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Publication numberUS2499089 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 28, 1950
Filing dateMar 29, 1947
Priority dateMar 29, 1947
Publication numberUS 2499089 A, US 2499089A, US-A-2499089, US2499089 A, US2499089A
InventorsBrill Edward F, Orval Schroeder
Original AssigneeBrill
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Refrigerated display case
US 2499089 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

IGN

mm.. hm. Imm.

E. F. BRILL TAL REFRIGERATED DISPLAY CASE anla r Feb. 28, 1950 Filed March 29, 1947 Feb. 28, 1950 E. F. BRILI. ETAL 2,499,089

REFRIGERATED DISPLAY CASE Filed March 29, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Nh m hameren-2s, 195o 2,499,089 REFRIGERATED DISPLAY CASE Edward F. Brill and Orval Schroeder, Milwaukee, Wis.; said Schroeder assigner to said Brill Application March 29', 1947, serial No. 738,181

9 Claims.

This invention relates, in general, to refrigerated display cases and has particular relation to improvements in refrigerated display cases which are adapted to contain and display articles of merchandise, such as frozen foods and the like, and to keep the merchandise in a cool and refrigerated condition and at the same time permit free and convenient access to the same by the customers.

In one prior scheme, the articles or packages of frozen food or other merchandise have been placed in relatively low position in a cabinet open at the top, with the thought that the entry or circulation of warm air into the place where the frozen foods are located will be reduced. Cases of this sort have been of relatively limited capacity and have not effectively displayed the articles ofmerchandise. Usually an entire stock of articles other than those in the compartment or well from which the articles are withdrawn by the customer has been set up for display and correlated with the other articles so that the customer may make the desired selection by viewing the displayed articles and then withdrawing an article from position related to the position of the display article.

The prior scheme above described has the additional objection of requiring structure beyond that necessary for holding and refrigerating the articles available to the customer; also the further objection that the customer cannot by looking at the position where the articles are displayed tell whether such articles are actually available to him, and the objection that where the articles are stacked upon one another in such a well or cabinet difficulty is encountered in maintaining them in the desired uniformly refrigerated condition.

One of the main objects of the present invention is to provide an improved form of selfservice refrigerated display case in which the problems previously presented are overcome.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved form of refrigerated display case in which the articles of merchandise are supported in low position-relative to the opening through which they are Withdrawn by the customer and in which the articles are displayed in such manner that the customer may have a complete view or survey of the articles actually available to him, for example, from the front of the case, and without requiring a group of related articles for display purposes only.

Another object of the invention is to provide in a case of the character described a plurality of (Cl. .G2-89.5)

2 generally upwardly opening wells for holding articles of merchandise, with the wells disposed at succeedingly higher levels and rearwardly of one another from the front of the case, and means for maintaining the articles of merchandise in the wells in refrigerated condition.

Another object of the invention is to provide the wells with window means disposed at succeedingly higher levels and rearwardly of one another from the front of the case through which the articles of merchandise in the respective wells are visible t0 the customer from the front of the case.

Another object of the invention is to provide front walls for the wells which are normally positioned generally vertically and are pivoted adjacent to the lower portions thereof for swinging movement rearwardly to close the wells.

Another object of the invention is to provide a case of the character described wherein the window means in the front walls of the wells comprise a plurality of spaced transparent sheets so as to provide heat insulation against heat conduction therethrough.

Another object of the invention is to provide wells having generally upwardly directed first well parts opening generally upwardly, and second well parts extending generally rearwardly from the bottom of the rst well parts to provide wells of angular form and increased capacity, with means for maintaining the articles of merchandise in the wells in refrigerated condition.

Another object of the invention is to provide in a case of the character described refrigerating means which comprises means for circulating a refrigerating medium between the rearwardly extending parts of the wells; also, if desired, beneath the bottom of the lowermost rearwardly extending well part and over the top of the uppermost rearwardly extending well part.

Another object; of the invention is to provide wells of the character described wherein the upwardly opening parts of the wells are disposed substantially vertically, and the rearwardly extending parts of the wells are declined downwardly from the bottom portions of the wells.

