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Publication numberUS2499018 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 28, 1950
Filing dateJan 26, 1948
Priority dateJan 26, 1948
Publication numberUS 2499018 A, US 2499018A, US-A-2499018, US2499018 A, US2499018A
InventorsFrank Christiano, Nicholas Christiano
Original AssigneeFrank Christiano, Nicholas Christiano
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Baffle type muffler with plural tubular passages
US 2499018 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 28, 1950 F. cHRlsTlANo ET Al.

BAFFLE TYPE MUFFLER WITH PLURAL TUBULAR PASSAGES Filed Jan. 26, 1948 Patented Feb. 28, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BAFFLE TYPE MUFLFLER WITH PLURAL TUBULAR PASSAGES Application January 23, 1948, Serial No. 4,358

3 Claims. l

This invention relates to baille type muiller with plural tubular passages and more particularly to mufllers such as intended for internal cornbustion engines.

An object of the invention is to provide a mufer which is highly efficient in its operation, inexpensive to produce, and which may be used at the end of an exhaust pipe.

A further object of the invention is to provide such a muler which is compact and attractive in appearance.

Further objects and advantages of this invention will be more clearly understood from the following description and from the accompanying drawings, in which- Fig. l is an end View of a muiiler embodying our invention.

Fig. 2 is a side view thereof.

Fig. 3 is a side view in central vertical section.

In the embodiment shown, our invention embodies a ymuilier having a casing or outer shell 5 with an end plate 6 at one end thereof that is provided with an opening which communicates with the interior of a tubular portion 'I that receives the end of an exhaust pipe 8 and has a plurality of slits 9 permitting the said tubular portion to be secured to said exhaust pipe by means of a suitable clamp I il. At the interior of said casing there is provided a screen II at one end which extends across the opening in the plate 6 and a screen I2 at the opposite end which is supported by the ends of a plurality of tubular sections I3, I4 and I5.

The section i3 is preferably smaller than the sections I 4-I5 in order to provide a preferred formation whereby the open end of the muiiler casing is iattened, as illustrated in Fig. 1, and the said tubes are joined together and secured to the casing by spot Welding, or the like, as indicated at I6, to retain the said tubes in position wherein they are in alignment with the end of the casing 5 and support the screen I2.

The inside of the casing between the screens Il and l2 is filled with a suitable material i1, such as a Wool made of glass iibers or the like, to provide a muiiling eiiect for the exhaust gases passing through said muiiler. This wool has been found highly eicient in reducing the noises of combustion with a minimum of back pressure.

' In fact, said wool material has been found to be far more effective and with less back pressure than the conventional form of baille plates usually provided in muiers.

We claim:

1. A muiiler of the character described comprising a casing, an end plate having an opening therein and a tubular portion, a perforate sheet of material contained within said casing and positioned against said end plate across said opening, plurality of tubular members within and adjacent the opposite end of said casing and extending longitudinally thereof, a perforate sheet or" material within. said casing and against the ends of said tubular members, and a fibrous mass :filling said casing between said perforate sheets.

2. A muler of the character described comprising a casing, an end plate having a tubular member extending therefrom and communicating with an openin in said end plate, a disk of wire mesh material contained within said casing and resting against the inner wall of said end plate and extending across the opening therein, a plurality of tubular members in parallel relationship with each other and the axis of said casing contained within the end portion of said casing and secured thereto, a sheet of wire mesh within said casing abutting the inner ends of said tubular portions, and a mass of metallic wool :lilling the casing between said sheets of wire mesh to muiiie sounds from exhaust gases passing through said muffler.

3. A muffler of the character described comprising a tubular casing, an end plate closing one end of said casing and having an axial opening therein with a surrounding tubular portion extending therefrom, a plurality of tubular members extending inwardly from the opposite end of said casing parallel to the axis oi said casing, a screen member contained within the casing and abutting the said inner ends of the tubular members, and a similar screen abutting the inner wall of the end plate and extending across the opening therein, the said tubular members being secured together and to said casing to prevent displacement thereof, and a mass of fibers filling the space between the said wire mesh members to munie the sound of exhaust gases passing through said casing.

FRANK CHRISTIANO. NICHOLAS CHRISTIANO.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the iile of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number

Patent Citations
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US226905 *Apr 27, 1880 Noise-quieting nozzle
DE606572C *Dec 5, 1934Julius DuffnerAuspufftopf mit mehreren durch gelochte Wandungen voneinander getrennten Kammern
FR399307A * Title not available
GB463925A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2748883 *Dec 3, 1952Jun 5, 1956Millard J RalphMuffler unit
US2862641 *Mar 7, 1956Dec 2, 1958Accumulatoren Fabrik AgPressure control device
US2912063 *Apr 13, 1953Nov 10, 1959Glenn Barnes RalphMuffler
US3007176 *Mar 11, 1957Nov 7, 1961Hafner OttoArtificial limbs for amputees
US3075609 *Sep 10, 1958Jan 29, 1963Engelhard Ind IncNoise suppressor
US3521429 *Oct 4, 1968Jul 21, 1970Frank B LefflerMuffler
US3672465 *Oct 15, 1970Jun 27, 1972Blatt Leland FGas exhaust silencer
US3698510 *Aug 4, 1971Oct 17, 1972Blatt Leland FSafety silencer air nozzle
US3811531 *Dec 5, 1972May 21, 1974Safety Vehicles DevelopSilencer
US3916982 *Dec 12, 1972Nov 4, 1975Sherwin Williams CoSound attenuating improvements for foundry molding machines
US4132285 *Jul 8, 1976Jan 2, 1979Volkswagenwerk AktiengesellschaftConnecting line within an exhaust system of a motor vehicle
US4530418 *Sep 27, 1984Jul 23, 1985Currie Neil LAutomotive exhaust system
US4569471 *Mar 22, 1983Feb 11, 1986Ab VolvoContainer through which a gas flows, preferably a muffler, with fiberglass filling and method and apparatus for filling the same
US6094817 *Oct 15, 1998Aug 1, 2000Acoust-A-Fiber Research And Development, Inc.Method for filling a silencer with sound insulating material
DE2653262A1 *Nov 24, 1976Jun 8, 1978Werner Dr Ing PieningVorrichtung zum geraeuscharmen entspannen von gasfoermigen medien mittels drosselstrecken
EP1553266A2 *Dec 6, 2004Jul 13, 2005HONDA MOTOR CO., Ltd.Exhaust apparatus for small-sized engine
Classifications
U.S. Classification181/258, 96/386, 55/518, 55/410, 55/527
International ClassificationF01N1/08, F16L55/02
Cooperative ClassificationF16L55/02, F01N1/082
European ClassificationF01N1/08C, F16L55/02