US 2491722 A
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A; GEILARDIN -u ZM R949 LIPSTICK CASE 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed May 3, l94'7 INVENTOR. ALBERT GELA H U//v iwal Dec., 2U, 1949 Filed May 5, 1947 A. GELARDIN LIPSTICK CASE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 lllllll l INVENTOR.
9, ZZ AggE/QT GEL/4 FPU/N; Z3 PMM ATTHETY Patented Dec. 20, 1949 UNITED STATES TENT o-FFICE LIPSTICK CASE A1ber-t.Gelardin, New YorlqN. Y.
ApplcationMay-B, 1947, SeralNo. 7455700 (Cl. 20G-56) 17; Claims. li
This' invention relates to springeactuated lipstick cases and, more particularly, to` novel propel-repel lipstick' cases-'Whicfilare' spring-actuated, and which are free from binding.
In my application SerialNo; 6252801. filed' OctoberSl, 1945, Il'have disclosed-andclaimed novel lipstick holders wherein thecup receiving the lipstick is advanced and retractedby means of a rotated, compression spring; In my' said application, the desirable advantages- Wereattained by the provision'of special, apertured spring housings, secured irr and:` tothe bases of" lipstick holders, theA spring'beingirotatable therein; under compressionpaswell as rotatable in a con'- trary direction to be released from such cornpression and to expand to full, unrestrained pitch, thereby advancing'the lipstick carrier'in the casing.
I have newfound that" propellrepel, or rei#- tractile lipstick carriers or. cases can be spring'- actuated by the provision of simple springguid ing and retaining means, having. diametrically oriented bearing points or bearing surfaces, which are mutually and vertically displaced by an amount equivalentto one-half the free pitch of the spring. With such an arrangement, as will appear more fully hereinafter,.tl'ere is. no lat'- eral binding or gripping ofthe springwh'enitis' rotated in place in the lipstick-casing; This insures a desired rectilinear travelY offthelipstick u cup or carrier which isnormally. mounted for unrestricted to-and-fro travel alongthe length ofthe lipstick casingor tubular4 container. 4
It therefore, among. tlie featuresofnovelty and advantage of the presentfinventiomto provide novel lipstick. cases oflthepropellrepel type in which compressionsprings areutil'ized to advance and retractA the lipstick-cupor carrier, .the said springs being securedattheir ends'to the cups or carriers-f andto rotatable caps:` which rotate the springsA in andoutlofA Contact with guiding or bearing surfaces-Which are formed in and cooperate With the casingin-special orientation to impose a. force. on the medialor intermediate section of the spring4 eiTectiVetokeep the axis of the. spring substantially coincident with the axis of the tuba-.While a topisection of the spring betweensuchpoints and the carrier is fully expanded, andI the-bottom section Which is connected. to. thefrota'tableicap or actuatorA is compressed between. said bearing. points` or` surf# faces andthe. base=of= thesaidcap.
Additional features.- of novelty and advantage of the invention herein ywill comprise novel casing structures and rotatable bases; together with locking sleeves or casing4 segments, all-of which are mutually secured in rotatable,A interlocking engagement.
The above: and other` desirable features' of novelty.l and advantage'cf; trici-present invention` will be described inthe-accompanying specication, and illustratedf inl the' drawings; certain preferred embodiments' being shown, by-'Way of example only, for, since the underlying features may be incorporated in other. specific devices, it is not intended to-be limitedto the'cnesfliere shown, except assucli limitation'sare clearly imposed by the appendedV claims;
In the drawings; like numerals refer to\sim"b ilar parts tlirougliout'ltheeseveral views, of f which Fig. 1 is an elevationofalipsticlc case embody# ing the principles of the present inventiom Fig. 2is a vertical section', taken on line 2%-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is a perspectiveiview of "af specialbarrier frame and guidemember;
Fig. 7 is an explodedview of the lipstick case parts illustrated'in Figs; 1 and12';
Fig. 8 is aperspectiveview; partlyfinphantom view, of a modified form of 'lipstickcasing Fig. 9 is a` verticalsectiontaken"I on line 9--9 of Fig. 8;
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary'vertical section sim-` ilar to Figs. 9, showinga modifiedform of-spring barrier construction;
Figs. 11 and 12 are' horizontal crossesections taken on lines II--II and I 2-I2" of`Fig; 9; and
Fig. 13is anexp'loded` vievv'of'theV lipstick case shown inv Figs. 8" and 9.V
Referring now to the form of" lipstick cases illustrated in Figs. 1.' to7l of? the drawings, the novel lipstick holderwillbe seen to comprise a tubular casing orwallrllemberA Iyan actuating member or base 2D, a' lipstick carrier 3U; a helical spring, cup actuating member 40;'.anda barrier frame and guidemember 50.
