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Publication numberUS2506502 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 2, 1950
Filing dateJan 5, 1948
Priority dateJan 5, 1948
Publication numberUS 2506502 A, US 2506502A, US-A-2506502, US2506502 A, US2506502A
InventorsElza Herrmann
Original AssigneeElza Herrmann
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Commode for use in airplanes, trailers, and the like
US 2506502 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 2, 1950 E. HERRMANN 2,506,502

COMMODE FOR USE IN AIRPLANES, TRAILERS, AND THE LIKE 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 5, I'L948 5F IHIIII j I) I I" I 44 47 46 6 e5 2 J, -29 3 a ,?7 46 25"" [Z R j i i L 4 INVENTOR. EZ7afier/"ma777z ATTD RN EYE May 2, 1950 E. HERRMANN 2,505,502

I COMMODE FOR USE IN AIRPLANES, TRAILERS, AND THE- LIKE Filed Jan. 5. 1948 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. 1223a, Her/ 7 2 2.

ATTD R N EYS May 2, 1950 E.- HERRMANN 2,506,502

COMMODE FOR USE IN AIRPLANES, 'TRAILERS, AND THE LIKE Filed Jan. 5, 1948 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 ATTD R N EYS May 2, 1950 E. HEERR ANN comaom: FOR USE IN AIRPLANS, TRAILERS, AND THE LIKE Filed J n; 5, 1948 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 R7 5 w w w mm ,m I .L \IE D .MWW M m 8 5 M i V .?J 4/ m w x w w m z Mf m 1 l WWI |11l W. fill II M 1 N Patented May 2, 1950 PATENT OF F I CE oo onn on USE IN 'AIVRPLANES,

TRAI ERS AND 'TH TLI .iilwHerrmwn. Ghe ra1 h Application J anuary 5, l9,48, serial N 0.485

sacks or plastic or othermaterialimpervious to moisture, and dumped into storage containers.

The purpose of this invention is to provide a commode 'adaptedfor use in traveling particularly in moving vehicles whereplumbing facilities are notavailable, and where direct dischargeis undesirable.

Various devices have been provided for accommodating travelers suchas lavatories, toilets, and the like on railroads, buses airplanes, and trailers,

and whereas discharge directly upon railroads is not objectionable it wouldbe objectionable on roadways or from airplanes. -With this thought in mind this invention contemplates a-dry toilet or commode in which all products deposited therein are sealed in individual packages that confine all odorsto the package, andthat may be deposited at regular stations for this purpose.

The object of this invention is to provide mechanically actuating instrumentalities that may be incorporated in a commode which will package and seal productsdeposited therein.

Another objeotof the invention toprovidea commode in which deposits therein may beinstantly sealed toprevent escape of odors.

Another object of the invntion is to provide means for crimping the open end of asack formed of material impervious to moisture together, after products have been deposited therein, and for sealing the sack.

A further object of the invention is to provide a dry commode for use in airplanes, trailers, and the like, whichis of va simple .and, e,conomical 7 construction.

Figure, 4, is a plan v viewof the commode with,

the seat forming the cover broken; away.

Figure 1 5 a lini e .,.p1 i i a -th p r i 'i .pesiii ne crim n the ppm ii i of a sack.

Figure 6 is a similar view on an enlarged scale and with parts broken away illustrating the crimping action of the arms.

--Figure 7 is a detailona still furtherenlarged scale showing a sealing staple and the actuating means therefor.

Figure 8 is a cross section through the com-. mode taken online 8-8 .of Figure 4 showing a sealed sack-inthe receiving hopper.

Figure-'9 is -a similar view-illustrating the sack deposited in a storage'container by which it may be removed from the commode.

{Referring now to the drawings wherein like reference characters indicate corresponding parts, the commode of this invention includes a box-like housing it, having a seat I forming a cover, with a receiving hopper formed of two sections I-2 and '13 positioned below an opening; 14 in the seat, and having a container or tray 15 positioned toreceive packages or sacks from the hopper- H Thehousing 'lfl is formed with a base 16 and end walls 11 andlB, a front l9, and a back 2 9, and the wall l! is providedwith a door 2| held by hinges {2 2 and'23and a latch 2 4. The tray or. container l5 may beremoved through the door. "2'! so that it maybe dumped 'at stations provided therefor, as may be desired.

In the upper part of the housing I'll-and spaced from, the upper end thereof is a horizontal partition 25 having a centrally disposed opening ,26 therein and the receiving: hopper is suspended in this opening. The section I2 of the hopper is provided withlaterally positioned brackets $27 and 28 which. are pivotally mounted onthe front and rear walls of th 'housingbypinsjfi andtfl, and

the section I 3 of the. hopper'is provided'with simiilar brackets El and '32 thatare pivotally mounted by pins 33 and 3 4. The sections of the hopper are providedwith outwardly extending arms 35 and .36 whichhave cup-shapdsocketsfl and 38 "in the ends thereof to receive 03111539 and ii! onrods 4 [and 42 that extend downward from theseat l I. The seat holds the receiving hopper closed through the rods 4| andjii and arms'35 and 3,6, as shown in Figure 8, and when the seat. is raised the arms 35 and 3d are released wherein the weight of-the package in the hopper actuates the sections to the dumpingposition shown in Figure 9 so that a sack or package 43 will drop into the tray I 5. The seat is hinged-to the housing' 'by hingesdand 45, as shown, and the weight thereof holds the seat closed and also holds the sections of the receiving hopper in the closed position, as shown in Figure 8.

