|Publication number||US2495307 A|
|Publication date||Jan 24, 1950|
|Filing date||Jan 2, 1947|
|Priority date||Jan 2, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2495307 A, US 2495307A, US-A-2495307, US2495307 A, US2495307A|
|Original Assignee||Abramson Milton|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (33), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan, 24, 1950 M. ABRAMSON 2,495,307
BREAST SHIELD Filed Jan. 2, 1947 gw mm MILTON ABRAMSON Patented Jan. 24, 1950 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE.
BREAST SHIELD lto A ramSs ea s, M Application January 2, 1947, Serial No. 719,761
2 Claims. (Cl. 128-282) This invention relates to a breast shield for nursing mothers,
It is among the objects of the invention to provide a novel and improved breast shield for nursing mothers, made of light weight, hard plastic material which can be worn by the nursing mother and will act to protect the nipple againstinjury, which shieldmay be maintained in clean and sanitary condition at all times so as to prevent the possibility of infection or injury to the breast and particularly the nipplethereof.
Another object is to provide such a breast shield which includes a ledge to catch and retain any milk which may seep from the breast nipple, thereby preventing soilage of the clothing of the wearer.
Another object is to provide such abreast shield which, while protecting the breast from injury,
.can be worn underneath the clothing of the nursbreast and which will hold in position on the breast.
The object and-advantages or the invention will more fully appear'from the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference characters refer to the same or similar parts throughout the various views and in which:
Fig. l is a perspective view illustrating a breast shield embodying the invention looking toward the rear portion of the shield;
Fig. 2 is a view in vertical section through the breast shield showing it applied for use on a womans body;
Fig. 3 is a vertical longitudinal section through the breast shield taken on enlarged scale;
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. l but showing a slightly modified form of shield;
Fig. 5 is a Vertical longitudinal section through the shield illustrated in Fig. 4; and
Fig. 6 is a perspective view looking toward the rear side of a further modification of the device, a portion of the shield illustrated in Fig. 6 being broken away and other portions being shown in section.
Referring first to the form of the device illustrated in Figs, 1. 2 and 3, there is there shown a breast shield designated as an entirety by the letter A. This shield is formed from a single piece of hard plastic, preferably either transparent or translucent so that the sanitary condition of the shield can be readily observed. The shield the breast nipple of the wearer.
2 itself is of general cup-shape made to conform to the contour of the breast of a nursing mother. It is provided with a central forwardly bulged or domed portion I of such size as to loosely receive It also is provided with a circumferential edge flange 8 which curves outwardly away from the enlarged central bulged main body portion of the cup 'to form a sealing flange which will engage and seal the shield to the base of the breast of the wearer. On its inner surface this sealing flange 8 is provided with a circular groove 9 adjacent its periphery,
which, when the shield is applied to the breast of the wearer, will form a suction chamber with the base of the breast whereby the shield may be held in place on the breast after a part of the air has been exhausted from the chamber so formed. The contour of the flange 8 is such thatno sharp edge of the shield will be presented which might otherwisecut or lacerate the flesh of the nursing mother.
Extending across between opposite points in the lower internal portion of the shield and joining a portion of the flange 3 is a web Ill, which forms a milk-retaining ledge which will underlie the nipple of the breast so as to catch and retain any milk that may seepfrom the breast nipple. Ihe curvature of the ledge It is such as to fitthe lower portion of the breast without cutting" or meaning the same. "l "I Of course the breast shields will be supplied in pairs and they will be applied directly to thetwo breasts of the nursing mother tobe worn underneath the clothing. They may be held in place by the ordinary brassiere, or the edge flange 8 and groove 9 alone may be employed for holding the shields in place. When worn under the clothing, they will not change the natural appearance of the wearer. The shields will act to protect the breasts and particularly the nipples thereof from injury as by being struck or the like when the nipples are in a sore and tender condition. The shields are quite rigid, and being made from a hardened plastic they will not absorb dirt and they may be very easily washed and cleaned and kept in sanitary condition. Thus they act to prevent infections from being set up in the breasts of the nursing mother. Of course the ledges It! will be disposed downwardly when the shields are being worn, and if any milk should seep from the nipples of the breast, the ledges It will catch this milk to prevent the same from wetting or soiling the clothing of the wearer.
