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Publication numberUS2503333 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 11, 1950
Filing dateJun 11, 1948
Priority dateJun 11, 1948
Publication numberUS 2503333 A, US 2503333A, US-A-2503333, US2503333 A, US2503333A
InventorsGyles Alfred R
Original AssigneeGyles Alfred R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bedspring
US 2503333 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 11, 19.50 A. R. GYLEs 2,503,333

BED SPRING I Filed June 11, 1948 Patented Apr. 11, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BEDSPRING Alfred R. Gyles, Liberty Grove, Md.

Application J une 11, 1948, Serial No. 32,365

7 Claims.

My invention relates to bed springs, and more particularly to a bed spring comprising a pair of vertically-spaced frame members spanned by horizontally-disposed suspension members and including a plurality of individual springs interposed between the frame members and/or the suspension members to resilently support the frame members in verticallywspaced relation. Particularly, the spring according to the invention comprises a flexible mattress-supporting surface which is yieldable at substantially any point, whereby to permit the spring and mattress to conform to the contours of a person resting thereon.

With the foregoing in view, it is an object of my invention to provide an improved bed spring of the class described.

A further object is to provide an improved bed spring which includes a plurality of spaced individual springs connecting upper and lower frame members, said springs being xed to one frame member and slidable on the opposed frame member.

Other objects and advantages reside in the particular structure of the invention, combination and arrangement of the several parts thereof, and will be readily understood by those skilled in the art upon reference to the attached drawing in connection with the following specification, wherein the invention is shown, described and claimed.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary plan view of a bed spring showing the invention applied thereto;

Figure 2 is an edge elevation thereof;

Figure 3 is an enlarged perspective view showing the individual spring structure;

Figure 4 is a fragmentary elevational view showing a supplemental spring element;

Figure 5 is a View like Figure 4, but taken at right angles thereto and with parts broken away and shown in longitudinal vertical section;

Figure 6 is a horizontal sectional view taken substantially on the plane of the line 6 6 of Figure 5;

Figure 7 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional View showing a detail of the spring element of Figure 3.

Referring specilically to the drawing, wherein like reference characters have been used throughout the several views to designate like parts, I0 designates generally a bed spring according to the invention which comprises an upper rectangular frame Il and a similar lower rectangular `frame I2. Each frame II and I2 is connected together by a plurality of spaced transverse suspension members I3 which are preferably parallel to each other. Likewise, each frame includes a plurality of longitudinally-extending suspension members I4 which are likewise spaced and parallel. The suspension members I3 and I4 cross each other to provide intersections I5. As best seen in Figures 3 and 7, the suspension members I3 and I4 are of channeled Configuration to provide horizontally-disposed webs I6 and vertically-disposed side flanges I'I. As best seen in Figure 7, at each intersection l5, the side iianges Il of one of the suspension members are cut away to provide aligned notches I8 receiving the intersecting suspension member therein with the webs I6 of the intersecting members abutting. Preferably, the formation of the notches I8 is staggered at alternate intersections I5. Thus, at one intersection I5, the notches will be formed in a longitudinal suspension member I4, while at the next intersection of the same longitudinal member I4, the notches will be formed in the transverse suspension member I3. However, in the vertically-aligned intersections I5, and as clearly shown in Figure 3, it is preferred that the notches I8 be not alternated. Thus, in Figure 3, the notches I8 are formed in the longitudinal suspension member I4 in both instances. This structure permits vertical exing at each intersection I5 in both the upper and the lower frame. However, by alternating the notches at alternate intersections, no one set of suspension members is materially weakened and, also, each suspension member is flexible despite its channeled configuration at one 0r more points along its length. Moreover, it is preferred that the abutting web IB at each intersection I5 be iixedly secured together in any suitable manner, as by being spotwelded to each other and/or riveted to each other.

Each intersection I5 of the upper suspension members I3 and i4 has secured to the under side thereof the apex of an inverted V-shaped spring I9. Said spring has a pair of downwardlydiverging legs 2I`, the free ends of which are slidably received in the upwardly-directed channel of a suspension member I4 of the lower frame. Likewise, at each intersection I5 of the lower suspension members there is secured the apex of a substantially V-shaped spring 20. The springs 23 are identical to the springs I9 except for their reversed position and include diverging legs 22, the free ends of which are slidably received in the downwardly-directed channels of the transverse upper suspension members I3. Thus, the springs I9 and 20 are offset to a degree 3U are staggered in adjacent suspension mem-- bers I4 whereby there is a spring 30 between every,-

other pair of adjacent intersections I5. Obviously,

instead of placing the auxiliary springs 3D. on the:

