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Publication numberUS2495490 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 24, 1950
Filing dateJan 18, 1944
Priority dateJan 18, 1944
Publication numberUS 2495490 A, US 2495490A, US-A-2495490, US2495490 A, US2495490A
InventorsJohn W Whitson
Original AssigneeClare H Whitson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Card record apparatus
US 2495490 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 24, 1950 J. w. WHlTSON CARD RECORD APPARATUS Filed Jan. 18, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INYEVTOR. j45 F76 J 4 Q Jan. 24, 1950 J. w. WHITSON 2,495,490

CARD RECORD APPARATUS Filed Jan. 18, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I 55 gi II II 0 III I I ll W UIOP ASDTGHJ L4- 'cuu.

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I N VEN TOR.

Patented Jan. 24, 1950 CARD RECORD APPARATUS John W. Whitson, New York, N. Y., assignor of one-half to Clare H. Whitson. New York, N. Y.

Application January 18, 1944, Serial No. 518,694

19 Claims. (Cl. 129-161) This invention relates to improvements in the card record apparatus shown in the United States Patents 2,002,807 and 2,002,808, issued to me May 28, 1935 and Patent 1,846,779, issued to me on Feb. 23, 1932 and my pending application for patent for card record apparatus filed Feb. 22, 1943, Serial Number 476,725, now Patent No. 2,379,943.

One of the objects of the invention is to provide means, automatic in operation, for subjecting the cards to the influence of intermittent magnetic attraction so as to more readily move the selected cards.

Another objefl of the invention is to provide means, automatic in operation, for aligning the cards in relation to the selecting elements of the apparatus.

Another object of the invention is to provide electrically operable means for restoring the selecting elements to their normal position.

With the above mentioned and other objects in view, the invention comprises in the novel construction and combination of parts hereinafter described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and set forth in the claims hereto appended, it being understood that various changes in the form, proportion, size and details of construction within the scope of the claims may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.

In the accompanying two sheets of drawings:

Fig. 1 is a longitudinal cross-section taken on the line li of Figs. 4 and 5.

Fig. 2 is a right side elevation with the outside casing partly removed.

Fig. 3 is a lateral cross-section taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a partial plan view.

Fig. 5 is a partial plan view showing a diflerent method of electrical control than that shown in Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is a wiring diagram for the electrical controls shown in Fig. 4.

Fig. 7 is -a wiring diagram for the electrical controls shown in Fig. 5.

Fig. 8 is a modification of the wiring diagrams shown in Figs. 6 and 7.

Fig. 9 is a partial view of a modified form of bolt I22 in relation to armature plate 42.

Fig. 10 is a partial view of the modified form of bolt I22 in relation to armature plate 42 and electro-magnet 38.

In detail the construction illustrated in the drawings comprises a casing I, made up of a card compartment 2, and a mechanism compartment 3 and a keyboard 4. Cards 5 are provided with recesses 6 on the bottom edges thereof and adjacent to each of the opposite sides thereof to be received on the carrier bars 1 of a card carrier. The carrier bars 1 of the tray or card carrier are adapted to engage the recesses 6 when removing the cards from the card compartment or installing the cards therein. The card supporting bars 'I are provided with a plurality of card spacing elements 8 adjustable throughout the length thereof whereby a number of cards are confined between each pair of spacers. The bars 1 and the elements 8 form part of the card carrier. A plurality of holders 9 are arranged laterally across the casing I between the front and rear ends thereof, the upper edges of said holders lying in a common plane slightly below the line of the bottom surface of card compartment 2.

