|Publication number||US2513368 A|
|Publication date||Jul 4, 1950|
|Filing date||Jan 4, 1947|
|Priority date||Apr 2, 1942|
|Publication number||US 2513368 A, US 2513368A, US-A-2513368, US2513368 A, US2513368A|
|Inventors||Hubert A Shabaker|
|Original Assignee||Houdry Process Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (3), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 4, 1950 H. A. SHABAKER SYSTEM FOR DRYING PASTE-LIKE MATERIAL 2 Sheeis-Sheet 1 Original Filed April 2, 1942 IIIIIIII NAIIIIIIIIII July 4, 1950 H. A. SHABAKER SYSTEM FOR DRYING PASTE-LIKE MATERIAL 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Original F iled April 2, 1942 INVEN TOR.
flu [mm A c/Zdbdker Patented July 4, 1950 SYSTEM FOR DRYING PASTELIKE MATERIAL Hubert A. Shabaker, Media, Pa., auignor to Houdry Process Corporation, Wilmington, Del., a corporation of Delaware Original application April 2, 1942, Serial No. 437,321. Divided and this application January 4, um, Serial 110.720.177
8 Claims. (Cl. 34-?) My invention relates to a method of and apparatus for drying bodies of paste-like material.
In an important aspect, although not necessarily, my invention relates to a system for drying small bodies of paste-like material which. after completion of the necessary processing operations, are utilizable as contact material for conducting chemical conversion of selected material in a desired manner.
In accordance with the invention, I utilize a mold comprising a transverse passage in which is disposed a. body of liquid-containing paste having exposed surfaces at the respective opposite sides of said mold. The loaded mold, in suitable man ner, is passed through a drying zone containing gases which may have temperature substantially higher than that of the body of paste and which engage one exposed surface thereof. Preferably, circulatory movement of these gases is restricted and simultaneously heated gases are positively directed into engagement with the other exposed surface of said body of paste so as to etliciently dry and harden the same as hereinafter particu- Serial No. 437,321, filed April 2, 1942, now Patent No. 2.413.735.
A concrete embodiment of the invention is described in the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is a somewhat diagrammatic elevation of one type of unitary molding machine with loading equipment and drying oven shown in section; Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation taken substantially on line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional elevationof a preferred arrangement of the loading or feeding portion of the molding machine; V
Fig. 4 is a plan view of the feeding and loading device illustrated in Fig. 3; and
Fig. 5 is a sectional elevation taken substantially on line 5-5 of Fig. 4 with part of the feeding equipment omitted.
Referring to Fig. 1 of the drawing, means providing suitable molding receptacles or apertures are moved successively through a feeding or loading zone A containing suitable equipment for filling the receptacles, a drying zone indicated by furnace or drying chamber B, and an unloading zone C providing suitable equipment for ejecting or otherwise removing the hard, dry, molded units from the receptacles. The molding receptacles may comprise a series of cups of suitable dimensions or closed end apertures provided, for example, in partially drilled plates or in embossed plates. or belts, orthey may be perforations extending through a plate or belt. As shown, the molding receptacles may be contained in belt-like member 5 which travels successively and preferably continuously through the above described zones A, B, and C. Member 5 may comprise a series of apertured or perforated plates 5a suitably linked together, as for example, after the manner indicated in Figs. 4 and 5.
. In loading zone A the prepared moldable mixture, preferably in the form of a substantially continuous paste of desired consistency, for example, a paste containing one or more inorganic oxides produced as gel or gelatinous precipitate by precipitation methods, may be continuously flowed with or without substantial pressure, into the molding apertures or perforations to cast the paste into the desired units. By preference, the moldable mix is formed into a continuous and substantially uniform sheet which is applied to the belt-like member 5 to provide constant and uniform supply of the mix and distribution of it to the molding receptacles. When thin pastes are employed the molding apertures may be filled solely by gravitational flow, in which event the molding apertures may have closed lower ends, being for example, cups produced by drilling partly through or embossing plates 5a. For better control over the molding :process and over the uniformity and strength of the molded products, it is preferred to provide positive filling of the apertures by induced flow of the moldable paste into them. When the molded paste is sufficiently thick to be self supportin within the molding apertures, as is often the case with balling plastic clay mixtures and with comparatively thick mix tures of gelatinous and dried inorganic precipitated gels containing one or more inorganic oxides, and with thick thixotropic pastes of such gels, the molding apertures preferably are perforations extending through the die plates or belt. In fact, use of thick pastes and molding perforations are best adapted for utilization of preferred drying or hardening procedure and for positive ejection from the mold of the dried molded units, as will hereinafter be described in detail.