In use, a'sheet of plasti 'or material impervious to moistura-ispressed downwardinto-the in which an eye 8% tioned.

receiving hopper and as products are deposited therein a knob 46 on an arm 4'! projecting from a ring 48 through a slot 49 in the front of the housing, is moved across to the opposite end of the slot and in this movement the upper edges of the plastic sheet are crimped together and sealed by a staple 50, as illustrated in Figures 5, 6, and 7. a

The ring '48 is pivotally connected by links 51, 52, and 53, to arcuate arms 54, 55, and 56, and the arms are pivotally mounted by pins 51, 56, and 59 to the horizontal partition 25. With the parts arranged in this manner it will be noted that as the knob 46 is moved across the front of the housing, from the position shown in Figure 4 to that shown in Figure 5, the upper edges of the material or sheet will be crimped into the relatively small area at the center and the staple 56 will be cinehed around the edges to seal the sack as shown in Figure 6.

Th staples are carried in a recess 66 in the arm 56, as shown in Figure 7, into which the staples are delivered from a magazine by a cam 61 as shown in Figure 4, wherein the cam is pivoted on a pin' 62 and held under an arm 63 by a spring 64. The staple magazine, as indicated by the numeral 65, extends upward from the partition 25 and the cam and spring are mounted in the lower end thereof. As the arm 56 moves outward to the position shown in Figure 4 a staple is forced over a lug 66 and deposited on fingers 61 and 68 that extend inward from the tips of arms 69 and in, which are pivotally mounted on pins H and 72 in the recess 66.

The arms 69 and it are resiliently held by outraised the sealed sack drops into the tray 15 as shown in Figure 9. a

V The partition 25 is provided with recesses '16 that receive the connections between the ends of the links 52, 53,.and the arms 65, 55, and 56, and the lug 661s provided with a recess 15 of the spring 15 is posi- With the parts arranged in this manner the commode, as shown in Figures 1 and 2, may be positioned in a compartment in an airship or trailer and as it is used the knob 36 may be 'moved from the position shown inFigure 4 to that shown in Figure 5, and the products deposited in the commode will be sealed in a plastic wrapper in the receiving hopper. As the seat is raisedthe sealed sack drops intothe lower .tray or storage container l5, and after another plastic wrapper is placed in the receivinghopper it is again ready for use.

Itwill be understood that modifications may be made in the design and arrangement of the .parts withoutdeparting from the spirit of the invention.

What is claimed is:- 1. In a commode, a seat having an opening therein, a receiving hopper positioned below the hopper, means for manually actuating the arms to a substantially closed position over the hopper for crimping the edges of a wrapper in the hopper together over the hopper, and means clinching a staple around the crimped edges of the wrapper.

2. In a commode, a seat having an opening therein, a supporting casing on which the seat is mounted, a receiving hopper positioned below the opening in the seat for retaining a wrapper, folding arms pivotally mounted in the casing and horizontally positioned around the upper edge of the hopper for crimping the edges of the wrapper in the hopper together, staple carrying means in one of said arms, means feeding staples to the said staple carrying means, and means positioning the staples in clinched relation over the crimped edges of the wrapper.

3. In a commode, the combination, which comprises, a casing, a seat having an opening therein mounted on the upper end of the casing, a split hopper in the casing below the seat positioned to receive products deposited in the opening in the seat, folding arms pivotally mounted on the hopper and positioned around the upper end thereof, a lever extending from the casing, means connecting the'lever to the arms for actuating the arms to crimp the edges of a wrapper in the hopper together, means also actuated by the lever for clinching a staple over the crimped edges of the wrapper, a receiving tray positioned below the hopper, and means actuated by pressure on the seat for holding the hopper closed which permits the hopper to open as the seat is released.

4. In a portable dry commode, the combination, which comprises, a box-like casing having a door in one side and a horizontally disposed partition spaced from the upper end, a seat having an opening therein hinged to the upper end of the easing forming a cover, an inverted conical shaped hopper formed in sections suspended in the partition and positioned below the opening in the seat, means pivotally mountingthe sections of the hopper on the walls of the casing, means connecting the sections of the hopper to the seat wherein the seat holds the sections in the closed position, arcuate arms pivotally mounted on the said partition, a ring mounted on the under side of the partition, links connecting the ring to the arcuate arms, an arm extending from the ring to the exterior of th casing providing means for manually actuating the arcuate arms for crimping the edges of a wrapper in the hopper together, staple carrying means on one of said arcuate arms, means feeding staples to the carrying means as the arms approach the open position, said staple carrying means adapted to clinch a staple over the crimped edges of a wrapper in the hopper to form a sealed sack from the wrapper, and a removable container positioned to receive sacks from the hopper. V

ELZA HERRMANN.

REFERENCES CITED 7 ihe following referenoesere of record in the file of this patent: V v V V PATENTS- Stevens Man 5, 19 40

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US226011 *Dec 8, 1879Mar 30, 1880 William j
US1210186 *Aug 20, 1913Dec 26, 1916West Disinfecting CoCommode.
US2041187 *Oct 24, 1935May 19, 1936Janda Jeannette HSanitary toilet
US2192335 *Jan 14, 1938Mar 5, 1940Stevens Clarence DToilet device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3020559 *Jan 5, 1959Feb 13, 1962Res Products Mfg CompanyIncinerator toilet
US3381315 *Dec 2, 1965May 7, 1968P B M Parking CorpPortable child's toilet
US6351857Mar 13, 2001Mar 5, 2002Exact Sciences CorporationStool specimen collector
US6415455Dec 17, 2001Jul 9, 2002Exact Sciences CorporationStool specimen collector
US6427256 *Oct 26, 2000Aug 6, 2002Polyjohn Enterprises CorporationKnockdown portable toilet
Classifications
U.S. Classification4/473, 4/476, 4/483
International ClassificationA47K13/00, B60R15/04, A47K13/24, B60R15/00
Cooperative ClassificationB60R15/04, A47K13/24
European ClassificationA47K13/24, B60R15/04