|Publication number||US2493084 A|
|Publication date||Jan 3, 1950|
|Filing date||Feb 4, 1947|
|Priority date||Feb 4, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2493084 A, US 2493084A, US-A-2493084, US2493084 A, US2493084A|
|Inventors||Pharo William E|
|Original Assignee||Pharo William E|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (16), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1950 w. E. PHARO 2,49%4
COLLAPSIBLE BEACH FISHERMAN'S CHAIR Filed Feb. 4, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Patented Jan. 3, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE COLLAPSIBLE BEACH FISHERMANS CHAIR William E. Pharo, Maplewood, N. J.
Application February 4, 1947, Serial No. 726,404
The invention disclosed in this patent application is a chair construction for the use of beach fishermen.
Special objects of the invention are to provide a collapsible form of chair which will fold up for convenient carrying and which will carry in conveniently accessible relation, the usual equipment required by the beach fisherman.
Other special objects of the invention are to provide a chair structure which will be comfortable and practical in use as such and which will be truly adaptable for use on the beach without sinking in the sand or otherwise becoming unusable or uncomfortable.
Other special objects are to provide a combination chair which will serve the purposes of a sandspike to hold the rod in desired relation and which further may be used to support the butt of the rod, while sitting on the chair.
Further special objects of the invention are to provide a combination chair construction, which will supply such needs as a bait box, a board for cutting bait, compartments for segregating and supporting items such as hooks and lines, reel, etc., and which will furnish illumination necessary for finding, selecting and using such items.
Other important objects of the invention are to provide a folding and carrying combination chair such as indicated, which will be capable of being folded and set up with one hand, leaving the other hand free for the rod or other items and which as it is folded will automatically provide convenient carrying handles and means for holding it in an upright standing position when it is so folded, with the bait box and other portions of the apparatus in conveniently accessible relation.
Other desirable objects and the novel features through which the purposes of the invention are attained are set forth or will appear in the course of the following specification.
The drawings accompanying and forming part of the specification illustrate a present commercial embodiment of the invention. Structure, however, may be modified and changed as regards the immediate illustration, all within the true intent and bro-ad scope of the invention as hereinafter defined and claimed.
Figure l in the drawings is a perspective view Figure 2 is a similar view showing the chair in partially folded position and indicating how such folding may b accomplished, after pushing in the bait board to unlock the chair, by simply rocking the back forwardly with one hand.
Figure 3 is another perspective view showing the chair in the fully folded condition ready for carrying or for standing up, with the bait box then at the top in position for convenient use.
Figure 4 is a plan view of the chair showing the bait board pulled out as in Figure 1 and the seat panel raised to open up the various tackle compartments.
Figure 5 is a broken vertical sectional view on substantially the plane of line 55 of Figure 4.
Figure 6 is a broken cross sectional view on substantially the plane of line 6-5 of Figure 4.
Figure '7 is a bottom plan and sectional view as on substantially the plane of line 7-1 of Figure 6.
The chair construction comprises a hollow boxlike bottom or seat unit In pivotally supported at its forward edge by a cross rod II at the upper ends of the forwardly inclined front legs I2 and pivotally suspended at the back by links I3 pivotally hung at I4 on the back bars I5.
The latter are shown as designed to rest upon the rear portions of the front legs I2 at I6 and as pivotally connected thereto by swing-over links H, pivoted at their opposite ends to the back bars I5 and front legs I2 in such relation as to swing past a dead center position from that shown in Figure 1 through the positions successively shown in Figures 2 and 3.
Pivotally connected with the back bars I5 at I8, at a level just below the seat suspension links I3, are the forwardly and downwardly inclined rear legs I9, pivoted intermediate their ends at 20 to the front legs I2. I
This construction provides a folding approximately parallelogram arrangement in whichthe parts will be held in the set up condition shown in Figure l by reason of the forwardly turned relation of the bottom links I1 then standing with their end pivot centers 2I, 22 forward of the dead center position between the connected parts be quickly and immediately folded by simply rocking the back structure forwardly, pivoting the back bars I'5 about the centers I8 on the back legs I9, to swing the links H back over their dead center positions as in Figure 2. The chair then will further collapse into the relation shown in Figure 3, with the back bars I5 in substantially parallel relation with the front legs I2 and the back legs I9 slightly inclined with respect thereto to serve as a brace for supporting the folded struc- 3 ture in the Substantially upright relation indi-- cated.
In this folded condition the rungs 23, 24 connecting the lower ends of the front legs l2 and the lower ends of the back bars stand in closely adjoining parallel relation providing either or both, convenient handles for carrying the folded chair. These handle rungs gripped together in carrying the folded structure prevent accidental opening or spreading,- of the collapsed or folded structure.
A sliding and removable bait board 25 is shown engaged in angular guides 26 extending transversely across the bottom of the seat unit.
This bait board in being withdrawn for service passes between the upper ends of the crossed front and back legs l2 and I9 and thus serves to lock the legs and hence the complete structure in the set up condition, for use as a chair. further and more positive interlock between the parts is effected in th illustration by causing the edges, of the bait board to enter properly placed notches 21, 25 in the upper edges of the: crossed front and back legs.
When removed. or pushed fullyinto positionbe neath the chair bottom the bait board does not:
interfere in any way with the single handed folding operation described.