The tubular Wall member lll4 comprisesa gen-f erally cylindrical body portion Il,` having a peened or domed upper end I2, `defining an aperture E3. The open bottom M of the tubeisprovided with a plurality of.` radial slotsl, atleast two 0I which 4are diametrically opposed, as shown, andseverally deiiingispringingers i6 therebetween.A A horizontalgroovaor indentation, Il, is for-med in thawall I1 .i near. the bottomcf the ngers IE.V This groove..is.shoWn-.ascontinuous and defining an'internalaridgepraised annulus;l or bead Il. However, thisbead may-beformed as -af row otspaced, embossedor raiseddots'. An outer sleeve or ferrule :I 8 is tted `over thebottom of Wall Il` in a tight,.frlction't,.so asto-maSk the slots I5, as will be describedfmorev in detail hereinafter.
The base 291 comprisesa` generally cup-shaped member, having acylindricaI-Walli, with a. pee ripheral groove 22'thereir1. The. Wall 2.1 is joined t'o, ormadeintegral with. a; anged bottom 23 having a peripheral ange section. 2.4i A- slotted 'a e pin or post 25 is formed or secured in the center of the well 26, defined by the cylindrical wall 2| and the flanged bottom 23, and receives the spring 40.
The lipstick carrier or cup comprises a cupshaped member 30, with a vertical Wall 3|, apertured base 32 with a central aperture 33, and a hollow rivet 34 securing the upper end 4| oi the spring 48. The wall 3| of the cup is provided with a plurality of peripheral ridges or radial guide members 35, in loose bearing engagement with the inside of wall II. A lipstick mass 36 of suitable texture, color and shape, is contained in the cup and extends thereabove, being adapted to be exposed for usewhen the cap 2|) is rotated to release the actuating spring 4U. When the lipstick mass has worn down, or worn away, to a point whereit is no longer usable, it is replaced.
The radial members 35, as illustrated, are so permit the insertion of replacement lipstick masses, as well as removal of stubs of the same.
The helical compression spring 40 includes a top terminal loop 4I, secured in locking engagement with eyelet 34 of the cup carrier, and a botn tom loop or locking section 42 engaged in and by the slotted pin 25 of the base member 25. The upper, fully expanded section of the spring, is designated by the numeral 43, while the lower, compressed section, contained within the cylindrical casing formed by section 2| of the bottom, is designated generally by the numeral 44. An intermediate section 45 is threaded in and between the spaces or barrier sections 5I, 52 of the guide member 50.
The spring guide and retaining member or barrier frame 50 comprises a iiat frame or stamping of metal or plastic, of generally rectangular shape, and forming parallel cross bars 5|, 52 joined at their ends by integral spacers 53, 54. The cross bars and spacers of member 50 will be seen to define a frame comprising a rectangular inner apertured space 55, through which the intermediate section 45 of the spring is threaded. It will be noted that the lower ends of cross bar 5| provides a bearing surface for the upper portion or turn 45 of the spring, as indicated at 4B,
while the lower edge of cross bar 52 provides a bearing for the upper section 41 of the compressed portion 44 of the spring. The vertical distance between bearing points 46 and 41 is equal to one-half the free pitch of the spring.
