US 2512118 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. J. SNOW STOVE FRAME June 20, 1950 7 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Nosy. 29, 194e hdl mh. m. N @.0 M370 W f h) NN QN Rl m am NW \\.z... 1 E. IVLH. .4 I. I. I.I.| IHF Aff QWN. M` f b j g gw www RQI U R l l." Il "Il IIIIIII u II IIII I Ill H III" NQ n m n mw mw. MQ. WM \\r f .,Ill Pvt II ,I I I I I I I I I Ils- ,.4 d h NQNN I II I I I I I I I I I I l l. .nr N1 K ,NN \Q w u| .-l||. Q Ez: -h F.. m MN um l N 9W N www G n NW1 N91 .Q31 NIV'. m. mp2.
June 20, 1950 A. J. SNOW STOVE FRAME 7 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 29, 1946 A. J. sNow strovE FRAME June 20, 1950 7 Sheets-'Sheet 4 Filed Nov. 29, 1946 A. J. sNow sTovE FRAME June 2o, 1950l '7 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Nov. 29, 1946 IN V EN TOR. l
June 20, 1950 A. J. sNow 2,512,118
As'rovxa FRAME Filed Nov. 29, 194e '1 sheets-sheet e June 20, 1950 A. J. sNow 2,512,118
sTovE mlm Filed Nov. 29, 1946 7 Sheets-Sheet 7 Patented June 20, 1950 4 s'rovE FRAME Adolph J. Snow, Wilmette, lll., assigner to Avco Manufacturing Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Application November zo, 194e, serai No. 712,773 s claims. (ci. 12s-as) This invention relates. in general, to stoves, but more specically to the construction of cooking ranges.
One object of the invention is toA provide a cooking range, the structural parts of which may be produced from sheet metal, for lightness in weight, and in which the parts are combined to provide a. rigid frame structure.
Another object of the invention is to-provide an improved cooking range in which the main structural element embodies a sheet metal wrapper with integral top, back and bottom members, and stiiening members, which wrapper is utilized with other sheet metal elements.
A further object is to provide an improved range of this character, which will be simple, durable, and light in construction, inexpensive to manufacture and assemble, and eiective and eiiicient in operation.
To the attainment of these ends, and the accomplishment of other new and useful objects as will appear, the invention consists in the features of novelty in substantially the construction, combination and arrangement of the several parts, hereinafter more fully described and claimed, and shown in the accompanying drawings exemplifying this invention, in which Fig. 1 is a vertical, transverse sectional view of a range of this character, constructed in accordance with the principles of this invention, with parts omitted.
Fig. 2 is a. vertical sectional view as taken on line 2-2, Fig. l, through the oven compartment.
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional viewA as taken on line 3 3, Fig. 1, through the broiler section.
Fig. 4 is a detail perspective view of the frame structure.
Fig. 5 is a. detail perspective view, on an enlarged scale, of one corner of the oven wrapper structure and a portion of the splash back.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged, detail sectional view of the front portion of the upper burner compartment.
Fig. 'I is a detail perspective view of the wrap` per frame, with parts omitted.
Fig. 8 is a detail perspective view of a portion of one of the side walls of the wrapper frame.
Fig. 9 is a detail perspective view of a front channel bar for the wrapper frame.
Fig. 10 is a detail perspective view of one corner of the wrapper frame, also one of the supporting uprights and the brace for the upright. nnFig. 11 is a, detail perspective view of the oven Fig. 12 is a detail perspective view of the broiler liner Fig. 13 is an exploded perspective view of some of the uprights, and a. portion of one of the cross Fig. 13.
Fig. 15 is a detail perspective view of a portion of the wrapperA frame, and the supporting members therefor.
Flg. 16 is a detail perspective view of a p0rtion of the lower part of the wrapper frame, and supports therefor.
Fig. 17 is an enlarged, detail sectional view of the frontpanel, and supporting means therefor.
Fig. 18 is a. detail perspective view of a portion of one of the upright members of the supporting frame structure.
The invention is exemplied in a cooking range of the cabinet type, which comprises generally a top-burner box or compartment a; a broiler compartment b below the top-burner box and at one side of the cabinet; a baking or oven compartment c at the other side of the cabinet; a, utensil drawer in a compartment d below the broiler compartment;y and a warming compartment e below the compartment c; all of which are enclosed by the range body.
The body structure comprises a wrapper of sheet metal, generally designated 20 (Fig. 7),
which consists of an integral and primary structural element that extends below, back of, and over the compartments, and from end to end of the cabinet and the bottom of the burner box. 'I'his wrapper includes a horizontally extending bottom member 2l, a back member 22, and a top member 23, which are formed of a single sheet of material, .such as metal. These members are provided with embossed ribs 24 which extend transversely andvertically, inturned flanges 21 at their ends, and gusset plates 25 for stiiening the wrapper, and adapting it for structural support. The front end of top member 23 of the wrapper is rigidly supported by corner posts 29 and III, and an intermediate post 32, all preferably of channel cross-section, and of sheet metal.
