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Publication numberUS2493949 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 10, 1950
Filing dateDec 10, 1946
Priority dateDec 10, 1946
Publication numberUS 2493949 A, US 2493949A, US-A-2493949, US2493949 A, US2493949A
InventorsJoseph Donahue
Original AssigneeJoseph Donahue
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wrench having manually closed spring-opened pivoted jaws
US 2493949 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 10, 1950 J. DONAHUE 2,493,949


Joseph Donahue-3 @Mm W Inventor Patented Jan. 10, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT WRENCH HAVING MANUALI IY CLOSED SPRING-OPENED PIVOTED JAWS JosephD'dnahue, Shamokin, Pa.

Application December 10, 1946, Serial-No. 715,157

(01. Sl w) 1 Claim. 7 1

The invention relates to a gripping tool or wrench, and more especially to a manuall-yopeirable, pivotedjaw, grapple-type wrench for tightening small-nuts or the like;

A primary object of this invention is to provide a hand grip, pivoted jaw wrench in which the gripping jaws are manually closed and spring opened and which can be readily extended into restricted places for engaging a piece of work so that the wrench can be manipulated with ease and dispatch.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a wrench which is simple in construction, and efficient in operation, strong, durable, readily and easily handled, self-adjusting, portable, possessed of few parts, light in weight, and inexpensive to manufacture.

With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the features of construction, and combination and arrangement of parts, as will be hereinafter more fully described and i1lustrated in the accompanying drawings, which disclose the preferred embodiment of the invention, and pointed out in the claims hereunto appended.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a side elevation, partly in section, of a wrench constructed in accordance with the invention.

Figure 2 is a side elevation thereof.

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken approximately on the line 33 of Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken approximately on the line 44 of Figure 1, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 5 is an exploded perspective view showing adjuncts Of the wrench removed therefrom.

Figure 6 is a vertical sectional View through the jaw opening and closing slide of the wrench.

Figure 7 is a fragmentary exploded side view of the jaws of the wrench slightly modified from those shown in Figure 1.

Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views in the drawings.

Referring to the drawings in detail, the wrench constituting the present invention, comprises an elongated, rigid open shank frame I0 having spaced elongated straight side members I I, which are disposed in parallel relation to each other and provided with laterally flared divergent terminal portions [2 united with a cross handle bar [3 at one end of frame l0. Projected through the other opposite open end of this frame III are opposed swingable or movable jaw arms I4 having 55 at their outer ends work-engaging jaws I 5'; The arms It are mounted for swinging movement on pivots l6 fitted in apertures I'T forme'dlin a cross" bearing IBsecured at lain the members H" of frame m' inwarmy ef'tne open end of' the latter.

Within the frame If] between the side members H thereof next to the bearing I8 is a jaw actuating slide or head 2!] which has formed therein 7 an inverted substantially V-shaped runway 2| separated by an intermediate web 22 and engaged in runway 2| are the actuator lever ends 23 of the arms HI for the jaws l5. The lever ends 23 are formed with bearing terminals 24 for contacting the runways 2|, as best seen in Figure 1 of the drawings. Block is provided with guide channels 26 engaging side members I.

Within frame It between the side members I I thereof and inwardly with respect to the slide 20 is a cross guide strut 25 having a central aperture 25 therein for a plunger rod or stem 26 which at the threaded portion 27 thereof is connected to the slide or head 20. The plunger rod or stem at the end next to the handle I3 is connected to a hand gripping piece 28 which is slidably fitted in the side members ll of the frame In, so that the fingers of an operator of the wrench can manipulate piece 28 on grasping of the handle bar I3 whereby the slide 2E! can be shifted in frame Iii for opening and closing the jaws I5.

Surrounding the portion 21 of stem 26 between slide 20 and the guide 25 is a coiled expansion spring 29, abutting the slide or head 20, there being a wing nut 30 adjustably fitting the portion 21 and contacting the opposite side of the guide 25, as best seen in Figure 1 of the drawings.

The purpose of this spring and nut is to permit the operator to maintain the grip of the device held between the jaws I5 in the event he desires momentarily to release his grasp on members 28 and I3. Obviously the wing nut may be tightened to any desired degree for this purpose.

Thus the jaws I5 under the action of spring 29 will be shifted to open position.

In Figure 1 of the drawings, jaws I5 are illustrated with octagon-shaped work-engaging faces 3|, while in Figure 7 the work-engaging faces 32 are of substantially hexagonal shape. Obviously the jaws can be of any other desirable shape with respect to the work-engaging faces thereof.

In the operation of the wrench as hereinbefore described an operator thereof merely presses upon the piece 28 and in this manner the jaws I5 are closed with respect to each other for gripping engagement with a nut or piece of work, and thereafter, on release of the piece 28 these jaws under the action of the spring 29 will automatically open. 1

From the foregoing it will now be seen that there is herein provided a device accomplishing all the objects of this invention, and others, including many advantages of great practical utility and commercial importance.-

As many embodiments may be made of the inventive concept, and as many modifications may be made in the embodiment herein shown and described it is to be understood that all matter herein is to be interpreted merely as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

What is claimed is:

A hand grip wrench comprising a frame including a pair of guides, a support fixed to the frame, a pair of gripping jaws pivotally carried by the support, actuating arms carried by said gripping jaws, an actuating block slidably carried by said guides, inverted substantially V- shaped runways provided in said block slidably engaging said actuating arms, a hand gripping member slidably carried by said guides, a centrally apertured cross member secured to said frame intermediate the hand gripping member and the actuating block,,a rod secured to said hand gripping member and said block and slidable through the aperture provided in the cross member, and a spring about said rod abutting said cross member and said block and normally urging the gripping jaws in spread position.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US588110 *Oct 2, 1798Aug 10, 1897 Wrench
US716202 *Jul 5, 1902Dec 16, 1902Charles Anthoney JonesWrench.
US760582 *May 27, 1903May 24, 1904Morgan Engineering CoTongs for furnace-charging cranes.
US1056478 *Sep 13, 1912Mar 18, 1913George S WestfieldGrapple or tongs.
US1204208 *Apr 28, 1916Nov 7, 1916Joseph J ThullAdjustable set-wrench.
US1282044 *Oct 29, 1917Oct 22, 1918Nicholas ChouvaldjyCuspidor-carrier.
US1496619 *May 25, 1923Jun 3, 1924Bole Edward APipe wrench
US1742767 *Aug 10, 1927Jan 7, 1930Hughes Jess WShrouded rotary fishing tool
US2240556 *Nov 4, 1939May 6, 1941Eide Ole AWrench
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2591636 *Mar 17, 1950Apr 1, 1952Thompson Floyd OPivoted-jaw wrench having nut-actuated and slidable cam-wedge
US2694327 *Jan 21, 1952Nov 16, 1954Barkus Homer ALocking chuck pliers
US2879099 *Feb 15, 1954Mar 24, 1959Papierfabrik Baienfurt A GHoisting eye with tripping arrangement
US4968078 *May 24, 1989Nov 6, 1990Edwin FitzwaterAdjustable compound-action clamp
U.S. Classification81/345, 74/107, 81/427, 294/115, 81/349
International ClassificationB25B13/32, B25B13/00, B25B13/28
Cooperative ClassificationB25B13/32, B25B13/28
European ClassificationB25B13/28, B25B13/32