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Publication numberUS2513148 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 27, 1950
Filing dateAug 22, 1946
Priority dateAug 22, 1946
Publication numberUS 2513148 A, US 2513148A, US-A-2513148, US2513148 A, US2513148A
InventorsCurtis C Coons
Original AssigneeHoover Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Intermittent absorption refrigeration
US 2513148 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 27,1950 c. c. ccaorA 2,513,148

l IN'I'ERIIIIT'I'ENT ABSORPTIUNREFRIGERATIION v Filed Aug. 22, l1946 v 2 Sheets-Sheet v2' INVENroR. Cuffia C. 600128 WMA? SIM Patented June 27, 1950 INTEBMITTENT ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION Curtis C. Coons, North Canton, Ohio, assigner to The Hoover Company, North Canton, Ohio, a

corporation of Ohio Application August 22, 1946, Serial No. 692,267

1s claims. l

The present invention relates to the art of refrigeration and more particularly to a secondary cooling and control system for cooling and regulating the cooling of an element which is alternately subjected to heating and cooling cycles of operation.

Specifically the present invention proposes a cooling system for a device alternately subject to periods of heating and cooling operation characterized by the provision of a means having no moving parts automatically operable to interrupt the circulation of the cooling medium when the aforesaid device is heated and to restore circulation of the cooling medium quickly at the termination of a heating cycle.

In a specic sense the present invention is particularly applicable to a secondary cooling system for the generator-absorbers of a dual unit intermittent refrigerating device. In accordance with the invention the cooling system is provided with a vapor lock arrangement which is heated when heat is applied to the generator-absorber so as to interrupt the circulation of the cooling medium. Cooling medium flow is then interrupted simply by means of an entrapped body of vapor. 'I'he vapor lock is eliminated by the application of heat to the associated generator-absorber whereby an excess pressure is applied to certain portions of the first-mentioned cooling system which operates to destroy the vapor lock and restore the circulation of the cooling medium.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent as the description proceeds when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic representation of a dual intermittent absorption refrigerating system embodying the present invention;

Figure 2 is a diagrammatic fragmentary view showing a modified form of the invention of Figure 1;

' Figure 3 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view of a refrigerator cabinet showing the arrangement of certain parts of the present invention with respect to the cabinet; and

Figure 4 is a rear partial elevational view of the arrangement of Figure 3.

Referring now to Figure l 'of the drawing, it will be seen that the apparatus comprises two identical intermittent absorption refrigerating systems. Since the two systems are identical, the apparatus on the left-hand side of Figure 1 will be given reference characters, and the corresponding parts in the right-hand system of Figure 1 will be given corresponding reference characters distinguished by a prime.

` The left-hand system of Figure 1 comprises a generator-absorber A connected by a conduit II to a tubular air-cooled condenser C which discharges condensed vapor through conduit I2 into the reservoir I3 of an evaporator E.

This apparatus is provided with a gas burner I5 which is arranged to discharge products of combustion into the central heating flue I6 of the generator-absorber A. When heat is applied from the burner l5, refrigerant vapor is evolved from the absorber contained in the generatorabsorber A, which vapor flows through conduit Il, is liqueed in condenser C, and discharges through conduit I2 into the reservoir I3 of the evaporator E.

At the termination of a generating period, the control mechanism, to be described hereinafter, de-energizes the gas burner I5 and a cooling mechanism, also to be described hereinafter, cools the generator-absorber A. As a result of this action the pressure within the absorbent containing portion of generator-absorber A drops to a low value and causes evolution of vapor from the liquid contained in evaporator E and at a low refrigerating temperature. The vapor so produced flows from reservoir I3, through conduit I2, condenser C, and conduit II into the generator-absorber A wherein it is reabsorbed and the heat of absorption is rejected to an ultimate cooling medium by the action of the aforesaid cooling system.

The generator-absorber A comprises, in addition to the heating flue I6, a sealed tubular jacket Il surrounding tube I6 for the reception of a cooling medium. The cooling jacket I1 is in turn surrounded by an absorbent containing construction indicated generally in the drawings at I8. The specific construction of the generator-absorber as such forms no part of the present invention. The system will be charged with a suitable refrigerant such as ammonia and a dry or liquid absorbent for the refrigerant such as strontium chlorideor water.

