|Publication number||US2508527 A|
|Publication date||May 23, 1950|
|Filing date||Feb 18, 1947|
|Priority date||Feb 18, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2508527 A, US 2508527A, US-A-2508527, US2508527 A, US2508527A|
|Inventors||Douglas Kline, Martin Leonora R|
|Original Assignee||Douglas Kline, Martin Leonora R|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (17), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
L. R. MARTIN ET AL DOOR HANGER Filed Feb. 18, 1947 i y May 23, 195o 24 E0/vom: 00u
IN VEN TORS R. MART/N GLAS KL//VE Patented May 23, 195.0
DOOR HANGER Leonora R. Martin and Douglas Kline, San Francisco, Calif.
Application February 18, 1947, Serial No. 729,242
8 Claims. (Cl. 211-114) The invention, in general, relates to supporting devices and more particularly relates to an improved hanger especially adapted for removable attachment to doors for increasing closet space.
Some attention has been devoted heretofore` to the development of hangers and appliances for attachment to doors for enabling the storing or hanging of an increased number of garments, in-
'cluding hats, shoes and other apparel, as Well as for storing a variety of different articles. Many 4of the devices so developed are somewhat cumbersome not only with respect to construction but also are somewhat difficult to handle and to install. A serious disadvantage of these vprior vdevices resides in the fact that installation thereof causes defacement of doors by screw or nail holes. The present invention is directed to the provision of a relatively simple hanger of inexpensive production which can readily be' attached and as readily removed from a door,
' and which does not in any manner mar the door.
' A' primary object of the invention is to provide an improved door hanger which affords increased easy shipping and handling. v
Another object of our invention is to provide an improved door hanger of the aforementioned character which is readily and easily installed upon a door as Well as easily and readily removed therefrom by the unskilled as well as the skilled.
is to provide an improved door hanger of the indicated nature which is especially character- "ized by its adaptability to be secured in effective operative position without marring or in any way-defacing the door upon which it is mounted.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved door hanger of the aforementioned character which is so constructed as to permit placing an appreciable tension on desirable portions thereof for enabling the hanger to 'support appreciably heavy loads without likelihood of damaging the same.
^ to be understood that we are not to be limited to the precise embodiment shown, nor to the precise arrangement of the various parts thereof, as our invention, as defined in the appended claims, can be embodied in a plurality and variety of forms.
' Referring to the drawings:
Figure 1 is a front elevational view of a preferred embodiment of the invention installed in operative position on a door.
Figure 2 is an elevational sectional view, taken on the line 2 2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a perspective View of one of the main elements of the preferred embodiment 'of the invention.
Figure 4 is a perspective view of another ofthe main elements of the preferred embodiment of the invention.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of a cross-bar forming one of the means for attaching cases, cabinets or the like to a preferred embodiment of ythe invention.
Figure 6 is a sectional elevational view, in'reduced form, illustrating the support of a full length cabinet on our improved hanger in operative position attached to a door.
In its preferred form, the improved door hanger of our invention preferably comprises a cross-bar including clamps for removably fitting the cross-bar to the top edge of a door, a pair of arms secured together at one end and movably mounted on said cross-bar, together with a vertiv cally adjustable rod detachably secured to the connected ends of said arms, ka clamp on said rod removably tting over the lower edge of the door, and a cabinet supporting bar removably mounted on said arms to spread the same and Vto place the hanger under tension and rigidly A still further object of our present invention-l fastened to the door.
As particularly illustrated in Figures 1, 3 and 4 of the annexed drawings, our improved door f hanger is constructed from three principal elem'ents including a cross-bar II which preferably is fabricated from metal but which can be formed of a plastic material or from wood or other suitf able strong material.
