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Publication numberUS2510383 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 6, 1950
Filing dateNov 13, 1946
Priority dateNov 15, 1945
Publication numberUS 2510383 A, US 2510383A, US-A-2510383, US2510383 A, US2510383A
InventorsDalgleish James White
Original AssigneePye Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of cutting or trimming thermoplastic materials
US 2510383 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J 0 J. w. DALGLEISH 2,510,333

METHOD OF CUTTING OR TRIMMING THERMOPLASTIC MATERIALS Filed Nov. 13, 1946 jg. 5 7/94. Inventor 2m: 6/1 (g/WM fi M254;

Attorney Patented June 6, 1950;

2,510,383 mn'rnoo or oor'rmo on TRIMMING rnnmuormsrro MATERIALS James White Dalgleish, Cambridge, England, as-

slgnor to Pye Limited, Cambridge, England, a British company Application November 13, 1946, Serial No. 709,659

In Great Britain November 15, 1945.

3 Claims.

The invention relates to a method of cutting or trimming thermo-plastic materials, particularly in'sheet form. Such materials are being used in the manufacture of purses, tobacco pouches and the like. The present invention has for an object to enable such materials to be cut and to present a smooth moulded edge of superior finish.

According to the present invention, the method of cutting thermo-plastic materials consists in closing together upon the material two electrodes of the desired form to which a high frequency voltage of suitable amplitude and frequency for,

heating the material is applied, switching off the high frequency power before dielectric breakdown of the material occurs, and then continuing the closure of the electrodes to sever the material completely or so as to leave only a very thin flash which can be readily pulled away for trimmed off in a second operation. The electrodes are made with the desired shape and contour to produce the desired cut with the edge of the desired shape.

In order that the invention may be more clear- 1y understood, reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 shows diagrammatically an'arrangement according to the present invention for cutting thermo-plastic material, at the sta e before the cutting has commenced.

Fig. 2 shows the arrangement partly cut.

Fig. 3 shows the final stage where the sheet is cut;

Fig. 4 shows a modification. Referring to the embodiment shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the sheet I of thermoplastic material to be cut is placed between two linear electrodes 2 and 3 having the form of the cut required. A cross-section through the electrodes is such that when the two cutting edges thereof are in contact the portion of the plastic material enclosed between the. adjacent shaped portions of the electrodes has the desired contour and form of the finished edge. Thus, as shown in the drawings, theelectrodes 2 and 3, which are shaped to produce an edge of rounded form,.'have an approximately V-shaped cross-section with the portions adjacent the apices thereof which are directed towards the edge to be finished being curved to produce a rounded edge 4 (see Fig. 3) when the electrodes are in contact. For other forms of edge. corresponding alterations would be made in the shape of theelectrodes.

The electrodes are mounted in a press, and are connected to be supplied with a high frequency with the sheet voltage of suitable amplude and frequency for heating the material of the sheet I. The drawing shows the bottom electrode3, fixed and the upper electrode 2 moved by an air-operated ram 5. The supply of high frequency energy to the electrodes is controlled by the switch contacts 6, l, the movable contact 1 of which isnormally held in engagement with the contact 6 by the spring 8. The rod 9, extending from the movable contact 1 passes out through an aperture in the casing Ill, within the switch mechanism is located in a direction substantially parallel to the direction of movement of the ram 5 and is provided with a head H at its lower end. Embracing the rod 9 is the apertured or forked end IQ of an arm l3 carried by its collar it from the ram 5 so that at a predetermined advanced position of the ram 5, the end i2 of the arm engages the head ll of the rod 9 and moves the contact I out of engagement with the contacts 5 to open the circuit supplying the high frequency energy to the electrodes 2 and 3. The position at which the contact I is opened may be adjusted by adjusting the position of the collar M along the ram 5, a set screw l5 being provided for securingthe collar in the adjusted position.

Upon closing the press; the electrodes 2 and 3 are brought into contact with the surface of the material (see Fig. 1) and the high frequency voltage is applied, the material thereby being heated to the softening point. When the material softens, the electrodes close together until they reach the position shown in Fig. 2 when the contact I is opened to cut off the supply of high frequency energy to the electrodes. The arm I3 is so adjusted that the high frequency energy is automatically switched ofi before dielectric breakdown of the material I occurs. electrodes then continues until the electrodes meet or nearly meet (see Fig. 3) thereby formingthe edge to the desired shape and severing the material completely or leaving only a very thin flash which can be readily pulled away or trimmed oil in a second operation.

A feature of the invention lies in the sequence of operations whereby, in one operation of the press, the material is first heated to a plastic .condition by the high frequency energy, and the high frequency energy is switched off automatically before the completion of the melting and severing operation.

Although particularly applicable to the cutting or trimming of thermoplastic sheet materials, the

invention may also be applied to the cutting of thermoplastic woven fabrics in order to produce a Closure of the non-fraying selvedge. Moreover, as shown in Fig. 4 by inserting two sheets of material Ia, lb,

between the electrodes 2 and 3, the sheets may be simultaneously trimmed and welded together at the edge 4a. Furthermore, the invention may also be applied to the cutting of rods or tubes in order to produce a smooth moulded finish to the cut.

I claim:

1. Method of cutting thermo-plastic materials, which consists in positioning the material to be out between two electrodes, applying high frequency energy to the electrodes to generate heat in the material therebetween, moving the electrodes towards each other during the application of the high frequency energy to cause them to enter the material, interrupting the supply of high frequency energy before dielectric break-- down of the material occurs and thereafter continuing the closure of the electrodes.

