US 2503707 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 11, 195o Filed April 8, 1946 f2 Sheets-Sheet l NAf/5 :au i "A L INVENTOR. f l f7 Mzzz'aw ,5mm/y,
April 11, 195o W. T. BRAMAN CONVERTIBLE TOY 2 sheets-shet 2 Filed April 8, 1946 Patented Apr. 1l, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT GFiFiCiE CGNVERTIBLE 'TQY William Braman, Newark, J.
Application ,April .8, 1946, 'Serial No. 660,574
1 Claim. ".1
This linvention relates to toys; and the invention has reference, A111.011@ particularly. to a I1.0V.el construction .oi convertible .toy adapted to 'be 1.0.10- tionally .arranged to simulate different forms of transport conveyances.
The invention 'has Vfor an object to provide a novel construction of convertible QY adapted, `in one arrangement of its parts, to `simulate'a `surface craft or vehicle, such e. g. as aboat or automobile, and, in another arrangement of .its parts, to simulate an aeroplane.
The invention has for another object rto provide a convertible :toy of .the kindmentioned vcomprising a surface .conveyance simulating 'body having movable jparts incorporated therewith adapted, when collapsed, to be con-lined and ysubstantially concealed Within 4,the body 'interior so as to merge with the external contours thereof, whereby the surface conveyance simulating appearance of the body is not substantially altered thereby, but which, when extended, lare adapted to form exteriorly projected and Iproperly positioned Wing and tailportions, whereby the body is converted to simulate aeroplane appearance.
Other objects of this invention, not at this time more particularly enumerated, W-ill be understood from the Afollowing detailed description of the same.
`Illustrative embodiments of the invention yare shown in the accompanying drawingain which:
Fig. l is a side elevational view `of a convertible toy according to the invention, the body of "which .simulates ,in form that of a boa-t or Water craft, the movable parts being disposed in vcollapsed positions; Fie` 2 is a horizontal sectional view, taken on line 2.-2 inlig,` 1, but drawn on an enlarged scale, and Vwherein the movable parts are shown by lbroken lines in collapsed positions, and by .full lines in extended positions which convert the toy to its aeroplane simulating appearance; Fig. .3 is a longitudinal sectional View, taken on line 3-3 in Fig. 2; and Fig. .4 .is Va perspective View .oi the toy as arranged to simulate an aeroplane appearance.
Fig. 5 is a side elevational view of the convertible toy in a form thereof wherein the body simulates that of an automobile or land vehicle, the movable parts being disposed in collapsed positions; Fig. y6 is a side elevational View with the movable parts extended to convert lthe 'toy 'to its aeroplane simulating appearance; and Fig. '7 is a horizontal sectional View, taken on lines l-l in Fig. 6, the movable lparte being shownv by 'broken lines in collapsed positions.
Similar characters ci reference are employed in the hereinabove described Niews, .to :indicate corresponding parts. i
Referring to Figs. 1 to il inclusi-ve, the lbody .o'lz fthe toy, inthe ,term therein .-shown, ,is .shaped vl.to simulate bthe appearance Eof a `baat or vWater :cra/it, and to ythis endcomprises .a hull ysection Ml and deck section Ill which issiiperposed upon `and Vvsuitably secured :to .said :hu-ll section. rThe top of said hull section 1.1.0 fis lout :away lto .provide a rearwardly Open longitudinal chamber I2 :beneath :said .deck section fil. *Ehe opposite side Walls :i3 nf .said chamber f1.2 Aare pierced to provide iaterallelongaftednpenines M. At'ithe rearward .or stern :end portions thereof., 'both ,the 'fbull section .lu ,and :decksection 5H are :out away at ,opposite .sides to :provide inwardly onset lateral receivincr seats 1:5 which intersect the rearward 'or sternwandend of the hull :section chamber i142. Extending between said seats :l5 is fa transverse slot t5 coincident with :the plane ci the bottom .of :said hull .section chamber i2.
