|Publication number||US2503938 A|
|Publication date||Apr 11, 1950|
|Filing date||Feb 13, 1947|
|Priority date||Feb 13, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2503938 A, US 2503938A, US-A-2503938, US2503938 A, US2503938A|
|Inventors||Davis Jr Malcolm I|
|Original Assignee||Barbara B Davis, Murice M Wallace, Thomas Wallace|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (10), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 11, 1950 M. l. DAVIS, JR
BABY SUPPORT FOR USE IN BATHTUBS Filed Feb. 15, 1947 m 0 Va T m M m w 7. a M QM 6 Patented Apr. 11, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BABY SUPPORT FOR USE IN BATHTUBS Malcolm I. Davis, Jr., New York, N. Y., assignor of twenty per cent to Barbara B. Davis, New York, N. Y., and twenty per cent to Thomas Wallace, IV, and twenty per cent to Muriel M. Wallace, both of Woodbridge, Conn.
Application February 13, 1947, Serial No. 728,361
This invention relates to a baby support for use in a bathtub.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide a baby support for use in a bathtub, the primary characteristics of which will be simplic ity, practicability, and durability. Another object is to provide a device of the above character which will be neat and attractive in appearance. Another object is to provide a device of the above character which will be strong and well able to withstand continuous, hard usage. Another object is to provide a device of the above character, the manufacture of which will be economical both from the standpoint of labor and materials used. Another object is to provide a device of the above character which may be used in any bathtub having a smooth bottom. Still another object is to provide a device of the above character which may be easily and quickly attached to or removed from a bathtub. A still further object is to provide a secure and safe device of the above character for supporting and holding a baby in a sitting position in a bathtub. Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangements of parts, all as will be illustratively described herein, and the scope of the application which will be indicated in the following claims.
In the accompanying drawing in which is shown one of the various possible embodiments of this invention,
Figurel is a perspective view of the baby support for use in a bathtub; Figure 2 is a side elevation of the support shown in Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a front elevation of the support shown in Figure 1; and,
Figure 4 is a top plan of the support shown in Figure 1.
Similar reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the several views of the draw- 1118.
As conducive to a clearer understanding of certain features of this invention, it might here be pointed out that certain difliculties have been experienced with devices of this type in the past which are used to support a baby in a bathtub from the age of six months until it is able to support itself. In bathing a baby of this age, if a support is not used, it is necessary to support the baby with one hand while washing the baby .with the other. This is awkward. and dimcult to do because the baby is wet and slippery and there is always the chance that the baby may slip from the mothers hands with the possibility that the baby may be injured bystriking the side or bottom of the bathtub. One of the main difliculties with supports now in use is that their frameworks do not permit ready access to the body of the baby for washing and also prevent a baby from moving freely when it is playing in the bathtub. Furthermore, supports now in use are not securely attached to the bathtub which is dangerous because if a support becomes loose from the bathtub, it may upset and the ,baby may be injured. Accordingly, it is another object of this invention to provide a baby support for'use in a bathtub which ailords maximum accessibility to the baby when it is being bathed, permits the baby a maximum of freedom of movement, and is securely attached to the bathtub.
Referring now to Figure 1, the support includes a back rest, generally indicated at [0, supported by legs, generally indicated at [2, l3, and I4. Back rest I0 is curved longitudinally to fit the body of the baby, and to make it comfortable and safe, its upper and lower edges Illa and lb are curved rearwardly. Back rest [0 is secured to an upwardly extending portion l3a (Figure 2) of leg [3 by a pair of rivets l5 and It or other suitable means. From portion I30. leg 13 extends rearwardly, curves downwardly, and thence forwardly to form a portion l3b. Portion [3b of leg I3 is secured by nuts l1 and ill to a pair of bolts, similar to bolt I9 (Figure 3) which are embedded in rubber suction cup 20 and extend through holes (not shown) in portion l3b. Suction cup 20 is preferably of substantial size so that it will securely grip any surface to which it is attached. The particular shape of leg I3 is of importance as the greatest strains are placedupon the support when a baby moves forwardly with respect to back rest Ill. By curving the leg l3 downwardly and thence forwardly, all strains resulting from such movement of a baby upon suction cup 20 are substantially in line with the vertical axis of the cup which is the direction in which the cup is able to withstand the greatest strain.
Legs l2 and [4 are the legs of a U-shaped element, the center portion 2| (Figure 3) of which is connected to leg l3 by rivets 22 (Figure 4) or other suitable means. The lower ends of legs 12 and I4 extend outwardly to form portions l2a and M0, by means of which these legs are connected to suction cups 23 and 24 which are similar in construction to cup 20. Portions [2a and Ma have holes therein through which bolts, such as bolt l9, pass. The heads of these bolts are embedded in suction cups 23 and 24, and the bolts and thus the cups are connected to portions I211. and Ma by nuts 25 and 26.
Portions 12a, I31), and 14a (Figures 2 and 3) of legs l'2', I 3, and H- lie in the same plane, and as cups; 20, 23., and 24 are of the same size, the bottoms of the cups all lie in one plane. When the device is mounted on a slightly curved or uneven surface, because of the resiliency of the cups and legs and because the support has three legs which form a tripod, the device adapts. itself to the curved or uneven surface, thus permitting the device to be securely attached to such a surface. This is in contrast to a support having four legs, which, if the surface is uneven or if one of the legs is bent, will not before attachment contact the surface with all its cups, and thus, if such a device is secured to such a surface, the support exerts a constant .pull upon one of the cups. Thus: the provision of three legs upon this support has definiteadvantages over supports now in use: which are attached to a surface at four points.