The casing l is provided with supporting frames 35 each of which has a shoulder on its top edge at respectively opposite sides thereof which form the bottom supporting surfaces. of the said compartment 2. When the cards are in the compartment the bottom edges thereof at the opposite corners rest on the upper face of shoulders l0 and the carrier bars I of the tray drop below the plane of said shoulders 10 into recesses provided in the bottom of the card compartment on the opposite sides thereof between the shoulders ill. The holders 9 are provided with crosswise recesses ll therein adjacent to each of the opposite ends thereof and disposed next to the opposite sides of the casing into which the longitudinally extended bars I of the card carrier are adapted to rest when said card carrier is placed within the card compartment 2. The card carrier supports all of the cards that are confined within the card compartment and said carrier may be removed at will to permit various groups of cards supported in similar carriers to be removed to and from the compartment at will.

The holders 9 are provided with a series of elongated slots l2 cut down from an edge thereof and extending across the length of said cross members. The corresponding slots I2 of all of the holders 9 are in alignment with each other. The lower edge of each of the holders 9 is turned into a U section so that the edge I4 is bent upwardly to lie on a plane substantially flush with the bottom of slots l2.

A selector bar is confined in each of the slots l2 in each of the holders 8, each of said selector 3 bars extending from a point rearward of the rearmost holder 3 to a point forward of the foremost holder 3. The upper edge of each of the selector bars [5 lies substantially flush with the upper edges of the holders 9. Each of the bars I 5 has inclined slots I6 formed therein through which rods I! extend, said rods being attached at their opposite ends to the opposite sides of the inside supporting frames 35.

A plurality of finger keys i8 comprising the keyboard 4 are mounted on levers l9 which in turn are rotatively journaled on a cross bar 20. Each of the key levers l9 engages one of the selector bars l5 beyond the fulcrum bar 20. Thus when any one of the key fingers I8 is depressed the opposite end of the key lever is moved upwardLv causing a corresponding upward and forward movement of the related selector bar l5 within the limits of movement prescribed by the inclined slots I 6 and the cross rods l'l. Each lever IS on the opposite sides oi. the pivotal axis 20 is confined in the respective guide members 2! and 22 which are, substantially the same as holders 9 in the inverted position, to eliminate lateral play of said levers during movement thereof.

The forward end of each selector bar I 5 is provided with an arm 23 thereon to which one end of a cutter 24 is vertically. and slidably and detachably secured. Each cutter member 24 consists of an inverted U-shaped element having one end attached to the selector bar as described and the opposite end of said cutter provided with an opening 25 through the face thereof, one edge 25 said opening being cut at an angle to provide a shearing or cutting edge. The cutters 24 lie alongside of each other across the width of easing I. The bottom face of each of the cutters rests on a spring finger 27, while the upper face of the cutters is confined below the bottom side of shear bar 29. The spring fingers 21 engage the interior of their respective cutters 24 and,

tend to force the upper side of said cutters upwardly against the bottom side of shear bar The described method of mounting the cutters permits of a slack or loose play fit of said parts and the spring firigers 2? serve to hold each of the cutters in proper operating position. The

spring tension. of the finger on the cutters also supplies the necessary friction to maintain each selector bar in its elevated. position. When the cutters are inoperative the outer ends thereof lie fiush with the outer face of the shear bar When any one 01 the finger keys is depressed, in addition to raising a corresponding selector bar 85, the movement or the selector bar causes the cutter attached thereto to be projected forwardly cif the shear bar 29 into the cutting position, as shown in Figs. i and i.

The cards are provided with a plurality of spaced lugs or abutmenis along the bottom edge thereof, the spaces between the plurality of lugs corresponding to the number or selector bars i5. Each of the lugs or the space between any pair of lugs may represent or be designated by any letters of the alphabet, or by numbers, or by any other emblems or indicia to suit the particular conditions of the work of the card. The lugs or spaces on the bottom of the card are related to the finger keys on the machine whereby each key on the keyboard when depressed will always move its selector bar into the space on the bottom ofthe card corresponding with that key. The card 5 as shown in Fig. 3 has magnetically attractable strips 3! fastened at the opposite vertiat each end to the side frames 35 as at 4|.

. for patent for card record apparatus filed Februcry 22, 1943, Serial Number 476,725, now Patent 2,379,943 dated July 10, 1945, as to parts numbers and description because the parts are similar.

