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Publication numberUS2502984 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 4, 1950
Filing dateJul 16, 1948
Priority dateApr 18, 1946
Publication numberUS 2502984 A, US 2502984A, US-A-2502984, US2502984 A, US2502984A
InventorsHelen Parmenter Enid
Original AssigneeHelen Parmenter Enid
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Umbrella
US 2502984 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 1950 E. H. PARMENTER 2,502,984

UMBRELLA Filed July 16, 1948 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 471/ P W ,I 72 I. hl 47 /7 /7 7 HHHHH Na 7 l a; W 1% BY APril 1950 E. H. PARMENTER 7 2,502,984

UMBRELLA Filed July 16, 1948 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

Patented Apr. 4, 1950 UMBRELLA Enid Helen Parmenter, Cape Town, Union of South Africa Application July 16, 1948, Serial No. 38,962 In Great Britain April 18, 1946 I Cl. 13520) 2 Claims.

This invention relates to umbrellas and the object of the invention is to provide an umbrella construction which will give the user additional protection against rain or snow as compared with umbrellas of the type generally used hitherto, and also to provide means for varying at will the degree of such additional protection.

With the type of umbrella in general use at the present time it is frequently found that the degree of protection afiorded is considerably reduced if conditions of wind and rain occur together, the rain in such case being blown underneath the umbrella. Holding the umbrella at an angle to the body of the user results in parts of the users body being completely unprotected whilst the reduction of the field of vision of the user is frequently a source of danger to himself and to others.

According to the invention an umbrella is provided wherein a transparent or partly transparent skirt is attached to the edges of the umbrella cover to form a shroud adapted to enclose the user, means being provided for extending or collapsing said skirt from or on to the umbrella cover and for varying at will the downwardly extending length of said skirt.

Also according to a further feature of the invention the stick of the umbrella is disposed eccentrically in relation to the cover, the ribs being correspondingly varied in length.

Reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings which show preferred form of construction of an umbrella according to the invention and in which Fig. 1 is a part sectional elevation of an umbrella showing the skirt extended.

Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 with the skirt collapsed,

Fig. 3 is an elevation of an umbrella in which the stick is eccentric to the cover; and

Fig. 4 is a side view partly in section of a part of a modified umbrella according to my present invention.

The umbrella is formed with a stick I provided with a handle 2, the ribs 3 being pivoted on a ring 4 adjacent the ferrule 5. Stays 5 are pivoted at one end to the ribs 3 and at the other end to a runner I slidable on the stick I, a spring catch 8 of the known type being provided for securing the runner I with the ribs 3 and stays 6 in the open position. Secured (e. g. by stitching) to the edges of the fabric 9 is a skirt II] which may be wholly or partly of transparent material.

A series of lacing eyelets II is attached to or secured in the skirt II) at points thereon corresponding to the positions of the ribs. Cords I2 are laced through the said eyelets H, one end of the cords being secured to the free edge of the skirt I0 or to an eyelet adjacent said edge. The cords pass through further guides or eyelets I3 secured to the ribs or to the fabric adjacent the ribs, through guides or eyelets l4 provided on or near the ring 4, and the free ends of the cords are secured to a ring I5 slida-ble on the stick I.

In use the ring I5 is moved axially along the stick I towards the handle over the spring catch I511 to collapse the skirt II), the latter folding concertina fashion as a result of the pull on the cords I2. The collapsed skirt may then be folded within the fabric 9 of the umbrella when the umbrella is in the closed position. When the umbrella is opened the ring I5 is moved axially towards the ferrule 5 to allow the skirt I 0 to extend downwards from the edge of the cover 9. Weights I"! may be attached to the skirt to assist the unfolding of the skirt -ID from its creases.

In the form of construction shown in Fig. 3 the stick I is disposed eccentrically in relation to the cover 9, the ribs being correspondingly varied in length as can be seen from the drawing. Where the rain is falling substantially vertically the narrower part of the cover will be to the front of the user, the wider portion affording full protection for the back. If the rain is coming at an angle to the vertical the umbrella is turned so as to present the wider portion of the cover towards the direction from which the rain is coming.

The skirt I0 may be formed entirely of transparent Woven textile or other material, or it may consist of the same material as the fabric 9 provided with a series of inserted panels of transparent material. The skirt or the said transparent panels may conveniently be formed of synthetic plastic material such as polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene or cellulose acetate, either in the form of thin flexible sheets or fabric composed of woven threads of such materials.

Instead of fastening as shown in Figure 2 the free ends of the cords I2 to the ring I5 they may as shown in Figure 4 pass through eyelets I8 provided on the ring IS, the free ends 2| of the cords 20 being taken up and secured to the ring 22. In this way, a considerable length of skirt material can be extended or collapsed with only a small movement of the ring 19.

It is to be understood that the term transparent skirt as used in the claims appended hereto covers both a skirt which is wholly trans- 3 parent and a skirt only part of which is transparent.

I claim:

1. An umbrella. comprising, in combination with the cover and stick thereof, a transparent skirt adapted to form a shroud around the user, securing means uniting said skirt at its upper edge to the periphery of said cover, and operating means for said skirt comprising a series of cords, fixing means attaching the cords at one end at different points around the bottom of the skirt, an operating member slidable on the stick of the umbrella, attachment means connecting the other ends of the said cords to the said operating member, means on said skirt whereby said cord is laced from bottom to top of said skirt, guide means whereby each cord is conducted from the top of said skirt inwardly beneath said cover and down said stick to its attachment to said operating member, a spring catch on said stick for holding said operating member in its position corresponding to the retracted or folded-up condition of said skirt, and weighting means on said skirt whereby it is extended to its depending or unfolded condition automatically on release of said operating member from said spring catch.

