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Publication numberUS2512160 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 20, 1950
Filing dateJul 3, 1946
Priority dateJul 3, 1946
Publication numberUS 2512160 A, US 2512160A, US-A-2512160, US2512160 A, US2512160A
InventorsKoenigkramer Frederick, Koenigkramer Frank
Original AssigneeE & F Koenigkramer Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Carriage having universal horizontal shifting platform
US 2512160 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 20, 1950 F. KOENIGKRAMER EI'AL 2,512,160

' 1 CARRIAGE HAVING UNIVERSAL HORIZONTAL SHIFTING PLATFORM FiledJuly 3. 1946 IN V EN TORS Freeland: fioeniglrnzmer By Han/r ffbezzigkram er Patented June 20, 1950 cesarean na vmc UNIVERSAL. HORIZONTAL SHIFTI NgG PLATFORM Frederichfioenigkramer and Frank'Koenig-kra =mer, Cincinnati, 'Qhio, assignorsato.-E...& -K0e:- .nigkramen.6o., Cincinnati, Ohio, a corporation Application Jilly 3,1946, SerialNjo. 631,350

. Iecnims. (CL-311,4),

1i. "This invention-relates to a-ph-ysicia-ns carriage I or litter for-professional-useinthetreatment or diaghosisof human ailments An objector the-inventionisto-prov-ide -a carriage of the character stated, including-simpleanddurable --means- =free -from=-maintenancecosts and servicing troubles; for easily-andexpeditious ly shifting thebody of a-- patient relativeto a treatment or diagnostic apparatus which is=-relativel-y stationary, or incapable-0t rapid adjust-- ments;

Another object isto provide means associa-- tion witna'physician s carriageor'litter,whereby-- the body of a patient maybeshift'ed-smoothly and without shock orannoyance-tothe patient, for the purposes stated;

Another object is to provide a-u-niversally shift-- abletable for aprofessionalcarriage or the like, including simple and efficient reliable means for locking the table-in any-position of adjustment, such locking meansbei-ngalways readily -acces-- sible for instant manipulation.-

A further object is to provide-the foregoing improvements in a wheeled earriagewhieh isadjusta-ble as to elevation, preferably .bymeans-oiahydrau-lic lift, and capable of being rendered immobile by means of a multiple"brake assembly.

The foregoing andother objects are attained by the means-describedherein and illustrated-by the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is aside elevational-view of theimproved physician s carriage or litter, embodying. the. means ofthe presentinvention.

Fig. 2- is a cross-sectionalview taken on line. 2.x-2v of. Fig- 1,. showing. the. under-side. oi. the.- device..

Fig. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken on 1ine.3e-3 of Fig.2.

Fig. 4 istaudetailview, inperspectivashowing;

the mechanism. whereby the. table. is rendered. smoothly and noiselessly shiftable witha 11ni-. versal movement, in aplaneof. operation.

Although the. device .of. the invention may. be usedioryarious purposes. and under varying circumstances, its. novel features have been incorporated for the comiortofthe patient and the. conveniece of the physician or professional practioner. in. the treatment and diagnosis of disease or. human ailments. In many instances, and particularly in. the practice of heat or light ther.-. aDy,.X-.ray treatments and photography, and the. like,,it iseonsidered desirable at times to smoothly and gently shift the patient while u de o n treatmentpr examination. This cannotordinarilybeaccomplished by. shifting. the treating mechusual manner.

; ably: a. rubber tired" wheel I2.

. 2 anism,. or the:carriage in: the norm-al manner, due to. the. factthat an excessive amount of manipulation generally isrequired in doing all. of whichudisturba the patient, or inconveniences the physician and consumes time that might be more advantageously spent otherwise in the: courseofthe treatment or examination. Moreover, the .device of the invention possesses the advantage of? gneatly'reducing fatigue and the physical effort involved in performance. of

proiessionallservices.such ashave been mentioned above, thereby enablingthe; practioner tov accom, pl-ish; more and. better results in= the pursuit of his practice;

Other and further advantages and. objectives-. will become maniesttothe experiencedand com.- petent. practioner,.,in .the light-ofthe detailed description. which. fol-lows;

With; reference to the drawing, 85. indicates a rectangular chassis upon which is mounted the base or housing 1.. of. an hydraulic lift; The-lift includesaavertical posttB to be elevated and loweredwby fluidpressure generated within the head Bias the pump handle III: is manipulated in the The lift'being of standard con-. struction, need not beii'llustrated and: described in detail-herein.

