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Publication numberUS2507248 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 9, 1950
Filing dateFeb 22, 1945
Priority dateFeb 22, 1945
Publication numberUS 2507248 A, US 2507248A, US-A-2507248, US2507248 A, US2507248A
InventorsDe Swart Jan
Original AssigneeShellmar Products Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dispensing closure for containers
US 2507248 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 9, 1950 J. DE SWART DISPENSING CLOSURE FOR CONTAINERS Filed Feb. 22, 1945 Patented May 9, 1950 2,507,248 DISPENSING CLOSURE, Fort CONTAINERS Jan de Swart, Los Angeles, Calii'., assignor, by

mesne assignments, to Shellmar Products Corporation, Mount Vernon, Ohio, a. corporation of Delaware Application February 22, 1945, Serial No. 579,274

My invention relates to dispensers. more particularly to dispensers for collapsible tubes or similar containers for paste-like materials.

Among the objects of my invention are:

First, to provide a dispenser which may be made entirely of plastic material.

Second, to provide a dispenser which may be molded integrally with a collapsible container should the container itself be molded of plastic material.

Third, to provide a dispenser which incorporates a novel valve element initially sealed in such a manner that upon squeezing the container, internal pressure may be exerted sufficient to break the seal so that the contents may be forced out, the valve being so arranged that it automatically closes when pressure on the contents is relieved.

Fourth, which, although capable of construction in the form of a screw cap on conventional collapsible containers, entirely eliminates the need of a closure which must be removed and replaced each time the contents is used.

With the above and other objects in view as may appear hereinafter, reference is directed to the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a full size side view, partially in section, of one form of my dispenser.

Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view thereof of the structure shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional view of the closure cap before assembly.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged end view of the body member before assembly.

Figs. 5 and 6 are further enlarged fragmentary views showing particularly the valve elements in their initially sealed positions and their open positions, respectively.

Fig. 7 is a side elevational-view of a modified form of my dispenser with an integral collapsible tube shown fragmentarlly.

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary side view at right angles to Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is an exaggerated sectional view of the valve elements taken through 9-9 of Fig. 8, showing by solid lines the initial closed and sealed position and by dotted lines the open position thereof.

Fig. 10 is a fragmentary elevational view of a further modified form of my dispenser.

Fig. 11 is an enlarged sectional view thereof through |I--II of Fig. 10.

Fig. 12 is a plan view of the dispenser body shown in Figs. 10 and 11 before assembly.

1 Claini. (Cl. 222-494) Fig. 13 is an enlarged plan view of a still further modification of my dispenser with a portion of the closure member broken away.

Fig. 14 is a fragmentary sectional view through Il-It of Fig. 13.

With reference first to the construction shown in Figs. 1 through 6, my dispenser includes a tubular body I which, in this instance, is provided with screw threads 2 for attachment to a conventional collapsible container. The other or extended end of the body I is provided with an axially directed channel 3 surrounding the bore of the body I. The channel 3 is interrupted by a lip portion 4.

A cap 5 is provided which is equipped with an arcuate or partial skirt 6 adapted to fit within the channel 3. The cap 5 between the peripheral extremities of the skirt 6 forms a flexible lip I.

The cap 5 is adapted to be placed over the end of the body I with its skirt 6 extending into the channel 3 and its lip 1 mating with the lip portion 4 of the body.

The body I and cap 5 are preferably molded of plastic material. A plasticizer 8, adhesive, or other material adapted to cause the cap 5 and body I to bond together, is applied to the skirt 6 and channel 3 as well as the margins of the cap, so that upon assembly the body and cap are permanently joined. The lips 4 and I engage in lineal or edge to edge contact so that a very thin and hence weak line of plasticizer or adhesive seals the two lips together as indicated by 9 in Fig. 5. The bond is such that internal pressure of the contents of the co'lapsible container and body I may be employed to break the seal 9 and permit the lips 4 and I to function as a valve which opens to permit discharge of the contents in ribbon form when the container is squeezed and closes when such pressure is relaxed.

Reference is now directed to the construction shown in Figs. '7, 8 and 9. In this form of my dispenser a body I I is formed of plastic material. In this instance the body II is shown as constituting an integral part of a collapsible container I'2, being joined to the container proper by a flange I3. The walls of the collapsible container are quite thin and flexible, whereas the walls of the body II are made relatively thick, therefore relatively still.

The body I may be essentially acorn-shaped, preferably with a blunt wedge-like tip H. One

side of the body I may be provided with a U- shaped slit I5, the cross portionof which borders the tip I. The portion of the body embraced by the slit I5 forms a flexible lip- I6, the thicknoes oi which:is materially less than the remaining portion of the body-ll.

Initially the margins of the lip it are sealed to the body II. This may be accomplished by a plasticizer or adhesive "as in the first described structure, or the body I may be so molded that the U-slit [I is initially deflned by a groove or channel molded in the body I and of such depth that the remaining web Joining the lip 18 to the body is extremely thin. Such remaining web may be so thin that squeezing pressure on the collapsible container may be employed to open the U-shaped slit by forcing the lip l8 outwardly.

While the construction shown in Figs. '7, 8 and 9 is disclosed as being integral with a collapdble container, it should be observed that such construction may be arranged for a screwthread connection to a conventional collapsible container in the manner of the body I shown in Fig. 1. Conversely, the body I may be'molded integrally with a collapsible container in the manner of the body ll.

