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Publication numberUS2509398 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 30, 1950
Filing dateAug 30, 1944
Priority dateAug 30, 1944
Publication numberUS 2509398 A, US 2509398A, US-A-2509398, US2509398 A, US2509398A
InventorsPeremi Edmund, Weimann Henry
Original AssigneeGen Bronze Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Auxiliary window screen and shade construction
US 2509398 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1950 E. PEREMI ETAL 2,509,398

AUXILIARY WINDOW SCREEN AND SHADE CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug. 50, 1944 4 Sheetsshwt 1 3 A 2-H V 3-H l4 IT' :::TIZ i 4i l5 1: [6 H 39 15 i I l l l l I: i i H 5 j l I l l g l l l 2 3 "j; 22 {22 LQ I? l I: i I l I 4 L. L;

l l l a. I l 55 A I J R j [I IN ENTORS 34 Edmzmf Peremz/ ATTO NEYS Z y i a Hem? Wm y 1950 E. PEREMI ETAL 2,509,398

AUXILIARY wmnow SCREEN AND SHADE CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug. 50, 1944 4 Sheets-Sheet :2

" INVENTORS Edmund Peremz y 1950 E. PERE-Ml ETAL 2,509,398

AUXILIARY WINDOW SCREEN AND SHADE CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug. 50, 1944 4 Sheets-Sheet I5 v 5 y 1.. INVENTORS I '1. 5 Edmundlerema 7w fiemy Winfg M E ATTORN Y5 May 30, 1950 E. PEREMI El'AL AUXILIARY WINDOW SCREEN AND SHADE CONSTRUCTION 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Aug. 30. 1944 Wima 1.

W3 ATTO Patented May 30, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT orncE,

AUXILIARY WINDOW SCREEN AND CONSTRUCTION SHAPE Edmund Pcremi. Bayside, and Henry Welmann,

Yonkers, N. Y., assignors, by mesne assignments, to General Bronze CorporatiomGarden City, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application August 30, 1944, Serial No. 551,840

19 Claims. 1

. structing the window that a dead air space may,

at will, be created between the auxiliary window 15 member and its complemental window member to establish a low heat conductor between the two or in other words to create an insulator on the face of the auxiliary window member.

It is also an object of the invention to provide a construction wherein the auxiliary window member may, at will, be rendered operative or inoperative and, when rendered operative, auto-- matically will seal the space between itself and its complemental window member, and which is so constructed and arranged that the condensation of moisture or "sweating within said space will be reduced to the minimum.

A further object of the invention is to provide such a construction that the auxiliary window member may easily and quickly be installed in frames of already existent windows of the various types currently in use, and in providing for the interchangeability of the substantially impervious auxiliary window member and one that is pervious and of the open mesh fabric type.

Other objects will become apparent as this description progresses so it is thought not necessary to here point them out in detail.

In the drawings we have illustrated an embodiment (with certain modifications of some details thereof) of our invention wherein:

Figure 1 is a face view of the construction;

Figure 2 is a broken vertical sectional view on line 22 of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a detail sectional view on line 3-3 of Figure l of the roller supporting housing;

Figure 4 is a horizontal sectional view on line 4-4 of Figure 1 of a portion of the construction adjacent one jamb;

Figure 5 is a detail on line 5-5 of Figure 3 of a means for securing the cover of the roller housing closed;

Figure 6 is a horizontal sectional view on line i-G of Figure 1 of one form of side guide;

Home '7 is a vertical sectional view of a modifled form of bottom rail;

Figure 8 is a horizontal sectional view of a modified form of side guide; I

Figure 9 is a vertical sectional view of another form of bottom rail, showing also the fastener means; and

Figure 10 is a view at right angles to Figure 9.

We have illustrated a window, the frame of 10 which includes jambs l, a sill 2 and a head I.

Upper and lower sash l and 5, respectively, are

shown as mounted to slide in the frame and are provided with lights 6 and I, respectively, of glass or other suitable material.