Another object of the invention is to provide wells of the character described wherein the upwardly opening parts of the wells are disposed substantially vertically and the rearwardly extending parts of the wells extend horizontally from the bottom portions of the wells.

Another object of the invention is to provide wells of the character described wherein the upwardly opening parts of the wells are disposed substantially vertically and the rearwany extending parts of the wells are inclined upwardly from the bottom portions of the wells.

Another object of the invention is to provide in a. case of the character described a plurality of merchandise holding wells opening generally upwardly, means for supporting articles of merchandise in rows, with one row extending generally laterally from the bottom of veach well, and means for feeding the articles of merchandise from said rows into the bottoms of the respective wells for withdrawal by the customer upwardly through the tops of the wells; also means for keeping the articles of merchandise in said rowsandinsaidwellsinarefrigeratedwndition.

Another object of the invention is to provide a display case of the character described having a generally L-shaped refrigerated compartment. with one leg adapted for supporling a row of articles of merchandise and the other leg opening generally upwardly for withdrawal of the articles of merchandise therefrom Another object of the invention B to provide a refrigerated self-service display case of the character described, having various features of novelty and advantages, and which is particularly characterized by its simplicity in construction, its' economy in manufacture, and its effectivene in use.

Further objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the following detaed description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings which illustrate the manner of constructing, operating, and using illustrative i embodiments of the present invention.

In the drawings:

Fgurelisaverticalandmoreor less schematic sectional view of a refrigerated display case embodying the present invention;

Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view similar to Figure 1, showing another form of case embodying the invention;

Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view similar to Figure 1, showing a further form of ease embodying the invention; and Figure 4 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view showing a further form of the invention.

Referring first to the embodiment of the invention shown more or le schematically in Figure 1, this form of case comprises a plurality of merchandise holding wells, three of such wells being shown in the drawing.

Eachwellhasaverticallydisposedandupwardlyopeningwellpart I andasecondwellpart 2 extending generally rearwardly from the hottom poron of the well part I. This provides a nested group of wells of angular form, and increases the capacity of each rearwardly extending well part for a given depth horizontally. 'I'he generally upwardly opening well parts I are disposed at succeedingly higher levels and rearwardly of one another from the front of the case. This is highly advantageous in providing a compact and effective display of all of the articles of merchandise 3 available to the customer. In Figure 1, the generally rearwardly extending well parts 2 are shown declined downwardly from the bottom portions of the well parts I. This may vary widely as will hereinafter appear.

Thefrontwalllofeachwellpart haswindow means through which the articles of merchandise 3 in the respective wells are visible to the customer from the front of the case. Each window preferably comprises a plurality of spaced 15 4 e panes l so as to provide heat insulation against heat conduction therethrough. The panes i may be mounted, for example, Vin frames l which are preferably formed of nonfrosting material, such as semi-hard rubber. wood, plastic material or the like.

If desired, the lower ends of the front walls 4 or windows may be hinged, pivoted. or mormted sothatthesewallsmaybeswlmgto thepositlonsshownindottedlinesinFigurel to close the respective wells. One suitable such mormting comprises flexible pieces 'I of rubber. rubber-like or other non-frosting material securedatitothefrontendsoftheshelm! and,at Il,totlreadjacentlowerendsofthe wallsorwindowsl. Endeatches II maybe provided for holding the walls l in their vertical positions. End catches (not'shown) may be providedforholdingthewallslintheirclosed positions.

Oneshelflconstltutesthebottomoftherearwardlyextendingpartl ofthelower well. Similarshelvesarepositionedbetweentherearwardlyextendingpartsoftheotherwellsand constitute the bottom walls thereof. The shelves 9 may comprise cold plates with intermlly contained coils through which the refrigeratim medium is circulated, as in the oopending application of Edward F. Brill, Serial No. 662,396, filed April 15, 1946, or they may comprise walls through which refrigerated air is circulated, as in our copending application Serial No. 738,180, filed March 29, 1947.