A further important use of thebait board is, to
support the rod 29 in upright position as shown in Figure 1, said board having anotch, 30 in its forward edge toreceiveand position the rod when the latter is supported at the bottom inupstandin relation.
To hold, the board inproper position for-so supporting the rod there isprovided in the illus tration a pair of spring pressed ball detents 34 in the guide channels 26 to. enter appropriately placed recesses 32. .in the: edges of the'board, as in. Figure '7.
Similar recesses in the edge of thebait board are shown at 33 in Figure 'Z, positioned to be engaged by the spring detents32 when the board is pushed in to its: fully seated and concealed. position beneath the seat.
To prevent the chair from sinking in the sand and to furnish support and holding. means for the butt of the rod, the lower-forward endsof the back-legs l9 areshown connected by a trough 34' Further, the end of this trough at the bait boardside is shown partitioned ofi. at 35 to -form. a definite pocket 3.6 for the lower end. of the rod- The V-shaped structureefthe trough provides n anchor ge for the chair in, the sand and the greater surface provided by the walls of the. trough ford upp r f r preventingthe chair sinking-in the sand.
Thebox formation ofthe. seat structure is. shown as having a top panel 31 hinged at the back at 38 so that it may be swung upwardly as in Figures. 4, 5 and 6 to uncover and expose the contents of such box structure.
This upwardly hinging seat panel is shownas. carrying at theunderside-of the same a hoeded electric light 3.9. forilluminating. thebcx interior, bait boardand thelike, energy for such light being supplied in theexainple. by'dry cells 4% locatedin a small compartment 4t toward the back. of the: box and connected by wires 42 extending upbeneath the seat covering 43 to the lamp. fittings The lamp fitting may b equipped, with a suitable switch or. oth r meansbeprovided for controlling the lightsuch as an. au omatic. switch which will throw the lamp on which the seat cover is raised.
The interior of'the seat box may be partitioned into compartments as indicated at 44 for best separating and carrying the various paraphernalia used by a beach fisherman. A board or card such as shown at 45, for carrying shelled hooks, may be fitted as a cover over some of the compartments, the smaller ones in this instance at the left in Figures 4 and 6.
At the back the seat box is shown partitioned ofi in a transversely extending bait box 46 having a; hinged cover 41 accessible atthe. back when the chair is set up as in Figures 1 and 5 and conveniently reachable at the top when the chair is folded and stood up as in Figure 3.
. reels and othersuch. parts and can, if desired, be
slipped up oiT theupper ends of the side bars for cleaning or other purposes.
While the spring detents H in engagement with recesses 33., Fig. 7, will ordinarily hold the bait 1 board .sufiiciently to prevent it being pushed in too far beneath the seat, it is contemplated that the inner end of the; guideway 26 may be closed offer other means be provided topositively limit the inward movement of the: board. And while particularly useful as a combination chair for fishermen,.it Will-be realized thatthe invention is usefiul for: many other special purposes, such as an artists: sketch chair and the like. Also,'it will be appreciated. that while. designed primarily for beachfishing; the chairmaybe. used to advantage for ice: fishing'and for-jetties, piers and lakes.
For earryingthe chair-in the closed and folded relation illustrated in Fig. 3,.the topmost rung'M preierablyis used; as a handle because upward lit-t on this runggthroughleverageafforded by thezinclinedlinks IT and the pivoted'back legs 19, tends. to-close the parts together all the more firmly.
What is claimed -is:.
l. A. beach fishermans chair comprising hingedly connected folclable f ont and rear leg, back and seat members, said rear leg members being pivoted tetheedge of the seat at the front partthereofi, said back member b ng pivoted to the-edges ofv the seat at-the p frontand-1 rear legs other at an intermed rest. being connected to said rear legs at the lower end thereof. and a bait board slidabiy uted benoath said seat member withdr to a position interlocking with the up er ends or" the leg members. to prevent collapsing movemnt of the chair structure.
2. A. beach fishermanis chair comprising hingedly connected foldable front and rear leg, back and seat members, said rear leg members being pivoted to the edge of the seat at the front part thereof, said back member being pivoted to the ed es of the seat at the rear part thereof, said front-"and rear legs pivotally connected to each other at an intermediate part thereof, the upper ends of said front legs being pivotally connected to the backrest at an intermediate point thereof below said seat, the lower end of said backrest being connected to said rear legs at the lower end thereof, a bait board slidably mounted beneath said seat member and withdrawable to a position interlocking with the upper ends of the leg members to prevent collapsing movement of the chair structure and detent means for retaining said bait board in position locking the chair in set up condition.
3. A beach fishermans chair comprising hingedly connected foldable front and rear leg, back and seat members, said rear leg members being pivoted to the edge of the seat at the front part thereof, said back member being pivoted to the edges of the seat at the rear part thereof, said front and rear legs pivotally connected to each other at an intermediate part thereof, the upper ends of said front legs being pivotally connected to the backrest at an intermediate point thereof below said seat, the lower end of said backrest being connected to said rear legs at the lower end thereof, a bait board slidably mounted beneath said seat member and with- 6 drawable to a position interlocking with the upper ends of the leg members to prevent c01- lapsing movement of the chair structure and detent means for selectively retaining said bait board in fully retracted position clear of said leg members or in extended position locking the leg members in the set up relation.
WILLIAM E. PHARO.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
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|U.S. Classification||297/48, 297/135, 43/54.1, 312/235.2|
|International Classification||A47C4/00, A47C4/14|