In the preferred arrangement of the molding machine moldable mix, preferably of the consistency of a thick paste, charged to or produced in hopper 6 disposed above and extending across belt-like member is transferred to plates Ia, as for example, by means of a suitably driven feed roll or cylinder 1 disposed adjacent the discharge port of the hopper to provide a slot between the surface of the roll and the wall of the hopper. The moldable mix adheres to roll I and the latter moves the .adherent material from hopper 6 as a continuous sheet whose thickness is controlled by the width of the aforementioned slot. Th rate at which moldable mix is thus conveyed from the feed hopper may be controlled'by the speed of rotation of roll I, by regulation of the thickness of the sheet, or both. To control regulation of sheet thickness hopper 6 may be provided with suitable means for adlusting the width of the slot, as for example, an adjustable knife or arm 8 as indicated in Figs. 3 and 4. Hopper 6 may be and preferably is provided with suitable mixing or kneading arms 8 which serve the double purpose of working the moldable mixture to maintain it at desired consistency and to force it toward the surface of roll I. Feed roll I may serve the additional purpose of forcing the sheet of moldable material into the molding apertures, to which end it may be in direct contact with plates in (Fig. 1) or spaced from them at a suitable distance (Fig. 3). When plates 5a provide perforations for receiving the mix, suitable wiping or scraping means, for example, a knife blade or squeegee Ill may be provided to remove excess material forced completely through the perforations. If desired, the material may be subjected to substantial pressure during the molding operation to produce compacting or squeezing of the mix, as for example, by utilization of a pressure roll or pressure surface (not shown) disposed on the under side of belt 5 opposite feed roll 1 or the molded material may be subjected to pressure before going to zone B, as for example, by use of spring loaded rolls H. the molding aperturesare in'the form of cups, roll I and upper roller II, or either one of them, will be sufficient to exert substantial pressure.
It is preferred to avoid compression. Thus, as shown, in Fig. 3 feed roll 1 may be spaced from belt 5 and the sheet stripped from roll 1 by a suitable knife l2 to be carried by belt 5 into a casting chamber defined by retaining members In the. casting chamber the mixture may be flowed from the sheet into the molding receptacles without substantial compacting or squeezing by use of a flexibl blade such as doctor blade or squeegee ii in sliding or wiping engagement with the surface of moving belt 5. Blade It may be a flexible strip of metal but by preference is made up of flexible and easily deformable material, as for example, woven fabric or rubber,
to provide close cleaning or wiping engagement ,of belt 5 despitesurface irregularities in the latter. Excess material which has flowed completely through the molding perforations may be removed by a second blade 15a similarto blade l6. In addition to its wiping action blade "a pushes on the lower ends of the molding units in the perforations to move the units upwardly so that their upper ends extend somewhat beyond the upper surfaces of plates 5a. After the molded material'has'been hardened.
a then provided for pusnmg the molded material back through the perforations to properly locate the desired protuberances. Since, in the preferred operation, little or no pressure is utilized in the loading step beyond that necessary for flowing the mix into the casting molds, side retaining members It which serve as guides preventing loss of moldable mix from the ends of the die plates in may be of flexible and easily deformable material such as fabric or rubber. Likewise, cover it which prevents spillage of moldable mix, may be light in structure.
In the preferred molding apparatus, drying is effected in one or a plurality of-passes of carrier or belt 5 through drying chamber B maintained at elevated drying temperature, as for example, within the range of 150 to 500 F. Rapid drying. resulting in greater capacity of the drying oven, is obtained whena suitable drying gas, for example, air, flue gas, superheated steam, or any desired combination of these, heated to the desired drying temperature preferably in the" range Obviously, when of 200 to 350? F. is directed against one or both surfaces of the die plates as hereinafter described. Thus, for example, the desired gaseous fluid preheated to desired temperature, may be forced by a fan (not shown) through ducts SIS into chamber B where it impinges on belt 5 to be eventually discharged by ducts I 16.