2. Method of cutting and simultaneously welding together a plurality of layers of thermo-plastic material which consists in positioning the layers between two electrodes, applying high frequency energy to the electrodes to generate heat in the material therebetween, moving the electrodes towards each other during the application of the high frequency energy to cause them to enter the material, interrupting the supply of high frequency energy before dielectric breakdown of the material occurs and thereafter continuing the closure or the electrodes to sever the material and weld together the cut edges of the layers of material.

3. Method of cutting thermo-plastic materials and moulding the cut edges thereof to a desired configuration which consists in positioning the material between two electrodes, applying high frequency energy to the electrodes to generate heat in the material therebetween, commencing the cutting operation while the material is hot and completing the cutting operation while extracting heat from the material and moulding the out edge to the desired configuration.

JAMES WHITE DALGLEISH.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
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US2354714 *Oct 17, 1941Aug 1, 1944Budd Wheel CoMethod and apparatus for heating thermoplastics
US2425388 *Apr 23, 1943Aug 12, 1947Oestricher BernardPlastic inner sole
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2628412 *May 27, 1950Feb 17, 1953Hava Dev Co IncMethod and apparatus for cutting synthetic fiber fabrics
US2632724 *Jan 10, 1948Mar 24, 1953L A Goodman Mfg CompanyMethod for bonding hollow plastic bodies
US2638963 *Mar 31, 1949May 19, 1953Us ArmyApparatus for dielectric fabrication
US2649672 *May 19, 1950Aug 25, 1953Wingfoot CorpMethod of wrapping in multi-ply material
US2657425 *May 12, 1951Nov 3, 1953Price S Patent Candle CompanyApparatus for making wax candles
US2681296 *Aug 13, 1951Jun 15, 1954Frank G DobbsManufacture of sealed enclosures
US2686556 *May 31, 1950Aug 17, 1954Gerber EugeneMachine for sealing thermoplastic materials
US2727128 *Nov 10, 1953Dec 13, 1955Jaye CorpDevice for cutting apertures in cellular thermoplastic
US2730160 *Oct 16, 1951Jan 10, 1956British Xylonite Co LtdApparatus for forming joints between thermoplastic sheets
US2759524 *Jan 17, 1952Aug 21, 1956Ford C DavisMethods and apparatus for forming welded joints in heat-fusible plastic material
US2982456 *Mar 26, 1957May 2, 1961Gen Motors CorpMethod for severing thermoplastic materials
US3047991 *May 2, 1961Aug 7, 1962Weldotron CorpImpulse sealing apparatus
US3086901 *Mar 24, 1960Apr 23, 1963Edgecraft CoMethod of making endless printing tapes
US3140039 *Aug 3, 1960Jul 7, 1964Fmc CorpFlexible wall container
US3144372 *Jun 8, 1959Aug 11, 1964Peterson Electronic Die Co IncMethod of heat and tear sealing polyurethane foam material to thermoplastic film
US3368692 *Jan 20, 1964Feb 13, 1968Coniker Entpr IncPleated pocket forming method
US3483777 *Nov 1, 1962Dec 16, 1969Xerox CorpInformation storage and retrieval employing thermal perforation of the record member
US3673300 *Jun 23, 1970Jun 27, 1972Usm CorpMethod for rounding welded edge seams
US3809306 *Mar 2, 1972May 7, 1974Usm CorpApparatus for rounding welded edge seams
US4451721 *Jul 26, 1982May 29, 1984S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Method for high frequency welding flangeless thermoplastic shells
US4820468 *Mar 22, 1985Apr 11, 1989Hartig Martval JMethod for making welded hollow plastic plate heat exchangers
US4940557 *Dec 27, 1988Jul 10, 1990Hashmoto Forming Industry Co., Ltd.Method of manufacturing molding members
US4960479 *Jan 22, 1990Oct 2, 1990Delta Kogyo Co., Ltd.Method for manufacturing an automobile sunvisor
US5159865 *Feb 11, 1992Nov 3, 1992The Boeing CompanyVibration driven hot knife for separating bonded assemblies
US5841107 *Jun 17, 1993Nov 24, 1998Riva; FrancaSheet perforation apparatus with heated needles and a complementary mold
US6475878 *Aug 9, 2001Nov 5, 2002Dusan SlepcevicMethod for singulation of integrated circuit devices
US6820784 *Dec 21, 2001Nov 23, 2004Eastman Kodak CompanyMethod of cutting a laminated web and reducing delamination
DE886073C *Dec 25, 1951Aug 10, 1953Hagedorn & Co Ag AKunststoffplaettchen od. dgl. aus thermoplastischem Kunststoff und Verfahren zu dessen Herstellung
DE1156550B *Aug 29, 1959Oct 31, 1963Lonza AgVerfahren zur Herstellung von Flaechengebilden aus Schaumkunststoffen unter Anwendung von spanabhebenden Werkzeugen
Classifications
U.S. Classification156/251, 264/248, 264/163, 264/451, 156/274.4, 219/383, 219/780, 83/51, 83/16, 219/774
International ClassificationB26F3/06, B29C65/04
Cooperative ClassificationB29C65/04, B26F3/06
European ClassificationB29C65/04, B26F3/06