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Publication numberUS2509033 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 23, 1950
Filing dateJul 24, 1946
Priority dateJul 24, 1946
Publication numberUS 2509033 A, US 2509033A, US-A-2509033, US2509033 A, US2509033A
InventorsClaude D Carver
Original AssigneeClaude D Carver
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Structure of window shades
US 2509033 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1950 c. D. CARVER 2,509,033

STRUCTURE OF wmnow SHADES Filed July 24, 1946 Patented May 23,1950

UNITED STATES PATENT orries STRUCTURE oimow snnnns Claude D. Carver, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Application July 24, 1946, Serial No. 685,989

9 Claims. (Cl. 160-84) The present invention is directed to window shades, more particularly to the type wherein the shade portion is a horizontal pleated sheet of material suitably mounted within a frame or member adapted to be held on a window frame.

In my co-pending application Serial No. 618,156, filed September 24, 1945, and entitled Window shade structure, I have described a window shade of this type wherein a shade roller is mounted in a frame and has a plurality of tapes secured thereto and adapted to be rolled upon and unrolled from the shade roller. The shade intself consists of a sheet of material horizontally plated and having slits therein through which the tapes pass. A lower bar holds the free ends of the tapes and the lower end of the shade is also secured thereto.

Such a structure has fittings on the opposite sides of the frame member, which fittings are intended to be mounted to complementary fittings secured on the window frame. Shades made in accordance with said co-pending application have been found quite satisfactory in use and have numerous advantages over prior structures of this type. The present invention is directed to a similar structure but to a modified form thereof which will allow greater flexibility in use of such shades.

In the manufacture of such shades, they are made in various sizes for the purpose of fitting into windows of generally similar size. In practice, the shades are made in widths one inch apart and are intended to fit into windows of corresponding sizes owing to various irregularities which often occur in that the windows are not exactly the size they are supposed to be, or because of the manner in which the hardware or mounting for the shades are constructed or are secured to the window frame, considerable variation in the effective width often results. This causes some diiiiculty in properly adjusting the shade into the window and at times alterations in the shade or the window structure or in the hardware has been necessary.

The present invention is intended to overcome difliculties and disadvantages as set forth above and to provide a structure of a window shade wherein the same may be easily and quickly adjusted to minor variations in a window frame or mounting devices thereof so as to accommodate a window shade to such varying dimensions.

It is also among the objects of the present invention to provide a fitting secured to the opposite.-

ends of the shade frame or elongated member. which embodies a tongue or the like, which is readily slidable endwise and which may be quickly and effectively secured in adjusted position.

It is still further among the objects; of the present invention to provide a means for securing the free ends of the tapes to the lower bar of the shade in such a manner that it may be readily secured and held in position so as to resist strains introduced by the upper and downward movements of the shade.

In practicing the present invention there is provided an elongated member on which a spring operated shade roller is mounted. The mounting includes a plate at each end of the member and fixed thereto, having an angularly extending portion with openings therein adapted to accom-- modate the ends of the roller. Each of said plates has a laterally extending tongue adapted to fit into the hardware or brackets secured to the window frame. The tongue normally operates in a groove or recess in the plate and a screw and slot arrangement are usually provided to hold the tongue in adjusted positions.

A plurality of tapes have one end secured to the roller and they pass through a series of slits formed in the pleats of the shade itself. The

' bottom bar has a pair of slots formed therein and the free ends of the tapes pass through said slots. A holder or retainer member consists of spring metal having a horizontal portion around which the end of a tape is folded and; stapled or otherwise locked in place. Each holder is of a width approximately equal to the width of the slot and depending ,legs therefrom are of spring metal so that when the holder is pushed into the slot, spring pressure will retain it in position. A pair of outwardly extending flanges on the legs act as such members to properly locate the holder in its adjusted position.

In the accompanying drawings constituting a.

Fig. 5 is a front elevational view of the holder shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is a side elevational view thereof taken on the line =G8 of Fig. 5;

. F 71s a top-plan view thereof, and

Fig. 8 is a side elevational view of the modification shown in Fig. 2.

