US 2499329 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb 28, 1950 c. P. POTTER CALENDAR CHARACTERED SLIDE TYPE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 5, 1946 SPACL Flu n 27 I=Ilj2 /Zc vvvayaof f exarnple, Lthe 'ea-nnexed drawings in `.which v Patented Feb. 28, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT `OFFI CE TCALENDAR CHARACTERED' SLIDErTYPE Charles Bretter, Toronto, 0ntario,lCanada ApplicationlJuly 5, 1946,' Serial No`.'.68I,542
'moslims (01.40-109) t .This inventionrrelatesto zcalen'darsiizand: the
:object of vthe invention is to providea novell calfendar Vwhich can-flee manufactured very cheaply principally foriuse as ta vSco-operative calendar.
Clo-operative calendars quantities: by national advertisers Who-*distribute calendars, to `their Adealers f throughout i the country Who in: turn distribute them to their cusf tomers. After the calendars have been produced each dealers :name isrirnprintedon; the, 'calendars Y;
which he is todistribute. As many asa 4million or more calendars i- Lare di'str'ibuted i `'by :a single advertiser `With thefresult that. .a small saving z in* cost per: calendar:- results 'firma'` very-large: :sav-
ingLinV cost of fthe: total "number:- purchased.
2 `Figure 1- is a front view-of the ca'lendar,=show ingfv themonthA of January yindicated thereon;
fr FigureZ is afrentviewoi one-sident the card; Figure 3 -isfront View `ofi the opposite-side are distributediinlarge 5 "ofthe card;
f- Figure 4 's across-section on thelinefll-i-tfin l Figure 1;
Figure 5 is a front viewer analternative form on asrnaller scale;
r-Figure 6 -isa front viewrof onesideof-the Figure 'issar rear. elevation -off thecalendar.
IThe cost factoris particularlyimportant when large Acalendarpads :are -desired. 'Ordinary calendar pads have to be printedseparatelyf'in sheets, then Acollated, glued, cut, Wand nally 'stitched to thefcalendar proper. The kmaking of; even small conventional f calendar date pads viis vthus very expensive'and orathis reasonl'flarge :pads are rarely Vusedj'for coeop'erative-calendars since their price isiprohibitive yand their useis usually confined -j to" small r run yissues of: special 1 calendars.
`The cost is considerably increased when it` 'is desired to 'issueA calendarsffor use :in export lor home markets Where a diierent languagezis'used since new plates:` and separate `productorris re-gme quired for each 1" language, since fany calendar whichsimultaneouslys shows twor'languages fis 'disliked' by 'users' f who ,prefer-their calendars to display onlyv their: own language.
that/ `does away lwithithe necessity f of;y separate printing;A collating; gluing, and stitchingy ofpads rand at the samectime :displays large f.latef.nurn- Vlcers overfawide'area Cas in a-largepadkand two different. languageseach independent of the f other, lwould Ybe :most desiralile` particularly-i for cro-operative calendars. n
Accordngfto :the .presentrinvention azcalendar The; inventiongis described and illustrated,by
in ypositionvheore itxis turned under.
. In the drawings corresponding: numbersr'inethe diierent gures refer tov correspondingA` parts.
L Referring to'ligures l, 4 and 5; thefcover-mem ber i iis made up ofta singlesheet 'of paper `or cardboardfo1ded intermediate itsends and` turned that talosV la, lafextendthrough slotsV lb, Ib to -hold the turnedup -part in proximity ttofthe back fof the cover memberl v'forming-ar'pocket therein to receive the card V2. A portion lewis cut out -of 'the' cover at the fold-.to--providewan aperture whereby-the user' may grasp the bottom ofthe card andmove itin the pocket.
The 'cover f l is` provided mwith: atplurality--of date number apertures ld. These arefspaced apart horizontally -and vertically. r`.llloovethe f date numberapertures-'ld aremonthletter aper- -tures iewhich `in the. form shown ein Figure:` 1 '-.are coextensive withvsorne ofY the date 4number iapertures vIt. will be apparent :therefore .thatea-calendarm-,
linut-inv the form shown in Figure arefseparate ,from-andi spaced, from the date number apertures ld.