At the four corners of the chassis aremount- I ed swivel casters; each of which includes prefer- A..ho0d I3 is .applied-over each ofwthe wheels, andthe several. hoods: may. serve as braking means to precluderotation of the wheel'sand swiveling of the casters about their Vertical. shafts- The brake mechanism, which includes an operating handle M, is fully disclosed-in. our issued Patent No. 2,110,227. dated March 8; 1 938. For the purposes of the present disclosure, is .suihcient to note that allof the swivel casters may belocked simultaneously against movement by manipulating the brake lever M...

- The carriage includes.,a table supporting frame comprising a pair-oi spaced parallel rigid bars or beams I35 which-extend lengthwise of the table IT. The frame members l5--l5 may be fixed to the hydraulictlifti head!) in any suitable manner, as'by means of a series of bolts 18. Frame members l5.-l;5 may bein the-form of angle irons in a. horizontal plane. Table H, which is adapted to support thebody. of a patient undergoing exlamination or treatment, may be in the form of a slab of wood or other material suitably uphols tered as indicated at I9 of Fig. 3, the table as a whole being substantially fiat by preference. The tableslab to which the upholstery material L8 is applied, is indicated by the character 20. As indicated upon Fig. 1, the table may be furnished with a circumferential bumper or molding strip 2|. It may be noted that the table is in spaced substantial parallelism with the table supporting frame l5l5.

In conformity with the objectives of the present invention, table I! is supported upon the frame members l5-I5 for free floating movement in all lateral directions. It is necessary that the table movement, which may properly be considing frame l5l5, suitable retaining means may be provided in the form of cross bars 34 underlying the frame members Iii-45, said cross bars being fixedly suspended from the underface of the table 11. For this purpose, hangers in the form of bolts 35 may be anchored in the material of the table and arranged to locate the cross bars 34 at a proper distance beneath the frame members i5 to permit the free shiftability cred a universal movement, be performed in an effortless manner, and without disturbing or annoying the patient lying upon the top of the table. This is accomplished most effectively utilizing the simple means now to be described.

To the opposite corresponding ends of the table supporting frame members are secured, as by means of screws, bolts or other fasteners 22, the cross members 23 each of which carries at its opposite ends a spacious or enlarged well 24. The base or floor 25 of each well preferably is of metal or other hard and smooth sheet material, and is circumscribed by the upstanding confining. wall 26. Within the wells are placed the anti-friction balls of hard metal or other dense material, and upon which rests table 11. Movement of the anti-friction balls within the wells, is limited only by the upstanding confining walls 26, so that the balls may roll freely in all directions within the wells, at least to the extent permitted by the confining walls 26. As indicated upon'Fig. 4, the frame members l5 may be utilized in closing one side of each well.

From the foregoing, it will readily be evident that a table such as H, resting solely upon the anti-friction balls 21, may be noiselessly and easily shifted in all lateral directions to an extent determined by the size or area of the several wells 24. To ensure smooth and easy universal shifting of the table relative to its supporting frame I 5-4 5, the underface of the table may be furnished with a series of flat metallic wear plates 28, one above each anti-friction ball. Plates 28 may be secured to the table in any suitable manner, as by means of screws or other fasteners 29.

In that form of the invention herein disclosed, limits of movement of the table are established by means of the spaced parallel arms 30-3l, which constitute bumper frames applied to the cross members 23 at the locations 32, and adapted to contact the bumpers 33 fixed to the underface of the table, Bumpers 33 may be of rubber or other resilient material, and they depend sufficiently beneath the plane of the table to contact the arms or the base of a bumper frame whenever the table is shifted to the limit established by said frames. The bumpers 33 and their cooperative frames serve to relieve the confining walls of the well of undue stresses resulting from extreme movements of the table to its maximum limits of travel. The bumper frames may be rectangular or of any other shape, rather than U-shaped as illustrated by the drawing. As is obvious, the bumper frames may be fixed to the table supporting frames in any suitable manner, the mounting means illustrated by the drawing being by way of example only. If desired, the bumpers 33 may be located between the frame members l5-l5, or at opposite sides thereof, without loss of function.

In order to preclude the possibility of lifting the table I! from its position upon the support- TI rolling movement in all lateral directions role-,-

of the table in all lateral directions, as required. The retaining means just described may be variously constructed and designed, the particular structure of the drawing being suggestive of but one form of means for the purpose.

