Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2493406 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 3, 1950
Filing dateMay 21, 1947
Priority dateMay 21, 1947
Publication numberUS 2493406 A, US 2493406A, US-A-2493406, US2493406 A, US2493406A
InventorsHicks George L
Original AssigneeHicks George L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pneumatic rupture control garment
US 2493406 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 3, 1950 HICKS, m

PNEUMATIC RUPTURE cormoz. GARMENT Filed May 21, 1947 Patented Jan. 3, 1950 tumreo PATENT o *PNEUMAIIG RUPTUR-E CONTROL GARMENT ,GeorgeL. Hicks, III, Qambridge, Md.

Application "May 21, 1947, ISeria'lNo. 749,477

'Z CIairnS. .1

The present invention relateszto variable pr sure establishing and exerting :means which is highly useful in the technique of rupture control and .appertains, more particularly, to improved expansible and contractable pneumatic pad facilities incorporated in and forming an improved part .of-a .body embracing supporter; for examp a yieldable foundation garment.

It is a matter of common knowledge that, generally speaking, appliances ordinarily used for such purposes are in the formspf so-called,trus ses and belts wh h. a u ently :de i nedand constructed, embody one or morepads which, in use, bear forcibly against ruptured are t n y are such trusses cumbersome and uncomfortable,

they are objectionable lbeeause of metal a d ,leather constructional parts, are easily displaced and are tiring when allowed to remain in place for a prolonged period of time.

In carrying out the principles of the instant invention, I have evolved and produced a novel pneumatic pad equipped garment which is free of metal, springs, leather and crotch straps, one which exerts smooth hand controllable pressure against the rupture while conforming in shape to the rupture, one in which the degree of pressure may be adjusted and regulated according to exertion anticipated and is such in style and form to minimize chafing and undue restrictive body binding.

Another object of the invention is to provide a special rupture control garment which is in the form of a girdle which acts as an abdominal supporter and which embodies a non-elastic front panel, the latter provided with pocket means containing an accessibly arranged inflatable bladder constituting the aforementioned rupture control pad.

Another object of the invention is to provide a foundation garment of the nature alluded to wherein the latter is provided with a filler hose so constructed and arranged as to accommodate a readily attachable and detachable air bulb for variable inflation purposes.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a pocket construction in a non-elastic girdle front having a reinforcing patch, preferably of rubber, which reduces the likelihood of undesirable outward bulging.

Other objects and advantages will become more readily apparent from the following description and the accompanying illustrative drawings.

In the drawings, wherein like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the Views:

Figure 1 is a perspectiveyiewof a foundation garment or girdle constructed/inaccordance with his inven ion and showin the :man e i h th hand sq eezed air bul :in pra i m vedvFi ure '21s a ihorizqnt li ection taken on the plan f "1 1 7 1119 ;2-..2 of Fi u 1, looking in the direction of the arrows.

:Fisure '3 is an enlarged fra m ntary secti l ,yiew on the line ,33- of "Figure ;2, looking in the .elireetion of the arrows.

Figure 4. is ,a detail elevational View of th bladder.

;F;igure.;5 is a fragmentary sectional and elevationa'l view of the intake -;e nd. of the bladder hose.

Fi ur -5 is a perspective slew .of a bu -t n infl tin deviceccnstitutinganaceessory for convenient use.

Referring now to the drawings and particularly to Figure 1 the numeral 8 denotes a foundation garment, a type which is often and otherwise referred to as a girdle and also has an abdominal supporter. This is characterized by elastic webbing 9, forming the sides and rear portions, and a non-elastic panel-like front [0. Zipper fastening means comprising components I l and I2 may, in practice, be provided.

The pad is, specifically speaking, in the form of a rubber or equivalent bladder I3, Which is preferably of the shape shown in Figure 4. It is to be understood, however, that the shape and size of the bladder will vary according to unpredictable requirements of the trade. The bladder is provided with an air supply and exhausting hose M of appropriate length, said hose bein provided on its intake end with a rigid nipple-like fitting l5 which, in turn, is internally provided with an insertable and removable air valve l6 of appropriate form. The valve is shown with a trip stem I1. The nipple and valve arrangement serves to accommodate a rigid nozzle I8 mounted on a pressure hose l9 attached to a valved air bulb 20. The discharge end of the nozzle is apertured and pointed as at 2|, whereby to trip the valve and to supply the desired air pressure.

On its inner surface the non-elastic satin or equivalent panel In is provided with a pocket, the same constructed from a suitably attached sheet of rubber or equivalent stock 22 (see Figures 2 and 3) Arranged and stitched in place on the interior of the pocket is a reinforcing or extra ply of rubber 23 (see Figure 3) and this element serves as a backing and strengthening wall, the same being interposed between the outer surface 5 of the bladder and inner surface of the panel l0.

With this construction outward bulging of the panel is restrained to a minimum. It follows that when the bladder or pad is inflated, the principal pressure is toward and against that part of the anatomy constituting the focal area. of the rupture.

The combination garment functions collectively as a girdle, corset, abdominal supporter and/or foundation garment, is characterized by an elastic major portion, and a non-elastic front panel portion, the latter being novel in that it has incorporated therein an expandible and contractable pneumatic pad. Collectively these parts contribute their proportionate shares in the provision of reliable and comforting means for rupture control. The degree of inflation of the pad is variable according to the needs and requirements of the individual wearer. Thus, the wearer may apply and release pressure at will and according to discretion. The hand bulb may be a 4 to the inner surface of said panel outwardly of said first named ply, said second ply constituting optionally left in place, or detached in keeping with the needs of the wearer.

