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Publication numberUS2503441 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 11, 1950
Filing dateJul 20, 1945
Priority dateJul 20, 1945
Publication numberUS 2503441 A, US 2503441A, US-A-2503441, US2503441 A, US2503441A
InventorsKamm Jack Bart
Original AssigneeKamm Jack Bart
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vertical slat blind construction
US 2503441 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 11,, 1950 J. B. KAMM VERTICAL SLAT BLIND CONSTRUCTION 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 20, 1945 April 11, 1950 J. B. KAMM VERTICAL SLAT BLIND CONSTRUCTION 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 20, 1945 Jae/2% Patented Apr. 11, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT' OFFICE 9 Claims.

The invention relates to an adjustable blind of the type in which control of light and vision is governed by the position and arrangement of a plurality of vertically disposed slats.

It is another object to provide a blind which is simple and inexpensive to manufacture and conveniently constructed and in which the slats I may be adjusted either as to their spaced arrangement over the opening or to their angle of rotation.

Further objects and advantages will be apparent from the following description and the drawings appended thereto.

In the drawings, in which like reference characters refer to like parts:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a view taken on lines 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a plan view of the supporting frame construction;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged, expanded view in perspective of the bottom portion construction of one of the outside slats;

Fig. 5 is a side elevational view in section of the construction shown in Fig. 4; and

Fig. 6 is a detailed view of the hanger pin assembly.

In the preferred embodiment of the invention as illustrated in the drawings. the adjustable blind Ill comprises supporting frame II having a plurality of slats l2 extending downwardly from the frame. The supporting frame It includes slot is which may be formed by securing frame members l4 and I! together with fastening means is with washer l'l secured between the members. The supporting frame II is oi sumcient dimensions to be secured to the top and between the sides of a window frame. The supporting frame II is secured adjacent to the sides of an opening such as a window frame by means of brackets l8 including fastening means IS.

The slot I3 is of suflicient width to accommodate hanger pins 2| which extend through the slot and support slats l2. The hanger pins 2! are supported on the supporting frame and within slot l3 by means of flexible spacer.

22 which may be a fabric tape, ribbon, or the like Openings 23 are provided in t V flexible spacer for supporting the hanger p 1 l y; means of the en larged upper portion 22 of the pin. The openings 23 are spaced equidistantly along the length of the spacer, the distance between the openings being equal to the desired space between slats l2. Adequate support of the hanger pins by the spacer 22 may be insured by surrounding openings 23 with metal eyelets 25 which have an outer diameter suflicient to engage both edges of the slot and an inner diameter of a size that will engage upper enlarged portion 24 of the hanger pins. One end of the flexible spacer 22 is secured to supporting frame II as by fastening means 25. I

Means for adjusting the spacing of the slats with respect to each other, such as cord 21, extends over the upper surface of the supporting frame I I and through the slot at either end of the frame over washers li. The cord 21 is secured to the end of the flexible spacer 22 at point 2| opposite theend of the spacer that is secured to the supporting frame.

slats l2 are supported on hanger pins by means of a hook portion 28 formed on the lower end of the pin. The hook portion 2a of the pin extends through opening 29 in the center of the upper portion of each slat.

In the operation of the adjustable window blind construction that has been described, the slats M are spaced between the sides of the window frame by pulling cord 21. To move the slats completely across the window, the portion of the cord adjacent the free end of the flexible spacer is pulled so as to draw the flexible spacer along the length of the supporting frame until the spacer is fully extended. At this point the slats are equidistantly spaced from each other completely across the window. To move the slats to one side of the window frame, the portion of the cord adjacent the secured end of the flexible spacer is pulled so as to fold the spacer and bring the slats adjacent to each other. Preferably a washer 30 as seen in Fig. 2 is placed on the hanger pin for at least the end slat to prevent binding of the slat against the frame during movement. I

To insure an angle of rotation of each of the slats I! that is uniform throughout the blind, spacer elements 32 are rotatably secured to the bottom portion of each of the slats at the opposite sides of its center line. The spacer element 32 may be similar to the element 32 or may be a flexible strip formed of two cords secured to-.

a,sos,441 V gather throughout the major portion of their length and separated periodically to form openings similar to buttonholes. The elements 32 may be secured to the slats by metal fittings 33 having enlarged lower portions 34 to enter the openings in the spacer element in the manner of buttons.