The shade comprises an upper vertical bar I having brackets 2 on opposite ends thereof secured to the rear of elongated bar by screws 3. An angular flange 4 extends forwardly from base 2 and a lower flange 5 extends horizontally therefrom. A shade roller 6 has ends I inserted in openings in extensions 4 to hold the same in position. A pair of spaeedtapes a have one end secured to 'folier 6 and'extendirig downwardly, passing through slits I!) in each of the pleats of shade 9. One or more additional tapes II are secured to the altem-ate folds of shade 9 to limit the amount of opening of the shade. I

A lower bar I2 is attached to the lower end of shade 9. The lower ends iii of tapes are formed into loops (4 and secured by staples i 5. A metal member I6 is threaded through loop H, the width of said member being approximately equal to that of a slot in bar l2 as shown in Fig. 3. Depending ieg's ii contact the edges of said slotand by reason of the spring material of the mam-- b'er frictionai'ly enga e the same, Horiiontal outwe rdly extending flanges I! act as stop members to properly position member 16 in bar 12;

Each of plates 2 has associated therewith a tongue f9 adapted to extend into the hardware of a window frame. Legs 21 extend rearwardly from tongues 19, and are attached to the bases 2| of tongues lsi Said bases operate in slots in plate 2' and are provided with longitudinal slots 22 and screws 21-? assing through the slots to hold tongues l9 in adjusted positions.

A guide 25 having a recess 25 thereinaccom modates base 'Zl-to' allow it to slide. Retainer plate '26 is" placed under plate 2 in order to allow ready shifting of the tongue Hi.

In the modification shown in Fig. 2, plate 2 is provided with a longitudinal slot 21, in which the base 28 is adapted to' fit. Slot 29 in said base provides means for passage of screw 23' to hold base 28 in adjusted position. The outer end of saidbase terminates in a tongue 30 adapted to fit in the hardware of a window frame.

- Plate may be bent in a direction oppositetothat shown in the drawing. Flat tongue l9 which enters the slotted bracket in the window frame is tilted so that a plane passing through; the same is at an acute angle to the horizontal and its upper edge is forward, so as to provide proper balance of the shade when mounted.

From the above, it will be noted that if a window shade does not quite fit into the window frame, a slightly smaller size of shade is provided. It is merely necessary to Ices-en the serews passirig through the slots iii the bases" of the tongues, then move end I or both of the tongues ndwi'se a suflicierit distance so as" to perfectly fit into the window brackets and then tighten the screws. The mounting of the shade is then asimple matter. When the shade is removed for repair" or cleaning purposes, the entire unit is" removed and parts thereof may be replaced without accidentally'dis'placing the several elements Thereby; for instance, the shade may be removed for cleaning or scrubbing, dried and then immediately re placed in the window frame. it is not necessary toha've any adjustment thereof in order to anew it to again function properly. The means used for securing the free ends of the tapes has been found to be particularly effective in that by mountings previously used, if undue strain is" applied to the shades and the tapes, tearing of the 4 By the new structure, such strains are distributed over a considerable area and tearing of the tapes has been practically eliminated. The reason for this is partly due to the yield of the spring means used for holding the ends of the tape, and partly by reason of the loop formed at the end of the tape which gives some freedom of movement relative to the structure when strain is applied.

Although the invention has been described "setting forth two specific embodiments thereof, the invention is not limited thereto but the embodiments are intended to merely illustrate the invention. Various changes in the details of construction may be made, as for example, the

lateral flanges on the plates may have bars secured thereto to strengthen the structure or to improve its appearance er such flanges may be omitted. The material of the plates may be made of metals such as steel, bronze, or the like, or may be made of light metals such as magnesium or aluminum or their alloys, 01' in some instances non=metal1ic materials such as molded plastics may be employed. The shade, tapes and other elements may be made of woven textile materials or of plastics or of chemically treated fibrous sheet materials.- The form of the plates and of the tape holders may be varied to a considerable extent, depending upon the design required for specific purposes.

These and other changes may be made in the details of the construction of the invention, which is to be broadly construed and not to be limited except by the character of the claims appended hereto.