The operation of this form of the novel lipstick case will be apparent from the above description. The cup member 30 is secured Vby and to the upper end 4I of spring 4t, the lower end being threaded through the aperture 5l of guide member 5B. The lower end 42 of the spring is then secured in position by the slotted post '25 of the base, and the barrier frame or guide 5|) is inserted into and retained by opposed radial slots IE of casing I0. The base 20 is then forced upwardly into the casing, compressing the spring 40 against the bottom edge 52 of member 50, the upper edge of cylinder 2| serving as an abutment for the said bottom edge. The base or cap 23 is rotatably locked in place by the inter-engage- K ment of its peripheral groove 22 with the bead |1 of the wall member I| of sleeve Il). Thereafter, ferrule I8 is forced down over the assembly, as illustrated, and the spring lingers IB are thereby held under compression, maintaining the bead I1 positively engaged in and interlocked with the groove 22 of cap 20, and the barrier member 50 is prevented from lateral movement in or out of the slots I6.
This particular form of lipstick holder will be seen to comprise relatively simple, positive-acting structural members of metal or other suitable material, such as plastics. It can be assembled readily to form a propel-repel lipstick holder in which the operative parts are fully protected, and in which the lipstick is available down to the base or butt, due to the carrier being extensible through and beyond the opening I3 to permit ready access thereto.
In Figs. 8 to 13 there are shown modiiied lipstick cases or holders in which the spring-guiding or barrier members are formed in and as part of the casing, and a special ferrule is associated with the rotatable cap member to lock the parts together, as well as to serve as a driveing or rotating member for the cap.
The forms shown are generally similar to those illustrated in Figs. 1 to 7, with minor variations, and prime numerals will be used to designate the parts which conform to those illustrated and described in Figs. 1 to '1, As shown, the casing I3 comprises the usual tubular body I I', with peened in top I2 defining the discharge aperture I3. Everted anges I4 are formed at the bottom of finger sections I6', deiined and separated by radial slots I5. In the form illustrated in Figs. 8, 9 and 13, a pair of opposed fingers I5' are formed with ridges or barriers I1', i8', providing bearing surfaces which are vertically displaced by an amount equivalent to one-half the free pitch of the spring. In the modied form illustrated in Fig. 10, the barriers or indentations I1', I8 are respectively substituted by rivets or pins I1", I8, similarly positioned and similarly functioning. The lipstick carrier cups 39 are generally identical with the cups 3U, being secured in the same manner to the spring 40. However, the cups are spaced and guided in the casing Iii by horizontal guide members 35 which are formed at the bottom and adjacent the top of the outer walls oi the cup. It is to be noted that the upper guide members are spaced below the lip of the cup to permit the same to be passed or forced outwardly through the aperture I3. The ridges or guides 35 are broken to form diametrically opposed gaps 31, which are deep enough to permit the cups to be passed by and clear the barriers I1', IS, and the rivets I1, I8", where the latter are used.
The actuating means for rotating the spiral springs 43 will now be described:
The device comprises a flat button or knob 2t" having a generally solid body portion 2| which is slotted along a diameter to provide a slot 22 adapted to receive the terminal end 42 of spring 4D. The knob or cap 20' is provided with a peripheral shoulder or iiange 23', which provides a bearing engagement for the bottom coil of the spring 40. On its under or exposed side, the member 23 is formed with a central knob or elevation 24', which, as shown, is of square configuration.
