US 2492601 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 27, 1949 Filed July 24, 1941 I I I I I I I l I I I I l L I I J. F. STEEL 2,492,601
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INVENTOR. 1 0717! Fose gfeel 4 Sheets-Sh eet 4 bzvenlor 555a Sieel J. F. STEEL Y PORTABLE REFRIGERATOR Patented Dec. 27, 1949 PORTABLE REFRIGERATOR John Fosse Steel, New York, N. Y., assignor to Frees-Yak Corporation, New York, N. Y.
Application July 24, 19 47, Serial No. 763,292
2 Claims. 1
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in refrigerators and has especial reference to an invention of portable refrigerator.
An object of the invention is to provide a simple, emclent, durable, compact, casing in which is amplesupply of ice-cubes, storage space, and well balanced as to weight for relatively easy manual handling as a portable device.
A further object is to provide a device in which there is just one control knob which, when the doors are opened, can be manipulated to set the temperature at which 'the device will automatically shut-oh.
A still further object is to provide a simple, decorative, attractive article which simulates a travelling or suit case when being transported, and requires merely to be plugged into a light socket to be efiective.
Another object is to provide a device in which defrosting is unnecessary and in which the essential parts are readily accessible for inspection, replacement and repair.
Further and more specific objects, features. and advantages will more clearly appear from 'a consideration of the following specification especially when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings which illustrate a present preferred form which the invention may assume and which form part of the specification.
In brief and general terms, the invention comprises a casing preferably of metal, preferably aluminum, having an inner sheet of the same, metal with an interposed layer of insulation of preferably Fiberglas. The ice-cube chamber is at the top. Centrally disposed at the bottom is the compressor motor, and at the back of the case is an open-type condensing unit which can be reached by removing a rear panel. The compressor feeds directly to the condenser which is connected through a dryer and a capillary tubing coil to an evaporator disposed below the icecube chamber. From this chamber the circulation leads directly back to the suction side of the compressor.
Associated with the piping leading to the evaporator is a well-known capillary tube thermostatic control device which is regulated by means of knob adjacent the front of the ice chamber.
On each side of the motor chamber are ample Further features of the invention will appear from the following description when associated with the drawings hereinafter related thereto.
' The present preferred form which the invention may assume is'shown in the drawings, of which:
Fig. l is a front perspective of the refrigerator with the doors open;
Fig. 2 is a front perspective of the refrigerator with the doors closed;
Fig. 3 is a front elevation, enlarged. of the refrigerator with the right-hand door removed;
Fig. 4 is a vertical section taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the horizontal evaporator coil;
Fig. 6 is an elevation of the rear evaporator coil; and
Fig. 7 is an enlarged somewhatschematic section through the device showing the parts in related position including the evaporators, pipe connections, control devices, and compressor.
Referring now merely to the particular form of the invention shown in the drawings, the device comprises a casing In from which is inwardly spaced an inner shell ll both preferably of aluminum. On top of the casing is disposed a handle I! in a recess ii for ready carrying facility. At the top within the chamber is an ice-cube compartment It to one side of which is space for the thermostatic control l5 operated by a knob It.
At the bottom of the chamber is the compartment IT in which is disposed a compressor motor I8. At the back of the chamber and occupying practically the entire rear wall is an open type condenser unit H which is accessible by removing a rear plate 2| Beneath the ice-cube chamber is disposed a horizontal evaporator plate 2|. Disposed between the bottom of the condenser is and the evaporator 2| are a dryer unit 22 and a capillary tube coil 23. A pipe 24 leads from the compressor to the lower portion of the condenser l9 and a pipe 25 from the evaporator plate 2l back to the suction side of the compressor.
The motor chamber I1 is centrally disposed on the bottom of the casing and on each side are storage spaces which extend up substantially to the top of the casing giving ample storage space when desired. On top of the motor casing is disposed a loose rack 26 on which may be stored material between the top of the motor casing and the bottom of the ice-cube chamber. This rack may be disposed centrally on the casing or chamber II or at one side or the other as shown in F 1.
The device has front hinged doors 21 each of which has a push-button latch element adapted to engage a keeper socket is on a plate It disposed on the front of the motor chamber l'l. When pushed in the latch is released from the socket. Adjacent each push button is a recess II in which is disposed a cup-like plate having a shoulder 32 back which the fingers of the hand may be disposed to grip the door while the button is being depressed to facilitate the opening of the door.
Referring to Figs. 4 and 5, the evaporator plate comprises a tortuous passage 3.! connected at one end 34 to the capillary coil 28 and at the other end 35 to the pipe leading back to the suction side of the compressor.
Referring to Fig. 6, the condenser is shown as having two tortuous passages It and 31 to one end of each of which the pipe 24 from the discharge side of the compressor is connected and to the other end of each of which the pipe II is connected and leading to the dryer unit 22. This gives a long passage for a small space for condensing purposes.
Reference to Fig. 7 will indicate, on an enlarged scale, the relation of the elements and the operation of the device. When the control knob II is set for a desired degree of cold, a suitable switch (not shown) is operated to start the compressor which discharges through pipe 24 to the lower portion of the condenser. The fluid then passes from the bottom of the condenser through pipe I. through the dryer unit 22 and thence through pipe 38 to the capillary coil 23 from which it then passes up through pipe N to the flat evaporator plate 2| disposed below the ice-cube chamber it. From this plate the fluid then passes down through pipe directly back to the suction side of the compressor.
Therefore, the invention is seen as comprising a few simple related parts which are compactly disposed for most efficient use and operation. The device needs merely to be transported any place where there is a source of suitable power to 'lie plugged into said source for instant and convenient operation. The rear wall of the casing can be removed to get at most of the elements for inspection, replacement, and repair. It provides a maximum of storage space and plenty of ice-cubes, and is made of strong material, well insulated and capable of outward very attractive finishes.
While the invention has been described in detail with respect to a present preferred form which the invention may assume, it is not to be limited to such details and form since many changes and modifications may be made in the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention in its broadest aspects.
Hence, it is desired to cover any and all forms and modifications of the invention which may come within the language or scope of any one or more of the appended claims.
What I claim as my invention, is: 1. A portable refrigerator comprising a casing,
a condenser plate disposed across the rear of the casing, a compressor chamber disposed on the bottom of the casing, an ice-cube chamber disposed at the top of the casing, an evaporator plate disposed beneath the ice-cube chamber.
said chamber having spaces for storage at the sides of the compressor chamber, and between it and the ice cube chamber.
2. A portable refrigerator which comprises a casing, a condenser plate disposed across the rear wall of the casing and having a pair of tortuous condenser passages therein with corresponding ends of said passages connected together, a compressor disposed centrally of the bottom oi. the
' casing, an ice cube chamber disposed at the top of the casing, an evaporator plate disposed beneath the ice cube chamber, the casing containing a storage chamber in which the ice cube chain'- ber is disposed, the compressor being insulatingly separated from the storage chamber, a dryer and a capillary coil disposed between the rear wall of the storage chamber and the rear wall of the casing, the dryer connected to the bottom of the condenser plate and the capillary tube being connected to one end of the evaporator plate, and
an inlet connection from the compresor to the other end of the condenser plate.
JOHN FOSSE STEEL.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS 21,460 Great Britain Oct. 21, 1905