I claim:

i. In a window shade structure comprising an elongated member adapted to be placed horizontally across a window frame, a spring shade-roller mounted on said member intermediate the ends thereof, spaced tapes adapted to be wound on said roller, a horizontally pleated shade having slits in each pleat, the upper end of said shade being attached to said member, said tapes passing through said slits, a bottom bar attached to the lower end of said shade, said tapes being anchored in said bar, the improvement which ir'icludes means on the opposite ends of said member for mounting the same insaid frame, each including a plate secured to said member andhaving an angular-1y extending portion to retain said roller,

' and a 1aterauy extending tongue.

2'. In a window shade structure comprising an elongated member adapted to be placed horizontally across a window frame, a spring shade-roller mounted on said member intermediate the ends thereof, spaced tapes adapted to be wound on said roller, a horizontally pleated shade having slits in each pleat, the upper end of said shade being attached to said member, said tapes passing through said slits-,a bottom bar attached to the lower end of said shade,- said tapes being anchored in said bar, the improvement which includes means on the opposite ends of said member for mounting the same in said frame, each including a plate secured to said member and having an angoiariy extending portion to retain said roller, and a lateraii-y extending tongue, a recess in said plate, said tongue fitting into said recess and adjustably secured therein.

3; In a, window shade structure comprising anelongated member adapted to be placed horizontally across a window frame, a spring shaderoller mounted on said member intermediate tue efids thereof, spaced tapes adapted to he wants on said roller, a", horizontally pleated tapes at the point or attachment-often teen plaice. u shade having slits each pies-t, the upper end-- of said shade being attached to said member, said tapes passing through said slits, a bottom bar attached to the lower end of said shade, said tapes being anchored in said bar, the improvement which includes means on the opposite ends of said member for mounting the same in said frame, each including a plate secured to said member and having an angularly extending portion to retain said roller, a laterally extending tongue having a shot therein, a recess in said plate, said tongue fitting into said recess and adjustably secured therein by means of a said slot in said tongue and a screw passing through said slot and into said member.

4'. In a window shade structure comprising an elongated member adapted to be placed horizon tally across a window frame, a spring shaderoller mounted on said member intermediate the ends thereof, spaced tapes adapted to be wound on said roller, a horizontally pleated shade having slits in each pleat, the upper end of said shade being attached to said member, said tapes passing through said slits, a bottom bar attached to the lower end of said shade, said tapes being anchored in said bar, the improvement which includes means on the opposite ends of said member for mounting the same in said frame, each including a plate secured to said member and having an angularly extending portion to retain said roller, a laterally extending tongue, a recess in said plate, said tongue fitting into said recess and adjustably secured therein, and guides on said plate for said tongue.

5. In a window shade structure comprising an elongated member adapted to be placed horizontally across a window frame, a spring shaderoller mounted on said member intermediate the ends thereof, spaced tapes adapted to be wound on said roller, a horizontally pleated shade hav ing slits in each pleat, the upper end of said shade being attached to said member, said tapes passing through said slits, a bottom bar attached to the lower end of said shade, said tapes being anchored in said bar, the improvement which includes means on the opposite ends of said member for mounting the same in said frame, each including a plate secured to said member and having an angularly extending portion to retain said roller, a laterally extending tongue, and a horizontal flange on the lower part of said angular portion.

6. In a, window shade structure comprising an elongated member adapted to be placed horizon tally across a window frame, a spring shaderoller mounted on said member intermediate the ends thereof, spaced tapes adapted to be wound on said roller, a horizontally pleated shade hav ing slits in each pleat, the upper end of said shade being attached to said member, said tapes passing through said slits, a bottom bar attached to the lower end of said shade, said tapes being anchored in said bar, the improvement which includes means on the opposite ends of said memer for mounting the same in said frame, each including a plate secured to said member and having an angularly extending portion to retain said roller, and a laterally extending tongue, a recess in said plate, said tongue fitting into said recess and adjustably secured therein, the extending portion of said tongue being offset.

