Hearse and coffin barrow
US 250997 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
-- (Model) lSheets-Sheet 1. J..B. STOBTZEL.
HEARSB AND'G'OFFIN BARROW. I
Patented Dec. 13,1881.
(ModeL) 4 SheetsSheet 3.
' J. E. ST'OETZEL.
HEARSB AND OOEFI'N BARROW. v No. 250,997. J Paitented Deb. 13,1881.
WITNESSES IgVENTOR ATTORNEY N. PETERS. PhohrLilhcgnphQr. wuhingion. D. C.
4 Sheets-Sheet 4.
(ModeL) J. E. STOETZEL.
HEARSE AND GOFPIN BARROW.
Patented Dec. 13,1881.
INVENTOR WITNESSES TTORNEY u PETERS. Pnwmc mw. W-hinglun. n. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN E. STOETZEL, OF PERU, ILLINOIS.
HEARSE AND COFFIN BARROW.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 250,997, dated December 13, 1881,
Application filed April 28, 1881.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, JOHN E. S'roETzEL, of Peru, in the county of La Salle and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hearse and Ooftin Barrows; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use it, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification.
My invention relates to an improvement in hearse and coffin barrows, the object being to provide a barrow which shall be light, simple, and economical in construction, and provided with devices for its secure attachment to a coffin-box and prevent the displacement of the latter, and also provided with devices for its removable attachment to the bottom of the hearse.
With these ends in view my invention consists in certain features of construction and arrangement of parts, as will hereinafter be described, and pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a view in perspective of my improved hearse and coflin barrow. Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of one end of the barrow. Fig. 3 is a detached plan view of a pair of the adjustable rack bars or plates. Fig. 4 is a plan view of the under side of one ofthe adjustable supporting-pieces, showing the location and arrangement of the sliding bolts and springs. Fig. 5 represents the barrow secured to the bottom ofthe hearse. Fig. 6 is a view in side elevation .of one of the folding legs and jointed brace. Fig. 7 shows the legs in their folded position. Fig. 8 is an enlarged detached view of one of the adjustable stops. Fig. 9 is a detached view of one of the side handles, and Fig. 10 is a transverse section. 1
AA represent the side frame-pieces, andB B the end cross-bars, of the barrow, while the frame is braced by the intermediate cross-bars, B B The side pieces, A A, project beyond the cross-bars B B, and are formed into handles O, by which the barrow is transported from place to place. D D are folding legs, a pair being located at each end of the barrow. Legs D D are connected by a brace, a, and are pivoted at their upper ends on a rod, 12,
(Model) secured at its ends to the side pieces, B B. These legs are provided with folding braces E, the opposite ends of which are pivoted to the side frame and leg. Braces E are formed with a knuckle-joint, so that, the jointed portion beingdepressed,thelegs areheld firmly against displacement while supporting the barrowframe. By raising the jointed portion of the braces the latter are readily folded, and thereby allow the legs to be snugly folded beneath the barrow-frame.
Each one of the side pieces, A A, has connected therewith, near its longitudinal center, an adjustable handle, F, which may be forced inwardly, so as to be flush with the outer sur face of the side pieces, thereby forming no obstruction in sliding the barrow into the hearse. When the handles are desired for use they may be pulled out a sufiicient distance to be grasped by the hand. The inner faces or sides of the side pieces are rabbeted, as at ff, and upon the upper faces thereof are secured the metal or wooden strips G G, whereby there is formed a groove, 9 on the inner sides of each side piece.
At opposite ends of the barrow-frame are located the adjustable cross-bars or supports H H, the opposite ends of which are inserted in the grooves 9, whereby said cross-bars or supports are prevented from vertical displacement and allowed a movement toward and from each other. Each one of the cross-bars or supports H H is provided with two springbolts, I 1, the inner ends of which are bent to form handles 2', which latter are acted upon by the free ends t" i of the spring 1 fastened to the under side of the supports. Bolts I I engage in the series of holes J formed in the side pieces, A A, and allow the cross-bars or supports H H to be looked in any desired position. Whena long coffin or casket is to be secured to the barrow these supports are secured near the opposite ends of the side pieces, and when a short casket is to be secured to the barrow the supports are secured nearer its center.
Upon the upper face of each one of the crossbars or supports H H is secured a guide, K, which may be made of wood with two metal strips, 70 70, secured to its upper surface, or it may be made of a single piece of casting, as
desired. ,Within the guide K are placed the two sliding rack bars or plates L L, each having a series ofnotches or depressions, Z,formed therein.
M is an adjustable stop, consisting ofa plate, m, having a pawl,m,pivoted in one end thereof, said pawlbeing provided with an extension, m to enable it to be raised and disengaged from the notches in the adjustable rack bar or plate. The rear end of plate m is provided with an upwardly-projectin g flange, m, which engages with the lower edge of the casket.
Each one of the adjustable rack bars or plates is provided with one of these stops M, which are secured in place by their pawls engaging in the notches or depressions l. The stops are secured to the rack bars or plates at proper distances from each other to allow of the insertion of the coffin or casket between them, when the rack bars or plates are moved toward each other simultaneously, and the stops firmly engaged with the opposite sides of the cottin, thereby firmly securing the latter against displacement.
The following mechanism is employed for imparting movement to the rack bars or plates:
0 are'bell-crank levers, and are pivoted to the cross-bars or supports H H. Each lever O is connected by a link, 0, with one end of a pivoted bar, 0, located in a slot or recess in the support or cross-bar. The opposite ends of the bar 0! are connectedwith the rack bars or plates by the links pp.
To the cross-bars or supports B H are secured the locking-plates P, each having an upturned flange, 19 provided with a series of ratchet-teeth, 11 with which engages the lip 19 on the handle end of the bell-crank lever, whereby, the latter being actuated, the rack bars or plates are moved simultaneously either toward or from each other, according to the direction in which the lever is moved. To the rear cross bar or brace of the barrow-frame is secured a bracket, Q, in which is pivoted alewardly and cause them to engage in holes in the hearse-bottom, thus securely fastening the barrow-frame to the hearse-bottom.
It is evident that many slight changes in details of construction and arrangement of parts might be resorted to without avoiding the spirit of my invention, and hence I would have it understood that I do not limit myself to the exact construction and arrangement of parts shown and described, but make no claim in this application to features of construction and combinations of parts disclosed in the prior joint application of Haas and Stoetzel.
Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In ahearse and coffin barrow, the combina tion, with the side frame-pieces having grooves formed in their inner and adjacent sides, ot' the adjustable cross-bars having sliding bolts connected therewith, and a spring having its free ends arranged to engage with the adjacent ends of said sliding bolts or rods, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination, with the adjustable cross-bar having a guide secured thereto, of adjustable rack bars or plates located in said guide, stops provided with pa ls supported in said rackbars, and devices for moving the rack bars or plates toward or from each other, substantially as set forth.
3. In ahearse andcoftin barrow, the combination, with the rack bars or plates and adjustable stops provided with pawls, of a bell-crank lever, links connecting same with the rack bars or plates, and a notched plate for retaining the lever in any desired position, substantially as set forth.
4. Thecombination, with the adjustable rack bars or plates, of stops having pawls pivoted thereto at one end, and provided with upwardly-projecting flanges attheir opposite ends, substantially as set forth.
5. The combination, with the supportingframe ofa hearse and coffin barrow, ot' the two sliding bolts and a lever for moving said bolts inwardly or outwardly, as desired, substantially as set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand this 12th day of April, 1881.
JOHN E. STOETZEL.
GEo. PERRY, W. W. DINGEL.