The front end of the top member 23 of the wrapper is supported by channel bars 36 of sheet metal, and extending between the upper portions of corner posts 29 and 30 and the intermediate post 32, to all of which it is secured, preferably by welding, and forms a rigid upper front corner structure.
Lower panels 31, which are formed of sheet metal, provide structural ends for the lower portion of the wrapper, and these panels 31 are each provided with a'vertically extending ilange 33 which laps and is welded to the front faces of therespectivecornerposts and3l.andisalso provided with a rear vertically extending ilange 41 which laps and is welded to the wrapper frame. Each end panel 31 is provided with an inturned top flange I2, for stiiienins purposes, and is reinforced by ribs 44, embossed therein, and the panels form transverse structural connections between the front corner posts 2l and 3l and the bottom member 2| of wrapper 2l. Each panel 31 extends 'below bottom member 2| of the wrapper. and is provided with an inset ledge 46 which underlies the end margins of said bottom member 2|. The flanges 21 on bottom member 2| are secured, preferably by welding, to the inner faces of end panels 31 above ledges I6; the vertically extending ilanges I1 llt against and are secured, preferably by welding, to the back wall 22 of the wrapper (Fig. 4), and at its iront end the flange 38 ilts and is secured to the front of the respective corner posts 23 and 3l. Openings l!` are formed in the end panels 31 for the convenient insertion of welding tools during the fabrication of the frame structure. The lower rear corner of the wrapper is angularly inserted or deflected inwardly, as at I, to provide a space which may be utilized for fuel supply connections to the range or other parts.
The bottom member 2| is supported in spaced relation from the hoor by the lower portions of the end panels 31 which extend below member 2|, and also by a front channel bar or member 5|. Bar 5| is formed of sheet metal and provided with an upperilange 53 on which the lfront margins of the bottom member 2| of the wrapper t. The edge of the member 2| preferably abuis this front wall of the bar 5| (Fig. 16). The lower portion of bar 5| is deilected inwardly or inset, as at 5B, and its ends conform to, abut against, and are welded to inset portion 51 (Figs. 4 and 9) on the front ends oi' the lower portion of end panels 31. Bar 5| isalso provided with a bottom ilange 5l, and each end panel 31 is also provided with a bottom ilange 59, which flanges are adapted to rest on the iloor. Front base bar 5| and the lower portions of end panels 31 are respectively provided with openings 6l, Il. for the circulation of air under the bottom member 2i of the wrapper. The openings tia in the bottom member 2l of the wrapper permit air to enter the compartment in the wrapper. The back member 22 of the wrapper is also provided with openings t2, for admitting air into the wrapper from the back thereof, at the inwardly deilected or inset portion 5l. The corner posts 22 and 3l are additionally secured to the bottom member 2| of the wrapper by braces il (Fig. which are channel-shaped in cross-section, extend through ilanges I2 of end panels 31, and have their upper ends secured, preferably by welding. as at i5, to the inner facesof posts 2l and 3l,`and their lower ends are secured, as at to thebottom member 2| of the wrapper.
The space between the left-hand corner post 29 and the center post 32 is utilized for the broiler compartment b and the utensil drawer compartment below the broiler compartment. 70 The space between intermediate post 32 and the right-hand corner post 3l is utilized for the baking compartment or oven c and therwarming compartment e.
The sheet metal wrapper and posts exemplify 1| 'llt against the front face of corner post 2l and intermediate post 32. A panel 15 extends across the upper portion of the front of said liner; rearwardly of flange 14, and forms a bale for the front upper portion of the broiler compartment b. A burner il for the broiler is suitably supported in the upper portion of the broiler liner. Flange 12 on one side wall 1| ilts on and is supported on an angle bar 1t which extends between and has its ends welded to the back face of corner post 29 and the back wall 23 of the wrapper. Flange 12, at the other side of the broiler liner, lits on an inturned flange. 11 oi a plate 18 which has its front end welded to center post 32 and its rearend welded to back wall 22 of the wrapper. A channel bar 19 extends between and is welded to the central portion of the back wall 22 of the wrapper and the intermediate front post 32. The plate 18 and bar 19 form a structural stiffening element between center post 32 and the back of the wrapper. as well as a support for the liner for the broiler compartment. The .back wall 13 of the broiler liner-has welded thereto a pair of spacers 8l which are secured, in any suitable manner, to the back wall 22 of the wrapper.
