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Publication numberUS2509546 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 30, 1950
Filing dateAug 8, 1945
Priority dateAug 8, 1945
Publication numberUS 2509546 A, US 2509546A, US-A-2509546, US2509546 A, US2509546A
InventorsConnor Roger, Nelson S Welk
Original AssigneeMcbee Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Collapsible card sorting device
US 2509546 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 30, 1950 N. s. WE ILK ET AL 2,509,546

COLLAPSIBLE CARD SORTING DEVICE Filed Aug. 8, 1945 3 Sheets-Sheet l.

IN VEN TORS NELSON S. WELK ROGER CONNOR 3/ ,4 T TORNE Y8 y 1950 N. s. WELK in- AL 2,509,546

COLLAPSIBLE CARD SORTING DEVICE Filed Aug. 8, 1945 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 lNVE/V rows NELSON s. WELK ROGER com/v01? A T TOR/VEYS y 1950 N. s. WELK ET AL 2,509,546

COLLAPSIBLE CARD SORTING DEVICE Filed Aug. 8, 1945 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVEN TORI-J NELSON S. WELA 506E CONNOR B m 19 Mm A 7' TO/PNEVS Patented May 3Q, 1950 COLLAPSIBLE CARD SORTING DEVICE Nelson S. Welk and Roger Connor, Athens, Ohio, assignors to The McBee Company, Athens,

Ohio, a corporation Application August 8, 1945, SerialNo. 609,568

8 Claims.

This invention relates to devices for selectively sorting cards of the type known commercially as Keysort cards.

Cards of the type referred to are provided along one or more edges with one or more rows of perforations which are grouped and identified by suitable indicia to represent desired classifications. In practice, a plurality of these perforations are notched or slotted out to the edge of the card, forming a pattern of notches or slots pertaining to a single classification. The cards when thus notched or slotted may be selectively sorted by passing one or more sorting rods through the selected perforations of a group of cards, which perforations representing the desired classification. By then permitting the cards having notches or slots coinciding with the perforations penetrated by the rod or rods to disengage from the rods, while the remainder of the cards remain suspended from the rod or rods, the cardsof one or more selected classifications are sorted from a stack of cards.

It is the principal object of our present invention to provide an improved and simplified sorting device for cards of the type referred to, which sorting device will enable the sorting to be efiected accurately and expeditiously and may be collapsed so as to occupy a comparatively small space.

One form which the invention may assume is exemplified in the following description and illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. l is a perspective view of a collapsible card sorting device embodying the preferred form of my invention.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view in section taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1, showing certain details of construction.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view in perspective, showing one of the tray carrier arms and the manner in which it is constructed.

Fig. 4 is a View in section through thedevice takencn line l4 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4a is a fragmentary view in perspective, illustrating a type/of card which may be sorted by the present device.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view in perspective, showing the manner of attachment of the carrier arms to the frame plate.

Fig. 5 is anend elevation ofthe machine, showing the tray in position for .ins'e tion of the sorting needles.

Fig. '7 is a similar view, showing thetrayin verted to effect sorting.

Fig. 8 is an end view, showing the device part- 1y collapsed.

Fig. 9 isa similar view, showing the devicecom- .pletely collapsed.

Referring more particularly to the accompanying drawings, it indicates .a selective sorting apparatus for cards of the character commercially lrnownas Keysort cards. lhese cards are what are commonly known asedge punchedcards. The particular type of Keysort card with which the present apparatus is concerned is diagrammati- .cally illustrated in Fig. 4a. This card has two rows of perforations H adjacent and parallel to one or imore edges of the card. The perforations of each row are in alignment perpendicularly with respect to the adjacent edge of the card.

In practice, certain of the perforations or punchings M are notched out to the end of the card, as indicated in Fig. 4a by the numeral [2, in patterns to represent a desired classification or classifications. To effect this result, certain of the punchings extend only to the outermost perforations, while others extend to the innermost perforations so that notches-or slots of two depths are provided. Obviously, it is necessary, therefore, whenlsorting these cards, that needles or sorting rods be run throughcertain of the perforations of the outer row and through certain perforations of the inner row.