The sash is so mounted that it will effectively prevent any material passage of air through the window opening, being in the construction illustrated sealed by resilient metal weather strippins 9.

The above described construction, it must be understood, is only for the purpose of illustrating the principle of the invention as the use of other window constructions of any currently used type is contemplated.

In order that the transmission of heat through the window may be minimized we have provided the following:

An auxiliary window that is constituted, preferably, by a sheet H) of flexible light transmitting :0 material of low heat conductivity, such as the currently available transparent or translucent sheet plastics, is arranged to be positioned at the optimum distance from the sash 5 and 6 for heat difi'usion, the optimum distance being readily de- 35 terminable by those skilled in the art of heat exchange. When the auxiliary window lll is in its operative position it closes the window frame or opening and seals the space between the main window and the auxiliary window, thus creating a 40 quiescent space of low heat conductivity.

This auxiliary window in is arranged to be operated to open or close the window opening as is also, of course, the main sash.

Thus the main sash and the auxiliary window may be opened" to permit free and uninterrupted access from one to the other side of the window opening. On the other hand either the main window or the auxiliary window may be "opened" or "closed independently of the other.

When it is desired to accomplish the greatest heat dispersion both of the windows are "closed so that the quiescent space of low heat conductivity will be created and substantially sealed between them.

This dead air" space will be maintained, for

- 3 all practical purposes, regardless oi the movement of the air beyond the windows, because of the fact that both the main and auxiliary windowsare efl'ectively sealed.

This auxiliary window, in the embodiment shown, is constructed and arranged as follows:

A casing I I, having stationary top, side and end walls i2, II and Il respectively, is arranged to close the upper end of the window frame from jamb to jamb thereof. A cover It is hinged at H to the casing.

Within the casinga spring actuated roller ll of the type commonly used in roller shades, but without the escapement mechanism, is mounted within the casing The auxiliary window II, which we have stated is of flexible, light transmitting materialsuch as transparent plastic, and in this form is substantially impervious to air, is mounted on the roller is and extends through throat IQ of the casing and through which it is adapted to be raised and lowered.

As it is necessary to seal the auxiliary window transversely adjacent the top and yet permit the operation of the roller l8. we have provided a resilient, compressible seal which is made up of complemental seal elements 28 and 2|, the former carried by the wall It of the casing and the latter by the adjacent portion of the cover I6, both adjacent the throat of the casing. In the particular form illustrated in the drawings. we have shown this seal as constituted by felt strips secured within flanges on the wall I! and the cover IQ of the casing II which will act as a seal and yet will not mar the window material.-

The casing is held in its closed position by suitable securing means such as snap fasteners I! which act to hold the sealing elements under pressure against the auxiliary window materlal. The side edges of the auxiliary window are guided and sealed within side tracks 22 that are secured to the jambs of thevwindow frame.

In the form shown in Figure 6 each track is preferably made of a single piece of material that is adjustabiy secured to a support 23 that is, in operation, secured to the jamb by means such as screws 24, the adjustable securement being ac-- complished by means such as screws 25 which extend through slots in the guide and into threaded openings in the support,

Each of these guides carries complemental resilient compressible sealing elements 26 between which the adjacent edge of the auxiliary window is adapted to slide in friction contact.

In the form of side track construction shown in Figure 8, the angle support 23' is preferably of a single piece of material turned upon itself to form a channel to receive the side track 22'. In this form the side track is adiustably secured to the support 23' by securing means such as screws 25' that are journaled in the support and have screw threaded engagement with the guide. In this form the guide is provided with similar sealing elements 26'.

In each form the sealing elements are preferably held in position by the crimped edges 21 of the guide which, it will be noted, are spaced apart to form a channel 28.

Thus the top and sides of the auxiliary window are sealed during all movements of the window.