The back wall 13 of the broiler liner is spaced from the back member 22 of the wrapper, for minimizing heat transfer between the broiler compartment and the back of the cabinet. The broiler liner is open at its front, and a hinged door 82 provides access to and a closure for the broiler compartment. A broiler drawer 83 is mounted for transverse movement into and out of the broiler compartment on rollers 8l which are mounted on bars l5 which yare secured in any suitable manner in the broiler compartment. A broiler pan 81 is slidably mounted for movement into and out of drawer I3, and is provided with a top grid 23.
A drawer 3l for storage of utensils is slidably mounted below the broiler compartment. Drawer 9| is mounted on rollers 9| which are carried by transverse bars 92 which have their front ends secured, respectively, to posts 29 and 32, and their rear ends welded, or otherwise secured, to one of the end panels 31 and the rear member 22.of the wrapper. A door 94, which is xediy secured to drawer 90, forms a closure for the front end oi compartment e.
The baking compartment or oven c has a sheet metal liner which comprises a top wall 10|, spaced from the top member 23 of the wrapper; side walls |32; a back wall |03; an out-turned ilange ill which extends around top wall IM, side walls |22 and overlaps the center post 32` and corner post 30. The front of the liner is open, and a bar |05, preferably of channel formation, extends between and is welded or otherwise secured to the front lower portions of side walls |02. This bar IIS forms a rigid connection between the lower front corners of side walls |02. A hinged door Ill is adapted to close the iront of the baking compartment c, and overaps flanges |04 and bar |l5. The side walls |02 are provided with embossed ribs |01, for supporting a baking pan at dilerent elevations, as well understood in the art. Back wall |03 of the oven liner has secured thereto four spacer lugs I I which space the liner from back wall 23 of the wrapper. Side walls |02 of the oven liner, at their lower ends, are provided with inturned flanges |08 which fit on the flange 42 on the -panel 31 and on a ange of crossebar 19. A bottom I |5 for the oven is formed of sheet metal, and is provided with a, front downwardly curved edge ||6 which ts on the top flange of cross-bar |05.
A burner ||8 for the oven is suitably supported under the bottom ||5. A baille ||9 is supported over the burner by a tongue which extends into the slot in back wall |03 of the oven liner, and its front end is supported by the upper ange of bar |05. A oor |26 below the burner ||8, and formed of sheet metal, is supported at its front end on the lower iiange of bar |05 and on the inturned iiange |08 of one side wall |02 of the oven liner.
Compartment e is disposed below plate |26, and has an open front. A door |22, hinged at |23,
forms a, closure for and provides access to the space at the side of the burner compartment which extends over the oven compartment c. At each end of the top member 23 of the wrapper, a channel beam |30, formed of sheet metal, has its lower iiange secured to member 23 of the wrapper. The front end of each beam |30 is also secured to the portions of the respective corner posts 29, 30 which extend above the top member 23 of the wrapper. Central supports or brackets |33 are secured to and supported by the top vmem-- ber 23 of the wrapper. An aeration pan |36 is removably supported on the top of the brackets |30. A series of gas burners |39 in the burner box a are suitably supported on the top of member 23 of the wrapper. An upper front nishing panel |40, formed of sheet metal, extends between the channel bars I 30 and across the front of the space above the wrapper. The control handles |42 for the burners |39 are mounted on the front of panel |40. Grates |44 for the burners |39 are removably supported on the aeration pan |36.
A lid for covering the burner box includes a pair of leaves |46, |41 which are hinged together at |48, and the rear end of leaf |41 is suitably pivoted to permit the leaves of the lid to be swung into parallel upstanding relation at the back of the burner box. A sheet metal cover plate |5| overlies the space over the top member 23 of the wrapper, for covering the space between brackets |33 and the right-hand channel beam |30, which may be hinged so that it can be lifted to provide access to said space.
A splashback comprises a front wall |53, top wall |54, end walls |55, and a back flange |51 integrally formed of sheet metal. The splashback extends across the back of the range, and is supported by brackets |59, of sheet metal, which are channel-shaped in cross-section and supported by plates which are welded to channel beams |30. The -connecting webs of brackets |59 are secured to the rear ends of plate |60, and the ends |55 of the splashback are secured to the upper portions of the brackets |59.
A finishing end panel |62 is provided at each side of the range. Each panel |62 extends vertically from the inset 46 in one of the lower end panels 31 to the top of the channel beam |30, and transversely from the front of one of the posts 29, 30 to a line rearwardly of the back member 22 of the wrapper, and-coincidentl with the vertical back edge of one of the ends |55 of the splashback. Each panel |62 has a liner of insulation |63, and is suitably secured to a ange 21 of the wrapper and one of the lower end panels 31.