Should the drying conditions employed in drying chamber B be such as to produce slow drying of the molded units, i. e., conditions which produce evaporation from the molded material at rates which are low with respect to diifusion rates of water from interior portions of the units toward exposed faces thereof, whereby uniform and small gradients of moisture content are at tained with substantially uniform drying and shrinkage throughout each unit; molded pieces of satisfactory strength may be obtained, but
the drying procedure is lengthy, thus necessitat-' ing greater investment and operating costs than for higher rates of evaporation.
In such drying operations the rate of evaporation is limited to permit gradual migration of water from the interior portions of the molded unit to its exposed surfaces thus providing uniform hardening throughout each molded piece. When, however, the drying conditions are such as to promote more rapid evaporation the hardening process progresses from the exposed surfaces toward interior portions of the mass often producing zones or planes of weakness which adversely affect the strength of the finished product. It has now beendiscovered that the advantages of fast drying may be realized and a uniform product of strength equal to or greater than that produced by slow or uniform dryin may be obtained, as hereinafter described, by causing one exposed surface of the molded mix to be engaged by gases in the ambient space while sub- .ing sufficient water in the portions of the mass adjacent other surfaces of the unit to maintain those portions in deformable or fiowable condition until dehydrated by loss of water through the unit and from the heated surface. Thus, in
following this procedure an evaporation or dehydration front is produced which progresses through the entire unit from the heated surface .with the hardening and shrinkage processes progressing with that front. Substantially all movement of material resulting from shrinkage is in the direction of the localized heated surface or side, and substantially no localized hardening or is in coherent and permanently set or non-workable form and usually contains substantial quantitles of water whose removal further develops the strength and hardness of the unit, usually with further shrinkage.
Often the molded units attain the desired coherent and permanently set form when only a minor portion of the original water content of the mix is removed. For example, workable thixotropic pastes of dried and substantially pure silica-alumina or silica-zirconia gels may be obtained by vigorously working the finely divided solid in the presence of water in quantities to give about 45-55% water by weight in the finished mix. The molded pastes then usually assume coherent and permanently, set form when dried to about 30 to 40% water content. When the dried gel, as submitted to the working step, contains soluble impurities, for example, alkali metal salts or oxides thixotropic pastes of moldable consistency are sometimes obtained by working water mixes containing as low as 40% or somewhat less water by weight. In such instances, to,
insure to full extent the advantages of the preferred drying operation it may be desirable to ,reduce below 30%, as for example, to 25%, the
water content of the molded units by this procedure.
As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the desired progressive evaporation front may be initiated and maintained by one or more perforated ducts l8 located and arranged to impinge heated gas directly .against only one side of perforated plates in for a portion of their passage through continuous dryer B, thus effecting substantially all water removal from only the ends of the cast units adiacent that side of the belt. Suitable bailies 25 may be employed to minimize or prevent circulation of hot gas over the opposite faces of plates to, thereby to prevent excess evaporation from the unheated exposed faces of the molded units.
The desired or necessary quantity of water for maintaining flowability of the molded material in the path of the evaporation front may be applied to the unheated faces of plates to in the form of a water film or spray which penetrates theade jacent ends of the molded units, as by use of one or more perforated conduits H which may be disposed above the flrst course of belt and outside dryer B, as shown in Fig. 1 or at one or more points inside the dryer. The actual quantity of water thus applied will vary with the dimensions of the molded unit, its porosity and the quantity of water contained within it as it is loaded into the die plates. To produce uniformly strong molded cylinders of approximately 4 mm. diameter and length from thixotropic or other work- ,able pastes or mixes containing approximatelyequal quantities of water and previously dried silicious gel, for example, coprecipitated or blended silica and alumina, suilicient water is added when the plates containing the units are covered with a thin film of water before or immediately after they enter the drying chamber. When the additional quantity of water does not produce a moldable mixture which is too thin for loading into and retention by the casting perforations, all the necessary water may be included in the molded mixture as it is prepared or charged into plates Ia. If desired, thin mixes of clay and water or thin pastes containing oxide precipitates may be loaded into closed end apertures or cups. In such event, the drying gas is, of course, impinged on the upper surface of the cups; simultaneously, the lower or closed ends of the cups may be cooled, for example. by a water spray, toassist in retarding or preventing premature hardening of the unheated end of the molded unit. Then a suitable trough or the like may be provided to withdraw excess water from the drying oven.