In the form shown in Figure 1, the lower edge of the auxiliary window material is clamped between two separable elements 29 and ti! of a bottom rail which elements are secured together by and held in a channel at the lower side of the.

4 rial being provided with a beading 82. menses ll extend from the bottom of the rail and secure therebetween a sealing element 34 preferably of the character already described, which sealing element is adapted forcibly to contact the sill 2 to seal the bottom of the window.

In order that the auxiliary window may be guided in its up and down movements, guides 8| extend beyond the edges of the bottom rail and into the channels 28 in which they are adapted to slide.

-A modified form of bottom rail is disclosed in Figure 7 wherein one of the separable elements 28' is bent back upon itself at 30 to form a clamping means in which the bent over lower edge oi the auxiliary window material is seated, the material passing between the two elements of the bottom rail and being secured thereto by suitable means such as screws 3|. These screws also act to clamp the strip 34 to the bottom rail.

In the form of bottom rail disclosed in Figure 9 the two elements 28" and ill" are separable but held together by means similar to those described in connection with Figure '7. The folded over lower edge 01' the auxiliary window material is clamped in place against the inner wall of one of the elements of the bottom rail by projections 3|" on the other. The guide It" is located in a channel formed between the elements on the bottom rail as shown in the drawing and the lower sealing element 34" is compressed within rail.

In each form of bottom rail, a catch device 38 and a finger piece 31 are provided so that the window may be raised and lowered and secured in its lowered position against the action of the spring actuated roller it.

Thus, we have provided means for creating a quiescent zone between the inside and outside of a room without material light'interruptlon, and in so doing we have made it possible to use the two window members in cooperation, or to use only one of the members as desired. Moreover,

because of the described construction, we have.

provided for the easy and quick application and operation of the auxiliary window construction and for its replacement in the event such replacement is necessary.

When it becomes desirable to replace the impervious auxiliary window with one that is pervious (such as screening), either of two things may be done. carried by the roller l8 (with the window material pervious instead of impervious), may be substituted by the simple removal of the unit from the casing, the removal of the guides carried by the lower rail from the tracks and the replacement by the new unit or the impervious window material may be replaced by a pervious material such, for instance, as a plastic screen fabric, the other elements of the unit remaining the same.

It will be noted that the bracket ends of the casing, in which the bearings of the roller are mounted, are extended to form shade receiving brackets 38, by which a shade 39 may be carried.

The construction is such that a roller carrying an impervious element may easily be removed and replaced by one carrying a pervious element or vice versa and is such that by simple arrangement, an auxiliary window element (pervious or impervious), a shade and a curtain holder may be mounted or dismounted as a unit and replaced.

means 3|, the lower edge of the window mate- II While we have disclosed definite embodiments A unit similar to that which is.

' of our invention, including the illustration of a conventional double hung window construction, it is to be understood that either a special double hung window or a casement type of window or door may be used and that the mounting of the auxiliary window may be altered somewhat to accommodate itself to the main window members. It is of course to be understood that many details of construction may be changed without departing from"the"invention andwe therefore do not wish to be limited to the precise details disclosed except insofar as these are claimed.

We claim:

l. A window construction including a frame, a main window member and an auxiliary window member mounted within the frame and arranged in spaced relation to each other, the auxiliary window member being constructed of flexible, air impervious, light transmitting material, means for rolling the auxiliary window member into an open position, and means for sealing the auxiliary window member when in a "closed position at the top, sides and bottom of the frame to create a dead air space between the main and auxiliary window members.

2. A window construction including a frame, a 'main window member mounted within the frame, a removable auxiliary window member of flexible, air impervious, light transmitting material mounted within the frame and on a roller adapted to be extended therefrom and into spaced relation to the main window member, means for sealing the auxiliary window member at the top, sides and bottom of the frame to create a dead air space between the main and auxiliary window members, and means for removably mounting said roller.

3. A window construction including a window frame, a main window member, an auxiliary window member construction including a casing sebeing removable with the auxiliary window member.

