US 2500280 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
arch 1950 s. FELDMAN 2,500, 80
COMBINATION CAP AND SUNSHADE Filed April 28, 1947 UINVENTOR. SA'Ml/EL ELDM/IN klTToRN'EY .,Patented Mar. 14, 1950 COMINA TION C AP AND SUNSHADE Samuel Feldman, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Felport Incorporated,
notation of New York New York, N. Y., a cor- Appllcation April 28, 1947; Serial No. 744,301
. l This invention relates to headwear and to eye-- shields worn thereon. l
An object of the invention is to provide a cap to the visor of which is attached an improved form of eyeshield which is movable into position in front of the eyes when needed, and which is retractable out of said position when not in use.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved type of eyeshield including a transparent main body portion formed of colored transparent sheet material, and means for securing said sheet to the visor of a cap, whereby the eyeshield may be kept in retracted position against the undersurface of the visor when not needed, and may be moved pivotally into position in front of the eyes for use to protect the eyes Still another object of the invention is to provide an improved form of eyeshield which is at.-
tachable to any cap visor, and which is simple in design, inexpensive to manufacture, attractive in appearance and easily manipulated.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description of a preferred embodiment thereof as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and in which,
Fig. 1 is a plan view of my improved cap and eyeshield as seen from below, the eyeshield being in retracted position, folded against the cap visor,
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional elevation take on line 22 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional elevation taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 1, showing the eyeshield in retracted and opened-out positions,
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3,
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary plan similar to that of 5 Claims. (01. 2-10) Fig. 1, and showing the cap as seen from below,
with its eye shield pivoted outward from the visor into eyeshielding position,
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary end view such as might be seen when looking along line 6-45 of Fig. 5,
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on line 1-1 of Fig. 5, and
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the cap, showing the eyeshield pivoted relative to the visor, into eye-shielding position. p
In the use of hats and caps, it has been found that the visor or peak does not normally give sufflcient shade to shield the eyes from the harmful effects of sun glare, and in addition does not shield them from specks of dust and dirt which might injure the sensitive eye surfaces. The present invention provides an eye shield which gives effective eye protection when needed, and which is so constructed that it may be retracted against the undersurface of the cap visor when not in use.
In order to understand clearly the nature of the invention, and the best means for carrying it out, reference may now be had to the drawings, in which like numerals denotesimilar parts throughout the several'views. V
As shown, there is a, cap of any usual design, having a cap crown or body generally indicated at II) which is formed of suitable fabric segments l2 stitched together along their abutting edges as at H, to form the head receiving recess l6 of the cap. The cap body-may have a headband stitched thereto along the lower peripheral margin thereof, to firmly engage the sides of the head, holding the cap securely thereon.
A cap visor 20, formed of any suitable material such as two layers of fabric spaced to receive a paperboard reinforcing sheet therebetween, may be secured to the forward marginal edge of the cap body In in any suitable manner, as by stitching it along line 22 to both the forward edge of the cap body and to the forward portion 24 of the headband. The headband portion 24 may be bent longitudinally along line 26 to form a 'channel overlapping the abutting edges of the cap body and visor.
A pair of stud posts 28 have axial bores formed therethrough, as best shown in Fig. 2, to receive rivets 30, the shanks of the rivets also extending through apertures 32 formed in the cap visor 20. It will be seen that the rivet II has an enlarged base flange 84 which cooperates with the base flange 38 on the stud post 28, to compress therebetween the material comprising the cap visor 28, so as to hold the stud posts 28 securely in position upon the visor. The outer end 38 of the rivet 38 is peened over as shown in Fig. 2, to hold the rivet securely in engagement with the stud post.
Each stud post has a spherical ball 48 formed therein, the ball being spaced from the post base flange 38. A bracket 42 has a pair of spaced ears 44 depending from opposite sides of one end portion thereof, each ear having a depression or recess 48 formed in its inner surface, to receive the rounded opposite sides of the ball 25, the ball being thus firmly gripped between the ears, and the bracket 42 being free to swivel upon the ball under the influence of additional force applied thereto for that purpose.
A rounded plate 48 is integral with the opposite end of each of the brackets 42, as best shown in Figs. 2 and 6, so as to overlie the marginal edge portion, 58 of the eyeshield 52. The shank of a rivet 54 extends through axially aligned apertures formed in the eyeshield 52 and the plate 48, as best shown in Figs. 2, 3 and 6, the rivet having opposite end flanges 58 between which the plate and eyeshield are securely clamped together. Tongues 58, which are integral with the plate 48, are bent around the edge of the eyeshield as shown in Figs. 2 and 6, for further structural rigidity.