Mounted in said section ,chamber i2, tor in and out .sliding 4immiement relative to .the .section ili, :is ,alslide member l1. The `rearvv.ard portion of .said slide member @Il :is out xawvay 'to :provide an opening 18, :andfis shapedto ,simulate the appearance of :an .aeroplane tail section i9, which includes ,a :transverse stabilizer simulating section 20. Extending right angulazrly to the respective sides v,of said stabilizer vsection '.20 are rudder lsinnrlating sections i211, which :are 4:ou-ttvardlyzoffset from the sideswof said ,slide :meinfber. Formed :in connection 4vwith lhnll :section 1.6, inwardly of the transverse :slot I6 an upf standing, centrally positioned stop member or Apost 22, which extends through the, opening i8 of the slide member l 'Bivotally .connected ait l2.3 to the inner .end or nose .of said slide member l?? :are the respective inner end-s of va ypair nf ioppositely =1disposed ,aero- Plane wings simulating members. `2 t.. `nach ,said lWingfrnember .24 provided fin its; :inner end portion, and disposed in :outwardly offset .relation to. its pivotal .connection with the. slide l:member l1, `with a movement guiding slot 2.5. VEach said guide slot 21.5 .cooperates with a stationary guide pin .2.6; `said ,pins being .aixed :to the hull section .Ml .for :upward extension through said vslots 25. Said wing merli-bers .2.4 are .dis-posed kin the yplanes :of the elongated lateral openings is which theside Walls J3 of the. null section chamber .l2 are provided, whereby to be vnutwardlt Proiectible through saidopen-ings :14,
When the :slide Ineirlber 1 1- is slid forwardly within the .hull `section chamber l2., the wing members y2li will-be. caused to swing .inwardly about the pivotal connection 23 thereof with said slide member I'I, such in-swinging movements thereof being properly directed and controlled by the slot and pin connections 25-26. By the time the slide member I'I reaches the limit of its inward sliding movement into the hull section chamber I2, the wing members 24 will be wholly withdrawn into the hull section interior, and disposed therein in longitudinally extending positions, with their forward longitudinal marginal portions lodged within the openings I4, and arranged substantially flush with the eX- ternal sides of the hull section, thus closing said openings I4. When the slide member I'I reaches the limit of its inward movement into the hull section chamber I2, the tail section I9 and stabilizer simulating section at the rear thereof will be telescoped into said chamber I2, and at the same time the rudder simulating sections 2I will be moved into the receiving seats I5, thus merging the same with the stern end portion of the hull section. It will therefore be obvious that, under such collapsed condition of the movable parts of the toy, the aeroplane simulating features thereof will be entirely withdrawn into and merged with the h-ull section, so that the conventional appearance of a boat or water craft is attained (see Fig. 1).
To convert the toy from its conventioal boat or water craft appearance to an appearance simulating that of an aeroplane, the slide member VI 4is longitudinally withdrawn from the stern end of the hull section I0 until stopped by abutment of the forward or inner end margin of its'opening I8 against the stop member or post 22. Said 'outward movement of the slide member II projects the tail section I9, together with the stabilizer section 20 and rudder sections 2I, to exteriorly extended relation to the stern of the hull section I0. At the same time, the rearward movement of the slide member I1 out-swings the wing members 24, as guided by the slot and pin connections -26, through the openings I4 of the hull section Ill, and thence to laterally projected transverse extension from the sides of said h-ull section, all whereby the toy is converted to an aeroplane simulating appearance (see Fig. 4)
In Figs. 5 to l inclusive is shown a modification of the invention which provides the convertible toy in a form shaped to simulate the appearance of a land vehicle, such e. g. as an automobile, which, by manipulation of associated movable parts may be converted to simulate the appearance of an aeroplane. To this end, the toy comprises a main body suitably designed to present a streamlined automobile body shape, provided with forward wheels 3 I Said body 30 is provided in its lower part with a rearwardly open slideway 32, and laterally open wing housing chambers 33. Longitudinally slidable within said slideway 32 is a slide member 34, the rear portion of which is adapted to provide an aeroplane simuwhich extends a stationary stop member or post 39 with which the body 3l! isprovided. Pivotally connected at 4I) to the inner end of said slide ymember 34 are the respective inner ends of a pair of oppositely disposed aeroplane wing simulating members 4I. Each said wing member is provided at its inner end portion, and disposed in outwardly offset relation to its pivotal connection with the slide member 34, with a movement guiding slot 42. Each said guide slot 42 cooperates with a stationary guide pin 43; said pins being afxed to the body 30 for upward extension through said guide slots.
When the slide member 34 is slid forwardly into the body 30, the wing members will be caused to swing inwardly, so as to be withdrawn into the wing housing chambers 33 ush with the external sides of the body 3U, and at the same time the stabilizer sections 35 will be telescoped into the rear end of said body 30, thus giving the toy the automobile appearance (see Fig. 5). To convert the toy from said automobile appearance to an appearance simulating that of an aeroplane, the slide member 34 is longitudinally withdrawn from the rear end of the body 3D until stopped by the stop member or post 39. Such outward movement of the slide member 34 projects the rear end portion thereof, and the stabilizer and rudder sections connected therewith, into outwardly extended relation to the rear end of the body 3D, while at the same time such rearward movement of the slide member 34 outswings the wing members 4I to laterally projected transverse extension from the sides of the body 30, all whereby the toy is converted to an aeroplane simulating appearance (see Figs. 6 and 7) The broken lines in Fig. 'I show the closed position.
. I am aware that various changes could be made in the convertible toy structure of this invention without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claim. It is therefore intended that all4 matter contained in the foregong description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
A convertible toy comprising a body simulating a surface type of transportation conveyance, a longitudinal slide member housed within said body subject to outward extension therefrom, means to limit outward extension of said slide member, the outer end portion of said slide member being shaped to simulate the tail structure of an aeroplane, wing members pivotally connected with the inner end of said slide member, said body having lateral openings in its opposite sides to accommodate said wing members, and cooperative pin and slot connections between said wing members and body adapted to guide swine,-
Iing vmovements of the former, said wing members `being inswung into the body interior and to longitudinally folded relation to said slide member when the `latter is moved into said body interior and outswung t0 transversely extended projection respectively from opposite sides of said body when said slide member is outwardly withdrawn, whereby, in the latter case, to convert the toy from the appearance of said surface type conveyance to that of an aeroplane.
WILLIAM T. BRAMAN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this ipatent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,538,562 Koshalko May 19, 1925 2,272,643 Peters et al Feb. 10, 1942