|Publication number||US2511483 A|
|Publication date||Jun 13, 1950|
|Filing date||May 31, 1946|
|Priority date||May 31, 1946|
|Publication number||US 2511483 A, US 2511483A, US-A-2511483, US2511483 A, US2511483A|
|Inventors||Ben Skirow, Nathan Skirow|
|Original Assignee||Ben Skirow, Nathan Skirow|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 13, 1950 Filed May 31 Patented June 13, 1950 SHOULDER PAD FOR GARMENTS AND THE LIKE Ben Skirow and Nathan Skirow, Chicago, Ill.
Application May 31, 1946, Serial No. 673,300
The present invention relates to garment pads and more particularly to pads for use i garment shoulders to impart to the garment a square or high shoulder effect.
The practice of using pads in the shoulders of garments to give the square or high shoulder effeet is almost universal in the garment industry and is almost as old as the industry itself.
It is common practice to shape and mold the shoulder pads by hand using cotton padding or other fibrous material as a filler with a covering of tailors canvas or similar material, the entire pad being held together by stitching. Because the lower arc of the pad is shorter than the upper arc, it is necessary when fashioning a. pad, to
pleat or tuck the material on the lowe side in order to make it conform to shape. The pleats and the tucks thus formed prevent the pad from assuming a true position on the shoulder and the general result is a misshapen garment.
The present day pads, moreover, being hand fashioned, are not uniform in shape or height and difficulty is experienced by the garment manufacturers in obtaining identical eifects in both shoulders. terial pressing on the pads combined with the efiects of the cleaning process soon compresses the pad filling and the style imparted by the manufacturer is lost.
It is an important object of the present invene tion to obviate the above difiiculties by providing shoulder pads that are die formed, perfectly smooth on all sides, and completely uniform in shape and height.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a shoulder pad which will retain its arcuate or lunate shape under all circumstances and conditions.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a method of constructing a shoulder: pad which is simple and inexpensive, but which results in an improved uniform product capable of retaining its shape under ordinary circumstances and conditions.
Numerous objects and advantages will be apparent throughout the progress of the following specifications.
The accompanyingdrawing illustrates a selected embodiment of the invention and the views therei are as follows:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing proved pad in position on the shoulder.
Fig. 2 is an underneath view with the envelopes folded back to show felted fibrous layers in stepped relation.
Fig. 3 is a cross section taken on line 3-3 of Fig.4. 7
Fig. 4 is an end view.
Fig. 5 is a side elevational view.
The shoulder pad shown herein for the purthe im- Furthermore, the weight of the mapose of illustrating the present invention comprises a plurality of super-imposed layers of loosely felted fibrous material Iii, substantially shield shaped and of a gradually diminishing size of which there may be any desired number, for instance four. The said layers I!) each have at leats one'straight edge l l which are in alinement and the remaining borders of said layers are in stepped relation to provide a composite padding mass I2 as shown in Fig. 2.
1 The said padding mass l2 together with the resilient filamentous cord l3 which is positioned adjacent to the alined straight edges II is enclosed in a double fabric envelope, the inner envelope l4 being preferably tailors canvas or other like material and the outer envelope [5 of felted material or the like and the combined padding mass l2, cord I3 and envelopes i4 and I5 are formed in a pre-heated forming die into a shoulder pad presenting a lunate cross section at the shoulder end and gradually diminishing in cross sectional size toward the opposite end as shown in Fig. 5.
It should be particularly noted that the inner envelope M is of a size only slightly larger than the compositepadding mass l2 and the outer envelope I5 is substantially greater in areal extent than the inner envelope I5. It should be further noted that the resilient filamentous cord i3 is positioned mile in the fold of the inner envelope adjacent to the alined straight edges and is of sufficient length to extend a short distance beyond the edges of the outer envelope [5. If de sired the shoulder pad of the present invention may be made with the center marking groove 6 to facilitate the seating of the pad on the shoulder.
A shoulder pad embodying the principles of the present invention is not required to be stitched although a minimum of stitching may be used ii. desired, is always uniform and presents a true seat for the shoulder. To accomplish this a method of construction is provided which is ex-- act, simple and inexpensive.
Using any desired number of layers of loosely felted fibrous materials it which are shield shaped, or a gradually diminishing size and have at least one straight edge the said layers are superimposed upon each other, the straight edges being kept in alinement and the remaining borders being in stepped relation as specifically shown in Fig. 2. The resilient filamentous cord I3 is then placed adjacent the alined straight edges and the layers together with the cord are enclosed in the fabric envelope M preferably of tailors canvas or the like which is only slightly larger in size than the mass of combined layers In. The filled envelope is then enclosed in the outer envelope 15 which is substantially greater in areal extent than the envelope l4 and which may be of felted material or the like. It is of importance that the cord i3 is positioned in the fold of the inner envelope adjacent to the alined straight edges and is made to extend a slight distance beyond the outside border of the outer envelope I5.
Th completed envelope l 5 is then placed in a pre-heated forming die (not shown) ofpredeter mined shape until the pad is permanently formed; The heat of the die causes the sizing in the fabric of the inner envelope I4 to combine'with the layers of fibrous material to form a b'ond' and'imparts to the resilient filamentous cord l3 a spring-like quality which serves to restore the pad toits lunate form if the pad is distorted when in use.
If desired the die may be'macle toimpart a center marking ridge as illustrated in the drawings;
The. present invention provides-a shoulder pad which is extremely simple, inexpensiveto make and yet which obviates all the-defects heretofore encountered;
Changes may be mad e in the form and con struction without departing from thespirit of the invention or sacrificing any" of its advantages and the right is hereby reserved to makeall changesas fairly; fall. within the scope of the following claims.