After the structure of the molded unit has been permanently set by the above described progressive dehydration, further dehydration may be efiected in any desired manner. Since formation I of localized points or planes of weakness have been avoided to this point, the molded material may be subjected to rapid drying including simultaneous evaporation from opposed surfaces or even from all surfaces without fear of adversely affecting strength, hardness, or thickness. In fact, further dehydration further develops these properties. Thus the molded material in belt 5 may be subjected to further dehydration in the latter passes of that belt through drying chamber B under conditions which utilize all exposed surfaces for removal of water, as for example, by employing ducts iii simultaneously to impinge air on both sides of perforated plates in. until the desired degree of dehydration is effected, as for example, in the instance of the above described thixotropic pastes of precipitated materials to a residual water content of 5% or less. Although such further dehydration has been described as taking place while the molded units are retained in the molding receptacles, it is to be understood that part or all of this dehydration may be effected after discharge of the units from the molds.
Discharge of the molds may be obtained by subjecting them to vibration while inverted. When the molded units are formed in perforations to have protuberant ends, they may be discharged by pressure on the protuberances as by passing belt 5 under suitable compression means, for example, a spring loaded or otherwise mounted compression roller. A more efiicient removal is obtained, however, when the belt is simultaneously subjected to vibration. One method of obtaining simultaneous pressure and vibration is to subject the proper side of the belt to slapping, beating or rapping action which may be provided by members I! comprising rotating arms having flexible ends or tips engaging the surface of belt 5. Excessive vibration of the belt may be eliminated by providing suitable supporting members such as rolls i9 located beneath beaters ill. The ejected molded units may be collected in a suitable bin or hopper or, if desired, by a traveling carrier, such as indicated by belt 20, which may. as shown, carry them back through the drying oven to subject them to further dehydration, as by contacting them with hot gases supplied by ducts IIO.
Belt and the molding apertures contained 1 therein may be treated to remove adherent particles of dry material and/or to'lubricate the walls of the molding cups or perforations before I they are again passed through loading zone A.
To this end, belt 5 may be washed with a solution for example by a rotating wire brush, as indicated by 14.
In one typical application of the invention,
1 molded pellets consisting substantially of precipitated silica and alumina in molar ratio of about 11 to 1 were produced. A hydrous composite of silica andalumina was prepared by 1 coagulating a stream of silica-alumina sol with a solution of ammonium sulphate. The sol was obtained by mixing approximately 122 volumes of sodium silicate solution, obtained by diluting about 105 parts by weight of commercial sodium silicate of about 28.5% silica content with about parts by weight of water, and approximately 170 volumes of sodium aluminate solution, prepared by dissolving about 2'1 parts by weight of commercial sodium aluminate of about alumina content in about 170 parts by weight of water. The ammonium sulphate solution was prepared by dissolving approximately 27 parts by weight of solid ammonium sulphate in 83 parts I by weight of water. Upon mixture of the sol and ammonium sulphate a gel having a pH of the order of 9.6 was produced. This gel was subjected of alkali, acid, salt or by other desired solvent 1 to a mixture of live steam and air for about 45 1 minutes to accelerate syneresis, then was substantially completely dried at about 200 F. and then subjected to base exchange with ammonium nitrate until practically free of sodium. After water washing a portion of the resulting ammonium zeolite, reduced to 200 mesh size and liner, was subjected to vigorous kneading and mulling action in the presence of an approximately equal weight of water for about minutes under conditions controlled toproduce a workable molding mixture which was comparatively still and short but capable of low pressure flow into small casting molds. This mixture was formed into a continuous sheet which was flowed at low pressure into perforations of about 4.5 millimeters diameter in continuously moving castlns'plates about 4 millimeters thick which, after thus being loaded, traveled through a continuous multiple pass drying oven. The thus molded undried mix remained in the perforations without substantial settling or falling during movement of the plates to the oven. Immediately before the plates reached the oven a small quantity of water was added to one end of each of the molded units by means of a spray directed against one face of the plates. In the oven air heated to about 300 F. was blownagainst the unwetted sides of the plates while the wetted sides were shielded from the air flow. After about four and one-half minutes drying time, or when the water content of the molded units was about 5% by weight, they were ejected from the plates. Upon 8 test the dried cylindrical units were found to be free of planes of weakness and were capable of supporting concentrated loads of over 1600 grams applied through a knife edge across the axes of the cylinders. Upon heat treatment at about 1200 F. for four hours these cylinders supported loads of about 3500 grams applied as above described. Cylinders molded from the same mixture under identical conditions and subjected to identical drying conditions except omitting the application of water to the casting plates, upon test were incapable ofsupporting concentrated loads substantially in excess of 800 grams before the above described heat treatment .or substantially in excess of 2000 grams after such heat treatment.