To preclude accidental or inadvertent shifting movements of the table, there is provided a suitable brake or look such as is illustrated in detail upon Fig. 3.

The locking means referred to may be in the form of a shoe 36 having a flat face 31 to be advanced fiatwise against the underface 38 of the table with considerable force. The shoe is mounted upon the table supporting frame, and may be guided in its movements toward and from the table by means of pins 39. The pins may be anchored in the shoe at the locations 40, if desired, and will be loosely accommodated in the guide bores or apertures 4| and 42. The bore 4| may be formed in a cross member 43 of the frame, and if desired the bore 42 may be provided in the head of the lift, as shown. The particular manner of guiding the shoe is, of course, a matter of detail which is not material to the invention.

To move the shoe into and out of contact with the table, there may be provided a cam or eccentric 45 mounted fixedly upon an operating shaft 46 to be rotated by means of a brake lever 41, which serves to rotate the cam and thereby elevate or lower the shoe. The shaft 46 may be journaled in the bearing apertures of the opposed brackets 48-48, which are fixed to the frame members iii-l5 at 49. Shaft 46 may be furnished with two levels 41, if desired, these being located at opposite sides of the carriage for convenience of operation. When the lever is rotated to elevate the toe of the cam and thereby force the brake shoe into firm contact against the underface of the table, shifting movement of the table is effectively prevented.

Upon Fig. 1, 50 indicates a rod or bar attached to the frame i5l5, and depending therefrom through a guiding head 51 formed upon a rigid standard 52 which is fixed to the chassis. This structure serves as a means to prevent rotation of table ll relative to the chassis of the carriage.

The angle members 53 of Fig. 2 reinforce the table and serve to stabilize the cross bars 34. Members 53 may be omitted from the structure, if desired.

It is to be understood that various modifications and changes in the structural details of the device may be made, within the scope of the appended claims, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

What is claimed is:

* 1. A carriage of the class described, comprising in combination a wheeled chassis and a table to support the body of a patient, means between the chassis and the table to support the table for universal horizontal shifting movement relative to the chassis, said table supporting means being in the form of spherical bodies having free tive to the table and the chassis, means independent of the spherical bodies for limiting the lateral movement of the table relative to the chassis and means for limiting movement of said table upward from said chassis.

2. A carriage of the class described, comprising in combination a Wheeled chassis and a table to support the body ofv a patient, and means between the chassis and the table to support the table for universal horizontal shifting movement relative to the chassis, said table supporting means being in the form of spherical bodies having free-rolling movement in all lateral directions relative to the table and the chassis, means independent of the spherical bodies for limiting upward movement of said table away from said chassis and a brake shoe reciprocable vertically with respect to the chassis and adapted to engage the under side of the table to lift the table from the spherical box and cause engagement of said limiting means with the chassis.

3. In a carriage of the class described, the combination of a wheeled chassis including a substantially central lift having a movable head portion, a table to support the human body, a table supporting frame beneath the table and having fixed relationship to the head portion of the lift, a plurality of wells near each end of the supporting frame, said wells each including a smooth hard-surfaced bottom wall, a hard spherical body in each well resting freely upon the bottom Wall, said wells being substantially of greater area than the diameter of the spherical bodies, whereby the latter have free rolling movement over substantial areas of the wells, the table having a smooth underface resting upon the spherical bodies for universal shifting movement of the table in all directions parallel to the bottom walls of the wells, stop means independent of the spherical bodies between the table and. said chassis for limiting lateral movement of said table relative to said chassis and means for limiting movement of said table upwardly from said chassis.

4. In a carriage of the class described, the combination of a wheeled chassis including a substantially central lift having a movable head portion, a table to support the human body, a table supporting frame beneath the table and having fiXed relationship to the head portion of the lift, a plurality of wells near each end of the supporting frame, said wells each including a smooth hard-surfaced bottom wall, a hard spherical body in each well resting freely upon the bottom wall, said wells being substantially of greater area than the diameter of the spherical bodies, whereby the latter have free rolling movement over substantial areas of the wells, the table having a smooth underface resting upon the spherical bodies for universal shifting movement of th table in all directions parallel to the bottom walls of the wells, stop means independent of the spherical bodies between said table and said chassis for limiting lateral movement of said table relative to said chassis, means for limiting upward movement of said table away from said chassis and Gil brake means for locking the table relative to the supporting frame.