Seven .day indiciaapertures If are also provided 4also-disp1aysthe calendar months ingeither oi .340
arecoextensive with vfour of the f. date 'number apertures and three are coextensive Witlrboththe :date number y apertures and the month letter y apertures. Lare. eight dayindi In. the `form shownl in Figure-sthere 'ca apertures of--Which two Vare l; separate from both i the vdate numbenapertures A` having -theabove: desirablefcharactersticsds: conr4.5
and themonth letter apertures; feurare coextensive with. the. `date .number 'apertures in .the top rowyand: twoare eoextensive with month letter apertures.
each side, alternate rowsl inverted. These Ycolumns are-soarrange register with Lthe date. number. apertures the card. Similarly be displayed through an aperture. In other words, the vertical spaces between the apertures will cover two columns while the apertures will display one column. The spaces extending horizontally between the date number apertures will conceal every other row of date numbers.
In Figure 1 there are seven columns of date apertures and it will be seen that by sliding the card 2 in its pocket horizontally of the cover l, various combinations of numbers will be obtained and displayed through the date apertures. The date numbers 2a run consecutively from 1 up to the total number of days for each month in the manner of an ordinary calendar starting on the desired day. but appearing only in every third column in view of the fact that the two intermediate columns are concealed by the cover member. In Figure 2 it will be observed that there are three series of date numbers commencing with 1 and these are used to portray the months of January. February and March. Similarly. with regard to the inverted numbers. there are three series which are used to portray the months of April, May and June and this can be done by removing the card from its pocket and inverting it and sliding it back into the pocket in inverted position as will be hereinafter more particularly described.
Arranged at the top of the columns of date numbers are a series of day indicia representing the days of the week. In Figure 1 the month of January 1948 is shown. This month begins v on a Thursday so that the day indicia for Thursday appears over the numeral l and indicia representing the other davs of the week in proper order commencing at Sunday therefore appear at the top of every column of date numbers.
Day indicia 2b also appear at the bottom of the columns. it being understood that the bottom of the columns will become the top of the columns when the card is reversed. In Figure 2 the date numbers for the months of January, February. and March are shown upright and the date numbers for the months of April. May and June. are shown inverted. In Figure 3 the date numbers for July, August and September are shown upright and the date numbers for the months of October, November and December are shown inverted.
The card is so constructed relative to the pocket in which it ts that when the card is inverted, the date numbers which were inverted then appear right side up and will show through the date number apertures ld and the date numbers which were upright will be inverted and concealed by the day indicia which were formerly inverted will appear to be upright and will be displayed through the day indicia apertures lf. whereas the inverted day indicia will be concealed by the card.
Month indicia are provided by means of month letters 2 which appear across the top and bottom l of the card in apparently jumbled arrangement arranged above and below and in alignment with the date number columns. However, referring to Figure 2 by way of example it will be observed that every third letter forms part of the usual abbreviation of a month designation. For instance the rst letter J, fourth letter A and the seventh letter N form the abbreviation for January; the second letter F, fth letter E and the eighth letter B form the abbreviation for February; and the third letter M and the sixth letter A and the ninth letter R form the abbreviation for March. These letters are adapted to register ber.
with the month indicia or month letter apertures le which are spaced apart similarly to the date number apertures Id so that the two intermediate letters are concealed revealing only every third letter to form the month indication for the various months portrayed by the particular side of the card.
It will be observed that by the arrangement above described, a single card having alternate rows of numbers inverted and printed on both sides will enable the user to portray in succession the twelve months of the year, by sliding the card in the pocket to display different months, removing it and inverting it, and reversing it.
In the modied form shown in Figures 5 and 6 a bilingual calendar is shown. This necessitates an extra column of date number apertures Id, or a total of eight as compared with a total of seven in the construction shown in Figure l. However, only seven columns of date numbers are used at one time, the same as in Figure 1. In the construction shown in Figure 5 preferably there is enough blank margin on the card to show behind the nal unused column at either side of the calendar.
In Figure 5 there are two rows of day indicia 2b, the day indicia in each row being vertically above or below, as the case may be, the day indicia in the other row and also arranged above and below and in line with the columns of date numbers.