Fuel for the fuel burners I5 and I5' is conducted from gas supply conduit 20 through conduits 2l and 2|', respectively, to the burners I5 and I5', respectively. Conduit 2I is provided with a solenoid control valve 22 around which is connected a small by-pass conduit 23. The fuel passing through valve 22 and by-pass conduit 23 is conducted by conduit 24 to the burner structure. The burner per se forms no part of the present invention but is preferably of the type embodying an automatic pilot or minimum ignition llame arrangement and a flame failure safety cut-off.

A thermostat 26 is associated with the generator-absorber A and is arranged to operate a snap acting electrical switch mechanism 21. In the position shown, the electrical switch mechanism is energizing the solenoid valve 22 through the following circuit: line wires 28 and 29, conductor 30, conductor 3|, the left-hand contact of switch 21, and conductor 32.

As the generator-absorber A reaches the end `of its heating period, the temperature thereof begins to rise due to the reduced evolution of refrigerant vapor therefrom. When this temperature reaches a predetermined point, the thermostat element 26 will expand and actuate the switch 21 to its opposite position de-energizingv solenoid valve 22 and energizing solenoid valve 22'.

In the positions of the thermostatic elements 26 and 26' shown, the burner I5 has just been energized for a short period of time. As a result, the thermostat 26 is collapsed because the burner has not had time to heat the generatorabsorber A to any appreciable degree. On the other hand, the thermostatic element 26' is expanded because the temperature of the external casing of the generator-absorber A' has not yet been lowered appreciably. However, as the generator-absorber A approaches the end of its heating cycle, the generator-absorber A' will have been cooled to a comparatively low temperature and the thermostat 26 will be collapsed, thus expansion of the thermostat 26 Will actuate the snap switch 21 without interference from the thermostat 26'. This alternate heating of the two generator-absorbers proceeds automatically as long as the system is energized.

The absorber-generator A has associated with its cooling jacket I1 a secondary cooling system comprising a vapor discharge conduit 35 for the jacket I1 which conducts vapor into the aircooled condenser 36. The condensate formed in condenser 36 ows through a conduit 31 into a reservoir 38. From reservoir 38 a conduit 39 conveys cooling liquid to the inlet leg 40 of a vapor lock conduit comprising conduits 40, 4I, and 42 arranged in the form of an inverted U with the bight conduit 4I passing over the upper or discharge end of the products of combustion flue I6 of the generator-absorber. The discharge leg' 42 of the vapor lock construction forms a U-shaped trap conduit with the conduit 43 which opens into the upper end of cooling jacket I1. This system will be charged with a suitable coolant such as methyl chloride.

The reservoirs 38 and 38' have the upper portions thereof connected by a conduit 45 for a purpose to be hereinafter described.

During cooling operation of the generatorabsorbers, the conduit system connecting the reservoir to the generator-absorber cooling jacket is substantially filled with liquid in the manner shown for the generator-absorber A. However, at switchover, when the burner I is actuated to full flame operation, the heat applied to conduit 4I vaporizes some of the liquid therein contained almost as soon as the flame reaches full volume on the burner itself. The vapor formed in conduit 4I lls the conduit 4I and extends into the conduits 40 and 42 to establish a condition of vapor lock which prevents any further flow of liquid from Kreservoir 38 into the cooling jacket I1.

Since liquid ow into jacket I1 is no longer possible, the liquid contained in the jacket is rapidly vaporized and passes through conduit 35 to condenser 36 wherein it is condensed and is discharged in liquid form through conduit 31 into the reservoir 38. Thus a short time after switchover to heating cycle operation substantially all the liquid in the system is contained in reservoir 38 except for the small amount present in conduits 39, 40, 42, and 43.

As the heating cycle continues, there will be some evaporation of liquid in conduits 4I! and 42 due to heat conducted along the length of that conduit until a condition of balance is reached which is roughly indicated by the liquid level as shown in the conduits 40 and 42. Such a condition is achieved when the conduits 40 and 42 are at the condensation temperature of the cooling medium at the surface level of liquid therein. It will be understood, however, that this showing of liquid levels in conduits 40 and 42 represents a possible condition; the liquid levels may be higher than shown 0r slightly lower, depending upon varying ambient conditions, rate of heat application, and design factors.

