US 2510664 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 6, 1950 R. w. SHIELD 2,510,664
HAIR TREATING APPARATUS I Filed Dec. 14, 1945 O OOOOOOOOOOFWO'O OOOOOO OOOOOOOOOOO'OO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO'OO ooooooooooooooooooooo OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO Patented June 6, 1950 HA'IR TREATING APPARATUS" V Robert ShieIQ GIiicflI gKi; m
L I npplication fiecember 14, 1945,Sefla1 No. 634,976
, 'l (llaims'.
1 invention relates toihair treating appara tags-and more particularly-to apparatus' foridrying hsirwhi-le it is 'heid in a desired configuratiena lt'ha'smeen proposed to dry -hair by winding it on a hollow, perforated spindle :or spool tlirougl-i:-
:heated .air is iorced sc -that thewill circulate :eutwardly through the spsoliuand the hair: WOLmt I BhGfEQIIL- In -such devices; the: hair;
dries more rapidlyoppositethe perforationsein the-spindle than-overture solid rwallwportiens so that .nniform drying is-znot obtained... It is aleo necessary: to: employ external holding dell-ices; suchl'asipinswr =eIips',t to: hold the: hair m place omitheaspmdlen Itfis one .of the'objects ot thepresent invention tn prowziriea;hairztreatingapparatus in whichthe isedried uniformlyzandequieklg; According taaione' impartant feature'z-oiathe invention, .airris. circulated inwardly through hair held on a so hillportiungnf itfie hair are subjected to substantially the same air flow.
Another object-isto provide-hair treating apparatusimwhich a clampldeviceaservesibotlrtoehold hair on the spindle and to directiairethrough the: hair.
Still anothefobject'is to provide hair treating apparatus including a clamp device which issoformedi as to holdwhe hai'a andto ma ma through itin-the-desiredmanner. Preferably, the- -clamp:-is so arrangedas: to -direct a eertain amount ofi'a ir against-the headof the userthoe oughly-touiry allportions of -the hair,
ik further -object -is-to-providea spindleorspool fmfiholdingdiain duringdrying which is Ase-eon structed that all portions of the hair have substantially equal circulation of air therethrough.
The above and other objects and advantages of the invention will be more readily apparent from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which- Flgure 1 is a partial perspective View of a complete apparatus embodying the invention;
Figure 2 is a transverse section illustrating the apparatus in use during a hair drying operation;
Figure 3 is a central section through the clamp device looking toward one of the jaws; and
Figure 4 is an elevation of a spindle.
As shown in the drawings, the apparatus of the present invention includes a Spindle or spool indicated generally at 10 on which hair may be wound so' that it will be held in a desired configuration during drying. The spool or spindle may be formed of any desired material, such as (cram-.1 9)" metal or plastic, and is preferably shaped'with s5 V V 2i 1 a minimum diameter at its' 'central partiontaper' in'g td larger 'diameters at its ends. spool 'i-th a seriesniaxiallyextending 1 preferably reugnened'at tners cute edges to held againstslipping thereoni- To mprove circiilation e fair the hair during drying, the bud "(armedwith a plurality of enlarged passages 1= extendi=ng thereth rnugh between: adiacent ribsand v conneetedI to the 'spaces ibetween the remaining ribe byipassages Id;
In using thespuolrhair mayzbewound thereon; by startingsthe outeriend ofa strandaef on ithe spnolibudy anlzl winding theshair lonath'e spool' runtil' :the 'spoel dissent fiw 431 user; 'lhepositiomotntnehazinon the; spooli's indicated generally at I4 in Figure 2. MeW-thehainisnwmmdon the .-spool=,xas described; it held splace thereon by ageiaznpi.
. devicernomprisingza paircoiihoilow hody members tend tocome-ztqgethen EB-o open the vjaws, they.-
may be .aprovidedewith extending :fingerpieces to he Qnea edsby vthe fingers ofranoperator.