4. A window construction including a window frame, a main window member, an auxiliary window member construction including a casing secured to the window frame, a spring actuated roller removably mounted in said casing, a flexible, air repellant, light transmitting sheet member secured to said roller and adapted to be extended to close the window opening, and means at the side edges of the sheet member, for guiding and for sealing the sheet member and adjustable in the plane thereof.

5. A window construction including a window frame, a main window member mounted in said the same at its tops and sides, said last mentioned guide the flexible member in its movements to "open and "closed positions, said guides being spaced from said compressible elements.

6. A window construction including a window frame, a main window member mounted in said frame, an auxiliary window member construction frame, an auxiliary window member construction including a casing secured to the window frame, a spring actuated roller mounted in said casing, a flexible, air repellent, light transmitting sheet member secured to said roller and adapted to be extended to close the window opening in spaced relation to the main window member, and means for guiding said sheet member and for sealing including a casing secured to the window frame,

a spring actuated roller mounted in said casing, a flexible, air repellant, light transmitting member secured to said roller and constructed and arranged to close the window opening in spaced relation to the main window member, and means for guiding said flexible member and for sealing the same, said last mentioned means including side tracks, resilient compressible elements within said side tracks and forcibly engaging the opposite faces of the flexible member adjacent its edges, guides on one end of the flexible member operable in said tracks to guide the flexible member in its movements to open and "closed positions, and a compressible member carried by the lower edge of the flexible member and adapted to engage the window frame to form a seal between said frame and the lower edge of the auxiliary window member.

7. In a window construction, a frame including a header, jambs and sill, a main window member mounted in said frame, a casing mounted on the header and including a body portion and a cover therefor, a roller mounted in said casing, a flexible air impervious, light transmitting auxiliary window member mounted on said roller and adapted to be extended therefrom, guides mounted on the jambs and yleldably engaging the side edge portions of the auxiliary window member, cooperating compressible means on the body. and cover of the casing for engaging the auxiliary window member transversely, and a compressible member carried by the bottom of the auxiliary window member and adapted to engage the sill of the frame.

8. In a window construction, a frame including a header, jambs and sill, a main window member mounted in said frame, a casing mounted on the header and including a body portion and a cover therefor, a roller mounted in said casing, a flexible air impervious, light transmitting auxiliary window member mounted on said roller and adapted to be extended therefrom, guides mounted on the jambs and yieldably engaging the side edge portions of the auxiliary window member, cooperating compressible means on the body and cover of the casing for engaging the auxiliary window member transversely, and a compressible member carried by the bottom of the auxiliary window member and adapted to engage the sill of the frame and means for securing said casing to said header.

9. In a window construction, a frame including a header, jambs and sill, a main window member mounted in said frame, a casing mounted on the header and including a body portion and a cover therefor, means for hinging said cover to said body portion, a roller mounted in said casing, a flexible air impervious, light transmitting auxiliary window member mounted on said roller and adapted to be extended therefrom to close the window opening, guides mounted on the jambs and'yieldably engaging the side edge por-.

substantially their vertical extent when said auxiliary window member is in its closed" position, cooperating compressible means on the body and cover of the casing for engaging the auxiliary window member transversely throughout substantially its horizontal extent, and a compressible member carried by the bottom of the auxiliary window member and adapted to engage the sill of the frame.