Wheretheshelvesiareintheformofwalls through which cold or refrigerated air is circulated, they may have discharge ducts Il at the forward ends thereof through which portions ofthecoldorrefrigeratedairaredischargeias shown fragmentarily in Figure 4, for circulaiion down over the articles or packages of merchandiseintherespectivewells. Thispreventsthe accumulation of moistlne on the articles or packages and frosting thereof.

InFigure4,thearticlesorpackages3offron food or other merchandise in each well are enclosed within a box-like container or vesel I6. Each vessel I6 may be formed, for example, of sheet metal and has a top wall I1, rear wall Il, bottomwall andendorsidewallsll. The vessels I6 are preferably sealed except for the opening at the front of each vesel through which the articles or packages 3 are inserted into the veel and withdrawn by the customer, as desired. The vessel I6 may be supported, for example, by lugs (not shown) struck in from the inner shelves of the opposite side or end walls of the case, preferably without piercing the same. This is more fully disclosed in our previously identified copending application.

The spaces between the vessels I6 may be divided by par'iitions 2|, the forward ends of which areturnedup at 22 andspacedof the front walls I. The circulation of the cold or refrigerated air through the ducts formed between the vessels I6 by the partitions 2l follows the arrows shown in Figur- 4.

In Figure 1 the rearwardly extending parts 2 of the wells are shown of relatively great depth. and means is provided for yieldingly forcing the packages or articles 3 to the forward parts of the wells for withdrawal by the customer through the open tops of the wells. This means is shown in the form of a follower 23 within each vessel I6, with a coiled spring 2l interposed between the followerandtheinnersideottherearwall Ilof the vessel l 6. This provides a case having a relatively large capacity for the frozen foods or other articles of merchandise.

It is to be understood that the springs 24 may be omitted and the rearwardly Aextending parts 2 of the wells may be made relatively shallow, i. e., of a depth to permit the customer to reach all articles or packages 3 in each well through the upwardly opening top of the part I of the well and without the springs 24 or other means for forcing the articles 3 toward the front parts of the wells.

In order .to remove the packages 3 the customer reaches down through the upwardly directed well part from the top, grasps the front of the package, and withdraws it forwardly from the rearwardly extending well part, and then upwardly through the upwardly directed well part. Where there is suicient looseness of the packages in the rearwardly extending well part, the customer reaches down through the upwardly directed well part from the top, grasps the front of the package, rocks the top of the package forwardly to clear it of the top of the rearwardly extending well part, and then lifts the package upwardly through the upwardly extending well part and from the case.

The outer walls of the case shown in Figure 1 may vary widely. In the drawing there is a vertical front wall 25 beneath the forward wall having the window means 5, a bottom wall 26, a rear wall 21, a top wall 28 and a top compartment at 29 which houses the refrigerating apparatus shown diagrammatically in dotted lines at 30. The refrigerating apparatus may be of any suitable or preferred type well known in the art and commonly referred to as a refrigerating condenser unit. It may be positioned in the case otherwise than at the top, as shown in Figure l.

Where the shelves 9 are in the form of cold plates with refrigerant coils (not shown) within the plates, the coils may be connected in series and with the refrigerating apparatus 30 by suitable tubes, as more fully disclosed in the previously identified copending application of Edward F. Brill, or otherwise as desired. Suilice it to state that tubes 3l connect the refrigerating apparatus 3D with the refrigerant inlet of the upper cold plate 9, the outlet of this plate 9 with the inlet of the next lower plate, the outlet of the next plate with the inlet of the next plate, the outlet of the latter plate with the inlet of the bottom plate 9, and the outlet of the bottom plate 9 with the refrigerating apparatus 30. A dual or multiple compressor arrangement may also be employed, as more fully disclosed in our copending application Serial No. 738,182, filed March 29, 1947. A heat exchanger and expansion valve (not shown) may be provided as suitable or desired.

In Figure 1 the top of the case is shown provided with an overhanging part 32. A fluorescent tube or other source of illumination is shown at 33. This may, of course, vary widely.

