|Publication number||US2497723 A|
|Publication date||Feb 14, 1950|
|Filing date||Mar 21, 1947|
|Priority date||Mar 21, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2497723 A, US 2497723A, US-A-2497723, US2497723 A, US2497723A|
|Original Assignee||Herman Gilgoff|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (4), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 14, 1950 H. GiLGoFF CONTINUOUS FIRNG TOY GUN 3 Shets-Sheet l Filed March 21, 194:7Y
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Feb. 14, 1950 H. GlLGor-'F 2,497,723
CONTINUOUS FIRINO TOY GUN Filed March 21, 1947 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 7@ 54 905442 2 a d /a 72 /1' 9 may O .1 75J a, C, i 3545.55 95 MM 34W l 5% INVENTOR 22 /00 /02 HIS ATTORNEY Feb. 14, 1950 H, GlLGor-F CONTINUOUS FIRINO TOY GUN 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed March 21, 1947 Patented Feb. 14, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CONTINUOUS vFIRING TOY GUN Herman Gilgoi, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application March 21, 1947, Serial No. '136,254
3 Claims. (01124-27) This invention relates to toys, and more parti--y toy gun, which is equipped with means for ady justing its iiring range;
` The above mentioned objects and advantages as well as .other objects and advtanges will be more fully disclosed in the following specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming part of this specication, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a toy gun according to the invention,
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the toy gun shown in Fig. l,
Fig. 3 is afragmentary bottom plan view of the toy gun shown in Fig. l,
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4--4 of Fig. 1, Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken on line 5-5 of Fig` 1,
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on line 6-6 of Fig. 2 illustrating the mechanism of the toy gun in the same position as in Fig. 1,
Figs. '1-11 are views illustrating the mechanism of the toy gun in various positions,
Fig. 12 is a side elevational view of another embodiment of a toy gun according to the invention,
Fig. 13 is a top plan view of the toy gun shown in Fig. 12,
v Fig."14 is a perspective view of a slider of the toy gun shown in Fig. 12.
. Fig. 15 is a sectional view taken on line I5-l 5 of Fig. 12, and
, Fig. 16 is a sectional View taken on line I6|6 of Fig. l2.
Referring now to Figs. 1-11, 28 generally indicates a stock of the toy gun according to the invention. Said stock 28 has slots 22, 24, and 26 of different widths.
` A gun barrel 28 having an upper bullet receiving aperture 30 and a lower longitudinal slot 82 is secured to the stock 28 by means of a screw 34 and a clip 36. Said receiving aperture 30 and longitudinal slot 32 are arranged in iront of a firing spring 38, arranged within the gun barrel 28, as best shown in Figs. 6, 8, 9 and 10.
end of said firing spring 38 is in engagement with and preferably soldered to an abutting plug 48 arranged in the gun barrel 28 and held in its position by means of a set screw 42. As best shown in Figs. 6 and l0, said set screw 42 may be selectively screwed into one of a plurality of bores 44 of the gun barrel 28, whereby the firing strength of the ring spring 38 may be adjusted.
46 generally indicates a bullet magazine secured to the stock 28 by screws. Said bullet magazines 46 may hold a plurality of bullets 48 in a stack one above the other. The bullets 48 may be inserted into the magazine 46 through a bore 50 arranged in the rear wall 52 of the magazine 46 as shown in Fig. 4. Said bore 50 communicates with a vertical slot 54 of said rear wall 52 arranged for guiding engagement with a reduced portion 56 of each bullet 48. The bullets 48 in the magazine 46 are under the load of a weight 58 having an extension or handle 68 slidably engaged with a guiding slot 62 arranged in a side wall 64 of the magazine 46. The substantially vertical guiding slot 62 merges into a substantially horizontal locking slot 66, having a locking recess 61. During the loading of the magazine 46 with bullets, the weight 58 may be held in an inactive position by bringing its handle into engagement with the recess 61 of the locking slot 66.
The bullets 48 may be ejected from said mag' azine 46 one by one into the gun barrel 28 through the bullet receiving aperture 38 of the latter by an ejecting device described hereinafter. ejecting tube 68 having an inlet 10 and an outlet 12 is arranged above the gun barrel 28. Said ejecting tube 68 is held in its position by means of clips 14 screwed to said ejecting tube and to the stock 22. The inlet 10 of the ejecting tube 68 is in register with the open bottom of the magazine 46, the outlet 12 of said ejecting tube 68 is in register with the receiving aperture 30 of the gun barrel 28. The front end of the ejecting tube 68 is closed by a plug 16 secured to the ejecting tube by a screw. An ejecting plunger 18 slidably and reciprocably arranged in the ejecting tube 68 is under the action oi a spring 80 arranged between a collar 82 at thek rear end of the ejecting tube 68 and a set collar 84 secured to the ejecting plunger 18. to hold the ejecting plunger 18 in the inactive position shown in Figs. 1, 6 and 9. The actuation of said ejecting plunger 18 for ejecting the lowermost bullet 48 from the stack of bullets will be described hereinafter.