The card sorting device here disclosed is what is known asaselective sorting apparatus "by means of which punched and notched cards of one or more classifications of the type shown in Fig. 411

may beseparated or sortedfrom a stack of cards. Although in the present instance we have shown ourapparatus as applied to a particular type of punched card .and a particular arrangementof the perforations therein, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that the apparatus is applicable for use to various other types of edge punched cards in which the perforations may be differently arranged to designate a desired classification or. classifications.

The device here disclosed comprises a. flat rigid .fI'EtIllG plate M having its ends bent in the same direction at right angles thereto to .form two aligned and parallel frame cars it at opposite ends thereof. The upper ends of these frame bars l5 project above the upper. end of the frame plate Hi, as illustrated, forthe purpose of providing a connection between the frame bars l5 and tray carrier arms 16. There is a tray carrier arm 16 positioned adjacent each frame bar it), which arms are \mountedin juxtapositiontothe inner surfaces of the frame .bars {5. The carrier arms it are pivotally connected as at it to the frame bars to enable them to be moved about the pivot I! in a plane parallel to the plane of the inner surfaces of the frame bars l5.

Each arm it has an inturned flange i'ia at one edge thereof adapted to bear, as at E8, on the upper edge of the frame plate it when the device is in uncollapsed condition for operation. It will be noticed that the point of engagement between the flange il'a and the upper edge of the frame plate i4 is eccentric with respect to the pivotal connection it so that the carrier arms it will be firmly supported in a more or less horizontal position, as illustrated in Fig. 4. From this position, however, the tray carrier arms is may be swung approximately 276 so as to lie between the frame bars is at the rear side of the frame plate l4, as illustrated in Figs. 8 and 9.

The tray carrier arms it are rigidly connected together by a channel member is which extends longitudinally between said arms and is fastened thereto at its ends through the medium of the fiange i'ia. One of the legs of this channel member it, or that indicated by the numeral 26, is of a height that it may be engaged b a card receiving tray 2i to support the latter, as will be described.

The card receiving tray 2i is a rigid open rectangular frame composed of longitudinal bars 22 and 23 and transverse bars and 25. At one side of the frame at a distance below one face thereof are transverse members 2%} so that the inner periphery of the frame and the transverse members 26 define a shallow card receiving recess. The card receiving tray 2i is of a length that it fits longitudinally between the tray carrier arms '53 and is pivoted to the outer ends of these arms as at El so that the frame may be rotated approximately l80 about a horizontal axis, or an axis which is parallel to the axis on which the arms it pivot.

One longitudinal bar 23 of the tray 23 is perforated, as at '28, complementary to the cards to be sorted. The other longitudinal frame bar 22 is likewise perforated. The perforations are so arranged that when the cards are stacked in the recess in the tray and rest on the transverse members 26, the perforations in the edge thereof will register with the perforations 23 in the bar 23 and the perforations or 'ockets 2%? in the bar 22 of the tray. This is so that sorting needles or rods 38 may be projected through the perforations in the bar 23, thence through the perforations in the cards stacked in the tray 2 l, and thence into the perforations or sockets 29 in the bar 22.

The cards are stacked in the tray, as illustrated in Fig. i, and the sorting rods or needles are projected through the selected perforations indicating the desired classification, and the tray 2! is then inverted by swinging it about its pivots 2'! so that the cards which are unnotched in alignment with the needles or rods will remain suspended on the rods or needles, while those notched in alignment with the needles or rods will descend from the stack, so that they may be removed therefrom.