To secure the baby'to backrest ill, a belt 21 is provided. This belt is preferably made of woven cotton and: its two ends after passing through slots: 29 and so in back rest in, are fastened together behind the back rest. Any suitable device may be used for securing. the two ends of'the belt together, but the ends are preferably joined by means of a female snap fastener mounted on one end of the belt and a series of male snap fasteners 2s mounted on the other end of'the belt ail-spaced points. Thus, by connecting the female snap to different male snaps, the effective length of the belt may be made to fit the size of the particular baby with which the support is to be used and may be lengthened as the baby grows.
When it is desired to use the support, water is preferably first placed in a bathtub and then the support is mounted on the bottom of the bathtub by pressing downardly upon legs 52, i3, and M. Because'of their size, suction cups 20, 23, and 24 securely anchor legs i2, i3, and i4 and thus the support to the bottom of the bathtub. If the bottom of the bathtub is curved, the resiliency of the legs and the suction cups, and
the fact that the support has three legs, permit the support to be securely fastened to it. After the support is mounted in the bathtub, the baby is placed against back rest it, belt 2? is drawn tightly around the baby and the ends of the belt are fastened together behind the back rest by the snap fastener. With the baby thus held by the support, a maximum of access to the body of the baby is afforded which is of major importance to a mother bathing a baby. The support aIso gives the baby complete freedom for kicking, splashing and playing with its toys and at the same time safely and securely supports the baby so that it cannot injure itself.
It will thus be seen that a practical and efficient support for a baby in a bathtub has been disclosed in which the several objects hereinabove mentioned, as well as many others, are success-fully accomplished.
As many possible embodiments may be made of the above invention, and as many changes might be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter hereinabove set forth or shown in the accompanying drawing is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
1. In a device for supporting a baby in a bathtub or on any smooth surface, the combination of, a back rest, means for connecting a baby to said back rest, a framework including three legs, means for connecting said back rest to said framework, and a suction cup secured to each of said legs, said legs being in the form of a tripod and being positioned rearwardly of said back rest, the lower faces of said cups being positioned in the same plane, said cups being adapted to secure said framework to the bottom of a bathtub or to any smooth surface.
2. In a device for supporting a baby in a bathtub or on any smooth surface, the combination of, a back rest member, a framework member,
means for connecting said back rest member to said framework member, three suction cups secured to said framework member, said suction cups being positioned in the form of a triangle rearwardly of said back rest member, the lower faces of said cups being positioned in the same plane, two of said cups being positioned immediately rearwardly of said back rest member and. being spaced a substantial distance from each other, the other of said cups being positioned rearwardly of said first-mentioned cups and being aligned with the center of saidback rest member, and a belt connected to one of said members for connecting a baby to said member, said cup being adapted, to secure said framework member to the bottom of a bathtub or to any smooth surface.
3- In a device for supporting a baby in. a. bathtub or on any smooth surface, the combination of, a longitudinally curved backrest, means for connecting a baby to said backrest, a-framework including a u-shaped member and a member extending rearwardly and curving downwardly from the. center portion of said U-shaped member, means for connecting said members together, means for connecting said back rest to said framework, and a suction cup connected to the lower ends of each of the legs of said U-shaped member and to the lower end of said secondmentioned' member, the lower faces of said cups being positioned in the same plane.
4'. In a device for supporting and holding a baby in a bathtub or on any smooth surface, the combination of, a longitudinally curved back rest of substantial width, a framework positioned rearwardly of said back rest including a U-shaped member and a member extending rearwardly and curving downwardly from the center portion of said U-shaped member, means for connecting said members together, means for connecting said back rest. to said framework, a suction cup connected to the lower ends of each of the legs of said U-shaped member and to the lower end of said second-mentioned member, the lower faces of said cups being positioned in the same plane, means forming a pair of openings adjacent the ends of said back rest, an adjustable flexible belt having its ends extending through said openings, and means for connecting the ends of said belt together behind said back rest.
5. In a device for supporting and holding a baby in a bathtub or on any smooth surface, the combination of, a longitudinally curved back rest of substantial width, a framework positioned rearwardly of said back rest including a U-shaped member and a member connected to the center portion of said U-shaped member, said lastmentioned member including a portion extending upwardly behind said back rest, means connecting said portion to said back rest, said lastmentioned member also extending rearwardly from the center portion of said U-shaped member, curving downwardly, and thence extending forwardly, a suction cup mounted on the forwardly extending section of said second-mentioned member, a suction cup mounted on the lower ends of each of the legs of said U-shaped member, the lower faces of said cups being positioned in the same plane, said U-shaped member being transversely positioned with respect to said device immediately rearwardly of said back rest, the cup on said second-mentioned member being positioned rearwardly of the cups on said U-shaped member, and adjustable belt means for connecting a baby to said back rest, said cups being adapted to secure said framework to the bottom of a bathtub or to any smooth surface.
MALCOLM I. DAVIS, JR.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US9326641 *||Apr 2, 2015||May 3, 2016||Joan Murphy||Gated bath ring|
|U.S. Classification||4/572.1, 297/452.34|