The rear 4515 "A crank 86 connected with a handle 88 is r0- Said spring 88 tends ii tatably mounted in suitable bearings arranged on the stock 29. The crank 8E may be rotated within the slot 2. One end of a connecting rod 9U arranged within the slots 22, 24, '2t is swingably connected with said crank 35 at 92. The other end of said connecting rod 90 is slidably engaged with a bore Sli in a wall 95 of the slider 96 reciprocably mounted on the gun barrel 2S secured to the stock itl. The slider @t embraces the upper portion of said gun barrel 28. The free end oi the connecting rod SO forms a loading nger .3.8. A spring itil stretched between the slider t8 and thc connecting rod 9U tends to urge the loading nger @Si upwardly, so that it may extend through the longitudinal slot 32 into the interior oi the gun barrel 228 as shown in Figs. 9-11 when the arrangement of certain parts of the mechanism permits such an entry 01' the loading nger into the interior oi the gun barrel. The uppermostJ position of the loading iinger 98 is limited by an abutment of a stop 4&2 against the wall 95 of the slider et as shown in Fig. l0.
Apparently, a rotation of the cranl; 86 causes reciprocating strokes of the slider 9G connected with the crank SB through the connecting rod 98. The slider Se is arranged in such a relationship to the gun barrel 28, that it covers the receiving aperture SO of the gun barrel 2S, when it is in its rearward end position shown in Fig. G that it uncovers said receiving aperture t@ when it is in its forward end position shown in Fig. 9.
A screw 104 secured to the stock Ec passes through the slot 2li for cooperation with the connecting rod il@ in a manner to be described hereinafter.
A clapping element ll is movably mounted on the stock by means of a resilient blade lilii. Said clapping element also forming a. stop for the spring-loaded eject-ing plunger 'i8 may be actuated by the crank mechanism 8E, 90 in a manner to be described hereinafter.
The operation of the toy gun is as follows:
In order to load the magazine ES, at lirst the weight 53 is moved upwardly by gripping same at its handle GG, which is shifted along the vertical slot 52 into the horizontal slot 5E for engagement with the locking recess of the latter, so that the weight 5S is held in its upper inactive position. Thereupon a plurality of bullets 4t are inserted through the hole into the magazine,
whereupon thc handle 5c of the weight is lifted out oi the locking recess Sl' and is displaced through the horizontal slot Gt into the vertical slot G2, so that now the weight 53 may act on the stack of bullets it for urging same downwardly. The lowermost bullet 43 rests in the ejecting tube 68 as shown in Figs. 1 and 6.
In the position of the various elements of the toy gun shown in Fig. 6, the ejecting plunger 'I8 is in its inactive position resting with its rear end against the stop formed by the clapping element EU8. The crank is in a substantially horizontal position, the rear end of the connecting rod 99 contacting the lower surface of the clapping element Ulli. The connecting rod 9D is at a slight distance from the screw Hifi and the loading finger St abuts against the lower surface of the gun barrel 2S, so that the spring H30 is slightly stretched. lThe slider 9S being in its extreme rearward position closes the bullet receiving aperture 3i) of the gun barrel 28. The ring spring 38 is expanded.
The ring of one bullet d8 after the other in the manner of a machine gun or automatic rifle is obtained by a rotation of the crank 86 by means gun barrel.
4 of the handle 88 in clockwise direction as viewed in Figs. 6-11. When the crank 86 is rotated into the position shown in Fig. 7, the rear end oi the connecting rod Sil lifts the clapper element IUE. Furthermore, said rear end of the connecting rod 5G cornes into engagement with the rear end of the c iecting plunger TB, which is moved forwardly against the action oi the spring 8U, whereby it pushes forwardly the lowermost bullet [13. Moreover, the slider is shifted somewhat towards the front end of the gun barrel, but it has not yet uncovered the bullet receiving aperture 3G of the Furthermore, the connecting rod S0 cornes into engagement with the screw 04 acting las a iulcruin for the connecting rod 9G, whereby the loading iinger 98 is drawn downwardly `against the action of the spring IDD.