Changes in shape, size, materials and rearrangement of details and parts may be resorted to in actual practice, so long as they do not depart from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims, as is well understood.

I claim:

1. A rupture control appliance of the class described comprising a girdle including an elastic encircling band and a non-elastic front abdominal panel carried by said band, said panel being provided on its inner body contacting surface with a marginally attached ply of the elastic material, said ply coacting with the panel in defining a pneumatic pad holding pocket, and a second elastic ply within said pocket attached a reinforcing and pad backing element.

2. A rupture control appliance of the class shown and described comprising a girdle embodying an elastic encircling band and a nonelastic abdominal panel carried by the frontal portion of said band, a pneumatic pad mounted on the interior of said abdominal panel, said pad being in the form of an inflatable and deflatable bladder, said bladder having an air hose, said hose being provided on its intake end with a rigid sleeve-type nipple, a tire-type inflation valve mounted in the intake end of said hose and wholly housed and protected in the inner end portion of said nipple, and a readily attachable and detachable pressure pumping bulb provided with a companion hose terminating in a rigid nozzle adapted to fit telescopically and removably into said nipple and to come into direct engagement with the valve stem for purposes of opening the valve and inflating said bladder.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the flle of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,473,539 Beasley Nov. 6, 1923 2,240,308 Mahe Apr. 29, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 570,675 France May 5, 1924

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1473539 *Mar 5, 1923Nov 6, 1923Thomas BeasleySurgical truss and the like
US2240308 *Jan 13, 1938Apr 29, 1941Mahe Roger HerveOrthopedic belt for the treatment of gastric ptoses
FR570675A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2644449 *Jun 3, 1952Jul 7, 1953Berger Brothers CoInflatable pad
US2694395 *May 10, 1951Nov 16, 1954William J BrownPneumatic pressure garment
US3080865 *Jun 17, 1960Mar 12, 1963Vincent Samuel AndersonDevice for obviating or mitigating the medical condition known as incontinence of urine
US3234942 *Sep 3, 1963Feb 15, 1966Simor George GTray arrangement for topical application of medication to the teeth
US4592342 *Jan 3, 1984Jun 3, 1986Salmasian Samuel SMethod for appetite suppression and weight loss maintenance and device
US5307811 *Jun 10, 1991May 3, 1994Radi Medical Systems AbFemoral compression device
US5376067 *Oct 28, 1992Dec 27, 1994Daneshvar; YousefPressure bandages and dressings
US5383893 *Apr 5, 1993Jan 24, 1995Daneshvar; YousefDevice for preventing post-catherization wound bleeding
US5391141 *Nov 10, 1992Feb 21, 1995Hamilton; Josef N.Adjustable size and variable pressure regulated medical binder used by a patient after her or his body surgery
US5423852 *Dec 14, 1992Jun 13, 1995Daneshvar; YousefDevice for preventing post-catheterization wound bleeding
US5514155 *Dec 14, 1993May 7, 1996Daneshvar; YousefDevice for applying pressure to a person's groin
US6149497 *Jan 13, 1999Nov 21, 2000Smith; R. ScottFoundation garment for the relief of menstrual discomfort
US6328627 *Nov 16, 1999Dec 11, 2001R. Scott SmithFoundation garment for the relief of menstrual discomfort
US6592428 *Jun 26, 2001Jul 15, 2003B'uniques, L.L.C.Foundation garment for the relief of menstrual discomfort
US7276037Jan 24, 2005Oct 2, 2007Sun Scientific, Inc.Compression apparatus for applying localized pressure to the venous system of the leg
US7559908Apr 20, 2005Jul 14, 2009Sundaram RavikumarCompression apparatus for applying localized pressure to a wound or ulcer
US8156932Mar 16, 2009Apr 17, 2012Embrace LlcMethod and apparatus to relieve menstrual pain
US8191550Jun 28, 2010Jun 5, 2012Embrace, LlcMethod and apparatus to relieve menstrual pain
US9107753Mar 9, 2012Aug 18, 2015Ziivaa Ip, LlcMethod to relieve menstrual pain
US20050131321 *Jan 24, 2005Jun 16, 2005Sundaram RavikumarCompression apparatus for applying localized pressure to an extremity
US20050187501 *Apr 20, 2005Aug 25, 2005Sundaram RavikumarCompression apparatus for applying localized pressure to a limb
US20050251075 *Jul 12, 2005Nov 10, 2005Smith R SDevices for relieving pelvic discomfort
US20090124944 *Mar 21, 2008May 14, 2009Sundaram RavikumarMethod and Assembly for Treating Venous Ulcers and Wounds
US20090173340 *Mar 16, 2009Jul 9, 2009Embrace LlcMethod and Apparatus to Relieve Menstrual Pain
US20090204037 *Feb 12, 2008Aug 13, 2009Sundaram RavikumarCompression Apparatus for Applying Intermittent Pressure to the Leg
US20110015708 *Jun 28, 2010Jan 20, 2011Embrace, LlcMethod and apparatus to relieve menstrual pain
US20110041839 *Oct 6, 2010Feb 24, 2011Embrace, LlcCompression undergarment for relief of menstrual pain and related method of use
U.S. Classification128/96.1, 128/118.1
International ClassificationA61F5/01, A61F5/24, A61F5/34
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/24, A61F5/34
European ClassificationA61F5/24, A61F5/34