|Publication number||US2495201 A|
|Publication date||Jan 17, 1950|
|Filing date||Mar 7, 1947|
|Priority date||Mar 7, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2495201 A, US 2495201A, US-A-2495201, US2495201 A, US2495201A|
|Original Assignee||Robert Mitchell Co Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (8), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Janw M1950 R. SNOWBALL WASHBASIN AND TOILET BOWL ASSEMBLY Filed March 7, 1947 e Shets-Sheet 1 r I 55 a9 25 l N V E N T 0 R ROBERT SNOWBALL J. 17, 1950 R. SNOWBALL 2,5,M
WASHBASIN AND TOILET BOWL ASSEMBLY Filed March 7, 1947 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 i I 7 v 52 $8 l 5 FIG? INVENTUR ROBERT SNOWBALL.
Jan. 17, 19 50 SNOWBALL 2,495,201
WASHBASIN AND TOILET BOWL ASSEMBLY Filed March 7, 1947 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 I N V EN 1' 0 R ROBERT SNOWBALL 5.17, 195% R. SNGWBALL WASHBASIN AND TOILET BOWL ASSEMBLY 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed March 7. 1947 n u u I m m m m m m m m m Hm. J \v u m n m T u m .u L 1 n n u u 9 m n .1 T n Ti m w n n 7 a0 8 E m r. 3 3 4 3 u m M 4 M 1 H T: l h J I nu- 1 1% mJ V r. w I n w r 1 I I l H "N r r I a w z I w. wwmw n m Ll........- -.u
R0 BERT. SN OWBA LL Jan. 17, 1950 R. SNOWBALL WASHBASIN AND TOILET BOWL ASSEMBLY 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed March '7, 1947 mvzrnon ROBERT SNOWBALL Jan. 17, 1950 R. SNOWBALL WASHBASIN AND TOILET BOWL ASSEMBLY 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 Filed March 7, 1947 INVENTOR RO BERT SN OWBALL A'IT RNL\ S Patented Jan. 17, 1950 WASHBASIN AND TOILET BOWL ASSEMBLY 7 Robert Snowball, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, as-
signor to The Robert Mitchell Co. Limited, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Application March 7, 1947, Serial No. 732,977
4 Claims. (01. 4-3) This invention relates to a compact wash basin and toilet bowl assembly for installation in places where space conservation is an important consideration such, for example, as in compartments, drawing rooms and other bedroom accommodations of railway passenger cars.
A salient feature of the invention consists in the provision of a compact wash basin and toilet bowl assembly in which the wash basin is mounted to swing about a vertical axis from a position directly above a fixed toilet bowl to an out-of-the-way position at one side of the toilet bowl. This assembly is particularly useful in restricted bedroom accommodations where the toilet bowl must be located relatively close to a bed or berth. In such cases the wash basin may be mounted a sufiicient distance above the toilet bowl so that it will clear and overlie a portion of the bed or berth when swung to its out-of-theway position with reference to the toilet bowl.
Another feature of the invention consists in arranging the wash basin, toilet bowl and associated parts, such as plumbing fittings, so that the space above the toilet bowl is left entirely clear when the wash basin is swung to its out-of-theway position over the adjacent bed or berth.
A further feature of the invention consists in the manner in which the pipe connections to the drain opening and to the hot and cold water valves of the wash basin are arranged to swing to an out-of-the-way position with the wash basin. V
A further feature of the invention consists in the provision of a sectional cabinet structure of novel design for enclosing the wash basin, toilet bowl, and the associated plumbing fittings so that these parts are covered in a sightly manner when the toilet bowl is not in use.
Other characteristic features and advantages of the invention will be set forth or made apparent in the following detailed description of the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a front perspective view of my improved wash basin and toiletbowl assembly as it appears when the toilet bowl is not in use. This view shows the manner in which the cover of the upper section of the cabinet structure may be swung to one side to give access to the wash basin and to provide a supporting shelf for toilet accessories.
Fig. 2 is a front view of my improved washbasin and toilet bowl installation as it appears with the upper wash basin-containing section and an intermediate section of the cabinet structure swung to one side to provide a clear space above the bottom section of the cabinet containing the toilet bowl. This view also shows the manner in which the upper wash basin-containing section of the cabinet structure clears and overlies an adjacent bed or bunk when swung to an out-of-the-way position at one side of the toilet bowl.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view, partly in vertical section and partly in front elevation, of my improved wash basin and toilet bowl assembly.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view, partly in side elevation and partly in vertical section, of my improved wash basin and toilet bowl assembly, the plane of the section being substantially along the line 4--4 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the wash basin and bowl assembly as it appears when the upper wash basin-containing cabinet section and the intermediate cabinet section are swung to one side to give access to the toilet bowl contained in the lower cabinet section.
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view showing a slight modification in the design of the intermediate section of the cabinet structure.