` During a further rotation of the crank 8S into the position shown in Fig. 8, at first the rear end oi the connecting rod becomes disengaged from the clapper element it which, bythe action of the resilient blade IDB, is returned into its original position making a clapping noise when hitting the surface of the stock. 2G. Thereafter, the ejecting plunger T8 is advanced further against the action of the spring S0. During said advance, the ejecting plunger 78 pushes the lowerinost bullet 48 forwardly in the ejecting tube 68 until the bullet 48 is in register with the outlet 'c2 of said ejecting tube, whereupon the bullet drops through the bullet receiving aperture 30 uncovered by the slider 96 into the gun barrel 2B. A guard l I0 mounted on the ejecting tube G8 prevents the bullet t8 from sidewise leaving the toy gun during its transit from the ejecting tube 88 into the gun barrel 2B. In the position shown in Fig. 3, the connecting rod 90 is still in engagement `with the screw 104 and the loading nger 68 is still outside the gun barrel 28.
As soon as the crank 8B is further rotated into the position shown in Fig. 9, the rear end of the connecting rod 9G becomes disengaged from the ejecting plunger "i8, so that the latter may be returned into its original position by the spring 80. At the end of this return movement, the rear end oi the ejecting plunger 'I8 hits the stop formed by the clapper clement DG, whereby again a noise is made. As soon as the ejecting plunger 'i3 reaches its original position, the stack of bullets 48 sinks downwardly under the action of the weight 58 in the magazine 46, so that another bullet 48 is in the ejecting tube 68. In the position shown in Fig. 9, the slider is in its extreme forward position. The loading ringer 98 now is at such a distance from the screw lili and the connecting rod 9U is in such a position, that the spring IBD may bring the loading finger 98 through the longitudinal slot 32 of the gun barrel 28 into the interior ci said gun barrel.
During a further rotation of the crank 86 into the position shown in Fig. l0, the ejecting plunger 'i8 remains in its inactive position resting against the stop 06. The connecting rod 95 becomes disengaged from the screw U4 and the loading finger 98 together with the slider 96 are moved rearwardly. During said rearward movement the loading finger 98 remains within the gun barrel 28 and pushes the bullet 48 against the ring spring 38 compressing and loading the latter. The reduced end portion of the bullet nts into the core of the ring spring 38. Furthermore, during the rearward movement of the loading nger 98, the bullet receiving aperture 35 is closed by the slider 96.
As soon as, during a further rotation of the crank 86, the crank mechanism reaches the position shown in Fig. 11 the connecting rod 98 comes again in engagement with the screw |84. lNow, when the crank 86 is still further rotated from the position sho-wn in Fig. 11 into the position shown in Fig. 6, the connecting rod 98 at first swings around the screw |84 acting as a fulcrum, whereby the loading finger 98 is withdrawn from the interior of the gun barrel 28, so that the loading finger 98 is disengaged from the bullet 48 and the compressed firing spring 38 is released thus firing the bullet 48.
When the crank 86 reaches the position shown in Fig. 6 and the rotation of the crank 86 in continued, the operations described above repeat themselves for the firing of one bullet after the other.
It is obvious, that the firing range of the toy gun depends on the strength of the firing spring 38. 'I'he more the springr 38 is compressed, the greater its strength. The compression of said spring 38 may be adjusted by inserting the screw 42 holding the plug 48 into one or the other of the bores 44.
Figs. 12-16 illustrate a somewhat simplified embodiment of a toy gun according to the invention. The ring mechanism comprising the crank mechanism 288, 286, 298, 298, 296 and a firing spring 238 (shown in Fig. 15) arranged within the gun barrel 22,8 mounted on the stock 220 is substantially identical with the iiring mechanism of the toy gun described above in connection with Figs. 1-11. The toy gun shown in Figs. 12-16, however, is not equipped with an ejectng device. According to Figs. 12-16, the magazine 246 holding a stack of bullets 248 is secured to the stock 228 in such a manner, that its open bottom is in register with the bullet receiving aperture 238 of the gun barrel 228.
Moreover, the stock 228 is of somewhat different shape having a slot 226 receiving the lower extension of the reciprocable slider 296. The abutment for the connecting rod 29D` acting as a fulcrum for the latter when cooperating with same is formed by the upper edge 284 of an aperture 2|2 of a bracket 2l4 mounted on the stock 228.
The firing mechanism including the crank mechanism 288, 286, 298, 298 and the firing spring 238 operates in the same manner as described above in connection with the firing mechanism of the toy gun shown in Figs. 6-11.
