630 Spenks Aug. 24, 1926 2,027,962 Currie Jan. 14, 1936 2,252,504 Hahn Aug. 12, 1941 2,377,928 Fielitz et al June 12, 1945

Patent Citations
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US1057807 *May 14, 1912Apr 1, 1913Willard G DayApparatus to indicate the proximity of icebergs at sea.
US1597630 *Jul 23, 1924Aug 24, 1926Spenks Charles AThermostatic circuit closer
US2027962 *Mar 3, 1933Jan 14, 1936Nat Carbon Co IncProduction of articles from plastic compositions
US2252504 *Jul 24, 1939Aug 12, 1941Automatic Button CompanyMethod of mounting lenses in illuminated signs, etc.
US2377928 *Jun 19, 1942Jun 12, 1945Du PontStretching cast elongate bodies
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2789178 *Oct 27, 1953Apr 16, 1957Shepard Jr Francis HRelay
US2883486 *Mar 9, 1954Apr 21, 1959Bell Telephone Labor IncPiezoelectric switching device
US3127760 *Nov 19, 1958Apr 7, 1964Grace W R & CoMethod of calibrating a temperature gauge
US3225615 *Jun 14, 1962Dec 28, 1965Henry KohnPositive drive mechanism
US3483360 *Jul 11, 1967Dec 9, 1969Chace Co W MThermostatic switching device and over-heat control system incorporating same
US4899543 *Mar 29, 1989Feb 13, 1990Grumman Aerospace CorporationPre-tensioned shape memory actuator
US6456190 *Oct 29, 1998Sep 24, 2002Imego AbDevice for micromechanical switching of signals
US7265652 *Jul 28, 2004Sep 4, 2007Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable electronic switch
US7324876Dec 14, 2004Jan 29, 2008Yingco Electronic Inc.System for remotely controlling energy distribution at local sites
US7688175Mar 30, 2010I/O Controls CorporationControllable electronic switch
US7693610Sep 6, 2005Apr 6, 2010Yingco Electronic Inc.Remotely controllable wireless energy control unit
US7925388Apr 12, 2011Yingco Electronics, Inc.Remotely controllable wireless energy control unit
US7961073Sep 29, 2009Jun 14, 2011Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable electronic switch
US8981891 *May 6, 2011Mar 17, 2015I/O Controls CorporationControllable electronic switch
US20050128043 *Jul 28, 2004Jun 16, 2005Jeffrey YingControllable electronic switch
US20050207081 *Dec 14, 2004Sep 22, 2005Jeffrey YingSystem for remotely controlling energy distribution at local sites
US20060064205 *Sep 6, 2005Mar 23, 2006Jeffrey YingRemotely controllable wireless energy control unit
US20080186126 *Aug 31, 2007Aug 7, 2008Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable Electronic Switch
US20100013592 *Jan 21, 2010Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable electronic switch
US20120092122 *Apr 19, 2012Yingco Electronic Inc.Controllable electronic switch
US20150255238 *Mar 17, 2015Sep 10, 2015I/O Controls CorporationControllable electronic switch
U.S. Classification337/370, 219/512, 264/339, 264/230
International ClassificationH01H37/46, H01H37/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01H37/46
European ClassificationH01H37/46