The conditions indicated in Figure 1 of the drawing will obtain until the thermostat 26 is actuated to de-energize burner I5 and to provide for full flame operation of burner I5'. As soon as the burner I5 is extinguished, the conduit systems 40, 4I, and 42 will begin to be cooled by the surrounding air and by air flowing through the ue I6. However, air ilow through flue I6 discharges heated air against conduit 4I, though the temperature of such air is materially below the temperature of the products of combustion which impinge upon that conduit during the heating cycle of operation.

If the foregoing condition is allowed to proceed undisturbed, a considerable period of time, possibly twenty minutes, may be required to condense the vapor in conduits 4U, 4I, and 42 completely to destroy the vapor lock and to permit circulation of cooling fluid from the reservoir 38 into the jacket I1.

The aforementioned delay is an undesirable feature and it is one of the principal objects ol the present invention to abolish or destroy the vapor lock within a very short period of time.

It will be noted from Figure 1 that the conduit 31 extends into the reservoir 38 for a considerable distance and that its lower end is appreciably below the surface level of stored liquid in reservoir 38.

Very shortly after the thermostat 28 operates to de-energize burner I5 and energize burner I5', the vapor lock in conduits 40', 4I', and 42' will be created. In addition to this, there will be a rapid vaporization of cooling liquid which substantially fills the jacket I1. The rapid vaporization of the large quantity of liquid contained in jacket I1' produces an immediate and substantial increase in pressure in the entire cooling system associated with absorber-generator A'. This increase in pressure is applied to the upper portion of the reservoir 38 through. the conduit 45. Due to the fact that the lower end of conduit 31 is submerged in the liquid in reservoir 38, the increase in pressure applied from the cooling system of the generator-absorber cannot directly be applied to condenser 36 but liquid is forced to rise within conduitl 31 from reservoir 38. The rising column of liquid in conduit 31 creates a slight increase in pressure in the condenser 36. However. that condenser and its contents have long since reached a condition of stable equilibrium; that is, the condenser has cooled to substantially air temperature, hence any slight increase in pressure therewithin will merely cause some condensation of the small amount of vapor required to fill the condenser. Stated somewhat diilerently, the effect of the rising column in the conduit 31 is not to increase pressure in the system comprising the condenser 36, conduit 35, and cooling Jacket 31 but to condense a small amount of vapor. However, the increase in pressure within the cooling system caused by the application of vapor pressure to the upper part of the reservoir is applied directly and immediately to the vapor lock by reason of the liquid contained in conduit 38 and the lower portion of conduit 40. Such an increase in pressure applied in an unbalanced manner produces a number of effects which will be described hereinafter.

As long as the vapor lock exists in conduits 40, 4I, and 42, a condition of stable equilibrium .is maintained. That is, the distance between the free surface level of liquid in conduit 40 and the free surface level of liquid in reservoir 38 is equal to the distance between the free surface levels of the liquid in conduits 42 and 43. Any condition tending to upset this equilibrium will tend to eliminate the vapor lock and to permit free flow of coolant from the reservoir to the generator-absorber cooling jacket.

At switchover, when the increase in pressure in the previously active cooling system is applied through conduit 45 to the vapor space of reservoir 38, a column of liquid is forced upwardly into the conduit 31 leading to the condenser. For reasons heretofore explained, the column of liquid rising in conduit 31 applies an excess pressure to one side only of the vapor lock, thus destroying the previously existing condition of stable equilibrium. This increase in pressure has a number of secondary effects:

(l) A mere increase in pressure will tend to cause condensation of the vapor formed in the vapor lock in the cooler portions of conduits 48, 4I, and 42.

(2) The increase in pressure on the condenser side of the lock tends to displace liquid in the conduit systems 38 to 43, inclusive, in the direction of the cooling jacket I1.

(3) As liquid rises in conduit 40 it will reach portions of that conduit at an elevated temperature and will cool them by vaporization of a very small amount of liquid. This additional vapor tends further to force the liquid in the conduit systems 42 and 43 in the direction of the cooling jacket I1. This factor cools the previously highly heated portions of the vapor lock conduits 40, 4I, and 42 and pushes the vapor into comparatively cold conduits which promotes con-y densation of the vapor in the lock.

