US 2508811 A
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May 23, 1950 E. E. BEST ET AL DIAPER 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 15, 1947 INVENTORS 5 M @22 mw y 1950 E E. BEST ETAL DIAPER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 15, 1947 IN V EN TOR6 M Patented May 23, 1950 DIAPER iEdnaiEiBesLf-NewYork,iandlilen samoiedny, ..:Brooklyn, NY.
Application Jiily15, 1947,.Sm ial No. 751,116
i Thisinventiomrelates "to'diapers, 'and' ha's 'for ftsprincipal object the provision of a'structurally and functionally in'rproved "article or this character which provides "adjustability and a greater measure of comfort than do existing garments. i mother object of the invention *is to'prov'id'e a novel diaper wherein safety pins and other inconvenient fastening means are con'n'nletely eliminated.
further-object or the invention-is to provide an improved diaper which has superior fitting qualities, whichdoes not move once it is secured-in place, and which hugs the body along the marginal edges of the garment so as to provide a more sanitary arrangement. Yet another object of the inventionis .to provision-diaper with novel fastening means which assures'samerfeot fit on the baby without any bulging of ,parts.
A still further object of the invention is to provide-a garment which is a combination dia-per and parity, distinct leg portions being formed when the'garment is in place. "-I he garmentof the present invention alsoiservesras training pants after the child has passed beyond the usual diaper period.
In the drawings:
' Fig. .1 isragplanvi'ew of a diaper embodying the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the front and side of the diaper, showing the general relation of the parts when in place upon the wearer.
Fig. 3 is similar to Fig. 2, but illustrates the adjustability feature of the invention.
Fig. 4 is a section taken on line 44 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a section taken on line 55 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a plan View of the pattern employed in the garment of the present invention.
The pattern of the several blanks used in constructing a diaper embodyin the present invention is shown in Fig. 6. It comprises a main blank it, two of which are employed. This blank is of generally rectangular shape and includes opposed, transverse edges ll, intermediate, curved, longitudinal edges l2, and substantially straight, longitudinal edge sections l3 and M which connect the terminals of the curved sections with the transverse edges II.
A second blank l5, four of which are employed, is generally triangular in shape. Two of these blanks are stitched together to form wing portions extending laterally from the rear, upper edge of the main body section. A third blank 16 in the form of an elongated hexagon is interposed between the two layers of blanks l0 forming the body section. Finally, two blanks 3,
T1 *Elaim. (Cl. 1 28 284) one for each sideof the garment, are of generally oval 'shap'ewi-th opposed curved edges I 9. Each blank '18 is "folded along a "fold line 2 3.
Blanks Ill, [5 and 16*are preferably formed from relatively loosely-woven absorbentcotton material -of the kind normally used in making diapers. Blanks 18, however, are "desirably formed irom knitted materialwhich has stretchability in the direction of their major axes. it will be noted that curved edges '19 o'f"blanks F8 "are somewhat shorter than curved, long-it'u'd'in'al edges [2 of the main blank.
In assembling 'thegarment, blank #6 may first be stitched to "the inner surface of one of-main blanks ifl "forming'stitc'h lines 24'. Next, the pairs of 'b'lanks P5 are placed back to *ba'ck and are stitched together "along edges 'ZDfil and -22,='after whioh'they are turned inside out. The outer surfacesorblanks -10 arethen placed back to back and'are's't'itched along edge sections 13 to form stitch line *26. When "the stitching gets'towhe curvede dge section 12, the foldedbla'nk F8 isinserte'd between blanks H1 and the stitching continued-toform stitch line "21. Since edge 'section f2 isl'onger than edges Hi, the latter blankds simply stretched and held in such stretchedcondition "during the stitching Operation. Ne'it, the, superimposed, stitched "blanks t5 forming the wing portions are inserted between blanks l0, and edges 2| and I4 stitched together to form stitch line 26. The operation is repeated on the opposite side of the diaper and the rear upper edges 30 then stitched together. The garment is then turned inside out and the front upper edges 3| stitched together. It will be appreciated that the foregoing series of steps may be varied if desired.