longitudinal suspension members, they could be located on the transverse suspension members I3 or partially on the transverse suspension members and some on the longitudinal frame members. The auxiliary springs 30 lare best seen inl Figures 4, 5 and 6, and comprise an upper sleeve 3| including an upper end interposed between the flanges Il of an upper suspension member I4. and pivotally connected to such flanges by means of a horizontally-disposed pivot 32 spanning such flanges. The sleeves 3| may be rectangular in cross-section, as shown, and opposite sides thereof are provided with longitudinallyextending slots 33. plementary to the sleeve 3|, is slidably received therein. Each plunger 34.includes a lower end extending axially outwardly of the sleeve 3|. Such lower end is pivotally connected between the flanges Il of a lower suspensionmember i4 by means of a pivot 35 spanning such flanges. Each plunger 34 includes a pair of laterally oppositely-directed lugs 36 which are slidable in the slots 33 of the sleeves 3|. A compressive coil spring 3l is interposedbetween the upper end 4of each plunger 34 and the pivots 32 for the sleeves 3|. The upper and lower ends of the sleeves 3| and the plungers 34, respectively, are. ipreferably rounded, as at 38 and 39, and, as= shown, in View of the fact that the pivots 32 and 35 are parallel, limited lateral displacement of the upper frame l and lower frame I2 is permitted by the arrangement.

It follows from the foregoing that each upper and lowerframe includes intersecting suspension members of .channeled configuration, whereby the suspension members are rigid between thev Thus, each suspension member comprises alternate rigid and vertically-flexible por tions, each intersection comprisesa rigid por-- notches I 8.

tion of one frame member and a vertically-nexible portion of an intersecting frame member, and the rigid and exible portions of adjacent transverse and adjacent longitudinal suspension members are staggered, whereby each adjacent intersection is flexible on a different suspension member. members of channeled configuration, with the channels facing each other, means are provided.

Consequently, while I` have shown and de;l

A plunger 34, which is corn-Y Likewise, by forming the suspensionv scribed what is now thought to be a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is to be understood that the same is susceptible of other forms and expressions. Consequently, I do not limit myself to the precise structure shown and described hereinabove except as hereinafter claimed.

I claim:

l. A bed spring, comprising an upper frame and a similar lower frame, each frame including a plurality of spaced and parallelsuspension members extending longitudinally' ofthe frame and a plurality of spaced and parallel suspension members extending transversely of said frame to provide a plurality of intersections with said first-mentioned suspension members, means resiliently mounting said frames in verticallyspacedrelation with like intersections of each frame vertically aligned, said means comprising a plurality of V-shaped springs each including a pair of converging legs providing an apex and free ends, there beingl an apex of a spring secured to each intersection of each frame,V opposed springs of aligned intersections being angularly offset to correspond to the angularity of said-intersections, and the free ends of the springs `of each frame slidably engaging opposed suspension members of the other frame.

2. A bed spring, comprising an upper frame and a similar lower frame, each frameincluding a plurality of spaced and parallel suspension members extending longitudinally of the frame; and a plurality of spaced and parallel suspension members4 pension members of each frame being. formed with longitudinal channels facing the other frame, and Said free ends of saidsprings .of each frame` being slidably seated in said vchannels of the op-.

posed suspension -membersofthe other frame.

3. A bed spring, comprising an upper: frame and a similar lower frame, each frame including.

a plurality of spaced and parallel, suspension members extending longitudinally ofy the frame and aplurality of spaced. andjparallel suspension members extending transversely of said frame to provide a plurality of .intersections with said rstmentioned suspensionmemb'ers, means resilientlymounting said, frames` in verticallyspaced. relation with like intersections ofleachframevertically aligned, said means comprising aplurality of V-shaped springs each .includingA a pair of converging legs providing an apex and'free ends,.

there being an apex of a spring. secured'to each intersection of each frame, opposed. springs of aligned intersections being angularly offset to cor-v respond to the angularity of. said intersections, all ofjsaid suspension membersbeing. of channeled 'configuration providing horizontal webs and` vertical side-flanges, the flanges of. onesuspension member at each intersectionbeing formed:

to provide notches receiving the intersecting:sus-v pensionmember therein with webs `ot the intera. sectng suspension membersabutting, said notches: permitting. Vertical flexing, of one suspension. ,memberat each intersection,.andfsaid freeendsy of said springs of each frame being slidably seated in said channels of the opposed suspension members of the other frame.

4. A bed spring, comprising an upper 'frame and a similar lower frame, each frame includingA a plurality of spaced and parallel suspension members extending longitudinally of the frame and a plurality of spaced and parallel suspension members extending tranversely of said frame to provide a plurality of intersections with said rstf mentioned suspension members, means resiliently mounting said frames in vertically-spaced relation with like intersections of each frame verf tically aligned, said means comprising a plurality of V-shaped springs each including a pair of converging legs providing an apex and free ends, there being an apex of a spring secured to each intersection of each frame, opposed springs of aligned intersections being angularly offset to correspond to the angularity of said intersections,

said suspension members of each frame being formed with longitudinal channels facing the other frame, said free ends of said springs of each frame being slidably seated in said channels of the opposed suspension members of the other frame, compressive coil springs connecting said suspension members between said intersections, a pair of telescoping sleeves surrounding said coil springs, and means connecting each sleeve of each pair to an opposed suspension member.