Each of the slats l2 adjacent the sides of the window frame carries a metal fitting 35 secured to the center of the bottom portion of the slat and having shank 36 extending below the slat. The shank 36 is adapted to extend rotatably, through an opening 38 in a latch bar 31 which is offset to clear the pins 33 as shown. The latch includes tongue 39 formed perpendicularly to the main portion of the latch. The upper surface of the portion of the latch adjacent the slat may include a plurality of grooves 4| adapted to engage the bottom edge of the slat at any angle of rotation of the slat. The latch may be secured on shank 36 by fastening means 42 which may comprise a washer riveted on the end of the shank. To insure contact of groove portion 4| to the bottom edge of the slat, spring 43 may be provided with washer 42 and the latch to force the latch upwardly. The tongue 39 is adapted to engage fastening means 44 which are secured to the sides of the window frame.

The construction of the lower portion of the window blind is for the purpose of retaining the spaced arrangement of the slats across the window in the desired angle of rotation. In utilizing this construction after the slats are spaced across the window by pulling cord 21, tongues 39 of the latches are engaged with fastening means 44,

thereby drawing cords 32 taut between the slats. The slats are then rotated to the desired angle by turning any desired one of the slats, the bottom edges of the end slats rotating over grooves 4| of the latch. After the slats have been adjusted, the desired angle of rotation is maintained by the grooves 4| being forced against the bottom edges of the slats by spring 43.

The fully extended spacing of the upper portion of the slats is insured by the use of a friction lock 45 having hook portion 46 and opening 41. The rope is threaded through the opening 41 and engages the look at a point where flexible spac'er 22 is taut when the hook portion 46 is engaged with fastening means 44.

To install a window blind according to the invention it is necessary only to cut the frame members to length and to secure them together with the spacers l1 between them. A section of tape 23 provided with eyelets 25 may then be tacked at one end to the frame and the hanger pins 2| inserted. The slats with the fittings 33 and 35 secured thereto may then be cut to length and punched at their upper ends to receive the hanger pins. Thereafter the guide cords 32 may be cut to length and installed, the latches 31 may be attached to the end slats, and the pull cord I! attached to complete the assembly. It will be seen that these operations can all be easily performed by hand on the job without requiring measuring and factory fabrication and also that the blind can easily be disassembled for cleaning.

The above detailed description is given for purposes of illustration and the invention is to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. An adjustable window blind which comprises a supporting frame having a slot extending lengthwise of the frame, a flexible spacer positioned over the slot and having a plurality of openings therein, one end of the spacer being secured to one end of the frame, a'plurality of hanger pins supported on the frame and extending through the openings of the spacer and through the slot, a plurality of slats respectively supported on the pins and extending downwardly from the frame, and means secured to the free end of the spacer for adjusting the spacing of the slats.

2. An adjustable window blind which comprises a supporting frame having a slot extending lengthwise of the frame, a flexible spacer positioned over the slot and having a plurality of openings therein, one end of the spacer being secured to one end of the frame, means extending through the spacer for supporting a plurality of slats below the frame, a plurality of slats supported on said means and extending downwardly from the frame, and means secured to the free end of the spacer for adjusting the spacing of the slats.

3. An adjustable window blind which comprises a supporting frame having a slot extending lengthwise of the frame, a flexible spacer positioned over the slot and having a plurality of openings therein, one end of the spacer being secured to one end of the frame, a plurality of hanger pins supported on the frame and extending through the openings of the spacer and through the slot, a plurality of slats rotatably supported respectively by the pins and extending downwardly from the frame, means secured to the free end of the spacer for adjusting the spacing of the slats with respect to each other, a guide element pivotally secured to the bottom ortion of each of the slats, and means secured to the center of the outside slats for holding the slats in spaced position.

4. In an adjustable window blind, a supporting frame having a slot extending lengthwise of the frame. a perforated flexible spacer positioned over the slot and having one end secured to one end of the frame, hanger pins extending through the perforated spacer, slats supported on the pins and extending downwardly from the frame, and means for adjusting the spacing of the slats.

5. In an adjustable window blind, a hanger pin assembly which comprises a flexible spacer having a plurality of openings therein, means for supporting the spacer along each edge, a plurality of hanger pins extending through said openings. and a plurality of slats supported on said pins and extending downwardly therefrom.

6. In an adjustable window blind, a hanger pin assembly which comprises a flexible spacer having a plurality of openings therein, eyelets secured around the openings of the spacer, means for supporting the eyelets, a plurality of hanger pins extending through the eyelets, and a plurality of slats supported on said pins and extending downwardly therefrom.