10. In a window construction, a window frame, a main window member mounted in said frame, a roller mounted in said frame, a flexible, air impervious, light transmitting auxiliary window member mounted on said roller and adapted to be lowered into spaced relation to said main window member, guides on the side of the frame including yieldable means for engaging the edge portions of the auxiliary window member throughout substantially their vertical extent when said auxiliary window member is in its closed position, a rail having a portion slidable within said guides and connected to the lower edge of the auxiliary window member, a compressible sealing member carried by said rail throughout substantially its horizontal extent, said rail including complemental plates and common means for securing said plates together and for securing the lower edge of the auxiliary window member and said compressible member between said plates.

ll. In a window construction, a window frame, a mainwindow member mounted in said frame,

a roller mounted in said frame, a flexible, air,

im ervious, light transmitting auxiliary window member mounted on said roller and adapted to be lowered into spaced relation to said main window member, guides on the side of the frame including yieldable means for engaging the edge portions of the auxiliary window member throughout substantially their vertical extent when said auxiliary window member is in its closed position, a rail connected to the lower edge of the auxiliary window member, a compressible sealing member carried by said rail throughout substantially its horizontal extent, said rail including complemental plates and common means for securing said plates together and for securing the lower edge of the auxiliary window member and said compressible member between said plates, and a guide rod mounted within said bottom rail and engaging in said side guides in spaced relation to said yieldable means therein to assist in guiding said auxiliary window member in its movements.

12. In a window construction, a casing having a body portion and a hinged cover, a roller removably mounted in said casing, a flexible, air impervious light transmitting window member mounted on said 'roller and extensible therefrom between the body portion and cover of the easing, cooperating compressible members on the body portion and cover of the casing/ engaging the opposite faces of the window member to seal the opening in the casing against the entry of air through which the window member passes, and guides for the side edges of the window member having compressible elements engageable with the opposite faces of the window member as the latter is extended from and retracted to the roller to seal the spaces between the edges of the window member and the guides against the entry of air.

13. In a window construction, a casing having a body portion and a hinged cover, a roller re- 8 movably mounted in said casing, a flexible, air

impervious light transmitting window member mounted on said roller and extensible therefrom between the body portion and cover of the casing, cooperating compressible members on the body portion and cover of the casing engaging the opposite faces of the window member to seal the opening in the casing through which the window member passes, guides for the side edges of the window member having compressible elements engageable with the opposite faces of the window member as the latter is extended from and retracted to the roller to seal the spaces between the edges of the window member andthe guides,

and a compressible strip carried by the lower edge portion of the window member.

14. In a window construction, a casing having a body portion and a hinged cover, a roller removably mounted in said casing, a flexible, air impervious light transmitting window member mounted on said roller and extensible therefrom between the body portion and cover of the casing. cooperating compressible members on the body portion and cover of the casing engaging the opposite faces of the window member to seal the opening in the casing through which the window member passessuides for the side edges of the window member having compressible elements engageable with the opposite faces of the window member as the latter is extended from and retracted to the roller to seal the spaces between the edges of the window member and the guides, a compressible strip carried by the lower edge portion of the window member, and means on the window member adjacent its side edges and slideable in the guides in spaced relation to the compressible elements in said guides for guiding the window member in its movements to extended and retracted positions.

15. In a window construction, a casing having a body portion and a hinged cover, a roller removably mounted in said casing, a flexible, air impervious light transmitting window member mounted on said roller and extensible therefrom between the body portion and cover of the casing, cooperating compressible members on the body portion and cover of the casing engaging the opposite faces of the window member to seal the opening in the casing through which the window member passes against the entry of air, guides for the side edges of the window member having compressible elements engageable with the opposite faces of the window member as the latter is extended from and retracted to the roller to seal the spaces between the edges of the window member and the guides against the entry of air, a rigid rail at the lower edge of the window member, said rail including complemental plates, a compressible sealing strip associated with said rail, the edge portions of the window member and said compressible sealing strip being located between said complemental plates, and common means securing said complemental plates together and securing said edge portions of the window member and compressible sealing strip between said complemental plates.

16. In a window construction which includes a frame and a main window member, a flexible sheet member adapted to be mounted adjacent the top of the frame and extensible to close the frame opening, a guide adapted to be secured at each side of said frame and engaged with said flexible member adjacent its side edges and adjustable in the plane of said flexible member.