To enable the selector rods or needles to be arranged and held in accordance with a selected pattern or patterns so that a complete selective sort may be made through the classifications along one edge of the cards with a single setting of the needles or rods and in a single sorting operation, we provide a sorting rod holder 3i which is telescopically connected to the tray 2!. The sorting rod holder 3! comprises a rigid head (iii 4 member 32 which is arranged in alignment with and in parallelism to the adjacent side of the tray 2!. Projecting at right angles from this rigid head member 32 are two plunger rods 33 which project into plunger bores 35. formed in the transverse bars 24 and 25 of the tray 2!. Within the bore each plunger rod 33 is formed with an enlarged plunger head 35 reciprocably engaging the bores 34. When the sorting rod holder is in sorting position, the inner ends of the plunger heads 35 engage the inner ends of the plunger bores 3t, and when the sorting rod holder 3i is in its extended or non-sorting position, the opposite ends of the plunger heads 35 engage annular shoulders adjacent the outer ends of the plunger bores 34 to limit the outward movement of the sorting rod holder.

In this latter position, the needles will be withdrawn to a point where their ends will not project into the sorting tray. When the sorting rod holder 3i is in its sorting position, the sorting needles or rods will be projected completely transversely through the tray with their ends projected into the sockets it in the longitudinal bar of the tray.

Cooperating with the fixed head member 32 is a rotatable indexing member 36 which is arranged in parallelism and in juxtaposition to the rigid head m mber 32 at the outer side thereof. This member 35 is rotatably connected to the member 32 by rigid brackets 33 or by other suitable means so that the rotatable member 38 may rotate about its longitudinal axis. The rotatable indexing member 36 is formed with a plurality of sets of holes 38 which are complemental to and in alignment with the holes at and 29 in the opposite sides of the tray 2i.

From the drawings it will be seen that the sets of holes 38 in the member 36 extend transversely therethrough so that by rotation of the member 36 about its axis, either set of holes 33 therein may be registered and longitudinally aligned with the holes 28 and 29 in the tray. Thus, by rotational adjustment of the member 36, either set of holes 38 therein may be registered and aligned with the holes 28 and 29 in the tray.

The advantages of providing such a rotatable indexing member 35 in a card sorting device is set forth in a copending application of Roger Connor entitled Selector rod holder, filed June 18, 1945, and bearing Serial No. 600,121, Patent No. 2,427,046 dated September 9, 1947, in which application such device is fully described and claimed.

It will sufiice here to state that in practice the sorting rods or needles are projected through the rotatable member 36 and are held thereby in cooperation with the member 32 in a selected pattern for sorting. The sorting rods may be held from endwise movement in the member 36 by a hinged cover or latch member as, pivotally connected with the member 32, as illustrated.

To support the sorting device in position for operation, we provide a base plate to pivotally connected at opposite ends to the frame bar members 15 as at 41. This base plate iii comprises a flat plate 42 having its ends bent at right angles to form supporting legs 43. These legs extend beyond one edge of the plate 42 in contact with the exterior sides of the frame bars i5, as illustrated, to enable the base to be pivotally connected as at 4| to the frame bars i5.

It is seen that when in extended position, as shown in Fig. 4, one edge of the plate 42 will engage the frame plate M, which engagement will ano e-4c prevent pivotal movement between the base member 40 and the frame plate H! in one direction and hold them disposed at right angles to each other. However, it is seen that the base plate 40 may be pivoted in the opposite direction approximately 270 so as to nest over the frame plate l4 and the frame bars l5, as illustrated in Figs. 8 and 9.

,Suspended on the frame is a card receiving platform 44 disposed substantially parallel to the base plate 40 and the tray 24, when the latter is in normal card receiving position. This platform at is composed of a flat plate 45 having rightangularly turned arms 46 at its opposite ends. These arms each have an inwardly projecting stud ll adapted to engage notches 48 in the rear edges of the frame bars [5. Inasmuch as the inner edge of the plate 45 engages the surface of the frame plate [4, a lever action is created which latches the platform 44 in position. To release it from this position, it is only necessary to upraise the outer end of the platform opposite the arms at, detaching the studs 4'! from the notches 48.