The charging of the gun barrel 228 with a bullet 248, however, is controlled by the reciprocable slider 296. When the slider is in the position shown in Fig. 12 (corresponding to the position of the slider 96 shown in Fig. 6), the slider still closes the magazine after the firing of a bullet. When, by means of a rotation of the crank 286 into the position corresponding to the position of the crank 86 shown in Fig. 8, the slider 296 is brought into such a position that it uncovers the bullet receiving aperture 238 of the gun barrel 228, the stack of bullets 248 sinks downwardly under the action of the weight 258, whereby the lowermost bullet of said stack enters the empty gun barrel 228 through the bullet receiving aperture 238. Now, during the return movement of the slider 296 from its extreme forward position into the position shown in Fig. l2, the front edge 2|6 of the slider 296 enters into the space between the bullet resting in the gun barrel 228 and the lowermost bullet of the stack of bullets 248 in the magazine 246, whereby the stack of bullets in the magazine is separated from the bullet inthe gun barrel. In order to safely guide said front edge 2|6 of the slider 296 between the bullets, flaps 2I8 are arranged on the slider 296, which cooperate with guiding flaps 2l9 arranged on the stationary magazine 246. As may be best recognized from Fig. 16, said guiding flaps 2|9 hold the slider 296 downwards through the medium of the flaps 2 I8 when the latter come into engagement with the guiding flaps 2|9. Moreover, the front end of the slider 296may be provided with a slight dent 2H as shown in Fig. 14 so as to facilitate its entry between the bullets.
l have described preferred embodiments of my invention, but it is understood that numerous omissions and changes may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
For example instead of a rigid connection of the bullet magazine with the stock of the toy gun, the bullet magazine may be removably attached to the stock, if desired. Moreover, the means for urging downwardly the bullets in the magazine may be of a different construction and arrangement.
What I claim is:
1. A toy gun comprising: a stock, a gun barrel mounted on said stock, a firing spring arranged within said gun barrel, means for fixing the rear end of said ring spring relative to said gun barrel, said gun barrel having a longitudinal slot in front of the front end of said firing spring, a slider reciprocably mounted on saidstock, a manually operable crank rotatably mounted on said stock, a reciprocable connecting rod swingably connected at one of its end portions with said crank, said slider having an opening slidably receiving the other end portion of said connecting rod, the free end of said connecting rod at said other end portion forming a. reciprocable loading linger extending through said longitudinal slot into the interior of said gun barrel during its stroke toward the rear end of the gun barrel whereby it urges a bullet placed into the gun barrel against said firing spring compressing and loading the latter, releasing means associated lwith said slidable loading finger for automatically withdrawing same from the interior of said gun barrel when said slider and said loading nger are substantially in their rear position relative to said barrel whereby the loading finger is disengaged from the bullet and the firing spring is released for firing the bullet, and means associated with said slidable loading finger for automatically returning same into the interior of the gun barrel when said slider and said loading nger are substantially in their forward position relative to said barrel.
2. In a toy gun as claimed in claim 1, the up per portion of said gun barrel having a bullet receiving aperture in front of the firing spring, a portion of said slider extending upwardly and embracing 'a part of said upper portion of said gun barrel, and said slider being arranged for automatically closing said bullet receiving aperture of the gun barrel during its rearward stroke and for automatically opening said bullet receiving aperture of the gun barrel during its forward stroke after the release of the firing spring.
3. In a toy gun as claimed in claim 1, said releasing means including an abutment mounted on the stock for cooperation with the connecting rod, said abutment being arranged above, intermediate the ends of and Iadjacent'. said connecting rod and acting as a fulcrum for said connectinii ioc at a predetermined interval during its reciprocating movements.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Leavitt Aug. 7, 1877 Schrodel Oct. 26, 1909 Number 8 Name Date Glson Jan. 6, 1914 Lefever Sept. 25, 1917 Arden July 2, 1918 Blackshear Dec. 10, 1918 Blackshear Dec. 24, 1918 Gil-bert July 22, 1919 Littleeld June 19, 1928 Savage Mar. 7, 1939 Hagopan Nov. 7, 1944 Majewski Mar. 13, 1945 Smith et a1 Aug. 14, 1945
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|US2572782 *||Sep 27, 1948||Oct 23, 1951||Hagemo Ingvald J||Repeating toy airplane projector|
|US2663969 *||Feb 20, 1950||Dec 29, 1953||Kellogg Jack V||Toy bomber|
|US8079356 *||Feb 18, 2003||Dec 20, 2011||James Patrick Reible||Pneumatic projectile launching apparatus with partition-loading apparatus|
|US20030226555 *||Feb 18, 2003||Dec 11, 2003||Reible James Patrick||Pneumatic projectile launching apparatus with partition-loading apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||124/27, 124/50, 124/51.1, 124/39|