In order to prepare the card 5 shown in Fig. 3 so that it may be selected from a group of cards confined in the card compartment, the operator first depresses switch I20 to operate solenoid I2! and cause bolt I22 to be moved inward (to the left) releasing plate 42 for movement. Holding switch depressed, the operator then depresses the first of certain keys on the keyboard corresponding to the name or title or other key data which will distinguish that particular card from the other cards. The pressing of the first key will move armature plate 42 to its upmost position, releasing the balance of the keys for movement as desired. After the depression of the first key the operator releases switch I20. The keys thus depressed will cause corresponding cutter members to be projected beyond the face of shear bar 29 into position shown in Fig. 4. With the cutters in this position the card would have the lugs 3!} on the bottom edge thereof dropped down into the openings 25 of the cutters. The operator would then press switch 32.

Switch 32 has main power lead 33 connectedto one of its contacts and wire 34 connects it to one end of the coil of electro-magnet 38, the other end of coil 38 is connected to main power lead as by wire 39. Electra-magnet 38 is mounted in the mechanism compartment 3 and is fastened Plate 42 is fastened on rod 43 as at M. Rod 43 extends between side frames 35 and is journaled therein as at 45, one end of plate 42 contacts a notch in each of the selector bars [5 as at 43 so that upon the raising of any of the selector bars plate 42 will move with the selector bar and be raised irom the face of eiectro-magnet 38, to a position as indicated in dotted lines. When electromagnet -38 is energized by the closing or" switch 32, solenoid 52%! is also energized and bolt E22 is moved to the left so that plate will be un obstructed in its movement toward electromagnet armature plate 32 will be attracted by and moved toward electro-magnet thus moving with it any of the raised selector bars to their 'downrnost position, this action will cause all of the cutters to be returned simultaneously to the concealed position which action of the cutters causes the lugs on the bottom edge or" the cards to be out therefrom.

when plate 52 is in its dowmnost position, bolt H2 is in the position shown in Fig. 3, locking plate :32 against electro-niagnet preventing any movement or" plate oil, which in turn prevents any movement of the keys is of the keyboard 6.

Solenoid iii has a casing i213 with a fiange piece 526 which is fastened to frame 355, a coil H25 and a spring i2?! which keeps bolt i222 in its extended position, locking plate 42 against magnet 38. Bolt i22 extends through a hole in frame 35 and has a shoulder which bears against frame 35 which restrains its outward movement. When solenoid i2! is energized, bolt H22, which is the core of the solenoid will be drawn into the solenoid unlocking plate 42 so that it can move when any of the keys E8 of the keyboard 4 ar depressed and the selector bar associated with a depressed key is raised to its upmost position.

Connected to switch I is lead 52 of electromagnet 53. When solenoid I2I is energized, electro-magnet 53 is also energized and draws the cards 5 in the card compartment to it aligning them so that their lugs 30 register with the selector bars I5. Switch I20 is connected to main power lead 33, and to magnet 53 by wire 52, magnet 53 is connected to main power lead 40 by wire I0, wire I28 connects one end of coil I25, of solenoid I2I, to wire 52 the other end of coil I is connected to main power lead 40 by wire I28. Thus it can be seen that before the operator can operate the keyboard, the keyboard must be released by operating switch I20 and that the operation of switch I20 will also energize electro-magnet 53 and this will align the lugs of the cards in register with the selector bars I5, Patent 2,002,808 does not provide for this but depends on the operator seeing that the cards are manually aligned before operating the keyboard, as stated on page 2, column 2, lines 53 to 55 inclusive. Patent 2,002,807 while showing means for aligning the cards, the means is not operable in association with a means for locking the selector bars and the keyboard so as to automatically provide that the aligning function be performed before the keyboard is operated.

