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Publication numberUS2492683 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 27, 1949
Filing dateSep 24, 1947
Priority dateSep 24, 1947
Publication numberUS 2492683 A, US 2492683A, US-A-2492683, US2492683 A, US2492683A
InventorsClaud-Mantle Arthur
Original AssigneeBassick Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hood latch
US 2492683 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 27, 1949 A. CLAUD-MANTLE 2,492,683

. noon LATCH Fil'ed Sept. 24, 1947- 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Dec? 1949 A. CLAUD-MANTLE 2,492,683

HOOD LATCH Filed Sept. 24, 194? 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Dec. 27, 1949 CLAUDMANTLE 2,492,683

' noon LATCH 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Sept. 24, 1947 3? 48 Z7 44 E i 2.6

Patented Dec. 27, 1 949 I v I K I I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 3 29 and adapted to be pulled by a cable 30 for releasing the keeper. A manipulating member, shown as a knob 3| connected to the cable 30, is located within the car. The safety catch member is indicated at 32, this being a pivoted lever pivoted at the lower end and mounted upon the lower latch member, and cooperating with the keeper in the manner hereinafter described. This safety lever is under the influence of the helical spring 33, which is the lid-lifting spring, and which lifts the lid by acting against the lower edge of the keeper. The keeper has a head in the form of a fiat member provided with a rearwardly disposed shoulder indicated at 34, which cooperates with the latching lever, and a forwardly disposed shoulder to cooperate with the upper end portion of the safety lever 32, the latter lever being equipped at its upper end portion with a manipulating pad portion 36.

The member 25 is in the form of a sheet metal cup which may be screwed or otherwise connected to transverse member 22, and it has welded in its lower portion a small block having a threaded socket into which is screwed the threaded shank of the keeper, the keeper being locked in position by a lock nut, as disclosed in Patent 2,333,465. The shoulders 34 and 35 provided at the upper part of the head 31 of the keeper are identical, and located at the same elevation on the keeper, and either one may act in conjunction with the latching lever while the other acts in conjunction with the safety lever 32, in the manner hereinafter described. The keeper is adjusted verticallyby turning it in its upper threaded socket, and by the arrangement described a nicer vertical adjustment of the keeper is possible, the increments of adjustment being turns of 180 rather than 360. The front and rear edges of the keeper head are shaped to provide a wedge-shaped head that is slightly rounded in side elevation, the front and rear edges and also the lower edge being somewhat sharpened by beveling.

The latch plate 26 is a rectangular plate provided at the corners with holes, as shown in Figs. 9 and 10, so that it can be screwed to the transverse carrying member 23, which member is suitably cut away to receivethe latch plate. The corner holes are indicated at 38, and these are somewhat elongated so as to permit some adjustment of the latch plate transversely of the hood. The aperture or slot 21 in the latch plate which receives the keeper has an enlarged extension 39 at the rear edge (Fig. 9) and an enlarged extension 40 at the forward edge, said extensions being adapted to accommodate the front and rear edges, respectively, of the keeper head. The latch lever 28 has the shape shown in Fig. 12, the same having an end portion 4| underlying the latch plate and pivoted thereto by riveted pivot pin 4| The other end portion of the lever, which is designated 42, is located for the most part at the upper face of the plate, said portion being offset from the lower portion and having an outer end provided with a lug 43 connected to the cable 3|], and an inner end joined to the portion 4| and passing through a motion-limiting arcuate slot 44 in thelatch plate. Portion 4| of the latch lever has at one side an extension 44 located immediately beneath the slot enlargement 39. This part 44 which is the latching part, is normally held in the relation shown in Fig. 9 by the coil spring 29, said spring being connected at one end to lug 46 on the latching lever, and at the opposite end to a depending lug 41 at the forward end of the latch plate.

' keeper slot.

Between the slot enlargements 39 and 46 the metal of the latch plate 26 is bent at each side of the slot, as indicated at 48 (Fig. 11) so as to provide an upwardly flaring throat for receiving and centering the keeper head, this throat being similar to the one shown in Patent 2,333,465.

