|Publication number||US2487888 A|
|Publication date||Nov 15, 1949|
|Filing date||Jun 6, 1944|
|Priority date||Jun 6, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2487888 A, US 2487888A, US-A-2487888, US2487888 A, US2487888A|
|Inventors||Moehrl Kenneth E|
|Original Assignee||Layne & Bowler Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (4), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 15, 1949 VK. E. MOEHRL WELL SCREEN Filed June 6, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 v K. E. MOEHRL Nov. l5, 1949 WELL S CREEN 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. /fz//fvf/f daf/Mz' Filed June 6, 1944 Patented Nov. 15, 1949 WELL SCREEN n. Kenneth E. Moehrl, Memphis, Tenn., assigner to Layne & Bowler, Incorporated, Memphis, Tenn.,
a corporation of Delaware Application June s, 1944, sera1No`.588,947
This invention relates to well screens, and preferably to such screens formed substantially in their entirety of plastic material, the various parts being secured and integrated together by plastic adhesive, either through the application of heat or by chemical softening to permit the parts being adhesively joined.
In the construction of screens, metal has largely been used, but nearly all such screens are more or less subject to attack by alkalies or acids encountered from time to time in waters of varilous types, the presence of deleterious elements in the waters often not being discovered until serious damage has been done or Yactual destruction has occurredand suggestions have been made that plastic be used, but so far as known, all such attempts have included metallic frameworks of some sort through which the structure has been accomplished.
In wells, the bore not only varies, making it Vnecessary to keep in stock a number of screen sizes to meet the ordinary run of conditions, but also the nature of the sands which are to be held back, the quantity of water available as compared to that which it is desirable to withdraw, and possibly other factors, make it necessary, or at least extremely desirable, from time to time to vary the size of opening throughv which water enters into the well casing, and set up conditions which often'are difficult to meet.
In order to meet the first of these conditions,
namely, that of corrosion, the use of plastics diameters, and slot sizes with a minimum of stock sizes and shapes, it is advantageous that the screens be of a construction that can be built up from a repetition of unit members.
Insofar as variations in slot size is concerned,
the construction hereinafter set forth is of great` advantage, Whether the material used be metal' or plastic. 4
The objects of the invention are: A To make a well screen constructed of individual elements which may be readily secured together under Varying conditions of relative spacing to accomplish varying conditions of size and spacing;
To provide a well screen yformed of plastic material consisting of individual elements inte-n structure.
ToA provide a well screen made up 'of a plu- .rality of individual elements, each respectively of which is of identical cross section throughout; To provide a well screen made up of a plurality of elements which in groups are respec- 'tively of substantial identity and which are assembled together and` integrated into a unitary The means by which theforegoing and other objects are accomplished, and the manner of their accomplishment, will readily be understood from the following specification upon reference to the accompanying drawings, vin which:
Fig. 1 is an elevation showing1 the lower end of a well column with two sections of screen attached thereto.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary section showing the attaching joint between the Well column and the upper .end of the first screen section, a portion of the view being broken away in section to show more clearly the construction.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional plan taken as on the line III-III of Fig. 2.
Figs. ,4 and 5 are respectively plan and elevation of oneof the spacing blocks used.
Figs. 6, 7 and`8 are 'respectively an end view and two elevational views of one of the triangular bars. A
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary elevation, similar to Fig. 1, of the lower end of the upper section and the upper end of an adjacent lower section, and is typical of the lower and upper ends of such -sections as they appear before nesting together and being integrated into a unitary structure;
'.Othe line X-X 0f Fig. 9.
Fig. 11 is a fragmentary sectional elevation Ycorresponding to the sectioned portion of Fig. 1,
showing a modified form of connecting sleeve. Fig.' 12 is a fragmentary. sectional elevation,
'also similar to Fig. 1, showing the inner surface Vof the inner ring flush with the bore of the well column and the apices of the bars; and
ring showing the same feature.
Referring now to the drawings in which the various parts are indicated by numerals:
' Il is the lower end of a well column, and It! 'and l5 are strainer sections carried by the well column and depending therebelow, such number f these sections being used as the thickness of the water bearing sands of the well requires. The 'lower end of the bottom screen section preferably closed by a cap I1'.
' Fig. 13 is a similar section at an intermediate The screen sections each comprise a plurality of vertically disposed bars I9 of triangular cross section, here shown as angle bars, internal beltlike supporting rings 2 l, 23 spaced at or adjacent the ends of the bars, additional rings 25 spaced from time to time intermediate their lengths, external belt-like rings 21, 29 and 3l overlying and respectively complementary to the internal rings; and spacing blocks 33 at each belt location, equalling at each such location the number of bars used. The spacing blocks are of over-al1 triangular cross section, with their apices truncated.