7. In a, window shade structure comprising an elongated member adapted to be placed horizontally across a window frame, a spring shaderoller mounted on said member intermediate the ends thereof, spaced tapes adapted to be wound on said roller, a horizontally pleated shade having slits in each pleat, the upper end of said shade being attached to said member, said tapes passing through said slits, a bottom bar attached to the lower end of said shade, said tapes being anchored in said bar, a slot in said bar through which each tape passes, a spring holder onto which said tape is mounted, said holder being retained in said slot by spring pressure, the improvement which includes means on the opposite ends of said member for mounting the same in said frame, each including a plate secured to said member and having an angularly extending portion to retain said roller, and a laterally extending tongue.

8. In a Window shade structure comprising an elongated member adapted to be placed horizontally across a window frame, a spring shaderoller mounted on said member intermediate the ends thereof, spaced tapes adapted to be wound on said roller, 3, horizontally pleated shade having slits in each pleat, the upper end of said shade being attached to said member, said tapes passing through said slits, a bottom bar attached to the lower end of said shade, said tapes being anchored in said bar, a slot in said bar through which each tape passes, a spring holder having a horizontal bar onto which said tape is mounted, said holder being retained in said slot by spring pressure, the improvement which includes means on the opposite ends of said member for mounting the same in said frame, each including a plate secured to said member and having an angularly extending portion to retain said roller, and a laterally extending tongue.

9. In a window shade structure comprising an elongated member adapted to be placed horizontally across a window frame, a spring shaderoller mounted on said member intermediate the ends thereof, spaced tapes adapted to be wound on said roller, a horizontally pleated shade having slits in each pleat, the upper end of said shade being attached to said member, said tapes,

passing through said slits, a bottom bar attached to the lower end of said shade, said tapes being anchored in said bar, a slot in said bar through which each tape passes, a spring holder onto which said tape is mounted, said holder having a horizontal bar of about the width of said slot, depending legs adapted to be spring-pressed against said slots, and flanges extending outwardly from said legs, the improvement which inludes means on the opposite ends of said member for mounting the same in said frame, each including a plate secured to said member and having an angularly extending portion to retain said roller, and a laterally extending tongue.

CLAUDEv I). CAPVER.

REFERENCES @ETED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,049,518 Schier Aug. 4, 1936 2,26%,101 DeFalco Oct. 21, 1941'

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2049518 *Oct 16, 1935Aug 4, 1936Schier MaxVenetian blind
US2260101 *Feb 21, 1941Oct 21, 1941Falco Joseph DeModernistic shade
Referenced by
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US3646877 *Dec 22, 1969Mar 7, 1972Rixson IncClosure operator
US3817309 *Jan 15, 1973Jun 18, 1974I TakazawaCurtain
US3926242 *Jan 2, 1974Dec 16, 1975Carves Simon LtdDoors
US4168734 *Apr 3, 1978Sep 25, 1979Holmqvist Thure ODevice for installing a roller blind cassette
US4553580 *Jun 15, 1983Nov 19, 1985Evert ChristofferssonVenetian blind
US4880044 *Jun 24, 1988Nov 14, 1989Bw-Usa, Inc.Spacer devices
US5813447 *Apr 7, 1997Sep 29, 1998Lysyj; Phillip A.For a window opening
US5823241 *Sep 16, 1997Oct 20, 1998Sitzes; Steven O.User fittable venetian blinds for differing arched windows
US5960846 *Jul 23, 1998Oct 5, 1999Lysyj; Phillip A.For a window opening
US6047759 *Jul 14, 1999Apr 11, 2000Lysyj; Phillip A.Cordless cellular shade
US6079471 *Apr 10, 1996Jun 27, 2000Newell Operating CompanyCordless, balanced window covering
US6234236Feb 4, 2000May 22, 2001Newell Operating CompanyCordless balanced window covering
US6289965Feb 11, 2000Sep 18, 2001Newell Operating CompanyTake-up drum for a cordless shade counterbalance
US6330899Nov 29, 1999Dec 18, 2001Newell Window Furnishings. Inc.Cordless balanced window covering
US6412537Jan 12, 1999Jul 2, 2002Newell Operating CompanyBottom rail weight and balancing system
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Classifications
U.S. Classification160/84.4, 248/269
International ClassificationE06B9/26, E06B9/262
Cooperative ClassificationE06B2009/2625, E06B9/262
European ClassificationE06B9/262