US 249072 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Nov. 1,1881.
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GEORGE MERZ, JR., OF DENVER, COLORADO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 249,072, dated November 1, 1881.
Application tiled July 1, 1881.
To all whom it may concern Beit known that I, GEORGE MERZ, Jr., of Denver, in the county of Arapahoe and State ol'Golorado, have invented a new and Improved Car-Seat, of which thefollowing is a specification.
The object of my invention is to provide a new and improved car-seat which can be converted into a double sleeping-berth very rapidly and conveniently.
The invention consists in a car-seat having a board otl half the width of the distance from one seat t0 the opposite seat, pivoted to the front and rear edge, which boards can be held in a raised position to form an extension of the seat by means of a curved rack-brace or other pivoted brace, and the back ot' said seat having a board pivoted to its upper and lower edge, which boards fold on the inner or outer surt'aceof the seat-back and havefolding braces pivoted to their ends, which braces are adapted to extend nearly to the outer or longitudinal edge of the boards, so that when the back is raised above the seat and the pivoted boards are raised to form extensions of the 'raised back all the several parts will be strongly snpported and held in position by the folding' braces of the pivoted boards, the lower ends of these braces tting into notches in the arnirests of the car-seat.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a cross-sectional elevation of my improved carseat, showing it raised to form a double berth. Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional elevation of my improved car-seat, showing it folded. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal elevation ot' my improved carseat, showing it raised to form a double berth.
Similar letters of reference indicate c0rrespending parts.
The car-seat A is supported by legs B, and has a board, O, of a width equal to one-half the distance between two opposite seats pivoted to its front and rear edges, or to the corresponding ends of the legs B B. A curved rack, L?, is pivoted to the under side of the boards C, at the outer edge, and passes through a staple or eyelet, E, on ythe inner side of the leg B. In place of the curved rack a bracerod, F, may be used, pivoted to the bottoni of the legs B and operated by means of a handlerod, G. A notched block, H, is attached to (Model.)
the under side of the boards C, and the rod F is passed into one of these notches when the boards C are raised. rIhe back J of the seat is provided with arms K, which are pivoted to the arm-rests L in the ordinary manner. Boards M, of half the widthof the back-J, are pivoted to the upper and lower edge 0f the same, these boards folding down on the inner or outer surface ot' the back, as shown in Fig. 2. Braces N are pivoted to the inner surfaces of the boards M, at the ends of the same, these braces fitting in recesses O in the boards M when the braces are folded. rIhese braces at their upper or pivoted-ends are made nearly as broad as the boards, andare arched to give them greater strength. The arm-rests L are provided with notches P for the lower ends of the braces N.
I am aware that car-seats have been provided with a single folding section each, which is adapted to reach to one of the adjacent seats to form a couch7 and that a back also has been provided with a single folding section, which is adapted to be supported above the scat by means of a brace, which is pivoted tothe section and adapted to rest in a notch formed in the arm ofthe seat. I therefore do not claim a folding section, broadly; but my invention is a combination of parts by which greater strength shall be secured to the raised back and its folding sections, and a peculiar construction ofthe sections of the seat by which the sections may be used to forni a couch or serve as a foot-rest.
The seat is used in the following manner: When in use as a seat only the boards C are folded under the seat, as shown in the lefthand side of Fig. 2, or they are held in a-n inclined position by means of the braces D or F, as shown in the right-hand side of Fig. 2, and thus serve as foot-rest for the following seat. It' the seat is to be used as a berth, the seatis first raised so that the boards G can swing into a horizontal position, in which they are held by the braces D or F, as shown in Fig. l, the two boards occupying the space between two opposite seats, so that acontinuons platform is formed. The back J is then raised, as shown in Figs. l and 3, and is held in this position by the braces N of the boards M, which are raised to form a continuons platform with the IOO raised back J. rlhus the seat and the raised back can be used as sleeping-berths. They may be plain or upholstered, and are to fold outside or in underneath the seat.
Having thus fully described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. In a car-seat, the combination, with the pivoted back J :1nd arm L, of the narrow sections M M, hinged to the top and bottom of the buck and provided with recesses O, and the arched braces N, hinged to the boards M, and made nearly as broad as the boards, substantially as shown and described, whereby each raised buck shall be firmly supported on each side.
GEORGE MERZ, Jn.
XVitnesses UHAs. LOGHBRUNNNR, GUs'rAv OPI'rZ.