2. An umbrella according to claim 1, in which the operating means comprises a series of cords, fixing means attaching the cords at one end at different points around the bottom of the skirt,

a draw member slidable on the stick of the umbrella, attachment means connecting the other ends of the said cords to said stick at or near the top end thereof, means on said skirt whereby said cord is laced from bottom to top of said skirt, guide means whereby each cord is conducted from the top of said skirt inwardly beneath said cover, then down said stick, through said draw member and up said stick to said attachment means, in order to give a greater movement of said skirt for any given movement of said draw member, a spring catch on said stick for holding said draw member in a position corresponding to the retracted or folded-up condition of said skirt, and weighting means on said skirt whereby it is extended to its unfolded condition automatically on release of said draw member from said catch.

ENID HELEN PARMENTER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS 5 Number Name Date 44,482 Clarke Sept. 27, 1864 101,165 Rodgers Mar. 22, 1870 229,752 Ray July 6, 1880 30 1,072,340 Liljegran Sept. 2, 1913

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US44482 *Sep 27, 1864 Improvement in umbrellas
US101165 *Mar 22, 1870 Improved canopy for bedsteads
US229752 *Jul 2, 1878Jul 6, 1880 Richard eat
US1072340 *Aug 28, 1912Sep 2, 1913Ernest W LiljegranTree-protector.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3095886 *Aug 23, 1960Jul 2, 1963Dubuque Awning & Tent CoWeather shield
US3151621 *Nov 5, 1962Oct 6, 1964Jackson Cadores MUmbrella shield
US3452765 *May 31, 1966Jul 1, 1969Slaton Joyce MDevice for protection against inclement weather
US3802451 *Feb 3, 1972Apr 9, 1974Morris GInflatable weather shield
US4022233 *Aug 25, 1975May 10, 1977Grundman Erwin WVenetian umbrella
US4978110 *May 14, 1990Dec 18, 1990Lin Muh QFire protection unbrella
US5664595 *Sep 20, 1994Sep 9, 1997Vonderhorst; Eric JohnScreen apparatus positionable atop an umbrella for transportable personal protection from flying insects
US5806547 *May 9, 1997Sep 15, 1998Derlinga; Thomas S.Combination umbrella and gazebo
US5941261 *Oct 31, 1994Aug 24, 1999Shade Structures Pacific Pty Ltd Et CeteraConical tension membrane structure
US6009891 *Jan 16, 1998Jan 4, 2000North Shore Easy Living, Inc.Umbrella screen
US6698440Feb 15, 2001Mar 2, 2004Andrea Elgin BeyerUmbrella with chamber and transport for a canopeum
US7096875 *Feb 28, 2005Aug 29, 2006Zipjack Industries, Ltd.Animal umbrella
US7434591 *Jun 25, 2004Oct 14, 2008Church Godfrey BRain protection umbrella
US7503336 *Mar 19, 2007Mar 17, 2009Labarbera Salvatore JUmbrella featuring a vertically deployable sun shade
US8042561 *May 16, 2008Oct 25, 2011Linda Moravec VargaAuxiliary curtain
US8079378 *Feb 5, 2010Dec 20, 2011Thomas S DerlingaCombination umbrella and gazebo
US8887433 *Sep 9, 2011Nov 18, 2014Carl L LuttrullDecoy spreader
US20030098050 *Nov 28, 2001May 29, 2003Youth LeeUmbrella structure
US20050028451 *Aug 6, 2003Feb 10, 2005Jennifer KnoeppWeather screen apparatus
US20050145272 *Feb 28, 2005Jul 7, 2005Martha Dubinsky-WitkowskiAnimal umbrella
US20060005871 *Jun 25, 2004Jan 12, 2006Church Godfrey BA rain protection umbrella
US20080190468 *Mar 19, 2007Aug 14, 2008Labarbera Salvatore JUmbrella featuring a vertically deployable sun shade
US20090283120 *Nov 19, 2009Linda Moravec VargaAuxiliary curtain for use with an umbrella
US20120066951 *Sep 9, 2011Mar 22, 2012Luttrull Carl LDecoy spreader
US20120273016 *Nov 1, 2012Joseph B. PandakUmbrella auxiliary screen
US20140360542 *Nov 5, 2013Dec 11, 2014Andrea Elgin BeyerCovering System with Canopeum Deployment
USD738101 *Dec 9, 2013Sep 8, 2015Miranda Leigh PildesFinial
USD745774 *Dec 2, 2011Dec 22, 2015Miranda Leigh PildesHandle
EP1799939A2 *Jun 27, 2005Jun 27, 2007Godfrey B. ChurchDevice for rain protection
WO1998050650A1 *Apr 27, 1998Nov 12, 1998Thomas S DerlingaCombination umbrella and gazebo
Classifications
U.S. Classification135/33.7, D03/5, 135/33.2, 135/16
International ClassificationA45B25/00, A45B25/18
Cooperative ClassificationA45B25/18
European ClassificationA45B25/18