Connected into the circuit of switch 32 is wire I connecting to wire 52 of electro-magnet 53 so that when magnet 38 is energized magnet 53 will also be energized and attract the cards in the card compartment to it and align them with the selector bars I5.

The card from which certain of the lugs have been cut or removed would then be placed in the card carrier in the card compartment 2 as shown in Fig. 3. The operator would then depress switch I20 and would then depress the first oi the series of keys corresponding to the cut out portions left on the cards as a result of the removal of the lugs, switch I20 would then be released and the balance of the series of keys would be depressed. The keys when depressed will move their selector bars upwardly into the cut out spaces between the lugs on said card. The selector bars would also assume a position in the spaces between the lugs on all the other cards, in the card compartment, which either hav or do not have cut out portions thereon. Obviously cards that do not have lugs cut from the bottom edge thereof could not have any lateral movement inasmuch as the width of the selector bar fits the space between any pair of lugs. However, on those cards where one or more lugs have been removed to provide a space between lugs greater than the width or thickness of the selector bars then such cards can move laterally relative to the selector bars extended between the lug spaces thereon. After the desired number of keys have been depressed and the selector bars engaged with the aforesaid selector spaces on the bottom of the cards the operator would depress switch 54, shown in Figs. 4 and 6.

Connected to switch 54 is main power lead 33. An electric motor 59 is mounted in mechanism compartment 3. In the casing of the motor 58 is commutator 60 having a contact segment IiI, both shown in dotted lines as in Fig. 2 also mounted in the motor are brushes 52, 63 and 54, these brushes bear against the commutator and make and break contact with contact segment 8| as it is revolved under them by the motor. commutator 30 may be gear driven from the motor at any desired speed. Motor 58 has terminals 65 and 86 for connecting it to its source of power. Terminal 68 is connected to main power lead 40 and terminal 85 is connected by wire 68 to switch 54. Wire 68 is also connected to brush 63 and coil I3I, of magnet I2. The other end of coil I3I is connected to main power lead 40 by wire I32. Brush 84 is connected by wire 59 to one end of the coil of electro-magnet 53 the other end of the coil being connected by wire I0 to power lead 40. Brush 62 is connected by wire II to one end of coil I33 of eiectro-magnet 12, the other end of the coil being connected by wire I34 to power lead 40.

When switch 54 is pressed, closing its circuit, motor 59 will start operating, revolving commutator 60 under brushes 62, B3 and 64, as contact segment 0| passes under the brushes, electromagnet 53 and coil I33 of electro-magnet, I2 will be alternately energized. When the contact segment 8| is in contact with brushes 62 and 63, coil I33 of electro magnet 12 will be energized, when the contact segment is in contact with brushes 63 and 64 electro-magnet 53 will be energized. Coils I3I and I33 of electro-magnet I2 are together of greater power than electro-magnet 53. On one end of the shaft of commutator is a crank disc I35 having a connecting rod I38 connected to lever I31. Lever I3I bears against the underside of electro-magnet I2 and the rotation of crank disc I35 causes an oscillating movement of lever I31 which together with the tension of spring I38 causes the face of electro-magnet I2, adjacent the cards 5, to swing in an are from a position as shown in full lines (Fig. 3) to the position shown in dotted lines. When the face of electro-magnet I2 is in the position shown in dotted lines, it can exert greater magnetic force on the cards than when it is inclined to the cards. Patents 1,846,779, 2,002,807 and 2,002,808 and my pending application for patent for card record apparatus filed Feb. 22, 1943, Serial Number 476,725 do not show a means automatic in operation for moving and energizing their card moving magnets. Electro-magnet I2 is mounted on hinges I39 each of which has a leaf I40 fastened to frame 35 and a leaf I4I fastened to electro-magnet 12. Leaf I 4! has a forked end I42 fitting either side of stud I1 and limiting leaf I4I and electro-magnet 12 in its movement are look nuts I43 and I44. At the time when coil I33 is energized lever I31 has moved electro-magnet I2 to the position indicated-in dotted lines and forked end I42 of leaf I4I bears against lock nut I43, when coil I33 is de-energized lever I31 moves to the position shown in dotted lines and spring I38 moves electro-m'agnet 12 so that forked end I 42 of leaf I4I stops against lock nut I44. Any card or cards that have been attracted and moved to electromagnet 12 will be held to the electro-magnet and move with it, as indicated in dotted lines, because the cards will be held against electro-magnet I2 by the attraction of coil I3I which remains energized as long as switch 54 is pressed. Operation of switch 54 will cause electro-magnets 53 and I2 to alternately attract the cards, en masse, toward them. Magnet 12 being of greater power will move the card or cards not held by the raised selector bars, first, to the horizontal position shown in dotted lines in Fig.3, and away from the influence of electro-magnet 53, and then to the second or inclined position shown in dotted lines. Swith 54 is then released stopping motor 59 and de-energizing the circuits of electro-magnets 3 and I2.