7. In an adjustable window blind having a plurality of vertical slats, a latch assembly which comprises a fitting secured to the center of the bottom portion of an end slat and having a shank extending below the bottom edge of the slat, a latch pivotally secured on the shank and having a plurality of grooves in its upper surface to engage the lower edge of the slat, said latch having a tongue adapted to engage fastening means mounted adjacent said end slat, and a spring secured on the shank below the latch forcing the grooves into engagement with the bottom edge of the slat.

8. A blind comprising a supporting frame having a slot extending lengthwise of the frame, said supporting frame being adapted for mounting in the upper part of an opening, a flexible spacer positioned over the slot and having a p1u-- rality of openings therein, one end of the spacer. being secured to one end of the supporting frame; a plurality of hanger pins supported on the supporting frame and extending respectively through the openings of the spacer and through the slot, a

plurality of slats rotatably supported on the pinsrespectively and extending downwardly from the supporting frame, means secured to the free end. of the spacer for adjusting the spacing of the.

slats, a spacer element pivotally secured to the bottom portion of each of the slats, and means mounted adjacent the sides of the blind and cooperating with the spacer element to hold the slats spaced from each other when the blind is in fully extended position.

9. An adjustable blind comprising a series of vertically extending rotatable slats, a pair of flexible spacer elements connected to the slats adjacent their bottom ends and at opposite sides of their center lines, a pin secured to the central lower part of an end slat of the series, and an arm mounted on the pin and frictionally engaging said end slat yieldingly to resist rotation thereof for connection to a fixed part adjacent the blind thereby yieldingly to hold the slats in a selected angular position.

JACK BART KAMM.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1841065 *Mar 6, 1929Jan 12, 1932Lester S SimonAdjustable light and ventilating screen
US2165669 *Aug 27, 1937Jul 11, 1939William WadeShade
US2188575 *Sep 17, 1938Jan 30, 1940John A MclennanWindow blind
US2386695 *Oct 21, 1944Oct 9, 1945Lister-Torsen AkselWindow blind
CH14482A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2556942 *Jun 30, 1949Jun 12, 1951Christian J ReimullerSliding slat drape
US2604159 *May 18, 1950Jul 22, 1952Henry N WrightVertical blind
US2717035 *Aug 26, 1953Sep 6, 1955Fred A GrothAttaching means for vertical venetian blinds
US2759534 *May 25, 1953Aug 21, 1956Walter A HarjuVertical slat venetian blind
US2807322 *Feb 8, 1954Sep 24, 1957Andrew J TotiVertical slat venetian blind suspension
US2828817 *Oct 30, 1952Apr 1, 1958Harry ShapiroVenetian blind construction
US2871934 *Nov 13, 1956Feb 3, 1959Clair I HullVenetian blind stabilizer
US3079988 *May 23, 1962Mar 5, 1963Green MartinVenetian blind
US3251400 *Sep 3, 1963May 17, 1966Krull AndreasStructure for mounting vertical blind slats
US3312273 *May 19, 1966Apr 4, 1967Adam Richard LDrapery traversing apparatus
US3921694 *Apr 10, 1973Nov 25, 1975Gerald GalexVertical venetian blinds
US4485599 *Mar 15, 1983Dec 4, 1984Guy PerradinProcess for making a false ceiling and false ceiling made by carrying out said process
US5168913 *Mar 26, 1991Dec 8, 1992Elkhart Door, Inc.Vertical blind assembly
US5626177 *Jun 7, 1995May 6, 1997Hunter Douglas Inc.Control and suspension system for a vertical vane covering for architectural openings
US5819833 *Apr 24, 1996Oct 13, 1998Hunter Douglas Inc.Control and suspension system for a vertical vane covering for architectural openings
US6076588 *Jan 15, 1998Jun 20, 2000Hunter Douglas Inc.End cap for headrail in a covering for an architectural opening
US6755230Apr 16, 2002Jun 29, 2004Hunter Douglas Inc.Powered control system for a covering for architectural openings
US20120212977 *May 31, 2010Aug 23, 2012Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.Apparatus and system for separating space
US20140096918 *Oct 9, 2012Apr 10, 2014John Vander HorstSystem and method for preventing vertical blinds from tangling
Classifications
U.S. Classification160/172.00V, 160/900
International ClassificationE06B9/36
Cooperative ClassificationE06B9/368, Y10S160/90
European ClassificationE06B9/36H