When the entire device is collapsed, the studs 4? are engaged with the lower notch 48 and the platform folded against the face of the frame plate l4, as illustrated in Figs. 8 and 9.

It is seen that when the device is in uncollapsed and operating condition, the tray 2 l, the platform 54 and the base plate 40 are normally disposed in parallelism and in a horizontal position extendin;- perpendicularly to the frame plate M. In normal position the tray 2! may be latched in card receiving condition, shown in Fig. 4, by a spring latch 49 fixed to the channel member I9. This rigidly connects the tray to the carrier arms Hi.

In operation of the device, assuming that it is in uncollapsed condition, as shown in Figs. 1 and 4, and it is desired to selectively sort a stack of cards, the cards are stacked edgewise in the tray resting on the members 26. In this condition, the perforations in the edge of the card will be aligned and registered with the holes 28 and 29 in the longitudinal members 22 and 23 of the tray. The needles or sorting rods are then arranged in the sorting head 3! in the pattern of the desired sort. At this time, of course, the sorting head 3! is in extended position. Thereafter, the sorting head 35 is moved toward the tray 2| so as to projest the needles or sorting rods 30 through the perforations in the cards and into the perforations or sockets 29. The latch 49 is then released and the tray is inverted to the position shown in Fig. 9. In this position the cards which are notched in conformity with the pattern of the needles will drop by gravity from the stack and rest on the platform 44, at which time they may be removed endwise from the stack. After the removal of the selected cards, the tray 21 is returned to normal position and latched in such position by the latch 49. The selector rod head 3% is then withdrawn so as to disengage the rods or sorting needles 30 from the cards remaining in the tray. These cards may then be removed from the tray and a second stack of cards placed in the tray for sorting.

t is desired to point out that if the cards are extremely long, the platform 44 may be disengaged from its upper notch 48 and lowered to a positionon top of the base 40.

When the card sorting device is not in use, the selector rod head 3i may be placed'in juxtaposition to the adjacent edge of the tray -2l and this tray, together with the tray carrier arms it, may be pivoted around the pivot points ill of 'the arms l6 and be suspended in parallelism with the frame plate 14 closely adjacent thereto between the end frame members 15, all as shown in Figs. 8 and 9. The platform 44 is then detached from the upper notches 48 and placed in the position shown in Fig. 9 with its plate 45 parallel to and closely adjacent to the frame plate l4 at the side thereof opposite the side at which the tray 2| is disposed. Thereafter the base member 40 may be swung about its pivots 4i approximately 270 so as to nest over the frame bars l5, and with its plate 42 exteriorly of the tray 2! and the arms 56 so that the latter two elements are confined between the base plate 2 and the frame plate 14. In this position the plate 42 will be positioned approximately at the extendededges of the memher it. The ends 43 of the base 40 will lie at the exterior side of the frame bar members 15, while the tray carrier arms it will lie at the inner sides thereof.

Thus, it is seen that when collapsed, the entire device is folded into a space not much greater than that outlined by the frame plate 14 and its frame bars it, all as illustrated in Fig. 9. Obviously in this condition, the device needs but little storage space.

From the foregoing it is obvious that we have provided a very simple but very efficient card sorting device which will be inexpensive to manufacture and which may be used with, great facility for sorting edge punched cards, and which when not in use may be collapsed or folded into a con dition requiring little space for storage.

While we have shown the preferred form of our invention, it is to be understood that various changes may be made in its construction by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the "appended claims.

Having thus described our invention, what we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A sorting device comprising a flat rigid. frame, a pair of complementary and aligned arms pivoted at the upper end and at the opposite sides of the frame, engaging means on the aims and frame whereby the former may be supported in a position extending perpendicularly to one side of the frame or positioned to lie flatwise against the opposite side of the frame, a card receiving tray disposed between the arms and pivotally connected to the other ends thereof on an axis parallel to the axes about which said arms pivot, said tray having sorting rod receiving openings coin plemental to the edge punching of cards to sorted.

