US 249399 A
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J. H. RANDNLL. MAGAZINE SPRING GUN.
Patented Nom, 1881.
i x UNITED ,SrATEsl PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES H. RANDELL, OF AGWORTH, GEORGIA. i
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters :Patent` No. 249,399, dated November 8, 1881.
4 I Application filed August 25, 1881. (No model.)l
To all whom it may concern Beit known that 1, JAMES HOPERANDELL, of Acworth, in the county of Cobb and State of Georgia, have invented a new and Improved Magazine Spring- Gun; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which- Figurel l is a top-edge view of the gun. Fig. 2 isa side view with the rubber spring retracted and the parts in position for shooting. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section of the same. Fig. 4 is a section through the line a: x, Fig. 3; and Fig. 5 is a cross-section through line yyofFig. 2.
My invention relates to spring-guns of that class in which the barrel is provided with an ejecting-rod for throwing out the shot, which ejecting-rod is drawn forward by a rubber spring and is held back by a catch from which the ejecting-rod `'may be released by a trigger.
My invention consistsin constructin gthe gun with a reservoir for shot or bullets in its upper edge and with the end of the gun next to the muzzle deeper than the other parts, and provided with achamber or barrel extending about half-way thelength ofthe gun and there terminating in a'shoulder under the main portion, through which shoulder thehead ofthe ejectin grod protrudes, and havin g, also, near the breech of the gun a notch or recess formed in its under side, back into which the head of the ejectingrod may be drawn and seated, and from which it may be dislodged by a trigger to allow the spring to act, as hereinafter more fully described.
In the drawings, Arepresents the body portion, and B the stock, of the gun. The body portion is formed with a straight upper edge or surface,in which is formed arecessor chamber to receive the shot and constitute the maga- Y zine of the gun, which recess or chamber is closed by a removable cover, a., fastened at onc end bya screw, b, around which the cover turns,
and secured at theother end by a catch, c, and
.- which cover constitutes the upper surface or sight ofthe gun. The half of the gun next to the muzzle ismade deeper than the rest, and about the middle of the gun this deeper portion terminates in a shoulder, d. Through the lower part of this deeper end of the gun is formed a barrel,which at itsback end communicates with the magazine-chamber above, andin which barrel plays the ejecting-rod f. This ejecting-rod protrudes from the barrel at the shoulder d and terminates in a head, e, which head slides back and forth from the shoulder .d to a notch, g, formed in the under side ofthe gun at the breech. Around this head e of the ejecting-rod, or attached to it, is a rubber spring, h, whose two ends extend alongside ofthe barrel ingrooves made for their reception, and at the muzzle are securely tied by a cord, t', passing through a hole in the end of the gun.
Gis a trigger, which consists of a right-angular or curved piece jointed upon a pivot-pin in the gun just in rear of the notch g, and havy ing its upper end resting in a recess just above said notch, so that a rearward pull of the trigger has the effect to dislodge the head e of the ejecting-rod from said notch whenever the gun is to be shot.
To load and shoot the gun as thus described, the head e ofthe ejectingrod is drawn back and seated in the'notch g. As the outer end of the ejecting-rodpasses the opening from the magazine to the barrel a shot drops down into the barrel in front of the ejecting-rod. To keep this shot from running or falling out when the gun is pointed downwardly, a spring-catch, j, is fixed in the side of the gun just in front of where the shot lies, which spring passes in front of the shot at the same time that the end of the ejecting-rcd passes to the rear of the spring.
The advantages of this form of gun are:
First, as the magazine-chamber extends the whole length of the body of the gun, it is adapted to carry a large amount of ammunition.
Secondly, the rubber spring and ejectingrod being underneath the gun, an unobstructed sight is preserved.
Thirdly, the shoulder d forms a very convenient abutment for the head of the ejectingrod to strike against, which shoulder is prefer- 95 ably provided with a rubber facing or other cushion to break the force of the impact.
Fourthly, the relation of the ejecting-rod, notch g, and the trigger are particularly favorable for using the gun in the same manner as guns using powder.
Fifthly, the rubber spring being underneath the body portion and guided in grooves, it drives the ejecting-rod perfectly straight with- ICO out clamping, and the grooves also protect the spring against Wear.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new is 1. A gun having a magazine-chamber in its upper edge and adeeper portion atits outer end terminating in a shoulder, d, upon the under side, with a barrel through the same, in combination with an ejectingrod having a head on Io its rear end, and projecting from the shoulder d exteriorly to the gun, and a spring connecting with the head of the ejecting-rod, substantially as shown and described.
2. A gun having a straight upper surface with a magazine-chamber extending the full 15 length of the same, and having a deeper end next the muzzle, with a barrel through it, and
`the notch g in its under side next the breech,
in combination with the ejectingrod playing under the body of the gun, the spring h, and zo the trigger C, substantially as and for the purpose described.
JAMES HOPE RANDELL. Witnesses:
E. G. RANDELL, A. C. RANDELL.