US 2490737 A
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Patented Dec. 6.1949
BASEBALL GAME APPARATUS Stanley E. Muthart, Detroit, Mich., assignor of one-third to Stanley E. Muthart, Jr., and onethird to Richards B.
lliuthart, both of Detroit,
Application October 4, 1944, Serial No. 557,068
2 Claims. (Cl. 273-93) This invention relates to a baseball game aP- paratus and has particularly to do with a game which combines the use of the standard playing card deck with a novel combination of apparatus and indicia.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a game which calls to mind the various plays that take place in a baseball game and in which the element of skill is supplanted by the use of chance in the turning up of playing cards. Other objects and features of the invention relating to the details of construction will be found in the following description and claims.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of one embodiment of the apparatus that may be used in playing of the game showing indicia thereon.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view on line 2 2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the lower portion of the apparatus showing the indicia thereon.
Fig. 4 shows playing cards as they may be arranged on a table for turning and the playing of the game: any other suitable arrangement may be used at the discretion of players.
Fig. 5 shows a baseball score pad.
Fig. 6 shows a diamond layout.
Fig. '7 illustrates a marker representing base runners to be used on the diamond layout. Three of these markers are required.
One embodiment of the invention shown in e the drawings consists of two superposed discs I0 and II pivoted together at I2 for relative rotation. The lower disc is sectorially divided and in each sector is indicated a baseball play such as a home run or a foul in the stands, double f play, a strike or a ball. The upper disc is sectorially divided but also annularly divided and in the divisions are found playing card designations. A sectoral opening 13 is formed in the upper disc III positioned and dimensioned to expose one at a time the sectoral divisions of the lower disc II.
Certain cards in a playing deck are designated as hit cards and certain cards are designated as strike cards or ball cards. In the outer annular divisions of the top disc I0 hit cards are marked or indicated. In the inner sectoral divisions other cards are designated and these may be called play consummation or cover cards. In the device illustrated the following designations have been made:
a. Any 2 or 3 is a strike and requires no cover card.
b. Any 6, 7, 8, 9 is a ball and also requires no cover card.
c. All 4s and 5s are foul balls which have been hit by the batter and these cards do require a cover card which is placed directly over the first card, and the play discovered by use of the dials I0 and II which will interpret the play. that has been indicated.
d. All aces except the ace of spades are also foul balls and require a cover card and reference to the dials Il) and II.
e. All l0, J, Q, K cards and the ace of spades are hit cards and each one requires a cover card to complete the play, which will be revealed by the dials.
f. The deck is never cut except at the start of the game to determine which one of the players is home team, and at those certain times when 1. Relief hurler is put into the game.
2. Pinch hitter is used by offensive team.
3. When men are on base or a hit card is exposed, and the cards have been dealt except for the last card (which is not played) and the entire two packs are again shuffled preparatory to continuing the play-then the offense has the right for a straight cut of the deck in order to eliminate any chance of a favorable fix of the top card or cards.
In the playing of the game a perforation I5 in lower disc II is arranged to correspond with annularly positioned perforations I6 registering with each sectoral division of the top disc I0. After the cards are shuliled and the deck has been cut to determine which player represents the home team, the person who represents the fielding team will turn up cards one at a time.
As shown on disc II) when any two or three is turned up in pitching to the batter, a movement of the top disc I0 will result whereby the sector indicated I'I will be shifted to the hole I5. The sectoral opening I3 will be shifted So that it falls over the sectoral division I8 of disc II. See Fig. 3. This indicates a strike. Similarly, if any 6, 7, 8 o1' 9 is turned up in pitching to the batter the sectoral opening I3 will register the sectoral division I9 of Fig. 3, thus calling for a ball. Ii any 4 or 5 is turned up, as the first card of a a play, in pitching to the batter, as indicated in the annular division 20 of Fig. 1, then another card must be tur-ned up to indicate how the play is consummated. Assuming that a d.. is turned up. If the following card, which may be called a cover card, is an ace the sectoral division 2l will be shifted to correspond to the hole I5 and sectoral opening I3 will correspond with ysectoral division 22 of Fig. 3 indicating a foul fly out.
Carrying on with the game, the cards specified as hit cards, may be ten, jack, queen or king. When a hit card is turned up in pitching to the batter, indicates ball has been hit by batter and calls for a cover card which will indicate the movement of the top disc relative to the lower disc. The play will then be indicatedon` disc I and the player may move his marker on Fig. 6 to correspond therewith. The score may be kept on any standard score card such as that shown in Fig. 5. As each team is retired man inning, the other player takes the field by turning the cards.
It is considered unnecessaryz-tofollow through in the description with all theplays shown on the two discs l0 and Il. They will be obvious from an examination of the dial, Qertainisectors;
on disc l0 indicate special hit cards such as 25, 26, 21 and 28. Other,l sectors indicate various ern the plays thatA followl whenacover. cardi is, turnedafter a hit Cardiv When, forexample, there is no oneon base ,as-insector 29.v orr there are three,V on baseas in sector.36,the coverA card turned up .will govern the playiafter-ahit" card has been turnedup.
4In Fig. 2 friction discs-mounted onthebot` tom of disc Il preventthe rotationof discll whenrdisc I0 is being moved. about its central pivotv I2. These friction-discs-inay Abe made o rubber, plastic organy. other material-'whichhas a high frictional co-efcient.
To embellish the` gamecertain specific plays not shown maybe providedona. directional card. Likewise, instead of usingy ak standard playingcard deck, special cards may be developed to cooperate with the apparatus. Similarly, the. game` may-be simplified or embellished.'dependingeomthe--type of player such as children or :adults.-.andmay be adapted to .other` gamesithanrbaseball such as football, golf, etc..
1. A-game apparatus. tobe rusedtwithastandard playing,- cards comprisingsuperposed discs rela- 4 tively movable, the lower disc being sectorially divided with indicia showing a baseball play in each sector, the upper disc being sectorially and annularly divided with playing card denominations designated in the radially outer divisions and in the inner sectors, a sectoral opening formed in theL upper disc positioned and dimensioned to register with each sectoraldivision of the lower disc, and a marking on the lower disc to which a sector of the upper disc is to be moved according to indicia on the upper disc corresponding to the reading on a second card turned by a player after a specified rst card is turned.
2. Agame apparatus to be used with standard playing cards comprising superposed discs relatively movable, the lower disc being sectorially divided with indicia showing a baseball play in eachlsector, the upper disc being sectorially and annularly divided with playing card denominations designated in the radially outer divisions and in` the inner sectors, a sectoral opening formed in the upper disc positioned and dimensionedrto register with each sectoral division of the lower'disc, a perforation near the periphery of the lower disc, and perforations around the upper disc to correspond with each inner sectoral division designed to be moved by a player to register with the lower disc perforation according-to indicia on the upper disc corresponding to the reading on a second card turned by a player after a specied first cardis turned.
STANLEY E. MUTHART.
REFERENCES CITED Thefollowing references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS.
Number Name Date 1,168,729 Krebs Jan. 18, 1916 1,497,556- Drennan June 10, 1924 1,714,839 Ashburn May 28, 1929k 2,026,048 Kroff Dec. 31, 1935