The cross-bar II is provided with a pair of clamps I2 and I3 which may be formed integral with the bar or which can be detachably secured thereto, such clamps being located adjacent to opposite lateral extremities of the cross-bar, as clearly shown in Figures 1 and 4. Clamps I2 and I3 conveniently are formed with a depending lip I4 thereon and to a width approximately equal to the Width of the top edge of the door upon which the hanger is to beinfastening means. The cross-bar II is formed .hangenor Vatsmaller. cabinet or:evenashelfi-may with a. pair of spaced, elongated slots I6 therein for receiving the upper ends of a pair of arms I1 and I8 which are provided with bolts I9 for f passing through the slots I6. The lower ends of the arms I1 and I8 are permanently connected together by means of a bolt 2|, and the two mounted arms thus aiord a Y-connection with the cross-bar I I with the arms movable laterally in the slots I6. Preferably, the arms' I1 and'l are fabricated from relatively thin section flat metal, but these arms likewise can be made from wood or from suitable plastic material.
In accordance with our invention, in third principal element of the hanger comprises a iiat rod 2'2 formed with a series of openings' 23- thereinadjacent to its upper end and carrying a hoolir clamp 24 on its lower end which isin all respects'j similar to the clamps I2 and I3 of the cross-bar II except that the lip 2S of the clamp 2-4 isr upturned rather than downturned, so as to enable "the, clamp 2? to grip they lower edge of the 'door supon which the hanger ismountedV :Thens'eriesof openings 23 in .the upper endof the'rod' 22 affords vertical adjustment of the rod with re- ,sp'ectl tothe armsY I1 and I8 to which the'rod is removably secured by passing the bolt 2-`I through .ariyfselected'one Vof. the slotsor openings :23. In
order to avoid chancemarrng ofthe door'irom 'fthe metal, Woodlor plasticparts just described, Vwe' 'preferably line inner surfaces of thecross-'bar I I, the arms I1 and I3, and the rod'22'withfabric '.strps`-21'or other cushioningimaterial.
' cludes Ya. retainer bar 28` which likewise can be fabricated from'Y metal, .plasticV material or of hard WoocLand which preferably is a relatively flat bar, as depicted in Figure of: the. drawings.
Y Thebar28 islprovided with apairv ofV lugs 2Q on 1 its inner surface for enabiingr the hanging. of ther bar'upon. the arms I1 and Ia'and thereby spreading such arms apart.- The fbar 28'is'iixedly secured' toy the back of. a shelfY 3 I orsa. cabinet 32, ,-aeillustratedjin Figures 2 and y6, respectively,` and the entireunit of bar andshelhor bar and cabinetzasfthe case may be,isfh'ung` upon the: arms 'Il and I'ezzbymeans of the lugs 29 carriedA on the \backof..thefbar'28`. A full length cabinet', :as v
shown iniFigure 6,\.can. thus be supported on the similarly be mounted thereon;
Y las illustrated inlFiguresY 3Y toV 5 inclusive'r the eements of i our?` improved doorV hanger a'rel sepashipping. The hanger is asfreadilytakenclownVV as it is installed/.upon a' door. In order to'mount the hanger in operativeposition on the inside of azdoor, such as a closet door, it isionly necessary to"lift.the cross-bar II, with its'connected and .supported arms Hand I8 thereon,to the top of Y the door and slipV the clamps I2 and I3 over the tcp edge ofthe door Vand release, thusfsupporting or suspending thecross-bar II in positlon. The
Vscrew-'bolt'. 2 i connecting 'ther lower; ends. of .the
f 23' at the top of Vthe rod 22, dependinggupon fthe heighty of the door, and slip the lower'hoolrv:
clamp'l 24 under thel lower edge of the door. Thereafter, mount the. shelf 3l, or the cabinet 3.2 .as-thecase maybe; upon the arms I1 and I8 fanclfto'V effect-'thisoperation, fit' the lugsjfZ ilA of the bari which is; attahedto thebackof: thefshelfi:`
or cabinet, onto the arms I1 and I8, as clearly' depicted in the dotted line showings of Figure 1 of the annexed drawings. The weight of the shelf or cabinet on the arms I1 and I8 will cause the 5 `arms to move apart or spread thus placing a ten- Asion on the arms and on the lower rod 22, and rigidly afxing the hanger in operative position. To dismantle the hanger, it is only necessary to lift the shelf:Y or cabinet from thearms I1 and lo f8 and collapse the arms to relieve the tension fon the rod 22 suiiiciently to enable the removal ofi the rod from the bolt 2I, as Well as the removal of the clamp '24 at the bottom of the door. V'lhereafrter. it is only necessary to lift the ten- ;*5 sionrelieve'd cros'sebar I I from the top of the door. Y