(4) When the liquid columns are displaced sumciently to force vapor around the bight portion of the U-tube 42--43, bubbles of vapor in conduit 43 lighten that column and tend to force the liquid therefrom into jacket I 1, both by direct vapor lift action and by further unbalancing the forces acting on opposite sides of the conduit 4I (5) Liquid owing into jacket I1 from conduit 43 is immediately vaporized because that jacket is a a very elevated temperature. When a signiflcant quantity of liquid has been forced from conduit 43 into jacket I1 and vaporized, a large increase in pressure is produced in the whole lapse any vapor remaining in the conduits 40 to 42, inclusive, and thus eliminate the vapor lock.

Stated in somewhat shorter form, the effect of the increased pressure in reservoir 38 is to displace theliquid from the generator-absorber side of the vapor lock liquid seal to allow vapor to escape directly from the lock to the condenser and to condense the vapor forming the lock by direct application of high pressures.

The exact proportionate eifect of the abovementioned factors is not definitely known. It has, however, been established by actual test that the above-described system will eliminate the vapor lock and permit full circulation of the secondary cooling medium within one minute or less of switchover.

In Figure 2 there is shown a modified form of the invention. Since, structurally speaking, this form of the invention differs from that described in connection with Figure 1 only in certain details to be hereinafter specically pointed out, the parts of the apparatus are given the same reference characters as those applied to identical parts described hereinabove in connection with Figure 1.

Though only the lower part of the apparatus has been shown in Figure 2, it is to be understood that the portions above the break shown in conduits II, 35, 31, 31', 35', and II' of Figure 1 are in every respect identical with` the parts above the same conduits of Figure 2 which are not shown.

The form of the invention of Figure 2 specifically difl'ers from Figure 1 only in the elimination of conduit 45 and the substitution therefor of U-shaped conduits 50 and 50. 'The U-shaped conduit 50 opens into the reservoir 38. This conduit is arranged to have a small downward slope with the bight of the U positioned directly over the outlet of the products of combustion flue I6 of the generator-absorber A. The conduit 58 is arranged with the legs of the U in vertically superposed position. The lower leg of U-shaped conduit 50 opens into reservoir 38' below the normal liquid level therein while the generator-absorber A' is operating on a heating period. The upper end of conduit 50 opens into the upper portion of reservoir 38 above the normal liquid level maintained therein during the generating period of the generator-absorber A.

The conduit 50' is similarly associated with the reservoir 38. As shown in Figure 2, the conduit 50' is substantially filled with liquid, only the end portion of the upper leg thereof adjacent the point at which it joins the vapor space in the reservoir 38 being free of liquid.

'I'he systemv of Figure 2 is provided with gas supply and control mechanisms identical with those illustrated and described in connection with Figure 1.

As the generator-absorber A reaches the end of its heating period, the control mechanism will de-energize burner I5 and energize burner I5. The products of combustion then discharging through the flue I6' will immediately vaporize a substantial amount of the liquid in the U-shaped conduit 50', which vapor will discharge through the upper leg of said conduit into the upper vapor space in the reservoir 38. The vapor so generated will, by reason of the fact that conduit 31 extends appreciably into the liquid contained in reservoir 38 and is therefore provided with a liquid seal with respect to the vapor space in reservoir 38.

secondary system which will condense or colincrease the pressure in the vapor space in reservoir 38. Increased pressure in the vapor space in reservoir 38 will displace liquid upwardly in the conduit 31 in the same manner as in Figure 1. Similarly, the actions which follow as a consequence of the increased pressure applied to the vapor space of reservoir 38 in the Figure l form of the invention follow in the same manner in the Figure 2 form of the invention.

Shortly after the vapor lock is eliminated the liquid level in reservoir 38 will drop below the lower leg of conduit 50' and no more liquid will be supplied thereto. The liquid remaining in conduit 50 is then quickly vaporized and the conduit is dry until the next cooling period of generator-absorber A is initiated.

In the Figure 2 form of the invention, the pressure in each secondary cooling system is independent of the associated secondary cooling system and the excess pressure applied to a localized portion of the cooling system at switchover is generated and retained within a localized portion of such system.