17. In a window construction which includes a frame and a main window member, a flexible sheet member adapted to be mounted adjacent the top 01 the frame and extensible to close the frame opening, a channel member adapted to be mounted at each side of the frame to extend vertically thereon, a guide adapted to be mounted in each of said channel members and engaged with said flexible member adjacent each of its edges, and means for adjusting each of said guides in the plane of said flexible member and within said channel members.

18. In a window construction which includes a frame and a main window member, a flexible sheet member adapted to be mounted adjacent the top or the frame and extensible to close the frame opening, a lower rail member adapted to be mounted onsaid flexible member and guides adapted to be engaged with said flexible member adjacent its vertical edges and adapted to be mounted vertically on said frame, said rail including a pair of spaced plates, a rod mounted between said plates and having ends adapted to be projected into said guides, a compressible member mounted between said plates, and means for securing said plates together and for securing said flexible member, said rod and said compressible member between said plates.

19. A window construction including a window frame, a main window member, an auxiliary window member construction including a casing secured to the window frame, a spring actuated roller mounted in said casing, a flexible air repellant, light transmitting sheet member secured to said roller and adapted to be extended to close the window opening in spaced relation to the main window member, means for guiding said flexible member and for sealing the same at the top and sides thereof, and means for sealing the auxiliary window member at the bottom thereof to create a dead air space between the main and auxiliary window members.

EDMUND PEREMI. HENRY WEIMANN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,147,188 Rojas July 20, 1915 1,608,667 Poetsch Nov. 30, 1926 1,672,647 Lenish June 5, 1928 1,775,657 Rupprecht Sept. 16, 1930 1,978,120 Watson Oct. 23, 1934 2,132,986 Juiien Oct. 11, 1938 2,235,295 Morgan Mar. 18, 1941 2,354,489 Tucker July 25, 1944

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3076975 *Jul 24, 1961Feb 12, 1963Philip A MallinckrodtProtectively housed, extendible and retractable cover apparatus for swimming pools
US3126049 *Jan 3, 1962Mar 24, 1964 Hollands
US3158195 *Apr 23, 1962Nov 24, 1964Ney Land IncRoll up window screens
US3292685 *Sep 9, 1963Dec 20, 1966Guaranteed Weather IncWeatherproof retractable wall
US3665997 *Feb 20, 1970May 30, 1972Overhead Door CorpAdjustable dock seal assembly
US3797553 *Jul 17, 1972Mar 19, 1974Elliott PSelective positioning means for curtain assembly
US4282919 *Apr 9, 1980Aug 11, 1981Teno Francis DInterior storm window
US4333511 *Oct 9, 1979Jun 8, 1982Johnston David RWindow insulations
US4453584 *May 17, 1983Jun 12, 1984Steele Richard SSealing system for movable insulation
US4480676 *Sep 15, 1983Nov 6, 1984Solomon Victor JInsulation assembly
US5392835 *Jun 22, 1993Feb 28, 1995Irowi-Insektenschutz-Rollgitter GmbhRoll-type insect screen assembly
US5732419 *Dec 6, 1994Mar 31, 1998Voltiguer Holdings Ltd.Retractable shower screen
US20040084157 *Jun 25, 2003May 6, 2004Thomas Bruce E.Door with variable length screen
US20050022943 *Jul 29, 2004Feb 3, 2005Thomas Bruce E.Door with retractable screen
US20120012260 *Jan 19, 2012Leonard ElinsonRetractable shade assembly with adjustable side guides
EP0151827A2 *Dec 13, 1984Aug 21, 1985Nardo BoniniSupport framework for any type of rolling curtains easily fitting any window opening with associated device for a quick and final stretching unrolling adjustment of said rolling curtains
Classifications
U.S. Classification160/23.1, 160/40, 160/272, 160/41
International ClassificationE06B9/54, E06B9/52
Cooperative ClassificationE06B2009/2452, E06B9/54
European ClassificationE06B9/54