What. is claimed. as newand desired tob'e secured'by Letters Patent ofthe United States is as follows:;.
1. A shoulder pad for garments and the like comprising. a plurality of substantially shield shaped superimposed layers of resilient material of gradual. diminishing size arranged in stepped relation to provide a composite resilient padding mass, a fabric en-velopeenclosing said padding mass, the entiresaid padding mass being curved to present a lunate cross section at the shoulder end graduallydiminishing in cross sectional size toward the opposite end and a resilient filamentous cordly ing in the fold of the said envelope-at its widest endto maintain the said paddingmass in its lunate form.
2'; A- shoulder pad for garments and' the like comprising a plurality of substantially shield shaped superimposed layers of loosely felted fibrous material of gradually diminishing; siz arranged in steppedrelation to provide'a composite resilient padding mass, a doublefabri'c envelope enclosing said padding'mass, theentire'saidpa'd ding mass-being curved to presentla lunate cross" section at its Widest end gradually diminishingin cross sectional sizetoward the opposite end anda resilient filamentous cord lying in the fold of theing of the feltedmater-ial and beingsubst-anti'ally" greater in areal extent than theinner envelope and a resilient filamentouscord lying in the fold of the inner envelope adjacent to the alined straight edges, said construction providing a composite resilientpadding mass which is curved to present a lunate cross section taken in a' plane parallel to the alin'ed' straight edges and of a" gradually diminishing cross sectional size toward" the-opposite end.
4. A shoulder pad for garments and the like comprising a plurality of superimposed layers of substantially shield shaped loosely felted fibrous material of gradually diminishing size each of which has at least one straight edge, th several straight edge being in alinement and the remaining borders of the layers being in stepped relation to'pr'ovide a-composite fibrous padding mass, the said mass being curved to present a lunate cross section taken in a plane parallel to the alined straight edges and of a gradually diminishing crosssectional size toward the opposite end, a canvas envelope to enclose said fibrous padding mass; a felt envelope larger in areal extent than said canvas envelope and a resilient filamentous cord l y'i n'g in the foldof the said canvas envelope and adjacent" to the. alined' straight edges, said cord'providing'resiliency'to'keep'and maintainthe pad in its lunate form.
5.- A-Inethod ofmanufacturing a shoulder pad for garmentsand the'like' comprising the steps of enclosing a plurality of superimposed layers of substantially shield shaped loosely felt-ed fibrous material of gradually diminishin'g-size -in' a fabric envelope, enclosing insaid envelope, adjacent the widest edges ofsa-idlayers; a:resilientlfilamen-tous cord, placingsaidenvelope inla pre-heated fo'rm-- ing die: and maintaining said envelope in said forming; die: until: said envelope is permanently shaped".
6. A method-10f. manufacturing" a shoulder'pad for garments and the like comprising the steps ot forming a composite padding mass by superim posing'a plurality of substantially shield shapedloosely felted layers ofv fibrous material or. a gradually' diminishing: size and having at least one straight edge, alining the several straight edges of saidlayers,- the remaining borders thereof being in: stepped 1131811011,. enclosing: said fibrous layers in a canvas envelope having. a resilientfilamen tous c'ord placed transversely and encl'osedin' said canvas envelope. adjacent to the alined straight edges: of said; layers, enclosing thesai'd canvas envelope in a second fabric envelopewhose areal extent is substantially greater'than that of the canvas: envelope, thus'formin'g a composite padding-mass and placing the'saidpadding mass in junction between said end and bottom .walls and resisting spreading of. the-meniscoidal points of said end wall.
BEN- SKlR-OW. NATHAN sKIRow;
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the tile of this: patent:
UNITED- STATES PATENTS Number Name' Date 1,788,126 Sladdin Jan. 6 1931" $149,806: Gal1ed Mar. 7, 1939 2,172,499 Chassaing Sept. 12, 1939 2,329,496 Walcoif Sept; 14; 1943 2,403,274 GerSl'i'eli'..- Jilly 2, I946
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1788126 *||May 17, 1927||Jan 6, 1931||Sladdin Arnold Gladstone||Pad for garments|
|US2149806 *||Oct 8, 1937||Mar 7, 1939||Calleo John J||Sleeve lifting pad for garments|
|US2172499 *||Apr 21, 1937||Sep 12, 1939||Francois Chassaing||Constitution and manufacture of stuffing and padding pieces for garments or the like|
|US2329496 *||Nov 17, 1942||Sep 14, 1943||David London||Self-conforming shoulder pad|
|US2403274 *||Jul 8, 1944||Jul 2, 1946||Gershen William R||Shoulder pad|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2676328 *||Feb 28, 1951||Apr 27, 1954||Ben Skirow||Shoulder pad for garments and the like|
|US5165113 *||Jan 27, 1992||Nov 24, 1992||Vanity Fair Mills, Inc.||Padded straps for garments and method of making same|
|US5240538 *||Nov 4, 1992||Aug 31, 1993||Vanity Fair Mills, Inc.||Method of making padded straps for garments|
|US5507681 *||Dec 3, 1993||Apr 16, 1996||Playtex Apparel, Inc.||Cushion strap assembly and method of making same|
|US5820445 *||Jul 21, 1997||Oct 13, 1998||Playtex Apparel, Inc.||Cushion strap assembly and method of making same|
|International Classification||A41D27/26, A41D27/00|