The Figure 2 form of the invention is particularly applicable to a single intermittent absorption refrigerating system. For example, considering only the left-hand intermittent system and its associated cooling mechanism of Figure 2, the conduit 50', instead of being heated by the heater for the generator-absorber A', may be heated by an auxiliary burner which the control energizes when it de-energizes burner l5. The operation of the system under these conditions will be identical with that heretofore described except with respect to the manner in which heat is applied to the conduit 50. Under the conditions preposed immediately above, the control 26 of the generator-absorber A would have a positive lost motion connection with the actuating element of the' switch 21 in order to provide positive control over the main burner and burner for heating conduit 50. Under these conditions the burner corresponding to I5', for example, would merely be arranged to heat the bight portion of the U-shaped conduit 50'.

The arrangement of portions of the invention with respect to the cabinet are illustrated in Figures 3 and 4. These figures specifically illustrate the form of the invention of Figure 1, it being understood that the form of the invention of Figure 2 will be arranged in a substantially identical manner with respect to the cabinet. Only the lower rear corner of the cabinet construction is shown, as the main condensers and evaporator and associated parts of the system will be arranged with respect to the cabinet substantially in the manner shown in United States Letters Patent 2,386,438 issued October 9, 1945, to Curtis C. Coons for Refrigeration.

The absorber-generators A and A' are located adjacent the lower rear corners of the cabinet construction 60, substantially below the insulated wall 6| of the refrigerating compartment 62. The generator-absorbers are also in the lower portion of a rear cooling chamber 63 which extends upwardly along avvcrtical side wall of the cabinet construction. This compartment is arranged to receive air from the space directly beneath the refrigerating chamber 62 and also through louvers 64 adjacent the bottom portion thereof. 'I'he condensers 36 and 36 are positioned in the chamber 63 above and between the generator-absorbers A and A' wherefore these elements receive cooling air unheated by a previous contact with heat rejecting elements and also unheated by the insulated generator-absorber assembly. PrOducts of combustion disposal ues 66 and 66 are provided for the generator-absorbers A and A', respectively. The products of combustion flues convey the waste products of combustion to the upper portion of the chamber 63 and discharge the same through the upper end of said chamber. The conduits 4| and 4I pass through the lower ends of the flues 66 and 66 adjacent the discharge end of the generator-absorber combustion heating ues I6 and I6'.

In Figures 3 and 4 the conduits 31 and 31 have been shown as very short. This was done to facilitate illustration. It is preferred that the vertical distance from the conduit 4l to the lower end of the condenser 36 shall at least be equal to the vertical distance between the point at which conduit 43 connects to jacket I1 and the point at which conduit 43 connects to conduit 42. This vertical head is not essential as no harm is done if liquid does back into the condenser tubes at switchover. However, by providing room for a column of liquid of the aforesaid height which has its upper end extending upwardly into conduit 31, the apparatus is then always capable of building up a liquid head of suflicient height to overcome the maximum liquid back pressure head which can be created by the column in conduit 43 without wetting the condenser tubes.

Theconduits connecting the cooling jackets I1 and I1' to the reservoirs 38 and 38 are always exposed to the coolest available cooling air except for the small portion of the vapor lock which passesvthrough the products of combustion flue 66. This aids in preventing too great a vapor lock in the conduits 42 and 40 and also facilitates rapid collapse of the vapor 'lock upon switchover.

The foregoing invention provides a means by which a vaporization-condensation type cooling system for a periodically or intermittently cooled element may be interrupted as desired by creation of a vapor lock which will be eliminated in a short period of time when either generator-absorber is switched over from generating to absorbing operation without the action of moving parts within either primary or secondary cooling systems. The sole control required is that provided for energizing and lie-energizing the heating means for the generator absorbers which has no direct connection with the cooling system. Thus the application of heat to the system simultaneously creates a iiow blocking vapor pocket in one part of the system and creates forces which quickly eliminate another ow blocking vapor pocket.

While the invention has been illustrated and described in detail it is not to be limited thereto but various changes may be made in the construction, design and arrangement of parts without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In combination with an element subject to alternate periods of heating and cooling; a cooling system having a heat absorbing portion in heat exchange relation with said element, a portion a ranged to form a vapor lock when subjected to heat and to be heated simultaneously with the application of heat to said element, and means for applying an excess pressure to a portion of said vapor lock when the application of heat to said element is discontinued. v

2. A cooling system for an element which 1s alternately heated and cooled comprising a condensing means, a reservoir, means for conducting liquid from said condensing means to said having liquid sealing traps between said partand said reservoir, and a liquid vaporizing means connected to apply vapor pressure to said reservoir above the liquid lever therein.