when commutator 30 operates at approximately with a minimum of resistance.

It has been determined that 120 R. P. M., the operator can release switch 54 so that the position of lever I31 in relation to the magnet I2 is substantially that shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2 and the position of the card an inclined position as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 3, a mechanical means could also be employed to arrest the lever I31 and the magnet I2 at these positions. The card may then be removed !rom the apparatus by the operator. Switch 32 would then be pressed causing magnet 33 to become energized, attracting armature plate 42 to the magnet and moving the raised selector bars I to their downmost position, thus preparing the device for another card selection. When switches s2, s4, and I20 are depressed to their closed positions they remain in this position only as long as pressure is maintained on them, when pressure is released they return to their normal or open positions.

When either of the electro-magnets 53 or I2 is energized the magnetic fields created will cause the magnetic strips 3|, on the cards, to become polarized alike-causing the cards to be repelled from each other, this and the en masse intermittent attraction of the cards causing an agitating of the mass of cards tending to loosen them from frictional contact with each other. Electra-magnets 53 and 12 may be energized with either direct or alternating current. When energized with alternating current the effect of direct current may be simulated by regulating the speed of commutator 60 so as to control the length of time segment 6| is in contact with brushes 6:, s3 and 64 and thus determine the number of cycles of alternating current that will pass into the magnet circuits. The patents previously issued to me do not show means for energizing their magnets at predetermined intervals. It is optional to use electro-magnet 53 in conjunction with electro-magnet I2. If wire 69 is not connected to brush 64 then only magnet I2 would be intermittently energized. If only the card moving magnet is used, as in Patent 2,002,808, then magnet 53 and its connections would not be included and only magnet I2 would be intermittently energized.

When the cards are in the card compartment in position to be attracted to the electro-magnets the opposite edges of the cards are supported on the shoulders It in the bottom of the card compartment and hence are free to move laterally Electro-magnet 53 rests on one of the shoulders I0 and is adjustably fastened thereto by cap screws 14, studs adjustably-hold electro-magnet 53 to the bottom of mechanism compartment 3.

When switch 32 is operated to return the raised selector bars I5 to position in readiness for repeating the selecting operation, such return movement of the selector bars causes the keys I8 to be raised to their operating position.

Figs. 5 and 7 show an alternate method for controlling the circuits of electro-magnets 53 and I2. Switches 32 and I2 control electro-magnets 53 and 38, and solenoid I2I as already described. Switch 54 and motor 59 are replaced by switches I45 and I43. Switch I45 is connected by wire i4I to coil I3I of electro-magnet I2 and to switch M5 by wire I48 and to main power lead 33. Switch I45 is connected to main power lead 33 and by wire I49 to coil I33 of electro-magnet I2 and by wire I50 to electro-magnet 53.

