|Publication number||US2506865 A|
|Publication date||May 9, 1950|
|Filing date||Mar 26, 1947|
|Priority date||Mar 26, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2506865 A, US 2506865A, US-A-2506865, US2506865 A, US2506865A|
|Inventors||Forrey Raleigh E|
|Original Assignee||Waterman Waterbury Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (2), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 99 1950 R. E. FoRREY ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATOR I Filedmarcn ze, 1947 Patented May 9, 1950 ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATOR Raleigh E. Forrey, Minneapolis, Minn., assignor to The Waterman-Waterbury Company, Minneapolis, Minn., a corporation of Minnesota Application March 26, 1947, Serial No. 737,350
(c1. 12s-3o) l 1 Claim.
My invention relates to improvements in articial respirators known colloquially as artificial lungs.
In the use of articial lungs for the treatment of poliomyelitis, particularly in the treatment of bulbar cases, where the lungs have co1- lapsed, it becomes desirable to perform a tracheotomy upon the patient while he is undergoing treatment within the respirator. Practicing surgeons have found it extremely difficult to perform these Windpipe operations, in order to force oxygen into the lungs, in respirators constructed according to the teachings of prior art. The reason for this is that the end plates through which the necks of the patients project, do not expose a suflicient portion of the patients neck to allow the surgeon to readily perform a tracheotomy. Recognizing this problem, prior inventors have pitched the neck-receiving Wall of the respirator casing slightly upwardly and backwardly in an attempt to expose more of the upper neck surface. However, there is a limit to the extent to which the entire neck-receiving wall can be so pitched because of the fact that excessive vpitching results in projecting the base of the casing out so far beyond the patients head and neck that it prevents doctors and attendants from getting as close as is desirable and necessary.
An important object of my invention is the provision of a respirator drum of convention length, which exposes suicient of the upper neck surface of a patient to readily permit a surgeon to perform a tracheotomy, and which is simple to build and rugged in construction.
Referring to the drawings, wherein like characters indicate like parts throughout the several views:
Fig. 1 is a View in perspective of a respirator incorporating my invention;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary cross section, taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; and
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view showing the interior of the respirator drum head.
Referring with greater particularity to the drawings, the numeral I indicates, in its entirety, a cylindrical respirator drum having suitable observation ports 2 and working manholes 3. The drum is supported by a frame 4 mounted on caster wheels 5.
Means for generating alternate positive and negative air pressures Within the drum I are of conventional design and include a motor 6 and a conventional pump, indicated in its entirety by the numeral The drum I is sealed at its foot end by an imperforate plate, not shown, and at its head end is provided with a radially outwardly projecting circumferential ange 8. A head, indicated in its entirety, by the numeral 9, is supported by caster wheel-equipped legs I!) and guided for axial movements into and out of engagement with the open end of the drum I by means of a guide rod II secured to a segmental cross-sectionally angular bracket I2 on the inside of the head 9. A supporting platform I3 is secured to the inner side of the head 9 for sliding movements therewith. The platform I3 is supported at its other end within the drum by means, not shown.
The removable head 9 includes a cylindrical side Wall I4 having at its inner end a radiallyprojecting circumferential ange I5 between which, and the flange 8 of the drum I, is interposed a sealing washer I6. A plurality of pivoted screw clamps Il secure the head 9 to the drum I to provide a seal. It will be observed that the cylindrical side wall I4 of head 9 is of a progressively less axial length from its base to the top thereof, whereby an end plate I8, secured thereto by welding or the like, is pitched rearwardly upwardly and backwardly with respect to the casing I. It will be seen, by reference to Figs. 1 and 2, that the end wall I8 is annular in form, generally outwardly-bulged, and is provided with an axial neck-receiving opening I9. An annular wall section 20 extends radially outwardly from the neck-receiving opening I9 and is flush with an annular outer end wall section 22 at its base, being preferably formed integrally therewith, but pitched upwardly and backwardly with respect thereto to provide a working recess. A gusset or wall section 2l connects the concentric end wall sections 20 and 22. Thus, it will be seen that the wall sections 20, 2 I, and 22 make up the composite end wall I8 which is entirely closed with the exception of the neck-receiving aperture I9. The end wall section 20 is provided with a exible resilient neck-engaging collar 23, which closely engages the neck of the patient to provide a seal thereabout. A pair of axially-projecting headsupporting rods 24 are secured to the end wall section 20, one on each side of the aperture I9. A suitable head-supporting device 25 is supported by the rods 24 for supporting the patients head.
It will be seen, particularly by reference to Fig. 2, that the backward slope of the annular section 20 exposes suiiicient of the throat area of a patient to allow adequate working space for a surgeon to eiectively perform a tracheotomy.
My device has been thoroughly tested by numerous surgeons during the 1946 poliomyelitis epidemic in Minnesota and has been found to be completely satisfactory for the accomplishment of the above objects and has satisfactorily filled a heretofore unlled need.
What I claim is:
In a device of the class described, a horizontallydisposed respirator drum having a, generally outwardly bulging butv upwardly and rearwardly pitched end' Wall, said end wallr comprising* rigid inner and outer annular concentric Wall sections, the inner section of which is provided with a con@ centric neck-receiving opening, said inner wall: section being ush With the outer Wall section at its base and being pitchedy upwardly and rearwardly with respect thereto to provide ai Working recess, a segmental axially-extended' wall section connecting said inner andouter annu-lar Wall section, a pair of axially outwardly-project ing rods secured to the inner end wall section, one
on each side of said neck-receiving opening, and
head-supporting means carried by said rods.
RALEIGH E. FORREY.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the iile of this` patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1906844 *||Nov 27, 1931||May 2, 1933||Walter G Chick||Artificial respirator|
|US2060706 *||Mar 23, 1936||Nov 10, 1936||John H Emerson||Variable pressure therapeutic apparatus|
|US2195744 *||Dec 26, 1939||Apr 2, 1940||Emerson John H||Artificial respirator|
|US2240830 *||Dec 26, 1939||May 6, 1941||John H Emerson||Artificial respirator|
|US2289881 *||Jun 21, 1941||Jul 14, 1942||Mallory William E||Therapeutic treatment apparatus|
|US2308630 *||May 23, 1941||Jan 19, 1943||Warren E Collins Inc||Duplex respirator|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2678646 *||Mar 19, 1951||May 18, 1954||Drager Otto H||Sealing device for apparatus for artificial respiration|
|US5306244 *||Feb 28, 1991||Apr 26, 1994||Surgical Systems & Instruments, Inc.||Method of guidewire insertion|
|International Classification||A61H31/00, A61H31/02|