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Publication numberUS2495307 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 24, 1950
Filing dateJan 2, 1947
Priority dateJan 2, 1947
Publication numberUS 2495307 A, US 2495307A, US-A-2495307, US2495307 A, US2495307A
InventorsAbramson Milton
Original AssigneeAbramson Milton
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Breast shield
US 2495307 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan, 24, 1950 M. ABRAMSON 2,495,307

BREAST SHIELD Filed Jan. 2, 1947 gw mm MILTON ABRAMSON Patented Jan. 24, 1950 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE.

BREAST SHIELD lto A ramSs ea s, M Application January 2, 1947, Serial No. 719,761

2 Claims. (Cl. 128-282) This invention relates to a breast shield for nursing mothers,

It is among the objects of the invention to provide a novel and improved breast shield for nursing mothers, made of light weight, hard plastic material which can be worn by the nursing mother and will act to protect the nipple againstinjury, which shieldmay be maintained in clean and sanitary condition at all times so as to prevent the possibility of infection or injury to the breast and particularly the nipplethereof.

Another object is to provide such a breast shield which includes a ledge to catch and retain any milk which may seep from the breast nipple, thereby preventing soilage of the clothing of the wearer.

Another object is to provide such abreast shield which, while protecting the breast from injury,

.can be worn underneath the clothing of the nursbreast and which will hold in position on the breast.

The object and-advantages or the invention will more fully appear'from the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference characters refer to the same or similar parts throughout the various views and in which:

Fig. l is a perspective view illustrating a breast shield embodying the invention looking toward the rear portion of the shield;

Fig. 2 is a view in vertical section through the breast shield showing it applied for use on a womans body;

Fig. 3 is a vertical longitudinal section through the breast shield taken on enlarged scale;

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. l but showing a slightly modified form of shield;

Fig. 5 is a Vertical longitudinal section through the shield illustrated in Fig. 4; and

Fig. 6 is a perspective view looking toward the rear side of a further modification of the device, a portion of the shield illustrated in Fig. 6 being broken away and other portions being shown in section.

Referring first to the form of the device illustrated in Figs, 1. 2 and 3, there is there shown a breast shield designated as an entirety by the letter A. This shield is formed from a single piece of hard plastic, preferably either transparent or translucent so that the sanitary condition of the shield can be readily observed. The shield the breast nipple of the wearer.

2 itself is of general cup-shape made to conform to the contour of the breast of a nursing mother. It is provided with a central forwardly bulged or domed portion I of such size as to loosely receive It also is provided with a circumferential edge flange 8 which curves outwardly away from the enlarged central bulged main body portion of the cup 'to form a sealing flange which will engage and seal the shield to the base of the breast of the wearer. On its inner surface this sealing flange 8 is provided with a circular groove 9 adjacent its periphery,

which, when the shield is applied to the breast of the wearer, will form a suction chamber with the base of the breast whereby the shield may be held in place on the breast after a part of the air has been exhausted from the chamber so formed. The contour of the flange 8 is such thatno sharp edge of the shield will be presented which might otherwisecut or lacerate the flesh of the nursing mother.

Extending across between opposite points in the lower internal portion of the shield and joining a portion of the flange 3 is a web Ill, which forms a milk-retaining ledge which will underlie the nipple of the breast so as to catch and retain any milk that may seepfrom the breast nipple. Ihe curvature of the ledge It is such as to fitthe lower portion of the breast without cutting" or meaning the same. "l "I Of course the breast shields will be supplied in pairs and they will be applied directly to thetwo breasts of the nursing mother tobe worn underneath the clothing. They may be held in place by the ordinary brassiere, or the edge flange 8 and groove 9 alone may be employed for holding the shields in place. When worn under the clothing, they will not change the natural appearance of the wearer. The shields will act to protect the breasts and particularly the nipples thereof from injury as by being struck or the like when the nipples are in a sore and tender condition. The shields are quite rigid, and being made from a hardened plastic they will not absorb dirt and they may be very easily washed and cleaned and kept in sanitary condition. Thus they act to prevent infections from being set up in the breasts of the nursing mother. Of course the ledges It! will be disposed downwardly when the shields are being worn, and if any milk should seep from the nipples of the breast, the ledges It will catch this milk to prevent the same from wetting or soiling the clothing of the wearer.

Referring now to the form of the device shown in Figs. 4 and 5, there is there shown a breast shield B, which is similar in all respects to the breast shield A with the exception that in the shield B there is provided a milk-retaining ledge I I which is circular, and thus with the device B it is unnecessary to locate the shield in any particular manner in respect to the milk-retaining ledge as in the case of the shield A where the ledge I only extends about a portion of the cup. Also in the shield B the sealing flange I2 is not equipped with a groove as in the case of the flange 8 of the shield A, and accordingly the shield B will be held in place on the breast as by a brassiere which will fit over the shield.

Referring to Fig. 6, the shield C there shown is quite similar to the shields A and B with the exception that in the case of the shield C no milkretaining ledge is provided and the groove 9 which is formed in the shield A is lacking in the shield C, and accordingly this shield will be retained in place by a brassire while being worn.

It will be seen that a highly eflicient and sanitary breast shield has been provided for nursing mothers which will protect the nipples of the breast, give the breast proper support, and serve to maintain the nipples in clean and sanitary condition at all times.

= Experimentation has shown that the use of my breast shield fully protects the nipples of the breasts of the nursing mother against any possible irritation from her clothing and thus largely obviates the use of ointments on the nipples, which ointments may be distasteful to the nursing baby or such ointments may make the nipple slippery causing the nursing baby's mouth to slip off therefrom. Also the time required for the postpartum hospital care of the nursing mother is substantially reduced and irritation and possible infection of the nipples considerably lessened by the reduction in repeated handling of the nipples.