3. In combination a refrigerating system iny cluding a generator-absorber, a cooling system for said generator-absorber including a heat absorbing part in heat exchange relation with said generator-absorber, a heat rejecting part, and a coolant reservoir connected in circuit, said connecting means including a part arranged to conduct coolant from said reservoir to said heat absorbing part having a vapor trapping part connected to said reservoir Iand said heat absorbing part by liquid sealing traps, coolant vaporizing means connected to supply vapor to said reservoir above the surface level of liquid therein and in liquid sealed relationship to said heat rejecting part, and means constructed and arranged to heat said generator-absorber and said coolant vaporizing means alternately.

4. In combination a. refrigerating system including a generator-absorber, a cooling system for said generator-absorber including a heat absorbing part in heat exchange relation with said generator-absorber, a heat rejecting part, and means connecting said parts in circuit including means for conducting liquid from said heat rejecting part to said heat absorbing part having a first vapor trapping part connected to said heat rejecting part through a liquid seal, a second vapor trapping part connected to said first vapor trapping part and said heat absorbing part through liquid seals, coolant vaporizing means connected to discharge vapor into said first vapor trapping part, and heating means arranged to heat said generator-absorber and said second vapor trapping part simultaneously and tc heat said iirst vaporizing part alternately with respect to said generator-absorber and said second vapor trapping part.

5. Refrigerating apparatus comprising a pair of intermittent absorption refrigerating systems each including a generator-absorber, means for heating said generator-absorbers -and control means for alternately activating said heating means; a cooling system for each oi' said generator-absorbers each comprising a part in heat exchange with one of said generator-absorbers, a heat rejecting part connected to receive vapor from said heat exchange part, a reservoir, a conduit from saidheat rej ecting part extending into the interior of said reservoir, conduit means extending from said reservoir to said heat exchange part including a vapor trapping liquid flow preventing means arranged to be heated concurrently with said one generator-absorber, a c oolant charge in said cooling system sufficient to seal off the end portion of said conduit extending into the reservoir when liquid accumulates in the reservoir under the action of said iiow preventing means; and conduit means connecting the upper portions of said reservoirs.

6. Refrigerating apparatus comprising a pair of intermittent absorption refrigerating systems each including a. generator-absorber, means for heating said generator-absorbers and control means for alternately activating said heating means; a cooling system for each of said generator-absorbers each comprising a part in heat exchange with one oi said generator-absorbers, a heat rejecting part connected to receive vapor from said heat exchange part, a reservoir, a conduit from said heat rejecting part extending into the interior of said reservoir, conduit means extending from said reservoir to said heat exchange part including a vapor trapping liquid ow preventing means arranged to be heated concurrently with said one generator-absorber, a coolant charge in said cooling system suilicient to seal oil! the end portion ofsaid conduit extending into the reservoir when liquid accumulates in the reservoir under the action oi' said ilow preventing means, and second conduit means associated with said reservoir arranged to receive liquid therefrom and to be heated concurrently with the other of said generator-absorbers.

7. In a refrigerating apparatus having en element subject to alternate periods of heating and cooling, a vaporization-condensation cooling system having a vaporizing part in heat absorbing relationship with said element, a condenser connected to receive vapor from said vaporizing part. a liquid receiver, conduit means for condcting liquid from said condenser to said receiver including' an end portion extending into said receiver to have its open end sealed when the liquid level in said receiver rises above a predetermined level, means for conducting liquid from said reservoir to said vaporizing part including a vapor entrapping liquid flow preventing part arranged to be heated concurrently with said element, and heat operated means arranged to be heated alternately with said element for applying a pressure to one portion of said ow preventing part in excess oi' the pressure on other portions of said now preventing part to displace vapor in said iiow preventing part in the direction of said vaporizing part.