The day indicia are in both French and English, the French indicia being sometimes in the upper row and sometimes in the lower row in each case. The day indicia apertures if are staggered, that is to say four of them are in line for registration with the upper row of day indicia and four are in line for registration with the lower row of day indicia.
The month letters 2c on the card are also ar, ranged in two rows and they are adapted to form the ordinary abbreviations for the months in both English and French. Figure 5 shows the month of January in French displayed. The month letter apertures le are vertically oiset or staggered, the central one being above the two others and registering with the upper row of month letters 2c, whereas the other two month letter apertures register with the letters in the lower row of month letters.
As in the case of the day indicia, the month letters in the upper row combine with the month letters in the lower row to make up combinations representing months in both English and French, and by moving the card shown in Figure 6 behind the cover, the months of January,-February and March in both English and French language will be shown, and by reversing the card the months for April, May and June in both English and French will be shown, individually. On the reverse side of the card, not shown, is a similar arrangement for the months of July, August and September, and October, November and Decem- Referring to the card shown in Figure 6, it will be noted that by using the upper row of month 1 letters 2c as the middle letter of the abbreviation for each month and two of the letters in the lower row, the following combinations may be made up starting from the left: J A N; F E B; M A R; J A N (French); F E V (French); M A R (French) and that when the French month abbreviations are shown the French day indicia will 4 be displayed through the day indicia apertures.
The additional column of date number apertures ld is required because of the fact that the sataeegeze :single:icardrequiressaigreaterznumber :,ofrfcombinaationszto: duplicate; the'three-'mori tris` int both-Eng- `lish andfFrench'. :It ysWill .bernote'd .that :thasame columns: ofifdatexnumbersfrserve .forsbothrFren'ch .1 :and L English iandethisis madenpossibie .byithemse fof? an additional .columniofaapertures. Otherwise duplioateasets-iof ...datemumbersrvvould be required `.thusf necessitating aar. much larger ecard. It twill also be noted that the apertures on f.' the cover member .are'zso related tonthetarrangement of. .day I indicia :on .the carclpthat -English day.; indiciareap- :pear 'f only through Vthe :cover-fmember aperture tcolumns `2:,.to 8 anmFrenchonly5throughrzaperture columns lv to 1 ,aand :'that'tthe "cover: member automatically blocks `oifxundesire'd :day t? indicia so thatftheasamepcolumn ofdayfindicia appearsin xonegsetof'iaperturesl toritl'ie English :version-fand v inxanother` asv .the,.French\.version. c.' fbt-course; by revers-ing'.the card' rand :using both.' then-frontir and fback, the dates for :.axfwholeryear 'are :'.accurately .,displayedin bothcEnglish: and French.
,Inzboth iormsgofrthe `inventionra.yearfdesigna- ',tionwwill appear on .theffiont'of Vthe cover member. f Owing to z warping the-cardlf 2=1;may rnotfremain :inrclose contactv withu the inner `facek offthe 7cover *.,memberz l. `To ensureithat it does,ra horizontal :slit ,Ig v* is "cut :in fthefturned .uptzportion-onthe s, cover member i I ,s as shown I intSFigures 4 and v'7. .Twoslits lh, Ih jointhis slit rwithaa :line ofnweakmess I* which runsY substantially *parallel* to :the fslit'if, saidlinezof Weakness being formedf'by a Vpartial cutor :grooved linexor l.perfor-ations. A .Jngeri hole Il `is cutout abovey thehorizontalfslit 1 IS, and a the user is t. instructed tofV fold` :theviflap fformedfbyeslits Ih, I s inwardly.:/andeidownwardly to :thepositionshown iniFigureee. ',InFigure 7 :the flap isishown inpositionfbeforetithas :been turned under. 'iThefnatural resilience of'thecard- .board"orxotherrmaterialof which thetcover: meml'ber is -made'rtends-to" cause the free end X'of the It will :be seen from the labove that fawvery:` 'atftractve and ingenious calendar f has been i de- 1 signed 4which f vshows 'the dates Y'clearly and *in large type-and yetrequiresa minimum orI print- .ingrzand material. l i
While ther invention?-hasI been-` described inasome detail this is by Way of illustration-and explanation and it is apparent that. ymany :modifications could be '.maclezwithout departing fromxthe fspirit f of the ,inventionror fthei scope fofi the'4v subjoined r claims.