Reference is now directed .to the construction shown in Figs. 10, 11 and 12. In this construction a body 2! is provided, which may be arranged for a screwthread connection or may be integrally molded with a collapsible container, or otherwise bonded as by an adhesive or the like to a collapsible container. The body 2| is tubular and provided with an external flange 22. The outer surface of the flange 22 defines a slightly dished face 23 having a central hole 24 preferably of smaller diameter than the normal bore of the body 2|. The face 23 of the flange 22 is interrupted by a radial channel which forms a mouth 2 5.

A cover p ate 25 fits over the face 23 and is provided with a central boss 21 which flts in the hole 24. The rim of the cover plate surrounding the boss 21 is flexible, and that portion which extends over the mouth 25 forms a flexible lip 23. The cover plate 26 and body 2| are formed of plastic material and are bonded together by a plasticizer or adhesive, or the like 29. The bond between the rim of the cover plate 28 and the face 23 is permanent. The extremity of the flexible lip 28 is in edge to edge or lineal engagement with the radial extremity of the flange 22 across the mouth 25, so that the bond therebetween is limited in area, and therefore easily broken or ruptured by any suitable means. This may be convenienty accomplished by squeezing the tube to produce an internal pressure. In this case as in the first two arrangements, the contents of the collapsible tube is discharged in the form of a ribbon.

Reference is now directed to Figs. 13 and 14. The construction herein illustrated is similar to the previously described construction, in that the body 4| is provided with a flange 42 and may be adapted for a screwthread connection or for integral connections to a collapsible container. The flange 42 is provided with a marginal rim 43 and radially inwardly of the rim 43 with a step 44. {in annular sealing surface 4! is defined between the rim 43 and step 44. A central hole 46 communicates with the bore of the body 4|. The sea ing surface 45 is interrupted by a shallow radial channel which forms a mouth 41. A cover plate 48 fits within the flange 42 and seats against the sealing surface 45. A plasticizer 4! or the like bonds the cover plate 48 to the sealing surface 45. That portion of the cover plate which extends. over the mouth 41 is in lineal contact therewith and forms a flexible lip 50. The bond between the lip 50 and mouth 41 being lineal, is readily ruptured by internal pressure.

Many other embodiments of the invention may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention.

I claim:

In a container having a flexible body terminating in a relatively stifl neck portion, said neck portion being provided with an axial bore and having an axially directed channel surrounding said bore, said channel being interrupted to provide a lip portion having a relatively thin outer edge, a cap member of flexible plastic material having 9, depending skirt permanently secured in said channel, said skirt being interrupted at one side to provide a laterally directed lip portion for cooperation with said lip portion on said neck to form a dispensing passageway, the lip portion of said cap being relatively thin and extending in closing relation over said passageway, the thin edges of said container lip portion and said cap lip portion being initially joined in line contact by an adhesive which is readily rupturable upon applying pressure to the contents in the flexible body of the container.

JAN on SWART.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,825,553 Smith Sept. 29, 1931 1,881,488 Gleason Oct. 11, 1932 1,989,715 Statham Feb. 5, 1935 1,991,126 Stevenson Feb. 12. 1935 2,067,196 Lateur Jan. 12, 1937 2,107,226 Weston Feb. 1, 1938 2,325,921 Salflsberg Aug. 3, 1943

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1825553 *Nov 15, 1926Sep 29, 1931Arthur E SmithContainer closure
US1881488 *Jul 10, 1931Oct 11, 1932Gleason George ASelf-closing cap for collapsible tubes
US1989715 *Sep 8, 1932Feb 5, 1935Noel StathamSelf-sealing valve
US1991126 *Sep 12, 1933Feb 12, 1935Stevenson Boyd LClosure
US2067196 *Mar 23, 1935Jan 12, 1937Gaston LateurDispensing container
US2107226 *Jul 28, 1936Feb 1, 1938Royal Weston SydneySqueeze tube cap
US2325921 *Oct 31, 1942Aug 3, 1943Ivers Lee CoComposite package
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2679331 *Apr 5, 1952May 25, 1954Purex Corp LtdDispensing container
US2700491 *May 11, 1953Jan 25, 1955Bottomley Edward PSelf-sealing dispenser cap
US2733843 *Jan 21, 1952Feb 7, 1956 Seroko
US2851201 *Feb 1, 1955Sep 9, 1958Edward J PoitrasAutomatic vent stopper
US2913749 *Mar 19, 1958Nov 24, 1959John M WittkeApplicator for pressurized package
US3915331 *Dec 5, 1973Oct 28, 1975Chenault Bert RusselNon-spill cover
US3951313 *Jun 5, 1974Apr 20, 1976Becton, Dickinson And CompanyReservoir with prepacked diluent
US4421255 *Oct 31, 1980Dec 20, 1983Joachim CzechDispenser for pasty products
US4789082 *Dec 22, 1986Dec 6, 1988Sampson Renick FContainer discharge control
US4938390 *Jul 24, 1987Jul 3, 1990Markva Neil FLiquid storage container with dispensing closure
US5398853 *Jan 26, 1994Mar 21, 1995Latham; Peter A.Discharge nozzle
US7416223Jan 22, 2003Aug 26, 2008Michael SulmoneFire hose connection with a pressure relieving safety feature
US8261953 *Dec 8, 2008Sep 11, 2012Mcsavaney CraigBeverage container and closure
DE3033392A1 *Sep 5, 1980Apr 29, 1982Pfeiffer Kunststofftech GmbhVorrichtung zur ausgabe von pasteusen oder breiigen medien
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/494, 222/490, 222/541.4
International ClassificationB65D47/04, B65D47/20
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/2031
European ClassificationB65D47/20E2