Referring now to the form of the device shown in Figs. 4 and 5, there is there shown a breast shield B, which is similar in all respects to the breast shield A with the exception that in the shield B there is provided a milk-retaining ledge I I which is circular, and thus with the device B it is unnecessary to locate the shield in any particular manner in respect to the milk-retaining ledge as in the case of the shield A where the ledge I only extends about a portion of the cup. Also in the shield B the sealing flange I2 is not equipped with a groove as in the case of the flange 8 of the shield A, and accordingly the shield B will be held in place on the breast as by a brassiere which will fit over the shield.
Referring to Fig. 6, the shield C there shown is quite similar to the shields A and B with the exception that in the case of the shield C no milkretaining ledge is provided and the groove 9 which is formed in the shield A is lacking in the shield C, and accordingly this shield will be retained in place by a brassire while being worn.
It will be seen that a highly eflicient and sanitary breast shield has been provided for nursing mothers which will protect the nipples of the breast, give the breast proper support, and serve to maintain the nipples in clean and sanitary condition at all times.
= Experimentation has shown that the use of my breast shield fully protects the nipples of the breasts of the nursing mother against any possible irritation from her clothing and thus largely obviates the use of ointments on the nipples, which ointments may be distasteful to the nursing baby or such ointments may make the nipple slippery causing the nursing baby's mouth to slip off therefrom. Also the time required for the postpartum hospital care of the nursing mother is substantially reduced and irritation and possible infection of the nipples considerably lessened by the reduction in repeated handling of the nipples.
It will of course be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details, arrangement, and proportion of the various parts without departure from the scope of the present invention which, generally stated, consists in the matter shown and described and set forth in the appended claims.
The cup-shaped breast shield is imperforate and has a smooth inner surface. The shield covers or receives the nipple, areola and an adjacent portion of the breast.
1. A breast shield for nursing mothers comprising a one-piece, cup-shaped substantially rigid imperforate member having a smooth inner surface formed to cover the nipple, areola and an adjacent portion of the breast, said member having a reduced forwardly extending central domed portion to loosely receive the nipple, an uninterrupted circumferential edge flange portion which extends outwardly away from and integral with the cup-shaped member to form a sealing flange which will engage and seal the shield directly to the breast, and said flange having a circular groove adjacent its periphery to form a suction chamber to assist in holding the shield in place.
2. A breast shield for nursing mothers comprising a one-piece, cup-shaped substantially rigid imperforate member having a smooth inner surface formed to cover the nipple, areola and an adjacent portion of the breast, said member having a reduced forwardly extending central domed portion to loosely receive the nipple, which said portion merges into an enlarged central bulged portion, an uninterrupted circumferential edge flange portion which extendsoutwardly away from and integral with the bulged portion to form a sealing flange which will engage and seal the shield directly to the breast, and said flange having a circular groove adjacent its periphery to form a suction chamber to assist in holding the shield in place.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 296,609 Pattee Apr. 8, 1884 577,311 McCleary Feb. 16, 1897 676,379 Young June 11, 1901 1,222,494 Thomas Apr. 10, 1917 1,676,858 Ferber et a1 July 10, 1928 2,054,491 Tynan Sept. 15, 1936 2,067,268 Hans Jan. 12, 1937 2,191,545 Schneider Feb. 27, 1940 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 6,740 Great Britain Apr. 20, 1889
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US296609 *||Apr 8, 1884||Milk-catcher for nursing-women|
|US577311 *||Apr 21, 1896||Feb 16, 1897||Breast-form|
|US676379 *||Feb 5, 1900||Jun 11, 1901||Frank E Young||Eye-cups.|