What li claim. as my invention is: 1;;In a calendar, a rst member having ftherein a plurality ofaspaced apart date number apertures anda plurality of vspaced apart 'monthl let- 'ter aperturesyand a second member -hav-ing Aa plurality of columns of'dateA numbers thereon'adapted ..to vregister with the date-aperturesfiin' thenrstmember, yand a plurality of letters-representing months Ladaptedtol register withy the ymonth letter' ap erturesand spaced so vthat iny each relative -position of the *members some 'of said letters-are displayed "throughfthe month *letter apertures and-some' are concealed bythespaoe betweerrsaid 'f apertures; the said members beingemovablefrelajtive lto one;V another; and -sai'd 'date-numbers and month' letters being so arranged Aon'fthe fsecond member with respectrto the edate numberffapertures and imonth' letter lapertures onf fthe Ftifrst f member' that `-`the; members may'4 be-movedr4 lrelative .toi one another to "display throughgthe monthqletter apertures various combinatiopsfomonth: letfterspandato@conceal:othemlettersreosthatreach #bambi-nationsrepresents ala-single montb-only-,and y to I di.splay-asimu-ltan,eously through the `datenumzberfapertures-a:` plurality of, date numberssreprerecht-ing thexdaysof; that month.
.2., In acalendarga irstmemberhaving thereinsa plurality4 ofA spaced apart. date numbenaperitureszandfa plurality-:o spaced apart month letltervzffapertures; 1and la secondamember having a :pli-111alityof columns of r date numbers thereon v1o .f1-.adapted n to register with the 1 `date apertures: in
@inthe-nrstmember,and av plurality of letters-repre- .rsenting fmonths adapted to register with the umonthletterapertures and spaced so' that in each relative f position :off the members some of said A15 iletters 1 are displayed through the month letter apertures -between :each column `of ldates and -.month;letter.which is displayed, the Vvertical ,espaces Ezbetweent the :date number apertures and @the monthgletter.- apertures being of such 'width goeasto concealtwocolumns of dates and two month :letters-respectivelyythe said members beingfmov- :cable relative-to `oneaanother and said dateinumbers .and month letters being so arrangedfon4 vthe fzisecond :fmember 1 with respect to the date num- 5 .1;ber:apertures.vr and monthgletterapertures onl the :i'irst:unen'iber l` that the :members may be Y moved :relative tonne. another todisplay'through the .monthpletter apertures various combinations of vomofnthletters eachncombination representing a 30;;single 'month `and simultaneously through the -'date.number aperturesl afplurality of date-Lnum- .xbersvrepresenting the ldays of that month.
23;.wn-:ia1calendar,;a rst member having; there- 3ina plurality o spaced apart date number-aper- 5ttureszandvaplurality of spaced apart monthf'letg.iterfapertures,:iat'least one 'of the month letter @apertures being vertically "offset with respect-to vat :leastxone of-the other monthl letter apertures; 'rand :a @second :member having a vplurality of gfzcolumns :of "date `numbers `there-on adaptedfto A apxto pressr againsttherrear of cardi2 .pressing ,it against.the=.inner"'face offthe coverfmember l.
is'fterfwi'th the ofisetmonth letter apertures and the letters inaanotherrow "being adopted to; register "With theother month letter apertures, said month `ulettersfbeing-spaced so thatinv each relative pos'sition ofrzthe members/some o said lettersfare .so Yfdisplayed i through -1 the Amonth" letter apertures aandasome areA concealed by the space between said aapertures, said members being Vmovable relative toronezanotherand said date numbers and month `r:letters Ybeing so arranged on the second member 13withrespect .to the'date number apertures and month letter apertures on the iirst member that then'iernbers maybe'moved relative to one an- -:other; to display through the month letter aperw-'fturesiyarious combinations of month letters and ceto conceal :other'letters so thatfeach combina- ;tionirepresents a single month only and simultaneouslytordisplay through the date-number aperturesza plurality' of datenumbers represent- ,fine Itheadaysfof that-month.