Operation. as as follows: Switch I and the keys ll oi the keyboard 4 are operated as herein before described. Switch I4! is then pressed and held so, this energizes electro-magnet 53 and coil I3I oi electro-magnet I2. Switch I4. is then pressed this de-energizes electro-magnet II and energizes coil I 33 of electro-magnet I2. The magnetic attraction between the cards in the card compartment and electro-magnet I2. when energized by coils I3I and I33, causes magnet I2 to move to the vertical position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3, and attract to the magnet any card or cards not held by the selector bars, and away from the influence or electro-magnet 53. Switch I46 is then released de-energizing coil I33 of electro-magnet I2 and energizing electro-magnet l3, electro-magnet I2 will move to its inclined position due to the tension of spring I38 and the attracted card or cards will move with electro-magnet I2 due to the magnetic attraction of coil I3I. Swit h I is then released de-energizing electromagnet 53 and coil I3I of electro-magnet 12. The operator would then remove the selected card. Switch 32 would then be pressed to restore the machine to its initial position for selecting a card.

Gravity could be used to move magnet I2 to its inclined position instead of spring I38, in either eventthe combined attraction of coils HI and I33 and the cards in the card compartment overcomes the tension of spring I38, or gravity, and permim magnet I2 to move to its vertical position.

The residual magnetism of the core of electro-magnet 12, or a permanent magnet core may be used for moving the selected cards to their inclined position, In this case coil I 3] would be omitted and only coil I33 of magnet I2 would be used. This would also be the case when magnet I2 remains in fixed inclined position as in Patent 2,002,808 and in my pending application for patent for card record apparatus Serial Number 476,725, filed February 22, 1943. Then look nut I43 would be moved against fork I42, of hinge leaf MI, and crank disc I35, crank I36, lever I31 and spring I38 would be omitted.

With magnet I2 in fixed inclined position the apparatus would operate as follows: Switch I20 and the keys I8 of the keyboard 4 are operated electro-magnets'53 and I2 will be alternately en-- ergized. When the contact segment BI is in contact with brushes 62 and 63 electro-magnet 12 will be energized, when the contact segment is in contact with brushes 63 and 64 electr c-magnet 53 will be energized. Electro-magnet 12 is of greater power than electro-magnet 53. Operation of switch;54 will cause electro-magnets 53 and 12 to alternately attract the cards, en masse, toward them. Magnet I2 being of greater power will move the card or cards not held by the raised selector bars, to the inclined position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3, and away from the influence of magnet 53. The card may then be removed from the apparatus by the operator. Switch 32 would then be pressed to restore the apparatus to its initial position for selecting a card. Switches 32, 54, I20, I45 and,I46 are all of the push button type and are held depressed by finger pressure, when pressure is removed they return to their normal positions.-

Figs. 9 and 10, show a modified form or the bolt I thus moving the bolt to the left, allowing for the unobstructed movement of plate 42 toward magnet ll. Fig. 8 shows the changes in the wiring diagrams shown in Figs. 6 and 7 when themodifled bolt form is used, as shown in Figs. 9 and 10. Wire I28 is connected to switch I20, instead of being connected to wire. 52.

Patent 2,002,808 while showing a means for adjusting the card moving magnet, closer to and away from the cards in the card compartment, the means is not operable in association with the energizing of the card moving magnet,

, as is the case in the present invention.

Having now described and illustrated one 'form of my invention, I wish it to be understood that. my'invention is not to be limited to the specific.

form or arrangement of parts herein described and shown, except as set forth in the appended I tie-energizing the said magnet at timed intervals.

2. In a card record apparatus in which magnetically attractive cards havin lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a card moving magnet, movable toward and away from the cards. moves cards not locked out of alignment with locked cards, the combination of means for moving the said magnet associated with means for energizing and de-energizing the said magnet, and two magnet coils in association with the said magnet, said last named means energizing both of the said coils to influence the unlocked cards to move toward the said magnet when the said magnet is moving toward the cards and de-energizing one of the said magnet coils and maintaining the other of the said magnet coils energized to influence the unlocked cards to move with the magnet when the said magnet is moving away from the locked cards.