|US1222494 *||Aug 24, 1916||Apr 10, 1917||James F Thomas||Bust-developer.|
|US1676858 *||Sep 25, 1926||Jul 10, 1928||Ferber Herman G||Vacuum cleaner|
|US2054491 *||Nov 12, 1934||Sep 15, 1936||Fernand A Bourges||Breast shield|
|US2067268 *||Mar 20, 1935||Jan 12, 1937||Hans Hans||Device for promoting respiration|
|US2191545 *||Jul 1, 1937||Feb 27, 1940||Celanese Corp||Wearing apparel|
|GB188906740A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3176686 *||Apr 16, 1962||Apr 6, 1965||Barnes Thomas D||Shock absorbent construction for athletic garments|
|US3911920 *||Feb 25, 1974||Oct 14, 1975||Susinn Thommiss C||Breast pump|
|US4164228 *||Oct 28, 1977||Aug 14, 1979||Weber Unger Georg||Pad for nursing brassieres|
|US4607640 *||Nov 18, 1985||Aug 26, 1986||Mccusker Leroy H||Athletic/industrial brassiere with protective inserts|
|US4754750 *||Mar 20, 1987||Jul 5, 1988||Coopervision, Inc.||Areola/nipple surgical wound protector|
|US4870977 *||Jul 14, 1987||Oct 3, 1989||Coopervision, Inc.||Surgical protector for raised wounds|
|US5020157 *||Mar 2, 1990||Jun 4, 1991||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force||Ballistic protective insert for use with soft body armor by female personnel|
|US5032103 *||Feb 16, 1990||Jul 16, 1991||Isg/Ag||Breast shield|
|US5439409 *||Jun 28, 1993||Aug 8, 1995||Turtle Shells Corporation||Breast protector and assembly|
|US5514166 *||Jan 20, 1995||May 7, 1996||Medela, Inc.||Device and method for supporting a breast shield and related pump equipment|
|US5575768 *||Nov 8, 1995||Nov 19, 1996||Medela, Inc.||Device and kit for supporting a breast shield and related pump equipment|
|US5732714 *||Aug 7, 1996||Mar 31, 1998||Morrissey; Gerald||Adapter for use with apparatus and method for controlling human lactation|
|US5806103 *||Feb 21, 1997||Sep 15, 1998||Youth Education Safety & Sports, Inc.||Breast protector and assembly|
|US5967877 *||Jul 7, 1998||Oct 19, 1999||Howard; Jack E.||Bra with reinforced contourline|
|US6183340 *||May 9, 2000||Feb 6, 2001||Yang Wen||Structure of a brassiere cup|
|US6379327 *||Apr 25, 2001||Apr 30, 2002||Ellen F. Lundy||Hands-free portable breast pump system|
|US7833083||Aug 15, 2008||Nov 16, 2010||Sobah-Wilhelm Mary C||Bra and/or bra pad for providing the appearance of symmetry to asymmetrical breasts|
|US7922560||Mar 28, 2008||Apr 12, 2011||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Brassiere cup and brassiere for women having unevenly sized breasts|
|US8469771||Sep 10, 2010||Jun 25, 2013||Handi-Craft Company||Nipple shield|
|US8506349||Nov 11, 2010||Aug 13, 2013||Mary C. Sobah-Wilhelm||Bra and/or bra pad for providing the appearance of symmetry to asymmetrical breasts|
|US8523804 *||Jul 14, 2010||Sep 3, 2013||Jackel International Limited||Breast attachment|
|US20050227583 *||Sep 14, 2004||Oct 13, 2005||Westall Carolyn D||Breast clothing|
|US20080305714 *||Aug 15, 2008||Dec 11, 2008||Sobah-Wilhelm Mary C||Bra and/or bra pad for providing the appearance of symmetry to asymmetrical breasts|
|US20090247047 *||Mar 28, 2008||Oct 1, 2009||Roxana Avalos-Dessner||Brassiere cup and brassiere for women having unevenly sized breasts|
|US20110065360 *||Sep 10, 2010||Mar 17, 2011||Simplisse, Inc.||Nipple shield|
|US20110223831 *||May 25, 2011||Sep 15, 2011||Sobah-Wilhelm Mary C||Bra and/or bra pad for providing the appearance of symmetry to asymmetrical breasts|
|US20120165729 *||Jul 14, 2010||Jun 28, 2012||Nicholas Cudworth||Breast attachment|
|US20130158394 *||Jan 14, 2011||Jun 20, 2013||The Regents Of The University Of California||Devices, Systems and Methods to Detect and Reduce or Prevent Entry of Inflammatory Mediators into Milk Ducts|
|USD773643 *||Jun 18, 2015||Dec 6, 2016||Medela Holding Ag||Self returning contamination barrier|
|DE942469C *||Jul 20, 1954||May 3, 1956||Philipp Kraft||Mutterbrustwarzenschuetzer und zugleich Milchtropfensammler|
|EP0442758A1 *||Feb 15, 1991||Aug 21, 1991||I S G Ag||Breast shield|
|WO1988006877A1 *||Mar 18, 1988||Sep 22, 1988||The Cooper Companies, Inc.||Areola/nipple surgical wound protector|
|WO2001047452A1 *||Dec 13, 2000||Jul 5, 2001||Cannon Rubber Limited||Breast shield|
|U.S. Classification||128/890, 604/346, 2/46, 2/463|
|International Classification||A61J13/00, A61F13/14|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F13/141, A61J13/00, A61F2013/15016|
|European Classification||A61J13/00, A61F13/14|