Rigid with the latch plate and depending from the lower partthereof are cheek members 49 that are used for mounting the lid-lifting spring 33, there being two opposing cheeks directed in planes longitudinal with respect to the hood, said cheeks being at opposite sides of and parallel to the These cheeks may be conveniently formed at integral parts of a U-shaped sheet metal member which has its upper ends rigidly fixed to the latch plate by suitable means. In the case illustrated the upper ends of the cheeks are'curved outwardly and received in grooved portions of the latch plate, which grooved portions are created as incidents to the formation of the throat-forming parts 48. In the case shown, the upper ends of the cheek members are welded in these grooves. The lower connecting part of the U member providing the cheek members is indicated at 50.

The lid-lifting spring 33 encircles the cheeks 49 in the manner shown in the drawings, and this spring has an upper end portion, indicated at 5|, that is directed diametrically of the spring coil and guided in a vertical direction by engagement with slots 52 provided in the respective cheek members. The slots 52 extend at their upper ends to points substantially at the level of the lower edge of the flaring throat in the latch plate, and at their lower ends the slots 52 are extended slightly into the bottom or connecting member 50, as appears from Fig. 10. The spring part 5| is adapted to be engaged by the keeper, as the keeper moves to the latched position, thus compressing the spring 33. The lower end of the spring rests against and is receivedin a rest plate 53. This plate is a sheet metalplate of a width substantially equal to that of the frame providing the cheek members and having side notches 54 in which the cheek members are accommodated. The rest plate rests on the bottom of the frame, and it has a curved rear edge portion provided with an upstanding flange 55 positionin the lowermost turn of the lifting spring.

At its forward edge the rest plate 53 has a transverse extension 56 bent around a pin 51 that provides a pivot for the safety lever 32 at the lower end of said lever. The lever 32 is of duplex formation, having sheet metal legs that are extended over the ends of the pin 51, after which the ends of the pin are riveted over. The lever 32 is of curved shape, as shown, so as to extend upwardly and rearwardly over a notched portion 58 provided upon the forward edge of the latch plate, this notched portion being formed by bending down a part of the forward edge of the plate. The lug 41, previously described, may be formed as a part of this bentdown portion, the same being at one side thereof,

manipulating pad 36 is attached) is in overhang-- ing relation with respect to the keeper head, as

sh n in Fig. 6.- e por on 62 is t e in erm dia e r connec po ion of a element in the shape of an inverted U which serves as a safety at h- At the forward end of the slot extension .40, previously described, a depending integral lug $3 is provided upon the latch plate, said lug being useful in cooperating with the forward ed e of the keeper head as the keeper head moves into and out of the latchin position.

The m nipu i p 35 y be nnected to the upper connecting portion 62 of the U- shaped safety catch in a convenient manner, as y we din In the latched position of the hood the safety catch has a location and position such as those shown in Fig. 1, the safety catch lever being disposed forwardly of the keeper and forwardly of the latching means, the pivot of the catch lever being disposed within the fixed part of the hood near the front end at a level some.- what below the upper edge of the fixed part, and the pad portion of the safety catch extending forwardly and upwardly so that the free end of the pad portion extends slightly above the lower edge of the lid, as shown in Fig. 1.

The operation of releasing the latch will be clear from the foregoing description. The spring as, reacting against the lower end of the springpositionin-g frame, acts on the keeper to move the lid upwardly. This movement continues until the keeper head engages the safety catch in the position shown in Fig. 2, and when the keeper engages the catch the impact is taken up by reason of the resilient mounting of the lower end of the catch, described above. As the keeper head engages the safety catch, the safety catch lifts bodily to a certain extent, the rest plate 53 swinging up against the resiliently resisting and moving forward part of the spring coil, the rear part of the spring coil serving as a pivot, as will be apparent from Fig. 7. The arrangement is such that, when the keeper engages the safety catch lever, a limited upward translating movement of said lever mitted. The lid is at this time held against further upward movement by the safety catch. The attendant then places his hand upon the forward end of the safety catch pad, as indicated in Fig. 2, and by depression of this forward end to a slight extent the safety device is released, the safety member being swung forwardly. It is then very ,convenint for the attendant to release the pad, and, by turning over his hand, to lift the lid from the lower edge of the latter, as indicated in Fig. 3.