1:5 i. filn'acalendar; a'zrst member having: thereiniafpluralityroff, spaced*l apart date' number aper- Vtiireaza plurality of-'spaced` apartmonth letter -:apertnres,fgand a-"plurality oil; day indicia aperiatures; andxa" second member having :ai plurality lfofcolumns fof ,date ;.numbers thereon-:adapted `r"stoer-.egister :with the rldatej, numbery 4apertures 1in i'gtheiirstrfrnernberrai plurality: of letters representting :months adapted ,fto1 register with the month letter-.aperture :and Aspaced ,sozthat in; each .the,cmeznberssomexonsaidrl ters are displayed through the month'letter apersome are concealed by the space between said tures and some are concealed by the space beapertures, and a plurality of day indicia at the date number apertures a plurality of date nurnbers representlng the days 0f that month and bers representing the days of that month and through the day indicia apertures the days 00rthiough the day indicia apertures the days correspondmg to the dates 1n each column of dates responding to the dates 1n each column of dates. In e Calender, a first member haVlng there- 5. In a calendar, a nist member havmg there- 20 in a plurality of spaced apart date number aper- 1n a plurahty of spaced apart date number apertures, e plurellty 0f spaced apart month letter tures, some of said day indicia apertures being one '0f the month letter apertures, and a pluvertically offset relative to others; and a second g5 rell'ty 0f day indicia apertures; and a SeCOnd to register with the other day indicia apertures, 40 month letter apertures various combinations of month in each column of dates the irst member, and a plurality of letters repre- 6. In a calendar, a rst member having there- Sentlng months adapted to register With the in a plurauty of spaced apart date number apermonth letter apertures and spaced so that in each tures, a plurality of spaced apart month letter relative position of the members some of said numbers thereon adapted to register with the 65 second member With respect t0 the date aper- 1 `-played through the month letters apertures and 75v 9. In a calendar, a cover member having therein a plurality of spaced apart date number apertures and a plurality of spaced apart month letter apertures; a movable member having a plurality of columns of date numbers thereon, alternate dates in the columns being inverted, some of said date numbers being adapted to register with the date number apertures in the cover member when the movable member is in one position relative to the cover member and the inverted date `members being adapted to register with the date apertures in the cover member when the movable member is in reversed position, said movable member also bearing thereon above and below the columns of date numbers a plurality of letters representing months adapted to register with the month letter apertures; and means for movably and reversibly supporting the movable member behind the cover member, said columns and month letters being so arranged on the movable member with respect to the date number apertures and month letter apertures in the cover member that the movable member may be moved to display through the month letter apertures various combinations of month letters each combination representing a single month and simultaneously through the date number apertures a plurality of date numbers representing the days of the month, and when reversed to display other month letters and date numbers corresponding thereto.
10. In a calendar, a rst member having therein a plurality of spaced `apart date apertures and a plurality of spaced apart month letter apertures; a second member having a plurality of columns of date numbers thereon adapted to register withithe date number apertures in the rst member, and a plurality of letters representing months adapted to register with the month letter apertures and spaced so that in each relative position of the members some of said letters are displayed through the month letter apertures and some are concealed by the space between said apertures; andmeans for slidably and removably supporting the said members in juxtaposition, said columns and month letters being so arranged on the second member with respect to the date apertures and month letter apertures on the first member that the members may be moved relative to one another to display through the month letter apertures various combinations of month letters and to conceal other letters so that each combination represents a single month only and to display simultaneously through the date number apertures a plurality of date numbers representing the days of that month, the opposite side of the second member bearing date number columns and month letters for diierent months thereon adapted to register with the rst member similarly to the rst described side When the second member is turned over.
CHARLES P. POTTER.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 260,531 Caldwell July 4, 1882 704,208 Post July 8, 1902 1,052,000 Jacobus Feb. 4, 1913 1,066,642 Mohlin July 8, 1913 1,187,371 Nichols June 13, 1916 1,977,555 Hansen Oct. 16, 1934 2,131,482 Post Sept. 27, 1938 2,335,713 Vogel Nov. 30, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 23,059 Great Britain Oct. 9, 1912