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Publication numberUS2496309 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 7, 1950
Filing dateApr 4, 1946
Priority dateApr 4, 1946
Publication numberUS 2496309 A, US 2496309A, US-A-2496309, US2496309 A, US2496309A
InventorsPugh Walter E
Original AssigneePugh Walter E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lever actuated pivoted jaw wrench
US 2496309 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1%.. 7 WW PUGH LEVER ACTUATED PIVOTED JAW WRENCH Filed April 4, 19416 h Aid 1 my (PM Patented Feb. 7, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 6 Claims.

This invention relates to adjustable wrenches and particularly to those havin a movable jaw actuated by swinging an operating lever toward and away from a handle in which the fixed jaw is supported.

The main object is to provide a wrench of the above character having a toggle actuator of novel construction and more constant leverage than in prior wrenches.

A more detailed object is to utilize one end portion of the operating lever as one element of the toggle and to support the other toggle element of comparable length on the wrench handle through the intermediary of an elongated link mounted on the handle for endwise adjustment.

Another object is to construct the supporting link in a novel manner to guide the movable parts and hold them in proper operating relation.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a side view of a wrench embodying the novel features of the invention with part of the handle shown in section.

Fig. 2 is a similar view with the wrench jaws closed.

Fig. 3 is a section taken along the line 3--3 of Fig. 2.

In the drawings, the wrench is shown for purposes of illustration as comprising an elongated handle I having one jaw 2 fixed thereto at one end and a second opposed jaw 3 pivotally supported on the handle for manual adjustment relative to the fixed jaw to accommodate different sizes of work and also for clamping and unclamping motion at a substantial mechanical advantage produced by swinging an operating lever 4 toward and away from the handle I. The handle is a channel of U-shaped cross section open along on side and tapering longitudinally. The fixed jaw 2 is formed on a member 5 which is disposed between the sides of the handle at the head end and made rigid with the handle by rivets 6 at opposite ends of the jaw. The toothed face of the jaw thus projects from the open side of the channel.

The movable jaw 3 is formed on one end of a bell crank in the form of a triangular plate I, one arm of which projects in between the sides of a handle I and is pivoted on a pin 8 disposed midway between the jaws and spaced from the inner ends of the latter. A spring I8 stretched between the handle I and the bell crank urges the latter in a direction to open the jaws of the wrench. The outwardlyprojecting arm I5 of the bell crank extends in between the ends of flat strips 9 riveted together near their other ends to form an elongated substantially straight link 26. At their spaced ends, the strips have short longitudinal slots I ll therein receiving opposite ends of a pin II which projects through the bell crank arm I5 and is rigid therewith. A sliding lost motion connection is thus provided between the link 26 and the outer arm I5 of the bell crank I.

The other end of the link 26 is recessed or otherwise shaped to interfit with an adjustable abutment formed by the end I 2 of a screw I3 threading through the tubular end portion of the handle I substantially longitudinally of the latter. The position of the abutment I2 along the handle may thus bevaried by turning the knurled head I on the outwardly projecting end of the screw.

The rear end of the bell crank arm I5 is rounded to form a convex rearwardly projecting surface IB received in a concave socket on the head I1 of the operating lever 4 which is thus swingable relative to the bell crank I and the movable jaw 3 about an axis located on the center of curvature of the surface I6. The thickness of the head corresponds to the spacing of the strips 9 by which the head is guided in its swingin motions. To limit the outward swinging of the lever, a pin I9 projects through the head I! with its opposite ends slidable in elongated depressions 20 disposed on the inner sides and extending transversely of the strips 9.

The head 17 of the lever l constitutes one ele ment of a toggle whose other element is formed by a link 2| which is substantially shorter than the supporting link 26 and is disposed between the strips 9 of the latter so as to be guided therebyin its swinging movements. One end of the link 2| is pivoted on a pin 22 bridging the strips 9 about midway between the ends of the latter. The other end of the link has a convex surface 23 which seats in a concave socket 24 on the side of the lever head I! opposite from the lever pivot, thereby forming a pivotal connection between the two. The two links I! and 2| of the toggle are of substantially the same length and are relatively short so that a substantially uniform leverage ratio of the toggle obtains for all positions of adjustment of its supporting link 26.

Inward swinging of the lever 4 is limited as shown in Fig. 2 by engagement of the lever handle with a lateral projection '25 which, in the straightened position of the toggle, is disposed substantially opposite from the pivot 22 and projects beyond the open side of the handle 4. Engagement of the lever with the stop 25 preferably takes place when the toggle links have moved slightly over-center, the lever 4 then being urged toward and held automatically against the handle I.