3. In a card record apparatus in which magnetically attractive cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the, cards and a card aligning magnet common to all of the cards aligns the cards in lug registering relationship with the selector mem-' bers and a card moving magnet, movable toward and away from the cards, moves cards not locked out of alignment with locked cards, the combination of means for moving the card moving magnet associated with means for energizing and deenergizing both of the said magnets, and two magnet coils in association with the card moving magnet, said last named means energizing both of the said magnet coils to influence the unlocked cards to move toward the card moving magnet.

when the card moving magnet is moving toward the cards and de-energizing one of the said magnet coils and maintaining the other of the said magnet coils energized to influence the unlocked cards to move with the card moving magnet when 10 the card moving magnet is moving away from the cards and alternately energizing and de-energizing the card aligning magnet and the'first named magnet coil. i

In a card record apparatus in which magnetically attractive cardshaving lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against -movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a card aligning magnet common to all of the cards aligns the cards in lug registering relationship with the selector members and a card moving magnet, movable toward and away from the cards, moves cards not locked out of alignment with locked cards, the combination of means for moving the card moving magnet associated with means for energizing and de-energizing both of the said magnets at timed intervals. 5. In a card record apparatus in which selectively operable cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a force, movable in relation to the cards and common toall of the cards, moves cards not locked out-of alignment with locked cards and said force is other than the force of gravity, the combination of means for movably positioning the said force relative to the cards, associated with means for varying the magnitude of the said force. 1

6. In a card record apparatus in which selectively operable cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a force, movable in relation to the cards and common to all of the cards, moves cards not locked out of alignment with locked cards and said force is other than the force of gravity, the combination of means for movably positioning the said force relative to the cards, associated withmeans for varying the magnitude of the said force, said last named means applying the said force to move the unlocked cards to a position away from the locked cards and applying a portion of the said force to further move the unlocked cards to a position different from the first named position.

'7. In a card record apparatus in which selec-- tively operable cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a force common to all of the cards aligns the cards in lug registering relationship with the selector members and a force, movable in relation to the cards and common to all of the cards, moves cards not locked out of alignment with locked cards and said forces are other than the force of gravity, the combination of means for movably positioning the last named force relative to the cards, associated with means for varying the magnitude of the said last named force and alternately applying both of the said forces to the cards. n

8. In a card record apparatus in which selectively operable cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards, the combination of means releasably holding and means for locking the selector members against being moved into card locking relationship. 7

9. In a card record apparatus in which selectively operable cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a force common to all of the cards aligns the cards in lug registering relationship with the selector members and the said force is other than the force of gravity, the combination of means releasably holding and means for locking the selector members against being moved into card locking relationship, and means for operating the said means and applying the first named force to the cards.

10. In a card record apparatus in which selectively operable cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a common member which contacts all of the selector members and moves with selector members when selector members move into card locking relationship, the combination of means releasably holding and means for locking the said common member against movement.

11. In a card record apparatus in which selectively operable cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a force common to all of the cards aligns the cards in lug registering relationship with the selector members and the said force is other than the force of gravity and a common member which contacts all of the selector members and moves with selector members when selector members move into card locking relationship, the combination of means releasably holding and means for locking the said common member against movement, and means for operating the first named means and applying the said force to the cards.

12. In a card record apparatus in which magnetically attractive cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on thecards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a card aligning magnet common to all of the cards aligns the cards in lug registering relationship with the selector members, the combination of means releasably holding and means for locking the selector members against being moved into card locking relationship an electromotive device for actuating said means; an electric circuit embracing the said electromotive device and the card aligning magnet; and a manually actuated switch arranged in the said electric circuit for operatin the said electromotive device and the card aligning magnet.

13. In a card record apparatus in which magnetically attractive cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a card aligning magnet common to all of the cards aligns the cards in lug registering relationship withthe selector members, the combination of means releasably holding and means for locking the selector members against being moved into card locking relation-" ship, and means operating the first named means '12 and energizing and de-energizing the card ing magnet.