8. Refrlgerating apparatus comprising a pair of intermittent absorption refrigerating systems each including a generator-absorber, a cooling system for each of said generator-absorbers, each of said cooling systems including a heat absorbing part in heat exchange relation with a generator-absorber, a heat rejecting part arranged to receive vapor from said heat absorbing part, a liquid receiving part, conduit means for conducting liquid from said heat rejecting part to said liquid receiving part, second conduit means for conducting liquid from said liquid receiving part to said heat absorbing part including a section constructed to block ilow of liquid from said liquid receiving part when said section is vapor illled, means constructed and arranged to heat said section and the generator-absorber in heat exchange relation with said heat absorbing part concurrently; control means for energizing said heating means alternately, and means constructed and arranged to `be activated by the application of heat to each generator-absorber to apply a pressure to the cooling system of the other generator-absorber to displace liquid in the liquid receiving part of the cooling system oi' the generator-absorber which has just completed a heating cycle into the conduit leading to said heat rejecting part.

9. Refrigerating apparatus comprising a pair of intermittent absorption refrigerating systems each including a generator-absorber, a cooling system for each of said generator-absorbers, each of said cooling systems including a heat absorbing part in heat exchange relation with a generatorabsorber, a heat rejecting part arranged to rell ceive vapor from said heat absorbing part, a liquid receiving part, conduit means for conducting liquid from said heat rejecting part to said liquid receiving part, second conduit means for conducting liquid from said liquid receiving part to said heat absorbing part including a section constructed to block ow of liquid from said liquid receiving part when said section is vapor filled, said liquid receiving means and said conduit from said heat rejecting part being so constructed and arranged that the end of said conduit is submerged in liquid when said section is lled with vapor, means constructed and arranged to heat said section and the generator-absorber in heat exchange relation with said heat absorbing part concurrently; control means for energizing said heating means alternately, and means constructed and arranged to be activated by the application of heat to each generator-absorber to apply a pressure to the liquid receiving means of the cooling system of the other generator-4 absorber above the liquid lvel in said receiving means to displace liquid from said receiving means upwardly in the conduit leading to the heat rejecting part and to apply a pressure to said section in excess of the pressure in said heat absorbing part.

l0. Absorption refrigerating apparatus comprising a pair of intermittent refrigerating apparatuses each having a part to be heated and cooled and means for heating said part, control means for energizing said heating means alternately; a coolingr system including elements in heat exchange with each of said parts, said cooling system including means to flow coolant to said elements, said ow means having structure arranged to be heated simultaneously with the application of heat to each of said apparatuses onerable when heated to prevent flow of coolant to said part of the apparatus being heated, and structure operable upon application of heat to each of said apparatuses for eliminating the ability of said flow preventing structure to prevent the flow of coolant to the said part of the previously heated apparatus.

1l. In combination a heat operated intermittent absorption refrigerating system including a part to be cooled when the system is producing refrigeration, and means for intermittently heating said system; a cooling system arranged to ow a coolant into heat exchange relation with said part to be cooled including an inverted U-shaped conduit arranged to be heated simultaneously with the application of heat to the refrigerating system, liquid sealed traps connected to each leg of said inverted U-shaped conduit whereby to form a sealed-oil flow preventing body of vapor in said inverted U-shaped conduit when the same is heated, and heat operated means arranged to be heated alternately with the application of heat to said refrigerating system for applying a force to one side of said body of vapor to displace the same through one of said liquid sealing traps.

12. In a refrigerating apparatus of the intermittent absorption type embodying a part to be cooled and means for applying heat to the refrigerating apparatus; a cooling system comprising a heat absorbing part in heat exchange relation with said part to be cooled, a heat rejecting part, means for conveying coolant from said heat rejecting part to said heat absorbing part including a liquid sealed vapor pocket and a part arranged to be heated simultaneously with the application nf heat to said refrigerating apparatus 12 to form a trapped flow preventing body of vapor, and means arranged to be heated alternately with the application of heat to said refrigerating apparatus for creating an excess pressure in said liquid sealed vapor pocket.