By virtue of the elasticity of blanks I8 along their major axes, and by virtue of the difference in lengths between edges l9 and I2 which are stitched together to form stitch lines 21, there will be a gathering effect along such stitch lines, which, in efiect, forms a pocket 32 which considerably aids in the functioning of the garment. It will also be understood that portions [8 tend to hug the figure without, however, exerting any undue pressure.
Blanks l5 form laterally-extending wing portions, and at the outer ends of each of these wing portions are secured tapes 35. Also, at the upper ends of stitch lines 26 are secured tapes 36, such tapes 35 and 36 being employed in securing the diaper around the wearer. Further, tapes 3'! extend upwardly from stitch lines 30 and may be employed in tying the diaper to the childs shirt.
Tapes 3! are illustrated as extending directly upwardly from rear, upper edge 30, although they may be attached at the same point as tapes 36. All these tapes may be secured during the stitching operation just described.
It will be appreciated that the garment may be draped on the wearer in a variety of fashions. If the child is of average size and, for instance, eight months of age, the diaper may be laid in fiat position, as shown in Fig. 1, and the buttocks of the child placed in substantially the center of the pocket 32. The lower portion, when viewed as in Fig. l, is then raised upwardly to the position shown in Fig. 2, and one of the wing portions 15, i. e. the one at the left when as in Fig. 2, laid over the childs abdomen, and the tie tape 35 associated therewith tied to the tie tape 35 on the opposite side of the garment. Next, the opposite wing portion I5 is laid over the childs abdomen and its tie tape 35 secured to opposite tie tape 36. In this position, upper edge 3| will lie on the same general plane as upper edge 39 at the back of the diaper. It will be apparent from the foregoing that the front of the tied diaper is perfectly flat and smooth, and presents no bulges which might cause discomfort to the child if he is lying on his stomach.
In the event that the child is of somewhat smaller dimensions, the arrangement in Fig. 3 is employed. In this instance the childs buttocks will be placed somewhat closer to upper edge 30 at the rear of the diaper. This causes upper edge 3! at the front to be somewhat higher than rear upper edge 30. In this arrangement wing portion I5 at the left of the garment, when viewed as in Fig. 3, is first laid over the front portion of the diaper and its tie tape 35 secured to opposite tie tape 36. The upper projecting edge 3| is then folded downwardly, as shown at 40 in Fig. 3, and the opposite wing portion l5 then placed over the folded-down portion and its tie tape tied to opposite tie tape 36. When the upper edge is folded downwardly in this fashion it provides four layers of material, and this extra measure of absorbency largely prevents wetting of the babys shirt.
While one form or embodiment of the invention has been shown and described herein for illustrative purposes, and the construction and arrangement incidental to a specific application thereof have been disclosed and discussed in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is limited neither to the mere details or relative arrangement of parts, nor to its specific embodiment shown herein, but that extensive deviations from the illustrated form or embodiment of the invention may be made without departing from the principles thereof.
What we claim is:
A diaper comprising an elongated body section of generally rectangular shape and forming front and rear portions, such body section being formed ofa plurality of layers of material, the central sections of the longitudinal edges being concavely curved, a blank of elastic material being secured along one edge thereof to each of such curved edges, such edge of the blank being of lesser length than the curved edge but being joined endto-end to gather such edge sections and form a pocket in the area therebetween, a wing portion extending laterally from each vertical edge of the back portion and a tape extending from such wing portion, a tape also extending laterally from each vertical edge, such tapes on each side of the garment being arranged to be secured to the tape associated with the opposite wing portion, whereby both wing portions are disposed in superimposed tied relationship over the abdomen of the wearer.
EDNA E. BEST. HELEN SAMOJEDNY.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,762,468 Brewer June 10, 1930 1,833,960 Alsop Dec. 1, 1931 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 11,482 Great Britain of 1906 493,819 Great Britain Oct. 14, 1938 841,644 France Feb. 13, 1939