4Itis clearrirom the foregoing that there is no need of screwing or nailing any of the elements o'f `our improved hanger to the closet or other door upon which it may be mounted, in order rigidly to mcuntgthe same thereon. `VAlici Vvthe eiem'entszci the hanger `,are light l.in weight and -can be liftedreadily Aby' a .house-wife andVv set in position. We have'V thus provided a convenient,
5 easily mountable hanger unit for removabiezattachnient to a closet or other door, makingzavailable ad.clitiorial facilities for storing' or hanging wearing-.apparel of all types, or for' they vstoring of aya-riety of difieren-t articles. Moreover, the improved V`door hanger is adaptable for use. 2in f suspending a .short or a full length .mirror .on fthe n inside :ci ardeur.; Asa-indicated .in .the .dra-wines andas setl :out above-.either ashel-f,` a smal-l`r or a iullxlength v,cabinet vc.oni/.einently can be .sup- -p1orted on" the hanger'and :the hanger is readily "taken down for use in other homes .or apartments :and need,never*bcrnade `a permanent fixture Y any -onezplace vThe hanger, in addition; canpbe .employed for suspending a' locker, mutiple 40.V shelving; containersor other Aarticles and objects and is not 'necessarily .to be limited merelyato :.snftportingfa `shelf or a cabinet. The :improyed hanger' cam readily "beemanufactured from; inexpensi-ve mate'ialyand can be .shipped from place .to place'nexpensively ina .compact shippingimt. It Visv =t0= ,bennderstoodmthat the appended '.clamsare'to lieaccorded Aara/nge of .equivalents ccmmensurfate inyscope .with` the 'advance' made over the prior art.
l. A door hangerfcomprising yav crossfbarI hay- 'ing elongated sluts therein, hook clamps :on -said cross-bar :for suspending :the same from the :top .edgezoff afdoen a pari-rief'.armsrpivotally k,.f:. l'i1ie.ci1ed otogether at their Lone endsrand .slidablyn'iounted theirother endsonfsaidcross-bar through the of said 'slotsg' ai .removably Vfastened to the; connectednends oft salici-V arms, and :a hook @lamp on theonnositeiend of said rod for removblyxattaching. lthe :rodto-the lower edge of a 2; A- .door hanger" comprising a' cross-harinas'- fmgfelorieated slots therein. hookfclamps onsaid crossebar-for vsuspending the as ame fromV the top c5 ierlgeof azdoor. ailiair ofarms piyotallyzcbnneeted together at. their onev endsfan'd slidiably mounted at their other ends on saidcross-bar vthrough Athe mediuinef Vsaisi-slfzts. arod":remoxfa-blyY :fastened vLito tbeeonnected'ends :of saidwarms; .saidlnodghail- V20 ing aseries'iofu openings' therein nea-r one endffort 'charming vertical-'.adustrrrentof :the with respecurtopsaid-aims, and-a hook ,cilaxiipontheiii: positieend of-isaidirodzferremoyably attaching the .Y rodxtothevlower edgeof afdoor. y 15 3,: Aaemflianger comprising al crossebarlhsy ing elongated slots therein, hook clamps for suspending said cross-bar from the top ed@ 0f a door, a pair of arms pivotally connected together illi other ends on said cross-bar through the medium of said slots; said arms being adapted toassume an inverted triangle with respect to said crossbar, a rod adjustably connected by means at one end to the connected ends of said arms. a hook clamp on the opposite end of said rod for removu ably attaching the same to the lower edge of a door, and means for placing a tension on said arms and said rod to install the hanger rigidly on a door.
4. A door hanger and article support comprising a cross-bar having elongated slots therein, hook clamps on said cross-bar for suspending the same from the top edge of a door, a, pair o1' arms pivotally connected at their one ends and slidably mounted at their other ends on said cross-bar I through the medium of said slots, and a bar removably connected to said arms; said bar being adapted removably to mount a cabinet on the hanger.