The inner ring 2| at the upper end of the upper screen section I3 is preferably brought flush with the ends of the bars I9, and the outer ring 2'I preferably forms an integral part of acollar 35 which is internally threaded for engagement with the lower threaded end of the pipe column II. The blocks 33 preferably are of the same length or depth, as the widths of the rings 2| `and 2], though such equality .of length is not absolutely essential. Y Y
Y The intermediate rings 25 and 3l are spaced from time to time along the bars and may be narrower than the end rings. Blocks 33 are prefer- `ably used at each ring location.
The rings 23 and 29 and blocks 33 at the lower of each -section are spaced above such lower Fig. 2, or, as shown in Fig. 11, may be formed of a collar portion 35A and a ring 21A which is of width to overlie not only the internal ring 2I, but also the collar portion 35A, in which case the ring and collar portion 35A are subsequently integrated into a unitary structure. the collar 435, or 35A, a-s the case may be, preferably has an intern-al annular rib 39 which underlies the end of the column II and overlies the Yring 2l..
In many cases it is preferable that the bore 'of the screens be substantially identical with that cf the well column and free of interfering shoulders. In such cases, the apices of the bars, as the bars I9, are -cut away so that the inner surfaces of the ring ZIA, Fig. l2, may be flush with the bore of the column II and the apices of the bars, and the inner rings 25A, Fig. 13, and other inner belts may be flush with such apices also.
The rings, whether internal or external, are preferably formed of flat strips of material, of width conforming to the desired depth of ring, and whether of plastic or metal, are cut to proper length and rolled into circular form of desired diameter with their ends abutting and joined, as by welds 4I, Figs. 3 and 10. If the material be of plastic, flat bars of desired width are formed by extrusion, these bars being cut to proper length and rolled into ring form, as the bars are extruded and before they have time to harden by cooling, and then, or later, the ends adhesively joined, or welded by thermo-plastic fusion.
The angle bars here used are similarly eX- truded and cut to desired length as are the spacing blocks. The coupling through which attachment is made to the Well column and the cap for In either form the lower end of the strainers are molded, threads being preferably formed in the coupling during such molding, though they may be formed or dressed up by machinery if it be found necessary.
The bars are of isosceles triangle cross section with their equal lengths sides at right angles and are preferably angle bars, with equal length legs cut away :at their ends, Fig. 6, to accomplish such `triangular shape. The blocks are of complementary shape and substantially right isosceles cross section. They are made up in varying widths to give desired bar spacing, and are cut away or truncatedalong their apices to substantially the width of slot desired between the bars. It will particularly be noted that the use of individual blocks as contrasted with a notched collar for supporting the bars, permits use of such number of bars and blocks as may be necessary to establish the desired width of slot.
Whether the .structure be of metal or of plastic, inner rings of desired diameter are. placed adjacent the ends and at desired intermediate intervals along the length of the sections. The ribs and blocks are assembled around the rings, such number of bars and size of blocks being used, as will give the desired spacing of the adjacent bar edges. Outer rings exterior to the bars are used and are alined respectively over the inner rings.
In determining the number of bars, the outside diameter of the yscreen over the bars is determined from the diameter of the selectedinner belt plus the thickness of two bars measured radially, the ring outer diameter being used where the apices abut, and the ring inner diameter Where the bar apices are notched. The circumference `is computed lfrom this diameter and divided by the width of a bar and desired space. Since the number is usually fractional the nearest number may vbe used, though for ease of construction, an even number of bars is generally selected, one bar more or less having little effect on the slot Width.
With the number of bars determined and the ring and outer diameters known, an encircling hardwood guide is made up, this being preferably in four to six sections for easier placing and removal. This hardwood guide comprises arcuate ring sectors corresponding in inner diameter to the inner diameter of the outer rings, as the ring 21 of Fig. 3, but ordinarily of much greater thickness to provide rigidity, and have spacers secured on their inner surfaces corresponding in cross section and spacing to the bars I9 of the same figure, the spacers used as a part of these sectors being usually separately made and glued or nailed to the inner surfaces of the sectors.
TheV guide sectors are assembled around an inner ring, as the ring 2 I, and are loosely clamped therearound and thereagainst as by an encircling ring, not shown. If the screen is to be a metal structure, the inner ring is usually of sufficient stiffness to require no bracing, but if the ring be of plastic it may be necessary to provide an inner support to prevent distortion.
So set up, the spacing blocks 33 are slipped into place between the spacers and the inner ring, until all are placed therearound, the clamp around the wooden guide vsectors is tightened and if the screen is of metal, the .blocks 33 are Welder to the ring. If the screen is of plastic, securing may be done by thermoplastic integration, or the bases of the blocks may be coated with plastic cement before placing and the clamp subsequently tightened, this tightening firmly seating the plastically coated blocks against the ring, and being maintained until plastic adhesion of the blocks to the rings is accomplished. All of the ring and block assemblies' to be used are similarly made.