It will of course be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details, arrangement, and proportion of the various parts without departure from the scope of the present invention which, generally stated, consists in the matter shown and described and set forth in the appended claims.

The cup-shaped breast shield is imperforate and has a smooth inner surface. The shield covers or receives the nipple, areola and an adjacent portion of the breast.

I claim:

1. A breast shield for nursing mothers comprising a one-piece, cup-shaped substantially rigid imperforate member having a smooth inner surface formed to cover the nipple, areola and an adjacent portion of the breast, said member having a reduced forwardly extending central domed portion to loosely receive the nipple, an uninterrupted circumferential edge flange portion which extends outwardly away from and integral with the cup-shaped member to form a sealing flange which will engage and seal the shield directly to the breast, and said flange having a circular groove adjacent its periphery to form a suction chamber to assist in holding the shield in place.

2. A breast shield for nursing mothers comprising a one-piece, cup-shaped substantially rigid imperforate member having a smooth inner surface formed to cover the nipple, areola and an adjacent portion of the breast, said member having a reduced forwardly extending central domed portion to loosely receive the nipple, which said portion merges into an enlarged central bulged portion, an uninterrupted circumferential edge flange portion which extendsoutwardly away from and integral with the bulged portion to form a sealing flange which will engage and seal the shield directly to the breast, and said flange having a circular groove adjacent its periphery to form a suction chamber to assist in holding the shield in place.

MILTON ABRAMSON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 296,609 Pattee Apr. 8, 1884 577,311 McCleary Feb. 16, 1897 676,379 Young June 11, 1901 1,222,494 Thomas Apr. 10, 1917 1,676,858 Ferber et a1 July 10, 1928 2,054,491 Tynan Sept. 15, 1936 2,067,268 Hans Jan. 12, 1937 2,191,545 Schneider Feb. 27, 1940 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 6,740 Great Britain Apr. 20, 1889

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3176686 *Apr 16, 1962Apr 6, 1965Barnes Thomas DShock absorbent construction for athletic garments
US3911920 *Feb 25, 1974Oct 14, 1975Susinn Thommiss CBreast pump
US4164228 *Oct 28, 1977Aug 14, 1979Weber Unger GeorgPad for nursing brassieres
US4607640 *Nov 18, 1985Aug 26, 1986Mccusker Leroy HAthletic/industrial brassiere with protective inserts
US4754750 *Mar 20, 1987Jul 5, 1988Coopervision, Inc.Areola/nipple surgical wound protector
US4870977 *Jul 14, 1987Oct 3, 1989Coopervision, Inc.Surgical protector for raised wounds
US5020157 *Mar 2, 1990Jun 4, 1991The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air ForceBallistic protective insert for use with soft body armor by female personnel
US5032103 *Feb 16, 1990Jul 16, 1991Isg/AgBreast shield
US5439409 *Jun 28, 1993Aug 8, 1995Turtle Shells CorporationBreast protector and assembly
US5514166 *Jan 20, 1995May 7, 1996Medela, Inc.Device and method for supporting a breast shield and related pump equipment
US5575768 *Nov 8, 1995Nov 19, 1996Medela, Inc.Device and kit for supporting a breast shield and related pump equipment
US5732714 *Aug 7, 1996Mar 31, 1998Morrissey; GeraldAdapter for use with apparatus and method for controlling human lactation
US5806103 *Feb 21, 1997Sep 15, 1998Youth Education Safety & Sports, Inc.Breast protector and assembly
US5967877 *Jul 7, 1998Oct 19, 1999Howard; Jack E.Bra with reinforced contourline
US6183340 *May 9, 2000Feb 6, 2001Yang WenStructure of a brassiere cup
US6379327 *Apr 25, 2001Apr 30, 2002Ellen F. LundyHands-free portable breast pump system
US7833083Aug 15, 2008Nov 16, 2010Sobah-Wilhelm Mary CBra and/or bra pad for providing the appearance of symmetry to asymmetrical breasts
US7922560Mar 28, 2008Apr 12, 2011Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, LlcBrassiere cup and brassiere for women having unevenly sized breasts
US8469771Sep 10, 2010Jun 25, 2013Handi-Craft CompanyNipple shield
US8506349Nov 11, 2010Aug 13, 2013Mary C. Sobah-WilhelmBra and/or bra pad for providing the appearance of symmetry to asymmetrical breasts
US8523804 *Jul 14, 2010Sep 3, 2013Jackel International LimitedBreast attachment
US20050227583 *Sep 14, 2004Oct 13, 2005Westall Carolyn DBreast clothing
US20120165729 *Jul 14, 2010Jun 28, 2012Nicholas CudworthBreast attachment
DE942469C *Jul 20, 1954May 3, 1956Philipp KraftMutterbrustwarzenschuetzer und zugleich Milchtropfensammler
EP0442758A1 *Feb 15, 1991Aug 21, 1991I S G AgBreast shield
WO1988006877A1 *Mar 18, 1988Sep 22, 1988Cooper Co IncAreola/nipple surgical wound protector
WO2001047452A1 *Dec 13, 2000Jul 5, 2001Cannon Rubber LtdBreast shield
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/890, 604/346, 2/46, 2/463
International ClassificationA61J13/00, A61F13/14
Cooperative ClassificationA61F13/141, A61J13/00, A61F2013/15016
European ClassificationA61J13/00, A61F13/14