5. A door hanger and article support comprising a cross-bar having elongated slots therein, hook clamps on said cross-bar for suspending the same to the top edge of a. door, a pair of arms pivotally connected at their one ends and slidablyI mounted at their other ends on said cross-bar through the medium of said slots, a shelf, a bar fastened to said shelf; said bar having means for removably mounting said shelf on said arms causing a spreading of the arms and the placing of 'a tension thereon, a rod removably fastened to the connected ends of said arms, and a hook clamp on the opposite end of said rod for remov- REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 928,132 Kaufman July 13, 1909 1,189,677 Farlese July 4, 1916 1,301,607 Rothery Apr. 22, 1919 1,701,419 Peden Feb. 5, 1929 2,243,947 Epstein June 3, 1941 2,270,796 Hauser Jan. 20, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country 88,780 Germany Sept. 28, 1896
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US928132 *||Dec 15, 1908||Jul 13, 1909||Max Kaufman||Plaque-hanger.|
|US1189677 *||Apr 1, 1915||Jul 4, 1916||John Farlese||Rack attachment for doors.|
|US1301607 *||Apr 23, 1918||Apr 22, 1919||Albert Rothery||Clothes-hanger for doors.|
|US1701419 *||Mar 14, 1928||Feb 5, 1929||Peden Joseph B||License-plate holder|
|US2243947 *||Mar 14, 1939||Jun 3, 1941||Nu Hold Mfg Inc||Shoe hanger|
|US2270796 *||Jun 24, 1938||Jan 20, 1942||Hauser Bonner B||Door attachment hanger appliance|
|*||DE88780C||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2630256 *||Mar 11, 1950||Mar 3, 1953||Maurice O'shea||Support bracket|
|US2727793 *||Apr 22, 1952||Dec 20, 1955||Ricciuti Michael A||Portable motor vehicle step|
|US2925916 *||Dec 1, 1955||Feb 23, 1960||Pollock Gordon J||Support for garments and the like|
|US2959297 *||Sep 2, 1958||Nov 8, 1960||Larson Charles O||Door shelf|
|US2979190 *||Nov 18, 1957||Apr 11, 1961||Andrew Daigle||Working cover and tool holder|
|US3007617 *||Aug 1, 1958||Nov 7, 1961||Eric J Mullin||Automobile coat hanger support|
|US3161160 *||Nov 27, 1961||Dec 15, 1964||Wilson Robert A||Library shelving system|
|US3162148 *||Nov 8, 1962||Dec 22, 1964||Darrol Company||Adjustable display device|
|US3993307 *||Jun 30, 1975||Nov 23, 1976||Errico Giacomo J||Tennis ball caddy|
|US4715600 *||Mar 27, 1986||Dec 29, 1987||Rimball, Inc.||Door mounted, height adjustable basketball backboard and rim|
|US4974841 *||May 31, 1989||Dec 4, 1990||Diversified Products Corporation||Adjustable basketball goal assembly|
|US6223914||Sep 15, 1999||May 1, 2001||Interdesign||Over the door brackets|
|US7709059 *||Oct 31, 2007||May 4, 2010||Voith Patent Gmbh||Machine for single sided or double sided application of a liquid or viscous coating medium onto the surface of a moving material web, and associated operating method|
|US8387934 *||Mar 11, 2011||Mar 5, 2013||Eastpoint Sports Ltd., Llc||Over-the-door game hanger system|
|US9211023||Apr 24, 2013||Dec 15, 2015||David P. Weiss||Garment hanging system|
|US20080057208 *||Oct 31, 2007||Mar 6, 2008||Voith Paper Patent Gmbh||Machine for single sided or double sided application of a liquid or viscous coating medium onto the surface of a moving material web, and associated operating method|
|US20120228452 *||Sep 13, 2012||East Point Sports, LLC||Over-the-door game hanger system|
|U.S. Classification||108/152, 211/119.4, 248/226.11, 108/44|
|International Classification||A47G25/00, A47G25/08|