In the operation of closing the hood, the keeper in descending has its curved or cam-shaped forward edge engage the rear edge of the safety lever top, which rear edge in this instance is provided by the rear edge of the pad, which causes the safety catch to be cammed forwardly, and, when the upper edge of the keeper head passes below the adjacent part of the safety catch, the latter part moves to the position of Figs. 1 and 6,

It is understood that the cushioning of the safety catch is provided by the same spring which acts to lift the hood, thus simplifying the structure. The lifting spring is very effective in its lid-lifting action inasmuch as it is a spring in the form of an upright coil having effective engagement with the lower edge of the keeper head by reason of the guiding of the upper end portion .or finger of the spring by the cheek memis per.-

hers. The lifting spring is also well protected by the lower latch plate so that it cannot be readily displaced or injured or prevented from operating satisfactorily to lift the lid. The device has the advantage that the safety catch is mounted on the lower plate rather than the upper plate of the latch structure, which enables the safety catch to be more accurately positioned when the latch is installed in the hood. The cushioning of the safety catch not only does away with shocks and noise, but preserves the parts against breakage. The upper 'part of the latch which carries the keeper can be of simple structure, and the keeper is readily accessible for adjustments or replacement. It is also advantageous to provide the keeper with a head having shoulders at opposite sides for cooperation with the latching lever and the safety catch, respectively, a given shoulder being usable with either the latch lever or the safety catch, and it is of advantage to have the latch lever or similar catch member disposed rearwardly of the keeper, and the safety catch lever disposed forwardly of the keeper.

It is tohe understood that various changes and modifications may bemade in the structure shown without departure from the principles of the invention or'the scope of the claims.

. What I claim is:

i. In a hood latch for hoods of the alligator type having a primary latch including members located respectively on the lid and on the fixed part of the hood, a safety catch for limiting the opening movement of the lid comprising parts mounted on the respective Parts of the hood and adapted to engage each other when the lid is lifted to a predetermined extent, one of said safety catch parts being a manually movable part, and. means for cushioning the lid-limiting action of said safety catch, said movable safety catch part'having a pivot on which it is swingable, and said cushioning means comprising a resiiient mounting for said pivot mounting it for upward translating movement.

2. In a hood latch for alligator hoods including a fixed keeper on the lid, 2. cooperating latching device on the lower part of the hood, and a spring which lifts the lid upon its release, a pivoted safety catch carried by the lower part of the hood, an upwardly movable base member to which said catch is pivoted, and a cushion-ing spring pressing against said base member in a downward, direction.

3. In a hood latch for alligator hoods including a fixed keeper on the lid, a cooperating latching device ong-the lower part of the hood, and a spring which lifts the lid upon its release, a piyomd safety catch carried by the lower part of the hood, said safety catch having a pivot which is movably and resiliently supported, support of said pivot being provided by the lid-liftn spring.

4. In a hood latch for alligator-type hoods in there is. a primary latch between the lid and the fixed part of the hood and in which a spring lifts the lid when and as it is released, a safety catch lever having a pivot, and a support connected to said pivot movably and resiliently mounted on the lower part of the hood.

5. In a hood latch for alligator-type hoods in which there is a primary latch between the lid and the fixed part of the hood and in which a spring lifts; the lid when and as it is released, a safety catch lever having a pivotal support movable and resiliently mounted on th lower 7 part of the hood, the lid-lifting spring being a coil carried by the lower part of the hood, and said pivotal support having support from said spring.

6. In a hood latch comprising upper and lower plates, of which the upper carries a depending rigid keeper, the lower plate having mounted thereon movable detent means adapted to overlie the keeper to latch the hood, an upright helical spring located at the under portion of the lower plate and having a substantially diametrically located upper end portion extending transversely to the keeper and acting on the keeper from beneath for urging the keeper in an upward direction, and means providing an upright guide for the upper end portion of the spring.

'7. In a hood latch comprising upper and lower plates, of which the upper carries a depending rigid keeper, the lower plate having mounted thereon movable detent means adapted to overlie the keeper to latch the hood, an upright helical spring located at the under portion of the lower plate and having a substantially diametrically located upper end portion extending transversely to the keeper and acting on the keeper from beneath for urging the keeper in an upward direction, and means providing an upright guide for the upper end portion of the spring, said means comprising a frame depending from the lower plate and having slotted sides in which the upper end portion of the spring is guided.