The outer walls of the case are preferably heat insulated, for example, by forming them of suitable metallic outer and inner shells 34 and 35 with suitable heat insulating material 36 filling the space between these shells.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 2, the upwardly opening parts I of the respective wells, instead of being vertically diS- posed as in the preceding embodiment of the invention, are inclined forwardly,` and the rearwardly extending well parts 2' are inclined upwardly to the rear of the case. In this form of the invention the refrigerating apparatus 30 is housed within the bottom of the case. Louvers 36 are provided for circulation of air through the bottom of the case over the refrigerating apparatus. Otherwise the form of the invention shown in Figure 2 is similar, in general, to the form of the invention previously described, and like or similar parts are designated by primed reference characters corresponding with the reference characters used in connection with the preceding embodiment of the invention.

In Figure 2, the front walls having the window means 5' are shown rigidly xed at 38 to the adjacent ends of the shelves 9', but they may, of course, be hinged or pivoted thereto, as in the preceding embodiment of the invention, or otherwise as desired.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 3, the upwardly opening parts I" of the respective wells are disposed vertically, as in Figure l. The rearwardly extending parts 2" of the wells in this case arepositioned horizontally instead of declining rearwardly as in Figure l. Otherwise the form of the invention Shown in Figure 3 is similar, in general, to the form of the invention previously described, and like or similar parts are designated by double primed reference characters corresponding with the reference characters used in connection with the preceding embodiments of the invention. In Figure 3 the refrigerating apparatus 26 is shown within a compartment 25 at the top of the case, and a iluorescent tube or other source of illumination is shown at 3l'. This, of course, may vary.

The embodiments of the invention shown in the drawings are for illustrative purposes only, and it is to be expressly understood that said drawings and the accompanying speccation are not to be construed as a denition of the limits or scope of the invention, reference being had to the appended claims for that purpose.

We claim:

l. In a device of the class described, in combination, a case having a plurality of wells for holding articles of merchandise,t each of said wells having a generally upwardly directed first well part opening generally upwardly and a second well part extending generally rearwardly from the lower portion of said rst well part to provide wells of angular form and increased capacity, the generally upwardly opening parts of .said wells being disposed at succeedingly higher levels and rearwardly of one another from the front of the case, with the rearwardly extending parts of the wells overlying one another upwardly from the bottom of the case, and means for maintaining the articles of merchandise in said wells in refrigerated condition.

2. In a device of the class described, in combination, a case having a plurality of wells for holding articles of merchandise, each of said wells having a generally upwardly directed iirst well part opening generally upwardly and a second well part extending generally rearwardly from the lower portion of said rst well part to provide wells of angular form and increased capacity, the generally upwardly opening parts of said wells being disposed at succeedinglyhigher levels and rearwardly of one another from the front of the case, with the rearwardly extending parts of the wells overlying one another upwardly from the bottom of the case, means for maintaining the articles of merchandise in said wells in rerigerated condition, and front walls for the upwardly opening parts of said wells having window means disposed at succeedingly higher levels and rearwardly of one another from the front of the case through which the articles of merchandise in the respective Wells are visible to the customer Vfrom the front of the case.

3. A refrigerated display case according to claim 2 wherein the refrigerating means comprises means for circulating a refrgerating medium between the rearwardly extending parts of said wells.

4. A refrigerated display case according to claim 2 wherein the refrigerating means comprises means for circulating a refrigerating medium between the rearwardly extending parts of said wells; also beneath the bottom of the lowermost rearwardly extending well part and over the top of the uppermost rearwardly extending well part.

5. A refrigerated display case according to claim 2 wherein said window means comprises a plurality of spaced transparent sheets so as to provide heat insulation against heat conduction therethrough.