2. A sorting device comprising a fiat rigid frame, a pair of complementary and aligned arms pivotally connected at the upper end and at opposite sides of the frame, engaging means on said arms and frame whereby the formermay be supported in a position extending perpendicularly to one side of the frame or positioned to lie closely adjacent to the opposite side of the frame in sub stantial parallelism with the side thereof, a rectangular card receiving tray disposed between said arms and pivotally connected with the other ends thereof on an axis parallel to the axes about which the arms pivot, said traybeing formed with a shallow recess in one face whereby a stack of cards may be disposed in edgewise condition in the tray, the sides of said tray on opposite sides of said recess being provided with perforations c'omplemental to the edge punchings of cards to be sorted.

3. A sorting device comprising a flat rigid frame, a pair of complementary and aligned arms pivotally connected at the upper end and at opposite sides of the frame, engaging means on said arms and frame whereby the former may be supported in a position extending perpendicularly to one side of the frame or positioned to lie closely adjacent to the opposite side of the frame in substantial parallelism with the side thereof, a rectangular card receiving tray disposed between said arms and pivotally connected with the other ends thereof on an axis parallel to the axes about which the arms pivot, said tray being formed with a shallow recess in one face whereby a stack of cards may be disposed in edgewise condition in the tray, the sides of said tray on opposite sides of said recess being provided with perforations complemental to the edge punchings of cards to be sorted, a sorting rod holder reciprocably connected to the tray and lying in alignment with the perforated side thereof in parallelism therewith for movement laterally of the tray toward and away from the same, and sorting rods carried by said holder to be projected and withdrawn laterally of the tray by reciprocation of the holder.

4. A sorting device comprising a flat rigid upright frame, a pair of carrier arms projecting horizontally from the upper end and at opposite sides of the frame, a card receiving tray disposed horizontally between said arms and pivotally connected to the outer ends thereof for pivotal movement about a horizontal axis, the point of pivotal connection between the tray and the arms being disposed intermediate the side edges of the tray whereby the tray may be maintained in a horizontal position to receive cards to be sorted or to be inverted by pivotal movement to discharge selected cards, said tray comprising an open rectangular rigid frame, members extending transversely of the frame across one face thereof to form a shallow recess within the frame for the reception of cards to be sorted, opposite side members of the frame being perforated complementary to the perforations in cards to be stacked in the tray and sorted.

5. A sorting device comprising a flat rigid upright frame, a pair of carrier arms projecting horizontally from the upper end and at opposite sides of the frame, a card receiving tray disposed horizontally between said arms and pivotally connected to the outer ends thereof for pivotal movement about a horizontal axis, the point of pivotal connection between the tray and the arms being disposed intermediate the side edges of the tray whereby the tray may be maintained in a horizontal position to receive cards to be sorted or to be inverted by pivotal movement to discharge selected cards, said tray comprising an open rectangular rigid frame, members extending transversely of the frame across one face thereof to form a shallow recess within the frame for the reception of cards to be sorted, opposite side members of the frame being perforated complementary to the perforations in cards to be stacked in the tray and sorted, a selector rod holder arranged in alignment and in parallelism with one side of the tray, means reciprocably connecting said holder to the tray whereby it may be reciprocated toward and away from the tray, and selector rods carried by said holder to be projected thereby laterally through the tray or withdrawn from the recess in the tray by reciprocation of said holder relative to the tray.