8. In a hood latch comprising upper and lower plates, of which the upper carries a depending rigid keeper, the lower plate having mounted thereon movable detent means adapted to overlie the keeper to latch the hood, an upright helical spring located at the under portion of the lower plate and having a substantially diametrically located upper end portion extending transversely to the keeper and acting on the keeper from beneath for urging the keeper in an upward direction, and means providing an upright guide for the upper end portion of the spring, said means comprising a frame depending from the lower plate and having slotted sides in which the upper end portion of the spring is guided, the coil portion of said spring being in embracing relation to said frame.

9. In a hood latch comprising upper and lower plates, of which the upper carries a depending rigid keeper, the lower plate having mounted thereon movable detent means adapted to overlie the keeper to latch the hood, an upright helical spring located at the under portion of the lower plate and having a substantially diametrically located upper end portion extending transversely to the keeper and acting on the keeper from beneath for urging the keeper in an upward direction, and means providing an upright guide for the upper end portion of the spring, said means comprising a frame depending from the lower plate and having slotted sides in which the upper end portion of the spring is guided, the coil portion of said spring beingin embracing relation to said frame, the hood latch also having a safety catch member resiliently supported from the lower end of said spring.

10. In a hood latch comprising upper and lower plates of which the upper carries a depending keeper, the lower plate having mounted thereon movable detent means adapted to overlie the keeper to latch the hood, a spring located at the under portion of the lower plate and acting on the keeper from beneath for lifting the lid of the hood, and a safety catch member resiliently supported from said spring and limiting the opening movement of the lid when said detent means is released.

11. In a hood latch comprising upper and lower plates of which the upper carries a depending keeper, the lower plate having mounted thereon movable detent means adapted to overlie the keeper to latch the hood, a spring located at the under portion of the lower plate and acting on the keeper from beneath for lifting the lid of the hood, and a safety catch member resiliently supported from said spring and limiting the opening movement of the lid when said detent means is released, said spring being in the form of an upright coil, said safety catch member having a pivot resiliently supported from the lower end of said spring. V

12. In a hood latch comprising upper and lower plates of which the upper carries a depending keeper, the lower plate having mounted thereon movable detent means adapted to overlie the keeper to latch the hood, a spring located at the under portion of the lower plate and acting on the keeper from beneath for lifting the lid of the hood, and a safety catch member resiliently supported from said spring and limiting the opening movement of the lid when said detent means is released, said spring being in the form of an upright coil, said safety catch member having a pivot resiliently supported from'the lower end of said spring, the lower plate having a depending frame in respect to which said spring is in embracing relation, and said safety catch member being pivoted to a rest plate interposed between said spring and the bottom of said frame.

13. In a hood latch comprising upper and lower plates of which the upper carries a depending keeper, the lower plate having mounted thereon movable detent means adapted to overlie the keeper at the rear part of the keeper to latch the hood, a lid-lifting spring located at the under portion of the lower plate, and a safety catch member pivotally mounted from the lower plate and co-acting with the keeper at the forward part of the keeper.

14. In a hood latch comprising upper and lower plates of which the upper carries a depending keeper, the lower plate having mounted thereon movable detent means adapted to overlie the keeper at the rear part of the keeper to latch the hood, a lid-lifting spring located at the under portion of the lower plate, and a safety catch member pivotally mounted from the lower plate and co-acting with the keeper at the forward part of the keeper, the keeper having a forwardly disposed shoulder to cooperate with said safety catch member, and a rearwardly disposed shoulder to cooperate with said detent means.

15. In a hood latch comprising upper and lower plates of which the upper carries a depending keeper, the lower plate having mounted thereon movable detent means adapted to overlie the keeper at the rear part of the keeper to latch the hood, a lid-lifting spring located at the under portion of the lower plate, and a safety catch member pivotally mounted from the lower plate and co-acting with the keeper at the forward part of the keeper, the keeper having a forwardly disposed shoulder to cooperate with said safety catch member, and a rearwardly disposed shoulder to cooperate with said detent means, said shoulders being at the same level.

- 16. A hood latch comprising upper and lower plates of which the upper carries a depending flat keeper disposed in a vertical plane longi- 9 tudinal to the hood, the keeper having lateral shoulders at opposite edges, a primary latch member cooperating with one of said shoulders, and a safety catch member cooperating with the other shoulder.