6. A refrigerated display case according to claim 2 wherein said window means comprises a plurality of spaced transparent sheets so as to provide heat insulation against heat conduction therethrough and wherein said front walls are normally positioned generally vertically and are hinged adjacent their lower portions for swinging movement rearwardly to close the wells.

sov

7. A refrigerated display case according to claim 2 wherein the upwardly opening parts of said wells are disposed substantially vertically and the rearwardly extending parts of the wells are declined downwardly from the bottoms of said wells.

8. A refrigerated display case according to claim 2 wherein the upwardly opening parts of said wells are disposed substantially vertically and the rearwardly extending parts of the wells extend horizontally from the bottoms of said wells.

9. A refrigerated display case according to claim 2 wherein the upwardly opening parts of said wells are disposed substantially vertically and the rearwardly extending parts of the wells are inclined upwardly from the bottoms of said wells.

EDWARD F. BRILL. ORVAL SCHROEDER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES.e PATENTS Moores Oct.7, 1947

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2621489 *Nov 23, 1951Dec 16, 1952Gen ElectricRefrigerator cabinet having means to improve temperature distribution
US2713776 *Mar 15, 1954Jul 26, 1955Philco CorpRefrigerators
US2949018 *Oct 18, 1955Aug 16, 1960Parsell Kendrick TCabinet for merchandising packages of frozen food
US3006707 *Apr 30, 1958Oct 31, 1961Anthony T RossiDispensing and display cabinet
US3083067 *May 5, 1960Mar 26, 1963Coopers IncMerchandise display and dispensing device
US3334952 *Mar 1, 1965Aug 8, 1967E J Brach & SonsMerchandising case
US4523439 *Dec 14, 1983Jun 18, 1985Societe Laitiere De VeronRefrigerated display unit
US4910970 *Mar 17, 1987Mar 27, 1990Donald KeepingGlass chilling cabinet
US4941327 *Jul 24, 1989Jul 17, 1990Freshnes Foods CorporationCompact food package display refrigerator
US5240316 *Jul 7, 1992Aug 31, 1993James DoughertyRefrigerated floral display cabinet
US5813569 *Mar 12, 1996Sep 29, 1998Elite Licensing Inc.Point-of-sale merchandiser
US6041948 *Sep 3, 1998Mar 28, 2000American Greetings CorporationPre-packed product shipment and display device with spring-biased restocking feed arrangement
US6269285 *Nov 14, 1997Jul 31, 2001Daniel R. MignaultSelf-service freezer chest with inventory monitoring means
US6351964Jun 28, 2000Mar 5, 2002Specialty Equipment Companies, Inc.Reach-in refrigerated cooler
US7062931 *Apr 2, 2004Jun 20, 2006Food Trust Of Prince Edward Island LimitedRefrigerated merchandiser
US7591144 *May 15, 2006Sep 22, 2009Foodtrust Of Prince Edward Island LimitedRefrigerated merchandiser
US7905370 *Nov 7, 2006Mar 15, 2011Philippe LeonettiDispenser of consumable products such as drinks
US8061556 *Dec 2, 2003Nov 22, 2011Restaurant Technology, Inc.Automated freezer component
US8490810 *Oct 20, 2006Jul 23, 2013Snapware CorporationMethod of merchandising modular home storage containers to allow consumers to maximize storage space
US20120200215 *Sep 15, 2010Aug 9, 2012Oscartielle S.P.A.Cabinet refrigerator with barriers for withholding air
DE1083282B *Jun 27, 1957Jun 15, 1960Paul DoerfelKuehleinrichtung fuer Ladentische od. dgl.
EP0113610A1 *Dec 2, 1983Jul 18, 1984Societe Laitiere De VeronRefrigerated display cabinet
EP0271786A2 *Dec 5, 1987Jun 22, 1988Linde AktiengesellschaftRefrigerated cabinet with multiple glazing
WO2007036736A1 *Sep 29, 2006Apr 5, 2007Applied Design & Eng LtdRefrigerated retail units
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/251, 62/458, 62/250, 312/116, 312/71, 312/36, 62/253
International ClassificationA47F3/04
Cooperative ClassificationA47F3/0486, A47F3/0439
European ClassificationA47F3/04B, A47F3/04D1