14. In a card record apparatus in which mag netically attractive cards having lugs formed in .an' edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a card aligning magnet common to all of the cards aligns the cards in lug registering relationship with the selector members and a common member which contacts all of the selector members and moves with selector members when selector members move into card locking relationship, the combination of means releasably holding and means for locking the said common member against movement. and means operating the first named means and energizing and tie-energizing the card aligning magnet.

15. In a card record apparatus in which magnetically attractive cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engagin the lugs on the cards with I selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a card aligning magnet common to all of the cards aligns the cards in lug registering relationship with the selector-mem bers, the combination of an armature member which contacts all of the selector members, means releasably holding and means for locking the said armature member against movement, and means for operating the first named. means and energizing and de-energizin the card aligning magnet.

16. In a card record apparatus in which selectively operable cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards, the combination of means releasably holding and means for locking the selector members against being moved into card locking relationship and an electromotive device for actuating the said first mentioned means.

17. In a card record apparatus in which selectively operable cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards, the combination of means releasably holding and means for locking the selector members against being moved into card looking relationship, an electromotive device for actuating the said first mentioned means, an electric circuit embracing the said electromotive device and a manually actuated switch for the said electromotive device arranged in the said electric circuit.

18. In a card record apparatus in which mag netically attractive cards having lugs formed in an edge thereof are selectively locked against movement by engaging the lugs on the cards with selectively settable selector members common to all of the cards and a card aligning magnet common to all of the cards aligns the cards in lug registering relationship with the selector members and a card moving magnet common to all of the cards moves cards not locked out of alignment with locked cards, the combination of an electric circuit embracing the said magnets, a

manually actuated switch included in the said,

electric circuit for energizing the said electric circuit, and a manually actuated switch included in the said electric circuit for tie-energizing the card aligning magnet while permitting the energizing of the card moving magnet.

13 19. In a card record apparatus. the combination with means for moving a card moving magunrrnn s'ra'ms mm'rs net associated with means for energizing and de- Number Name Date energizing the said magnet and a. card aligning 1.704.259 Rainey Mar. 5, 1929 magnet 01 two magnet coils associated with the 5 1.846379 Whitson Feb. 23, 1932 said card moving magnet, means energizin and 2,002,807 Whitson May 28, 1935 deenergizing both of the said two magnet coils, 2,002,808 Whitson May 28, 1935 and means alternately energizing and de-ener- 2, 13,012 Tauschek Sept. 3, 1935 gizing one 01' the saidtwo magnet coils and the 2,146,063 Gardin Feb. 7, 1939 said card aligningmagnet. 10 2,269.78! Jayne Jan. 13, 1942 2,315,860 Jones Apr. 6, 1943 JOHN W. WHITSON. 2,379,943 Whitson July 10, 1945 REFERENCES crrm FOREIGN PAIENIB I Number Country Date 15 The following reierencesoare of record in the France 1933 file of this patent:

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2638098 *Mar 1, 1946May 12, 1953Johnson Fare Box CompanyCard selecting apparatus
US2656091 *Mar 6, 1951Oct 20, 1953Mathiesen Nicolaus PerCard index device
US2698212 *Feb 26, 1953Dec 28, 1954Western Electric CoCard separating and position marking device for card file systems
US2973959 *Oct 24, 1958Mar 7, 1961Mach Tool Electric CorpElectromagnetic method of sheet feed control and control devices
US3333591 *Mar 23, 1966Aug 1, 1967Jr Ernest A DahlElectromagnetic card file
US3521034 *Sep 13, 1965Jul 21, 1970Calvin N MooersBattery controlled machine
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Classifications
U.S. Classification209/609, 271/18.1, 271/1
International ClassificationG06K21/02
Cooperative ClassificationG06K21/02
European ClassificationG06K21/02