17. A hood latch comprising upper and lower plates of which the upper carries a dependin flat keeper disposed in a vertical plane longitudinal to the hood, the keeper having lateral shoulders at opposite edges, a primary latch member cooperating with one of said shoulders, and a safety catch member cooperating with the other shoulder, said shoulders being at the same level and each being adapted to cooperate with either the primary latch member or the safety catch member, and the keeper having a screw-threaded shank screwing into a socket carried by the upper plate whereby the keeper is vertically adjustable by increments of 180.

18. In a hood latch, a lower plate having a slot to receive a depending keeper, a movable primary catch on said plate, a swinging safety catch lever movable in a vertical plane, and a spring mounted beneath said plate and having an upper end adapted to engage the keeper to lift the hood lid and a lower part acting as a support for the safety catch lever which permits a limited translating movement of said lever in an upward direction.

19. In a hood latch for alligator-type hoods in which the lid carries a fixed keeper and the fixed part of the hood carries a primary catch,

the latter being disposed rearwardly of the keeper, a pivoted upwardly extending safety catch lever having a lower pivot carried by the lower part of the hood forwardly of the primary catch and the keeper, said pivot being disposed within the fixed part of the hood, said safety catch lever cooperating directly with the keeper by engagement with the same to limit the opening movement of the lid.

20. In a hood latch for alligator-type hoods in which the lid carries a fixed keeper and the fixed part of the hood carries a primary catch, the primar catch being disposed rearwardly of the keeper and the keeper having a shoulder on the forward portion thereof, a pivoted upwardly extending safety catch lever in the form of an inverted U pivoted at its lower end to the fixed part of the hood, the intermediate or connecting part of the U cooperating with the said shoulder on the keeper to limit the opening movement of the lid.

ARTHUR CLAUD-MANTLE.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,316,692 Hill Apr. 13, 1943 2,333,465 Claud-Mantle (1) Nov. 2, 1943 2,333,466 Claud-Mantle (2) Nov. 2, 1943

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2316692 *Mar 31, 1941Apr 13, 1943Chicago Forging & Mfg CompanyHood latch assembly with sliding bolt
US2333465 *Mar 6, 1941Nov 2, 1943Bassick CoHood control for motor cars
US2333466 *Mar 6, 1941Nov 2, 1943Bassick CoHood control for motor cars
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2715538 *Mar 6, 1950Aug 16, 1955Janonis GeorgeHood latch structure
US2729487 *Feb 14, 1952Jan 3, 1956Chicago Forging & Mfg CompanyHood latch
US2779615 *Oct 31, 1950Jan 29, 1957Gen Motors CorpLatch mechanism
US2789848 *Apr 16, 1953Apr 23, 1957Chicago Forging & Mfg CoHood latch
US2830836 *Aug 26, 1950Apr 15, 1958Chicago Forging & Mfg CoHood latches
US2841430 *Jul 21, 1955Jul 1, 1958Chicago Forging & Mfg CoHood latch
US2852293 *Dec 4, 1953Sep 16, 1958Bassick CoHood latch
US2859062 *May 26, 1954Nov 4, 1958Chicago Forging & Mfg CoHood latch and operating means therefor
US2912272 *Jul 23, 1956Nov 10, 1959Standard Products CoLatch bolt structure
US4756562 *Nov 26, 1986Jul 12, 1988Ryerson & Haynes, Inc.Latch assembly for vehicles
US5000496 *Sep 28, 1988Mar 19, 1991Ford Motor CompanyTailgate latch
US5531489 *Sep 23, 1994Jul 2, 1996Atoma International Inc.Anti-kink cable for automotive door handles
US20020101084 *Mar 25, 2002Aug 1, 2002Weschler Bradley R.Apparatus and methods for opening a vehicle hood
EP0361679A1 *Aug 24, 1989Apr 4, 1990Ford Motor Company LimitedTailgate latch
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/11, 292/225, 292/DIG.140, 292/128
International ClassificationE05C3/40, E05B65/19
Cooperative ClassificationY10S292/14, E05B83/24, E05C3/40
European ClassificationE05B83/24