Fig. 7 is an enlarged detail view illustrating the manner in which the upper wash basin-con- 'taining cabinet section and its cover are mounted for independent swinging movement about a common vertical axis.
As shown in these drawings, the cabinet structure of my improved wash basin and toilet bowl assembly comprises top, bottom, and intermediate cabinet sections respectively indicated at 5,
f 6 and l, the top section 5 being equipped with a movable tray-forming cover 8.
The bottom cabinet section 6 is a stationary section enclosing a stationary toilet bowl 9 of standard design and dimensions. The top wall [0 of section 6 is provided with a suitable opening Illa (Fig. 5) and carries a hinged toilet seat l2.
Flushing water is supplied to bowl 9 through supply pipe l3 equipped with flushing valve M.
The mechanism provided for operating valve It may be of any suitable type and forms no part of the present invention. In the present instance I have shown a valve operating mechanism comprising an intermediately pivoted foot lever having its front end extending forwardly into a corner recess 1 l of cabinet section 6 and provided with a foot rest lea. The rear end of lever i5 is connected by link [8 to a crank l9 provided at one end of a crank shaft 20 journalled in a suitable bearing 2|. A second crank 22 at the opposite end of crank shaft 20 is operatively'convention, I have shown merely by way of example 1 a valve operating mechanism including a drain valve operating hand lever 29-which'may beconnected to drain valve 28 by-.flexible element -3l,.
bell crank lever 32 and valve stem.33. When-this type of drain valve operating mechanism is employed the flexible element 3! .may be enclosed,
and guided by suitable tubing 54.
The outlet end 35 of drain fitting 21 isgrig-idly connected to the horizontally extending branch $6 of. a swingablymounted. drain. elbow 31. The lower end of the vertical-branch 38 of elbow is-swivelled' to the upper end-of a stationary bushing 39. .As here shown, the-swivel connection between drain elbow 3'1 andhushing 39 comprises a swivel flange lflwhichisformedon the lower end of the vertical branch 38 of elbowBl-andis rotatably held against the upper end of bushing 39'by suitable coupling nut 4|. The lower end of bushing 39 is connected by nipple 42 tothe upper end of a drain'trap 43.. The lower'end of drain trap 43- is connectedrby suitable drain piping 44 to the interior'of bowl :9.
The bushing 39 extends through an opening provided in the lower horizontal extension of 1 a stationary bracket '41 and is secured in place by a suitable set screw 48.
Basin v2.5 is equipped withhotand cold water valves '50 and 5| operated by suitablehandles 52 and 53'. The water supplied "to these valves is delivered to basin 25 through a-suitabl-e fitting 54 to-which overflow pipe 55 is connected.
The inlet of :cold water valve '5! -.is'connecte d, by pipeti, to the discharge end-of a cold water passage 58 provided in a combined hot and cold Y i water fitting 59. The'in'letofihot-water valve 59 is connected'by pipe 66 to the discharge end of. a hot water-passageiil providedin fitting 259.
The upper end of the-.combined hot and cold water fitting 59 is swivelled in any suitable manner to the lower'endof -a:stationary coldswater fitting 51?. provided witha cold water passage 63 through which cold water is passed: from supply pipe 'CJ lto the cold water passage-58 of fitting .59.
The lower end of 'fittingi59 is similarly swivelled.
to the upper end of'a stationaryhotwaterfitting '65 provided with a hot water passage 66 through which hot water is passed from supply pipe 61 to .the hot water passage 6| of fitting '59.
The cold water fitting 62 is fastened, by a bolt .68, to the lower surface-of'a horiontal extension 139' provided at the upper end of bracket 41. The hot waterfitting 65 is fastened, by'a screw Hi, to an intermediate horizontal extension H of bracket 41.
The upper horizontalextension 69 of bracket is formed witha vertically extending pivot 13 having a lower .portions'lfia of relatively large diameter and an upper portion 13b .of smaller diameter. Thelower "portion'l3a of pivot 13 is :fitted in a corner opening provided in the top :portion it of the basincontaining-cabinet section -5. The upper portion 13b of pivot I3 is fitted in a bushing -ll1prov1de.d ina .corner open- -ing18 10f :thetray forming cover 8 of they cabinet 1' :swing about a common vertical axis.
structure. The cover 8 may be secured against casual vertical displacement by a retaining pin 19 which is fitted in a hole 80 in the cover so that one end of the pin is received in a groove 8| provided in the upper portion 13b of pivot 13.
The bracket 41 is fastened to a suitable supporting wall 84 so that it provides a stationary support on which the cabinet section 5, the cover .8, the basin 2.5, the hot and cold water pipes 51 and BI and the drain elbow 31 are mounted to In this connection it may be noted that the hot and cold water fittings 59,62 and 65 carried by the bracket 4.1 .are arranged .in axial alignment with each other and with the bushing 39 to which the lower :endofthedrain elbow 31 is swivelled. These hot and cold water fittings are therefore mounted to swing with the cabinet section 5 about a :common vertical axis.