5. In a carriage of the class described, the combination of a wheeled chassis including a substantially central lift having a movable head portion, a table to support the human body, a table supporting frame beneath the table and having fixed relationship to the head portion of the lift, a plurality of wells near each end of the supporting frame, said wells each including a smooth hard-surfaced bottom wall, a hard spherical body in each well resting freely upon the bottom wall, said wells being substantially of greater area than the diameter of the spherical bodies, whereby the latter have free rolling movement over substantial areas of the wells, the table having a smooth underface resting upon the spherical bodies for universal shifting movement of the table in all directions parallel to the bottom walls of the wells, a flat-faced brake shoe mounted upon the table supporting frame for vertical movement only, and manually operative means to selectively elevate the flat face of the shoe into firm contact with the table, for precluding free shifting movement of the latter while tending to lift the table from contact with the spherical bodies, and bumper means exteriorly of the wells for limiting the universal shifting movements of the table upon lowering of the brake shoe.

6. A carriage of the class described comprising in combination a wheeled chassis and a table to support the body of a patient, means between the chassis and the table to support the table for universal lateral shifting movement relative to the chassis, said table supporting means being in the form of spherical bodies having free rolling movement in all lateral directions relative to the table and chassis, means for limiting relative lateral movement of said table and chassis, means for limiting upward movement of said table away from said chassis, and braking means between said table and said chassis, said braking means including a flat-faced brake shoe mounted upon the chassis for vertical movement only and manually operative means to selectively elevate the flat face of the shoe into firm contact with the table for precluding free shifting movement of the table while tending to lift the table from contact with the spherical bodies to engage said limiting means with the chassis.

FREDERICK KOENIGKRAMER. FRANK KOEN'IGKRAMER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,110,838 Taylor Sept. 15, 1914 2,035,321 Koenigkramer et a1. Mar. 24, 1936 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 183,210 Germany Apr, 5, 1907 352,959 Germany Apr. 20, 1922 372,597 Germany Mar. 29, 1923

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1110838 *Mar 27, 1914Sep 15, 1914Edward TaylorPortable hydraulic stretcher.
US2035321 *Jul 11, 1933Mar 24, 1936Frank KoenigkramerAdjustable hospital litter
*DE183210C Title not available
DE352059C *Apr 20, 1922Siemens AgHeb- und senkbarer Tisch fuer Roentgenbestrahlungen
DE372597C *Mar 29, 1923ReinigerLagerstatt fuer Krankenbehandlung
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2707137 *Feb 26, 1952Apr 26, 1955F R Machine WorksTable with adjustable top
US2799542 *Jan 7, 1955Jul 16, 1957Continental X Ray CorpTilt table for X-ray techniques
US2822477 *Nov 16, 1951Feb 4, 1958Gen ElectricX-ray apparatus
US2881038 *May 29, 1952Apr 7, 1959Josef GernethApparatus for the diagnosis of patients by means of x-rays
US4953245 *Dec 5, 1989Sep 4, 1990Hans JungDevice for moving patients who are confined to bed
US5193633 *Jun 7, 1991Mar 16, 1993Wright State UniversityMotorized transfer and transport system for the disabled
US5738306 *May 6, 1996Apr 14, 1998Air Methods CorporationArticulating patient loading system and transport device for aircraft
US5785277 *Oct 13, 1995Jul 28, 1998Air Methods CorporationPatient loading system and transport device for aircraft
US7490377Dec 1, 2006Feb 17, 2009Ahlman Ip, Inc.Patient single surface system
US7784121Dec 9, 2008Aug 31, 2010Ahlman Ip, LlcPatient single surface system
US8046851Jul 28, 2010Nov 1, 2011Ahlman Ip, LlcPatient single surface system
US8381335Sep 23, 2011Feb 26, 2013Ahlman Ip, LlcPatient single surface system
DE1187346B *Jan 20, 1962Feb 18, 1965Paul TrommerFahrbahre fuer den Krankentransport
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/86.1, 296/20
International ClassificationA61G7/05, A61G1/02, A61G7/10, A61G7/002
Cooperative ClassificationA61G2007/0528, A61G7/1046, A61G7/1019, A61G7/1057, A61G7/002, A61G1/0237, A61G1/0287, A61G1/0212
European ClassificationA61G7/002, A61G1/02, A61G7/10T8, A61G7/10N6, A61G7/10S6