The inner walls the: jaws,- sindi-eaitled at 14 9;
are fonmed' by itelativelyathin-sheets or plates whichamayfinreterablr be femetal and which are: pemanated:substantiaila throughput their entire anem-Theinnen sheet-so: nl tesrle(areaconneeteci at their lower ends to the outermost: edges--of the jaws and may be pivotally connected together by hinge portions 2| thereon which encircle the pivot pin I6.
Air or other drying fluid is supplied to the clamp device through a flexible tube 22 which may connect to a blower and heater unit. The tube 22 is expanded at its lower end and is preferably vulcanized or cemented to the jaws, as shown, so that air supplied thereby will circulate into the hollow jaws and out through the perforations in the sheets [9.
In using the clamp device, it is opened by squeezing the finger pieces 18 together so that the jaws can be passed around a spindle Ill and the 7 tubing 22, it will circulate through both of the hollow jaws and will flow out through the perforations in the inner sheets i9. This air which may be heated fiows inwardly through the mass of hair wound on the spindle and may circulate out of the clamp axially through the spaces between the ribs II on the spindle. The passages l2 and I3 provide for free circulation of air through the spindle so that the hair will be uniformly and quickly dried. At the same time, a certain amount of air will flow out between the separated lower edges of the jaws to be directed toward the head of the user so that the hair immediately ad-v jacent the head will also be dried. In this way the hair will be dried quickly while being held in a desired configuration on the spindle. It will be understood that in use a plurality of clamp devices and spindles might be used simultaneously on the head of a single user so that all of the hair can be dried in a, minimum amount of time and with no discomfort.
While one embodiment of the invention has been shown and described in detail herein, it will be understood that it is illustrative only and is not intended as a. definition of the scope of the invention, reference being had for this purpose to the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. Hair treating apparatus comprising a hair holding device adapted to hold hair to be treated, in a desired configuration, a clamp including a pair of hollow jaws perforated on their inner surfaces and means urging the jaws together to clamp a holding device and the hair held thereby, and means connected to the clamp to conduct air through the perforated inner surfaces of the jaws.
2. Hair treating apparatus comprising a hair holding device adapted to hold hair to be treated in a desired configuration, a clamp including a pair of arcuate pivotally connected hollow jaws, having perforated inner surfaces, means urging the jaws together to clamp around a, holdin de-; vice and the hair held thereby, and means to conduct air to the clamp to flow through the perforated inner surfaces thereof.
3. Hair treating apparatus comprising an elongated spindle formed with axially extending ribs about which hair is adapted to be wound, an elongated clamp having hollow jaws to engage and substantially enclose the spindle and the hair wound thereon, the inner surfaces of the jaws being perforated, and means to conduct air to the clamp to flow through the inner perforated surfaces of the jaws and through the hair wound around the spindle.
4 4. Hair treating apparatus comprising an elongated spindle formed with axially extending ribs about which hair is adapted to be wound, an elongated clamp having elongated hollow jaws pivoted together and having cylindrical perforated inner walls, the jaws being adapted to engage a spindle and the hair wound thereon with the perforated inner walls lying against the hair, and means to conduct air to the clamp to flow through the perforated walls and through hair held there- 5. In hair treating apparatus, a, clam comprising a pair of hollow pivotally connected jaws, each of said jaws having a perforated substantially semi-cylindrical inner surface, a spring yieldingly urging the jaws together and a connection to the jaws to supply air to their interiors.
6. In hair treating apparatus, a clamp comprising a pair of hollow pivotally connected jaws, each of said jaws having a perforated substantially semi-cylindrical inner surface, a spring yieldingly urging the jaws together and a flexible conduit connected to the clamp to conduct air into the jaws to flow out through the perforated inner surfaces thereof.
7. In hair treating apparatus, a, spindle comprising an elongated body formed with a series of axially extending ribs about which hair is adapted to be wound, the body having an axially extending opening therethrough and transverse passages connectin the opening with the spaces between the ribs, a clamp including a pair of hollow pivotally connected jaws, each having a perforated substantially semi-cylindrical surface to engage and hold a spindle with hair wound thereon, and means to conduct air into the jaws to flow through the perforated inner surfaces and the hair and the passages and opening in the spindle.
ROBERT W. SHIELD.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
Schlicker Jan. 26, 1943