The front wall and a part of the right hand side wall of intermediate cabinet section .1 are mounted-to swing with the .upper cabinet section '5 from. a position above to a position at one side of the lower cabinet .sectionfi. In this connection it will be noted that the right hand side wall of cabinet section comprises front and rear parts 8'! and58 fastened together byhinge connections 85! and that the forwardpartill'l of said side wall carries the front wall 90. .The hinge, 8'9 affords a vertical axis about which. theiront wall and side wallportionBS .of cabinetsection I are caused to swing with the upper. cabinet sectionf5 through the agency of a slot and. pinconnection comprising a pin 92 extendingupwardly from the front wall so. of cabinetsection Land working. ina suitably curved slot .93 provided in the'bottom of cabinctsection 5. The pinand slot are arranged so that the swinging of.cabinet section'5 to the dotted line position shown. in Fig. 5 ,causes'the front wall .99 and side wall portion 81. of cabinet section! to swingto the position shown inlFig. '5 so that the front wall. 90 of.cabinet.section 1 .is thereby disposed closetoand parallel with the adjacent side of the'berth or bunk .96 which is cleared by the cabinet section.5.
In Fig. 6 I have shown a slight modification of the intermediate-cabinet section I whichmay be resorted to when. the clearance between the toilet bowl 9 and the bunk or berth 96 is .less than that shown inFig. 5. .According to the arrangement illustrated in'Fig. v6 the swinging. side wall section 8'! of cabinet section '1 is divided into three relatively movablesectionst'la, 8Tb andtlc connected to each other by spring hinges "9B. The spring hinges 98 are arranged to cause the "said side wall sectionsfllmtflb and 810 to fold togetheras indicated by dotted lines when the collapsible side wall section .81 is swung about its hinge connection .89-to the stationary side wall section --88. This obviously reduces the clearance necessary between the bedor .bunk 96 and the vention .as definedby the appendedclaims.
.Iclaim: l. A wash basinandtoilet.bowlassemblycomprising a stationary toilet bowl, a washibasin .mounted to swing abouta vertical axis. from a ;position directly above to: a position at .one side. of .the .toilet bowl,..a stationary cabinet section en- .closing said toilet .bowl, I a .movable cabinet seei tion enclosing-said wash: basin and .swingable therewith about said axis, and an intermediate cabinet section interposed between the first mentioned cabinet sections, said intermediate cabinet section having its front wall mounted to swing with the upper cabinet section but about a different vertical axis.
2. A wash basin and toilet bowl assembly comprising a stationary toilet bowl, a wash basin mounted to swing about a vertical axis from a position directly above to a position at one side of the toilet bowl, a stationary cabinet section enclosing said toilet bowl, a movable cabinet section enclosing said wash basin and swingable therewith about said axis, and an intermediate cabinet section interposed between the first mentioned cabinet sections, said intermediate cabinet section having its front wall and a part of one side wall mounted to swing with the upper cabinet section but about a different vertical axis so that the distance travelled by the front wall of the intermediate section, in swinging from a position above to a position at one side of the toilet bowl, is substantially less than the distance travelled by the front wall of the upper cabinet section.
3. A wash basin and toilet bowl assembly as set forth in claim 2, in which the swingable side Wall portion of the intermediate cabinet section is composed of a plurality of parts fastened together by vertical hinges so as to fold together during swinging movement of the front wall of the intermediate cabinet section to a position at one side of the toilet bowl.
4. A wash basin and toilet bowl assembly comprising a stationary toilet bowl, a bracket mounted above and to one side of said toilet bowl, an upper cabinet section supported by said bracket for swinging movement about a vertical axis from a position directly above to a position at one side of the toilet bowl, a wash basin enclosed by said cabinet section and swingable therewith about said axis, a drain pipe including a stationary section and a swinging section connected between the stationary section and the wash basin and arranged to swing about said vertical axis, a hot and cold water fitting rotatably mounted on said bracket for turning movement about said vertical axis, hot and cold water valves carried by said wash basin, hot and cold water pipes connecting said valves to hot and cold water passages provided in said hot and cold water fitting, a bottom stationary cabinet section enclosing said toilet bowl and an intermediate cabinet section interposed between the toilet bowl enclosing cabinet section and the water basin enclosing cabinet section and having its front wall and a portion of its side wall arranged to swing with the wash basin enclosing cabinet section but about a different vertical axis so that the distance travelled by the front wall of the intermediate cabinet section, in swinging from a position above to a position at one side of the toilet bowl is substantially less than the distance travelled by the front wall of the upper cabinet section.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
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|International Classification||E03C1/00, E03C1/01|