|Publication number||US2512967 A|
|Publication date||Jun 27, 1950|
|Filing date||Nov 8, 1946|
|Priority date||Nov 8, 1946|
|Publication number||US 2512967 A, US 2512967A, US-A-2512967, US2512967 A, US2512967A|
|Inventors||Roland L Quirion|
|Original Assignee||Roland L Quirion|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (18), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 27, 1950 R, L QUlRlON I 2,512,967
I EYE-SCREW DRIVING TOOL Filed Nov. 8, 1946 111 rc1/tor FOL AND L Qu/R/o/v By Qwdozn Patented June 27, 1950 'UNITED' STATES PATENroFI-ICE EYE-SCREW DRIVING rrooL Roland L. Quirion, Waterville, Maine Application November 8, 1946, Serial No.l 708,709 n The present invention relates to what is believedto be a novel and practical multiple purpose tool which is expressly,v but not necessarily, adapted for use in inserting, screwing and-unscrewing so-called screw-eyes.
It `is a `matter of common knowledge .that all sorts of make shift instruments and devices have been employed by persons handling, applying and removing so-called screw-eyes. Claw hammers, screw-drivers and instruments such as may be handy at the time, are used in various ways in driving and removing screw-eyes. Confronted with such conditions, I have found it expedient and practicable to devise a tool which is particularly made up and especially designed to better accomplish the ends sought.
An object of the invention is to provide a simple, expedient and economical tool which lends itself admirably well to accomplish the results desired, said tool having an especially constructed adaptor which conforms nicely to the stock shape of the eye into which it is inserted and lodged, appropriate handle means -being provided to facilitate the use of said adaptor.
More specifically, in carrying out the preferred embodiment of the invention, I provide a simple hand-crank, one limb of which isl fashioned into a hole forming awl and the other end of which is formed into the aforementioned adaptor, the latter being in the nature of a lateral undulated foot.
Other objects, features and advantages will become more readily apparent from the following description and the accompanying illustrative drawings.
In the drawings, wherein like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the views:
Figure 1 is an elevational view of a tool constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention;
Figure 2 is a View at right angles to Figure 1 observing same in a direction from right to left and showing the manner in which the adaptor is connected with the eye of a screw-eye to drive and screw same into place; and,
Figure 3 is a view like Figure 2, but showing the manner in which the same tool is employed to unscrew said screw-eye.
Referring now to the drawings by distinguishing reference numerals, it will be seen that the hand-crank, as a unitary device, is denoted by the numeral 5, the same comprising limbs 6 and 'I at approximate right angles to each other. The principal limb 'I is in effect a lever providing 2 Claims. (Cl. 145-50) the desired leverage for bothscrewing and unscrewing the screw-eye 8. The limb 6 is pri- 'marily a handle rand is provided at longitudinally spaced points with retaining washers 9 and IIJ for a swivelly mounted hand-grip I I. The righthand end portion or" the limb E is shouldered as at I2 and then tapered and ribbedlto provide a triple-'rib awl I 3v. This awl is used, obviously,
to pierce the surface of a piece of Woodand to pilot a hole into'same for purposes of getting the screw-eye started, this in an'obvius manner." Theadaptor -on the Afree end of the lever forming limb` 'lis` denoted, generally speaking, by the numeral I 4 and is in the form of a'lateral foot. The foot is of undulated form and is characterized essentially by a heel portion I5 and a terminal toe porti-on I6. The undulated formation of the foot is such as to define a crotch or seat Il at the juncture of the limb 1 and foot and the intermediate bend denes a similar crotch or seat I8 in the longitudinal arch portion of the foot. hooked as shown and this deiines a third crotch or seat I9.
The undulated formation of the foot serves to provide the desired seating, abutment, and end thrust facilities brought out in the two positions as shown in Figure 2. In Figure 2, a portion of the eye is accommodated in the outer crotch or seat IS and a diametrically opposite portion of the eye is accommodated in. the crotch or seat I8. In Figure 3, we see the crotch or seat I'I coming into play and the crest portion of the toe I6 functioning as an end thrust abutment. It follows, that the undulated foot has a double purpose formation whereby it may be conveniently used (see Figure 2) for screwing an eye-screw home, so to speak; Whereas, in Figure 3 it is employed to unscrew or remove the screw-eye.
'I'he hand-grip on the limb G serves to conveniently handle the tool and facilitates affording the user effectively usable leverage to accomplish what is wanted with ease and satisfaction. The hand-grip may also come in handy in punching the aWl into a wood surface to pilot a hole for purposes of starting a screw. It hasalso been found that the hand-grip IIl may be held and the part 1 may be used somewhat as a handle to facilitate boring a, hole in hardwood by way of the awl, In other words, the pointed end of the awl is placed against the hardwood'surface and where it cannot be punched in freely, the hand-grip is held securely to function as a bearing and then the limb 6 is oscillated,
The tip of the toe I6 is or rocked back and forth through the medium of the limb 1, using the latter as a handle, whereby to drill an opening into the work.
A careful consideration of the foregoing description in conjunction with the invention as illustrated in the drawings will enable the reader to obtain a clear understanding and impression of the alleged features of merit and novelty sufcient to clarify the construction of the invention as hereinafter claimed.
Minor changes in shape, size, materials and rearrangement of parts may be resorted to inni` l actual practice so long as no departure is made of said hand-grip.
from the invention as claimed.
Iclaim: 1. A multiple purpose tool expressly adapted to facilitate steps of applying and removing eye screws comprising a rigid one-piece crank embodying complemental rigid limbsv at right angles 1' to each other, one limb constituting a lever terminating at its outer free end in an oblique foot, said foot being undulated to provide longitudinally spaced heel and toe portions cooperable with the eye portion of said'screw, and a handgrip swivelly mounted on the remaining limb,
` saidffoot being at approximate right angles to i said hand grip.
2. A hand tool expressly adapted for handy and expeditious use in inserting, screwing and unscrewing screw-eyes comprising a rigid onepiece crank unit embodying a pair of rigid linearly straight limbs at right angles to each other,
` one limb constituting a lever and having a free ROLAND L. QUIRION.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
z UNITED STATES .PATENTS Number Name 'l Date v r279,153 Haskell June 12,'1883 409,130 Van Alstyne Aug. 13, 1890 481,763 Johnson Aug. 30, 1892 510,104 Uhl Dec. 5, 1893 597,286 Horswill A Jan. 11, 1898 653,401 Rausch July 10, 1900 985,087 Wilson Feb. 21, 1911 1,013,067 Rund Dec. 26, 1911 1,572,046 Seibel` 1. Feb. 9, 1926 Balth 'l f Aug. 22, 1933
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US279153 *||Nov 24, 1882||Jun 12, 1883||Pan or stove-cover lifter|
|US409130 *||Mar 28, 1889||Aug 13, 1889||Centering-awl|
|US481763 *||Apr 9, 1892||Aug 30, 1892||Lafayette m|
|US510104 *||Jan 13, 1893||Dec 5, 1893||Tool for holding soeew hooks|
|US597286 *||May 10, 1897||Jan 11, 1898||John horswill|
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|US1013067 *||May 11, 1910||Dec 26, 1911||Julius A Rund||Doughnut-lifter.|
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|US20040194588 *||Apr 16, 2004||Oct 7, 2004||Johnson Kenneth R.||Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use|
|US20050268752 *||Mar 29, 2005||Dec 8, 2005||Johnson Kenneth R||Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use|
|U.S. Classification||81/52, 81/901, D08/82, 7/158, 81/44, 30/366|
|Cooperative Classification||B25B13/5091, Y10S81/901|