6. A sorting device comprising a flat rigid upright frame, a pair of carrier arms projecting horizontally from the upper end and at opposite sides of the frame, a card receiving tray disposed horizontally between said arms and pivotally connected to the outer ends thereof for pivotal movement about a horizontal axis, the point of pivotal connection between the tray and the arms being disposed intermediate the side edges of the tray whereby the tray may be maintained in a horizontal position to receive cards to be sorted or to be inverted by pivotal movement to discharge selected cards, said tray comprising an open rectangular rigid frame, members extendin transversely of the frame across one face thereof to form a shallow recess within the frame for the reception of cards to be sorted, opposite side members of the frame being perforated complementary to the perforations in cards to be stacked in the tray and sorted, a selector rod holder arranged in alignment and in parallelism with one side of the tray, sockets formed in opposite ends of said tray frame and extending transversely of the tray frame, a plunger mounted in each socket and reciprocable therein, a plunger rod extending in each socket and connected with the plunger at one end and connected at its other end to the selected rod holder whereby the selector rod holder may be reciprocated toward and away from the tray.

'7 A sorting device comprising a fiat rigid frame, a pair of complementary and aligned carrier arms pivotally connected at the upper end and at opposite sides of the frame, engaging means on said arms and frame whereby the former may be supported in a position extending perpendicularly to one side of the frame or positioned at the opposite side of the frame in substantial parallelism to the side of the frame in close proximity thereto, a shallow card receiving tray extending between the arms and pivotally connected to the other ends of the arms on an axis parallel to the axes about which the arms pivot, means for latching said tray relative to the frame so that it will extend perpendicularly thereto for receiving cards, a base plate pivotally connected to the frame at a spaced distance from the arms, engaging means on said base plate and frame whereby the frame may be held in a position perpendicularly to the base plate when the latter is extended in the same direction and in parallelism to the arms when the latter are extended perpendicularly to the frame, said pivotal connection enabling the base plate to be swung about its pivot points to lie in parallelism with the frame overlying the arms and tray when the latter are positioned in parallelism with the frame.

8. A sorting device comprising a fiat rigid frame, a pair of complementary and aligned carrier arms pivotally connected at the upper end and at opposite sides of the frame, engaging means on said arms and frame whereby the former may be supported in a position extending perpendicularly to one side of the frame or positioned at the opposite side of the frame in substantial parallelism to the side of the frame in close proximity thereto, a shallow card receiving tray extending between the arms and pivotally connected to the other ends of the arms on an axis parallel to the axes about which the arms pivot, means for latching said tray relative to the frame so that it will extend perpendicularly thereto for receiving cards, a base plate pivotally connected to the frame at a spaced distance from the arms, engaging means on said base plate and frame whereby the frame may 5 be held in a position perpendicularly to the base plate when the latter is extended in the same direction and in parallelism to the arms when the latter are extended perpendicularly to the frame, said pivotal connection enabling the base 10 arms when they are extended perpendicularly to the frame at a point intermediate the frame and the base plate.

T NELSON S. WELK.

ROGER CONNOR.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,021,838 Kinney Apr. 2, 1912 1,402,929 Herpst et a1 Jan. 10, 1922 15 1,944,649 Smith Jan. 23, 1934 2,305,629 Magnuson Dec. 22, 1942

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US1402929 *Jul 12, 1920Jan 10, 1922Dix Herpst HaroldFolding shelf
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2692055 *Jul 25, 1949Oct 19, 1954Royal Mcbee CorpCard sorting device
US2743820 *Jun 18, 1952May 1, 1956Wynnwopd CorpUnit dispensing devices
US3403789 *May 20, 1966Oct 1, 1968Vita Pakt Citrus Products CoTelescoping tray for retractable display rack
US4589349 *May 14, 1982May 20, 1986The Mead CorporationExtendible shelf
US4646658 *Jun 1, 1982Mar 3, 1987Frito-Lay, Inc.Extendable shelf for a display rack
US6415723May 28, 1999Jul 9, 2002Krueger International, Inc.Training table with wire management
US6647900Oct 5, 2001Nov 18, 2003Krueger International, Inc.Folding training table with wire manager pivotably mounted to and between a pair of legs
Classifications
U.S. Classification209/612, 108/62, 108/134
International ClassificationG06K21/04
Cooperative ClassificationG06K21/04
European ClassificationG06K21/04