A ue structure is provided for venting hot air and gases from broiler compartment b and oven compartment c. This structure embodies a flue |65 in the upper rear corner of the wrapper 20. This ilue is formed by said wrapper and a wall which includes a vertical portion |66 which has its upper end flanged, as at |66a, andvwelded to the inner face of top member 23 of the wrapper and a downwardly and rearwardly inclined portion |61, the lower end of which is welded to the back member 22 of the wrapper. -The vertical portion |66 of the wall of flue |65 is provided with an opening |69 which registers with an opening |10 in the back wall of the oven liner, through which hot air and gases from the oven compartment flow. The wall portion |66 is also provided with an opening |1| which registers with an opening |12 in the back wall of the broiler liner. An insulating element |14 isy provided around openings |69, |10, between the front wall of ue |65 and the back of the oven liner, and a similar insulating element is provided around openings |1|, |12 between the broiler'liner and the front wall of ilue |65, yfor minimizing heat transfer between said liners and iiue |65.
A stack |16 for venting hot air and gases from ue |65 is mounted on and supported from the portion of the back of the wrapper which is disposed rearwardly of the baking compartment c. These gases pass into said stack through an opening |80 in the upper rear portion of the wrapper. This stack is formed with side walls |8|, a back wall |82, a front wall |63, and an inclined top wall |84. Between the lower end of the front of inclined front wall |83 and the top wall |84, an opening is formed for venting gases from the 'l stack through horizontal slots |61 in the front wall of the splashback. The lower end |85 of the stack is open to permit air in back of wrapper 20 to flow into said stack, which receives the hot air and gases from the broiler compartment liner. Air for supporting combustion at the burner I8 for the baking compartment c and broiler compartment b enters the wrapper 20 through openings 6| and 62 in the wrapper. The baking compartment c is vented through openings |69, |10 to iiue |65. The broiler compartment b is vented through opening |12 into flue |65. Gases pass from flue |65 through opening |80 into stack |16, from which they escape into slots |81 in the splashback. The upper rear corners of the broiler liner and oven liner are angularly inset and spaced from the front wall of flue |65. Stack |16 draws unheated air from the back of the wrapper through its lower open end, to cool the air and gases discharged from the stack.
The oven compartment and the broiler compartment are both disposed within the wrapper frame 20, and are laterally spaced from each other to form a space between the adjacent walls of the compartment, in which space insulating material may be placed. Obviously, insulating material may also be provided at any and all places, wherever necessary or desired.
While the preferred form of the invention has been herein shown and described. it is to be un- 1 derstood that various changes may be made in the details of construction and vin the combination and arrangement of the several parts. within the scope of the claims, without departin from the spirit o! this invention.
Whatisclaimedasnewis: 1. A structure for a range, provided with walls forming a broiler compartment and an oven oom,
partment arranged side by side, embodying a sheet metal wrapper including a bottom, back and top,` within which the broiler and oven compartments are disposed side by side, corner postsv and an intermediate post secured to and extending between the bottom and top of the wrapper, lower side panels of sheet Ametal between the corner posts and the back of the wrapper, sheet metal side panels secured to the lower side panels and forming closures at the sides between the top andbottom of the wrapper and extending over the lower side panels, a stiirening member A els between the frame-work and the back of said Y wrapper. and closure walls for the sides ot the a liner in one chamber constituting an` oven. a
burner for said oven, a liner in the other chamber constituting a broiler compartment, a burner for the broiler compartment. means whereby air may be' supplied to the lcompartments through said wrapper,- means whereby gases may tlow from said compartments through a. wall of saidfwrap Y per, means forming a top burner box, ythe bottom between the said intermediate' post and' the back wail ofthe said wrapper. abar between and se'- cured to one oi the corner posts and the back.
wall of the wrapper, said stiflening member being adapted to support a -liner for a broiler coin-Y partment, 4and a bar between the vsaidy intermediate postand the back of the wrapper, the said bar and one of the -side-panels being provided 'with means for receiving an oven liner.
2. A range of the character describedem bodying a wrapper including integral bottom;
back and top walls, a framework to which the forward 'edges of the bottom and top walls are secured', means forming an oven compartment and abroiler compartment disposed within said wrapper and extending behind said i'ramefwork.
said comparhnents terminating short o2 the bot-A tom `of said wrapper, means forming` a burner box above the top of said wrapper, closures for of which box is formed by the top wall of said wrapper, a portion of the back wall oi' said wran-v per being deflected inwardly, and lower side panelsffr the wrapper, said side -panels .being also deiiected inwardly.- there' being air circulating 'openings wrapper and said lower side panels.l n
, f-nErEnENcEs errar) IKThe following references are` of. record inthe `iileof this patent: z
" UNITED STATES PA Name Date 1,998,999` Toomey T Apr. 23, 19,35 2,161,537 p Stockstrom'et al. June 6, 1939 l 2,364,950 Cookl -1.--- Dec. 12, 1944 2,375,242 1 Iockwood et al. May 8, 1945 2,376,571 Brumbaugh May 22, 1945 the fronts o i said compartments, lower side pan- 40 2,393,279
Barnsteiner Jan. 29, 1946