5. A bed spring, comprising an upper frame and a similar lower frame, each frame including a plurality of spaced and parallel suspension members extending longitudinally of the frame and a plurality of spaced and parallel suspension rnembers extending transversely of said frame to provide a plurality of intersections with said rstmentioned suspension members, means resiliently mounting said frames in vertically-spaced relation with like intersections of each frame vertically aligned, said means comprising a plurality of V-shaped springs each including a pair of converging legs providing an apex and free ends, there being an apex of a, spring secured to each intersection of each frame, opposed springs of a Pair 0f telescoping sleeves surrounding said coil springs. and horizontal pivots pivotally connectingy each sleeve of each pair to an opposed suspension member.

6. A bed spring, comprising an upper frame a similar lower frame, each frame including a. plurality o! spaced and parallel suspension members extending longitudinally of the frame and a plurality of spaced and parallel suspension members extendingtransversely of said frame to provide a plurality of intersections with said first-mentionedr suspension members, means resiliently mounting said frames" in verticallyspaced relation with like intersectionsl of each frame vertically aligned, said means comprising a plurality of y-shaped springs each including a pair of convergingvv legs providing an apex and free ends, there being an apex. of a springsecured to each intersection of each' frame, opposed springs of alignedintersections being angularly offset to correspond to the angularity of said in tersections, the free ends of the springs of each frame slidably engaging opposed suspension members of the other frame, said suspension members each including alternating rigid and vertically-iiexible` portions, each intersection comprising a :dexible portion of one suspension member and a rigid portion of an intersecting suspension member, and the rigid and iiexible portions of adjacent parallel suspension members being staggered whereby each suspension member is alternately rigid and exible at successive intersections.

7. A bed spring, comprising upper and lower frames, each frame including a plurality of longitudinal and transverse suspension members disposed in intersecting relation to provide a plurality of intersections, the intersections of said upper and lower frames being vertically aligned, compressive springs interposed between said vertically-aligned intersections for resiliently supporting said upper frame in vertically-'spaced relation to said lower frame, said suspension members each including alternating rigid and vertically-iiexible portions, each intersection comprising a flexible portion of one suspension member and a rigid portion of an intersecting suspension member, and the rigid and flexible portions of adjacent longitudinal suspension members and adjacent transverse suspension members being staggered whereby each suspension member is alternately rigid and flexible at successive intersections.

ALFRED R. GYLES.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 88,070 Partello Mar. 23, 1869 1,248,671 Kelley Dec. 4, 1917 1,286,607 Hammrich Dec. 3, 1918 2,068,996 Smith Jan. 26, 1937 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 90,056 Germany Jan. 9, 1897 574 Great Britain A. D. 1877

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US88070 *Mar 23, 1869 Improved spring-bed bottom
US1248671 *Nov 3, 1916Dec 4, 1917William H KellyShock-absrobing spring device.
US1286607 *Jul 8, 1918Dec 3, 1918Joseph F HammrichBed-spring.
US2068996 *Mar 14, 1935Jan 26, 1937Smith George EShock absorber
*DE90056C Title not available
GB187700574A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2541468 *Oct 3, 1949Feb 13, 1951Stephen L WoodSpring cushion with telescopic frame
US2621340 *Feb 16, 1949Dec 16, 1952Slumber Products CorpSpring assembly
US2968818 *Dec 16, 1958Jan 24, 1961Petersen Earl LResilient supporting structures
US3680157 *Dec 19, 1969Aug 1, 1972Hoover Ball & Bearing CoFrame for box spring assembly
US5332202 *Feb 6, 1991Jul 26, 1994The Ohio Mattress Company Licensing And Components GroupPneumatic member and related attachment elements for cushions, seats, foundations and the like
US5414874 *Mar 30, 1994May 16, 1995The Ohio Mattress Company Licensing & Components GroupAttachment member for spring or spring-like element
US5435023 *Mar 30, 1994Jul 25, 1995The Ohio Mattress Company Licensing And Components GroupWire grid attachment member for cushions, seats, foundations and the like
US5720471 *Jun 7, 1995Feb 24, 1998The Ohio Mattress Company Licensing & Components GroupLow profile composite material bedding foundation system and methods of manufacture
US5893330 *Jul 10, 1997Apr 13, 1999Emery Properties, Inc.Suspension apparatus
US6354577 *Mar 2, 1999Mar 12, 2002Sealy Technology LlcComposite material spring modules with integrally formed attachment fittings
US6406009Jul 12, 2000Jun 18, 2002Sealy Technology LlcFlexible support structure with composite material spring modules mounted directly on frame members and related assembly equipment and methods-microtek III
US6729610Jan 17, 2002May 4, 2004Sealy Technology LlcElevated composite material springs with attachment fittings
US6996865 *May 20, 2004Feb 14, 2006Sabin Jeffrey MMattress structure
WO1992014621A1 *Feb 5, 1992Aug 7, 1992Ohio Mattress CoPneumatic member and related attachment elements for cushions, seats, foundations and the like
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/246, 280/124.179, 5/255, 5/247
International ClassificationA47C23/00, A47C23/04
Cooperative ClassificationA47C23/04
European ClassificationA47C23/04