The eyeshield 52 is preferably made of flexible sheet material which is transparent, and is colored in such fashion as to filter out the greater part of any harmful sunrays which might cause eyestrain or fatigue. The eyeshield is shaped as seen bent in Fig. l, and has a notch 60 formed in the forward edge thereof to receive the nose of the wearer. A reinforcing channel 62 of metal or other suitable material may be secured in overlapping relation to the rearward edge portion 64 of the eyeshield, as best shown in Fig.8.
1, and 7, to protect it from splitting or tearing. It will be seen that the eyeshield may be'worn in its retracted position, shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, where it is folded up against the undersurface of the cap Visor and out of the way, the brackets 42 pivoting on the stud balls 28 as the eyeshield is thus retracted. When the eyeshield is to be used, it is merely grasped with the finger or hand and ivoted on the stud balls 28 to the downhanging position shown in Figs. 5 and 6, and in dotted lines in Fig. 3. When moved to this position, it will be noted that the tendencyis for the eyeshield to assume a slightly curved position, as best shown in Fig. 5, whereas it is substantially plane when in retracted Position.
The universal joint action of the brackets 42.
gripping their respective stud balls 28, facilitate the assumption by the eyeshield of this curvature. This is illustrated graphically by examination of Figs. 1 and 5, wherein it will be seen that the axes of the brackets 42in Fig. l are forwardly convergent, whereas in the downhanging position of Fig. 5 they are forwardly divergent.
The eyeshield may also be removed from the cap ifsdesired, by merely unsnapping the brackets 42 from the balls 28, and may be replaced with shields of other colors if needed.
Although I have described a preferred embodiment of my invention in specific terms, it is to be understood that various changes may be posite end thereof for permanently securing said stud post to said visor, an eye shield, 11 pair of brackets, each of said brackets comprising a plate portion and a pair of spaced ears depending from opposite edges of said plate portion, each ear being provided with a depression on the inner surface thereof, and means for permanently attaching said brackets to said eye shield, said ball portions of saidstud posts being removably received and frictionally gripped between said ears, said ears being so constructed and arranged as to be flexible whereby to relieve strain of said bracket connections with said eye shield and thus prevent cracking of said eye shield.
2. An article of headwear having a body adapted to fit over the head of the wearer and a visor, a pair of stud posts, each stud post comprising a ball portion at one end thereof and means at the opposite end for permanently securing said stud post to said visor, an eye shield, a. pair of brackets, each of said brackets comprising a plate portion and a. pairof spaced ears depending from opposite edges ofsaid plate portion, each ear being provided with a depression formed in the inner surface thereof, and means for permanently attaching said brackets to said eyeshield, said ball portions of said stud posts being removably received between said ears and in said depressions to be frictlonally gripped between said ears whereby said eye shield may bemanually 'nfoved to any selected angular position with respect to said visor and to be frictionally maintained in such selected position.
3. An article of headwear according to claim 2 in which said brackets are disposed on opposite sides of the vertical axis of said visor and angularly inclined towards each other.
, 4. An article of headwear having a body adapted to fit over the head of the wearer and a visor,
a pair of stud posts, each of said stud posts having a base flange contactively overlying the lower surface of said visor and an axial bore, an aperture in said visor in axial alignment with said axial bore, a rivet extending through said bore and said aperture, said rivet having an enlarged base flange contactively overlying the upper surface of said visor and cooperating with said base flange on said stud post to hold said stud post permanently and securely in position on said visor,-
said stud post beingprovided with a ball portion at the free end thereof spaced from said stud post flange, an eye shield, a pair of brackets on said eye shield, each of said brackets comprising a first plate portion adapted to overlie the marginal edge portion of one surface of said eye shield, axially aligned apertures in said eye shield and said flrst plate, a rivet passing through said last named axially aligned apertures to permanently secure said bracket to said eye shield, a. second plate porton integral with and extending from said first plate portion, a pair of spaced ears depending from opposite edges of the furthermost end of said second plate portion, each ear being provided with a depression formed on the inner surface thereof, said ball portion of said stud post being reauo eao movably received and frictions-11y gripped between said ears, whereby said eye shield may be manually moved to any angular selected position with respect to said visor and to be irictionally maintained in such selected position.
5. An article of headwear according to claim 4 in which said first plate portion and said second plate portion of each of said brackets are angularly inclined with respect to each other.
, SAMUEL FELDMAN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
Number w Number Great Britain Aug. 6, 189'!