After all the Wedges are set, the clamp and Wooden guide sectors are removed. It Will be noted that only one encircling set of guides is required for all screens having the same diameter and Width of screen opening.
When the various rings With blocks attached have been built up, two bars are placed in notches about ninety degrees apart, formed by the blocks around an end ring, and are secured thereto. The intermediate rings and opposite end rings, all With Wedges attached, are placed and secured to these bars, and additional bars respectively roughly diametrically opposite these iirst bars are similarly placed and secured, establishing a skeleton set-up for the screen. After this set-up is made, if'the bars are secured by welding or thermo-plastically, the remainder of the bars are similarly placed and secured and the outer rings are placed. All of the outer rings, with the exception of the starting ring, are preierably split rings in order that they may be easily brought to position, and after being brought to position over the inner rings are clamped therearound and completed by Welding or thermoplastically joining their ends together. Subsequent to this securing of the ends to complete the outer rings, these outer rings are Welded or thermo-plastically secured to the apices of the blocks and the outer edges of the bars.
If securing is to be by plastic adhesive, it is preferable, after the skeleton set-up is made, to place the outer ring at one end, coat the bars adjacent one of their ends, the side surfaces of the blocks and the inner surfaces of the rings, with adhesive and slip the bars endwise into place and let them set up.
The side surfaces of the blocks of the adjacent inner ring, and the side surfaces of the bars at such ring are then coated, a clamp placed therearound and tightened, and the operation progressively repeated toward and at the opposite ends of the bars. Subsequently the outer surfaces of the bars and the apices of the blocks are coated, the split outer rings are coated on their inner surfaces and ends and clamped around the bars and blocks with their ends abutting and so held until adhesive integration takes place.
Sections are joined by nesting the projecting bars of one section in the complementary sockets of the adjacent section, the projecting bar ends of the sections to be adhesively joined, being first coated With plastic cement, or otherwise being secured by thermo-plastic fusion or welding.
The outer ring for the upper section of the screen may be an integral part of the coupling through Which attachment is made to the Well column, or it may be a plain ring which is 6 adapted to overlie such coupling, in which case the coupling is seated in and integrated with the Y ring by plastic cement or by heat, as the case may be,
The material used in these structures is preferably a Vinylidene chloride resin plastic, or a polystyrene resin plastic, such resin plastics being manufactured under various trade names and being tough, abrasion resistant, and of a high order of endurance against fatigue. Both of these resins are thermoplastic; that is, they can be melted and formed to any desired shape and remelted as often as desired, and may be Welded by the direct application of heat and pressure, and the latter in particular is readily secured to like materials by an adhesive cement of which a number of satisfactory types are available.
In a Well screen Which includes a plurality of similar strainer screen sections, a said section consisting of a plurality of vertically disposed bar-s of equal size and length, said bars being uniformly spaced apart adjacent their opposite ends by blocks of uniform cross section to form strainer slots; a rst inner ring adjacent one end of said bars in underlying relation thereto and to the adjacent said blocks, a rst outer ring adjacent the same end of said bars in overlying relation thereto and to said blocks, said bar ends being equally projected beyond said rings; a second inner ring adjacent the opposite end of said bars in underlying relation thereto and to the said blocks adjacent said opposite end, a second outer ring adjacent the latter said bar ends in overlying relation thereto and to the latter said adjacent blocks; said bars, blocks, and rings being integrally united; said second rings projecting equally beyond the latter said bar ends in a direction opposite to the said projection of the rst said bar ends, the latter said blocks projecting with said second rings beyond the latter said bar ends a distance equal to the projection of the said second rings, the said projections of said latter blocks and said second rings establishing an annular group of uniformly spaced sockets adapted to receive the projecting bar ends of a similar strainer screen section.
KENNETH E. MOEHRL.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 203,900 Eich May 21, 1878 415,607 B oone et al. Nov. 19, 1889 869,288 Baldwin Oct. 29, 1907 880,597 Syze Mar. 3, 1908 1,800,642 Johnson Apr. 14, 1931 1,862,838 Willers June 14, 1932 1,950,202 Willers Mar. 6, 1934 2,101,537 Every Dec. 7, 1937
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3133595 *||Apr 20, 1961||May 19, 1964||Griffin Wellpoint Corp||Presanded wellpoints|
|US3163229 *||Jun 25, 1962||Dec 29, 1964||Clifford A Salisbury||Plastic screen for water well foot valves|
|US6305468||May 28, 1999||Oct 23, 2001||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Downhole screen and method of manufacture|
|WO2010143060A1 *||Jun 11, 2010||Dec 16, 2010||Samminiatese Pozzi Snc||A wire screen for a well and method for making it|
|U.S. Classification||166/234, 166/235|
|International Classification||E21B43/08, E21B43/02|