In the use of the wrench, the nut, bolt, pipe, or other part to be turned is placed between the jaws 2 and 3 and, with the lever 4 swung outwardly as shown in Fig. 1 to collapse the toggle ll, 2! and open the jaws, the head I4 is screwed in until the jaws are nearly closed against opposite sides of the work. Now, by gripping the handle and the operating lever in one hand, the

lever is swung inwardly to the position shown in.

Fig. 2 or until the work is gripped by the jaws. In this motion, the toggle is straightened to force the pins H and 22 apart at a substantial mechanical advantage. The bell crank "I is thus swung: to close the jaw 3. onto the work. If the jaw is properly adjusted to suit the size of the workpiece, the lever 4 will come substantially into abutment with the stop 25 thereby produc ing an over-center action whereupon the longitudinal compression in the linkage tends to hold the lever 4. inwardly in its actuated position. Thus, the work remains clamped even though the hand pressure on the lever 4 is removed.

Retraction of the jaw 3 is effected by moving the lever 4 outwardly to the position shown in Fig. 1. Initial spacing of the jaws to adapt the wrench for-use on a workpiece of a different size may be effected by again turning the adjusting screw. either in or out depending on whether the next workpiece issmaller or larger.

I claim as my invention:

1. A wrench comprising an elongated handle, a jaw fixed on one end of the handle, a bell crank pivoted on said handle and carrying a jaw opposing said first jaw, an abutment at the other end of said handle adjustable longitudinally thereof, an elongated link extending along said handle and pivoted on said abutment, said link comprising generally flat strips spaced to receive said bell crank between them and havingpin and slot connections with the bell crank, an operating lever projecting in between said strips adjacent the bell crank and pivotally connected at one end of the latter, the other end of said lever projecting outwardly and laterally from said handle, a second link disposed between said strips and pivotally connected thereto intermediate the ends of the strips, and means providing a pivotal connection between. said. second link and said lever whereby to form a toggle which is straightened when said lever is swung inwardly toward the handle.

2. A wrench. comprising an elongated handle, a jaw fixed on one=end of the handle, a bell crank pivoted on said handle-and carrying a jaw opposing said first jaw, an abutment at the other end of said handle adjustable longitudinally thereof, an elongated link extending along said handle and pivoted on said abutment, said link having a sliding lost motion connection with said movable jaw and comprising generally flat strips disposed side by side and spaced to receive said bell crank between them, an operating lever projecting in between said strips and pivotally connected at one. end to said bell crank, the other end of said lever projecting outwardly and laterally from said handle, a second link disposed between said strips and pivotally connected thereto intermediate the ends of the strips, and means providing a pivotal connection between said second link and said lever to constitute the two a toggle which is straightened when said lever is swung inwardly toward the handle.

3. A wrench comprising an elongated handle, a jaw fixed on one end of the handle, an opposed second jaw, a bell crank carrying said second jaw and pivoted on one end of said handle, said bell crank having an arm projecting laterally of the handle and movable longitudinally thereof to move said second jaw toward and away from said fixed jaw, a link extending longitudinally of and having one end pivoted at the other end of said handle, the other end of said link having a sliding pivotal connection with said bell crank arm, an operating lever pivoted on said bell crank arm adjacent said connection, a second link pivoted on said first link intermediate the ends thereof to swing in the plane of said lever, and means pivotally connecting said second link and said lever at a pivot ofiset from a line through the fulcrums of said first link and said lever whereby to constitute said lever and saidsecond link, a toggle which is straightened as the lever is swung toward said handle.

l. A wrench comprising an elongated handle, opposed jaws mounted on one end of said handle, one jaw being movable toward and away from the other, an elongated link extending along said handle and pivotally connected at one end on the other end: of said handle the other end of said link having a sliding lost motion connection with said movable jaw, an elongated operating lever pivotally connected. to said movable jaw and swingable laterally toward and away from the handle, a secondlink pivoted at one end on said first link intermediate the ends thereof, and. means pivotally connecting the other end of said second link and said lever to form therewith a toggle which is straightenedto actuate said movable jaw when the lever is swung toward said handle, each of the two pivotal connections between said lever and said jaw and second link being formed by interfitting convex and concave surfaces integral with the adjacent margins of the respective parts and each extending through only a partial revolution.