The cap member 20' is set in place and maintained locked in rotatable cooperation with the spring in the following manner: A ferrule 25', comprising a cylindrical body portion 26 with a base or cap section 21', has formed in the latter portion a depressed platform orrim 28' which is conformed to and adapted to receive the platform or knob 24 of the cap member 20'. The shell or body portion 26' of the ferrule 25 is expanded into an over-sized annulus 29', which is concentric with the body portion 26', and of greater diameter, being of suiiicient diameter to receive the everted flange sections I of the spring lingers I6 formed at the bottom of the casing IIJ. Because of the special configuration of the parts, the ferrule 25 with the button or knob Zii fitted therein is forced over and on the lower end of the casing l0', the spring ngers I6' being forced inwardly during the upward drive or push of the ferrule until the flanged ends It of the spring lingers clear the body section 26 and snap into place in the internal groove formed by the annulus or ridge 29', thereby locking the parts together in cooperative interlocking relation. With such a force-fit construction and interlocking, it
is practically impossible for the average female 20 made available. 30
What is claimed is:
1. A propel-repel lipstick holdei` comprising a tubular casing, an actuating member on and interlocked with the lower end of the tubular casing, an axially reciprocable lipstick carrier in the casing, a helical compression spring connected to the carrier and the actuating member, and spring guiding and retaining means providing diametral bearing points for the spring vertically displaced by an amount substantially o equal to one-half the free pitch of the spring.
2. Spring-retaining means according to claim 1 in which the diametral bearing points for the spring comprise projections on the inner surface of the casing.
3. Bearing projections according to claim 2 comprising integral barrier pins or studs struck up from the casing.
4. Spring-retaining means according to claim 1, in which the diametral bearing points for the spring comprise barrier pins or studs inserted in and secured to the casing.
5. Spring-retaining means according to claim 1, comprising a rectangular frame secured in and to the casing, providing spaced horizontal bearing members, the spacing of the bearing members being substantially equal to one-half the free pitch of the spring threaded therethrough.
6. Casing according to claim 1, in which the base is formed with a plurality of vertical slots.
7. Casing according to claim 6, the slotted base section being formed with an internal horizontal bead defining an external groove.
8. Casing according to claim 7, the slotted and grooved base section forming fingers severally terminating in everted flanges.
9. Actuating member according to claim 1, comprising a rotatable disc, means on the disc for receiving the compression spring in driving relation, and means for locking the said member to said casing and rotatably therein.
10. Actuating member according to claim 9, including a cylindrical collar having a horizontal peripheral groove, and spring-retaining means in the collar.
11. Locking means according to claim 1, comprising a ferrule mounted on and over the bottom of the casing.
12. Ferrule according to claim l1, including a cap portion seating the rotatable disc, and rotatable to actuate the disc.
13. Ferrule according to claim 12, the disc being demountably seated in the cap.
14. A propel-repel lipstick holder comprising an open-ended tubular casing, a plurality of iingers formed at one end of the casing, lipstick carrier in the casing and extendable beyond the other end of the casing, an actuating member fitted within the fingered base of the casing and interlocked therewith, a carrier-actuating helical compression spring secured to the carrier and the actuating member, and means associated with the casing engaging a half coil turn of the spring at diametrically opposed bearing points whereby the coils of the spring between the actuating member and the barrier points are compressed and the coils of the spring are fully expanded between the bearing points and the lipstick carrier.
15. A propel-repel lipstick holder comprising an open-ended tubular casing having an inturned flange at one end and a plurality of spring iingers at the other end. a horizontal groove in and deiined by the said fingers, a lipstick carrier in the casing and extendable beyond the flanged opening, an actuating member fitted within the fingered base of the casing and interlocked therewith, a spring guiding and retaining member iitted in and between opposed slots, said guide incorporating parallel bearing sections spaced a half coil turn from each other, a carrier-actuating coil spring threaded through the guide and secured to and between the carrier and the actuating member, and a sleeve fitted over the base of the tubular casing to serve as a locking member for the fingers and retaining member for the guide.
16. A compression-spring actuated device comprising a casing, an actuated member, a rotatable actuator and a helical compression spring connecting the actuated member and the actuator,
and means for holding the bottom coils of the spring under compression and moving the top coils in the casing axially without lateral distortion and binding against the casing wall, said holding means comprising bearing surfaces. en-
gaging opposing points of a single coil at substantiallv one-half the free pitch of the spring. 1'7. Device accordingr to claim 16 in which the portion of the spring below the lower bearing surface is maintained under compression.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,717,672 Fitch Jun-e 18, 1929