13. Refrigerating apparatus comprising a pair of heat operated intermittent absorption refrigerating systems each including a part to be cooled and a heat absorbing element in heat exchange therewith, heating means, means for governing the operation of said heating means to heat said systems alternately; heat rejecting means, means for conveying heated cooling medium from said heat absorbing elements to said heat rejecting means, separate means for conveying cooling medium from said heat rejecting means to each of said heat absorbing elements, each of said conveying means including a structure operative when heated to form a cooling medium flow blocking trapped body of cooling medium vapor. each of said structures being arranged to be heated simultaneously with the refrigerating system including the heat absorbing element to which the structure conveys cooling medium; and means operative when heat is applied to either of said refrigerating systems to introduce vapor of cooling medium into the means for conveying cooling medium in heat exchange with the other refrigerating system between the heat rejecting means and the vapor trapping structure in said conveying means and in liquid sealed relation to each of them.

14. In combination with a refrigerating system having a part to be cooled periodically in the operation of the system, a, cooling system comprising a heat rejecting part, a heat absorbing part in heat exchange with said part to be cooled, means for conveying cooling medium from said heat rejecting part to said cooling part including structure arranged to form an entrapped flow blocking body of vapor when heated and a. liquid sealed vapor pocket, means arranged when heated to create a pressure in said vapor pocket. and means arranged to heat said structure and said last-mentioned means alternately.

15. In combination with a refrigerating system having a part to be cooled periodically in the operation of the system, a cooling system comprising a heat rejecting part, a heat absorbing part in heat exchange with said part to be cooled, means for conveying cooling medium from said heat rejecting part to said cooling part including structure arranged to form an entrapped flow blocking body of vapor when heated, said conveying means being constructed and arranged to form equal pressure creating liquid column pressure heads on each side of said entrapped body of vapor when said structure is heated, means arranged when heated to create an additional pressure creating liquid column on one side of said entrapped body of vapor to destroy the previous equality of liquid column pressure heads on opposite sides thereof, and means larranged to heat saidstructure and said last-mentioned means alternately.

16. In combination with a refrigerating system having a part to be cooled periodically in the operation of the system, a cooling system comprising a heat rejecting part, a heat absorbing part in heat exchange with said part to be cooled, means for conveying cooling medium from said heat rejecting part to said cooling part including structure arranged to form an entrapped flow blocking body of vapor when heated, means arranged when heated to force liquid into heat exchange with the portion of said conveying means containing vapor when heated to promote condensation of said entrapped vapor. and means arranged to heat said structure and said last-mentioned means alternately.

17. In combination with an element subject to alternate periods of heating and cooling; a cooling system having a heat absorbing portion in heatexchange relation with said element, means for conveying cooling medium to said heat absorbing portion including structure operative when heated to prevent tlow of cooling medium to said heat absorbing portion, heat operated means operative when heated to cool said structure, and means for simultaneously applying heat to said element and said structure and for heating said heat operated means alternately with said element.

18. Refrigerating apparatus comprising a pair of intermittent absorption refrigerating systems each including a generator-absorber; a cooling system for each of said generator-absorbers, each of said cooling systems comprising a part in heat exchange relation with a separate one of said ing medium to said part including structure op- 141 erative when heated to prevent now of cooling medium through said conveying means and means operative when heated to cool said structure; heating means. means for activating said heating means to heat said generator-absorbers alternately and simultaneously to heat the now preventing structure of the cooling system of the generator-absorber being heated and the heat operated means oi' the other cooling system.

' CURTIS C. COONS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the ille oi this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,627,808 Schurt'z May 10, 1927 1,854,778 Boving Apr. 19, 1932 2,021,994 Hainsworth Nov. 26, 1935 2,340,886 Kleen Feb. 8, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 117.029 Australia -June 10, 1943

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5477706 *Oct 21, 1994Dec 26, 1995Rocky ResearchHeat transfer apparatus and methods for solid-vapor sorption systems
US5598721 *Mar 28, 1995Feb 4, 1997Rocky ResearchHeating and air conditioning systems incorporating solid-vapor sorption reactors capable of high reaction rates
US5628205 *Feb 16, 1995May 13, 1997Rocky ResearchRefrigerators/freezers incorporating solid-vapor sorption reactors capable of high reaction rates
US5661982 *Nov 30, 1994Sep 2, 1997Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Electronic refrigerant compressor for a cooling system
WO1994027098A1 *Apr 20, 1994Nov 24, 1994Rocky ResearchImproved heat transfer apparatus and methods for solid-vapor sorption systems
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/144, 62/481
International ClassificationF25B17/00
Cooperative ClassificationY02B30/62, F25B17/00
European ClassificationF25B17/00