5. A Wrench comprising an elongated handle, opposed jaws mounted on one end of said handle, one jaw being movable toward and away from the other, an elongated link extending along said handle and pivotally connected at one end on the other end of said handle the other end of said link having a sliding pivotal connection with said movable jaw, an elongated operating lever pivotally connected to said movable jaw and swingable laterally toward and away from the handle, a second link pivoted at one end on said first link intermediate the ends thereof, an arcuate surface on the other end of said second link, and a complemental aicuate surface on the adjacent margin of said lever interfitting with said first arcuate surface to pivotally connect said second link and the lever in the plane of the two and form a toggle which is straightened to actuate said movable jaw when the lever is swung toward said handle.

6. A wrench comprising an elongated handle, a jaw fixed on one end of the handle, an opposed second jaw, a bell crank carrying said second jaw and pivoted on one end of said handle, said bell crank having an arm projecting laterally of the handle and movable longitudinally thereof to move said second jaw toward and away from said fixed jaw, a link extending longitudinally of REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

Number UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Plante Aug. 20, 1929 Petersen Apr. 14, 1942 Ross May 25, 1943 Snell May 6, 1947

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1725301 *Aug 26, 1927Aug 20, 1929Plante Arthur NWrench
US2280005 *Aug 17, 1940Apr 14, 1942William PetersenWrench
US2320303 *Apr 28, 1941May 25, 1943Ross Clifford OMechanic's tool
US2420020 *Dec 9, 1944May 6, 1947Bmc Mfg CorpLever-actuated pivoted-jaw wrench
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2532659 *Jun 1, 1948Dec 5, 1950Bruce BurnsSnap-lock wrench
US2555133 *Mar 14, 1949May 29, 1951Horstmann Bevan GHand perforating or like tool primarily for puncturing cattle ears
US2590750 *Jun 1, 1948Mar 25, 1952Bruce BurnsRelease means for toggle-actuated wrenches
US3854354 *Nov 19, 1973Dec 17, 1974Cooper Ind IncPlier type toggle wrench
US5954746 *Oct 9, 1997Sep 21, 1999Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.Dual cam trigger for a surgical instrument
US6443968May 2, 2000Sep 3, 2002Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.Dual cam trigger for a surgical instrument
US6591719Jul 19, 2001Jul 15, 2003Newell Rubbermaid, Inc.Adjustable pliers wrench
US6626070May 4, 2001Sep 30, 2003Irwin Industrial Tool CompanyCompound toggle link retention mechanism
US7146887 *Feb 7, 2005Dec 12, 2006Robert Evan HunterAutomatic sizing one-handed locking pliers
US7444907 *Jan 24, 2007Nov 4, 2008I.D.L. Tech Tools, LlcSelf-adjusting pliers
US7509895 *Oct 25, 2006Mar 31, 2009Irwin Industrial Tool CompanySelf-adjusting locking pliers
US7726217Oct 25, 2006Jun 1, 2010Irwin Industrial Tool CompanySelf-adjusting locking pliers
US8122792Apr 13, 2010Feb 28, 2012Irwin Industrial Tool Company, Inc.Self-adjusting locking pliers
US8292899Oct 23, 2012Olsen Russell GApparatus and system for orthopedic fastener insertion and extraction
US8540756Aug 13, 2010Sep 24, 2013Ortho Vation Medical LlcSurgical fastener and associated systems and methods
US8656813 *Oct 1, 2013Feb 25, 2014Robert L. AldredgeLocking pliers
US9352454 *Sep 2, 2015May 31, 2016Robert L. AldredgeOne handed locking pliers
US20060174734 *Feb 7, 2005Aug 10, 2006Hunter Robert EAutomatic sizing one-handed locking pliers
US20070186733 *Jan 24, 2007Aug 16, 2007I.D.L. Tech Tools, LlcSelf-adjusting pliers
US20080098861 *Oct 25, 2006May 1, 2008Engvall David PSelf-adjusting locking pliers
US20090287225 *May 15, 2009Nov 19, 2009Olsen Russell GApparatus, system, and method for orthopedic fastener insertion and extraction
US20100192734 *Apr 13, 2010Aug 5, 2010Irwin Industrial Tool CompanySelf-adjusting locking pliers
EP0838309A1 *Oct 24, 1997Apr 29, 1998connectool GmbH & Co.Tool with multiple toggle mechanism
Classifications
U.S. Classification81/380, 81/399
International ClassificationB25B7/00, B25B7/12
Cooperative ClassificationB25B7/123
European ClassificationB25B7/12B