Another portion of the above described washed ammonium zeolite, reduced to 200 mesh and finer,
was subjected to mulling and kneading action for mixture of such consistency as to be barely self supporting in the perforations in the absence of jarring. Upon drying the molded cylinders in the continuous multiple pass oven under conditions, including flow of air heated to about 275 to 300 F. over both sides of the plates, which reduced water content of the mix to about 5% in approximately three minutes, the dried cylinders after ejection from the plates could not support concentrated loads substantially in excess of 600 grams and had well defined planes of weakness in their center portions. when the drying conditions were controlled within the same temperature range to effect drying and hardening of the molded units in about the same time but. progressively from one exposed end of the molded units while preventing premature hardening of the other ends, 1. e.. by directing the flow of hot air against only one side of the plates containing the east mixture while shielding the opposite sides of the plates from the air flow, the dried units of about 5% water content successfully supported concentrated loads in excess of 1200 grams, and were free of planes of weakness. Heat treatment at about 1200 F., as described, increased the resistance of concentrated load of the former pellets to approximately 1500 grams but failed to eliminate the planes of weakness, whereas such heat treatment of the latter pellets increased their concentrated load resistance to about 3000 grams without affecting their uniformity of strength and hardness.
One typical use of silicious contact masses so produced is to promote or assist in promoting hydrocarbon reactions including polymerization of ordinarily gaseous oleflns to higher boiling and present porous surfaces and are easily penetrated by reactants and regenerating medium. They are capable of retaining their size and shape for many months of continuous use in recurring cycles of this type. In order to obtain molded contact masses having preferred regeneration characteristics it is preferable so to control the conditions employed in their manufacture asto obtain comparatively high bulk densities and heat capacities. Thus, through regulation of one or more conditions of the manufacturing process, including the degree of pressure utilized in molding compactible molding mixtures and/or the extent of drying or other heat treatment of the molded product contact masses having bulk densities equal to or greater than 500 grams per liter of 4 mm. x 4 mm. cylinders, may easily be obtained. Such is the case even when the undried starting material, for example, gelatinous precipitated silica and alumina is subjected to heat treatment under non-dehydrating conditions, as set forth for example, in U. S. Letters Patent #2,4l2,958 to improve or control other characteristics of the molded product. It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not limited to production of high density products nor to utilization of non-dehydrating .heat treatment of undried silica-alumina or other gels. n the contrary, molded contact masses of low density are valuable for use in the same or other contact operations and may be produced in accordance with the invention by utilization of burnable or leachable filling material in the molding mixture, by avoiding compression of the mix in the molds, by drying or curing temperatures which limit shrinkage, or any desired combination of these. Also, when precipitated silica and alumina are employed as starting materials it is not always necessary to employ the above mentioned nondehydrating heat treatment. Thus, for example 4 mm. x 4 mm. pellets have been obtained by molding dried silica and alumina gel prepared and molded substantially in accordance with the above specific examples, with the exception that the alumina content of the gel was approximately 9% by weight, and the undried gel was not subjected to such heat treatment. Pellets thus obtained had apparent or bulk densities greater than 600 grams per liter and over resisted concentrated loads of 3000 grams.
The above specific example is illustrative of the production of contact masses comprising two component synthetic gels but indicates only one typical use of the invention and is not to be construed as limiting upon its scope. In its various aspects, the invention finds application in production of a great variety of contact masses which are valuable for use in contact processes in the organic and inorganic fields. The desired contact material may contain only a single component. Thus, for example, it may consist of iron oxide produced by precipitation of ferric hydrate, or 01 alumina obtained by precipitating hydrous alumina. Likewise the moldable mixture may contain one or more precipitated or coagulated oxides blended or mixed with plastic clay, or it may consist of silicious or non-silicious gels or gelatinous precipitates, for example, of blends or mixtures of silica and zirconia, alumina and zirconia. silica and beryllia; silica, alumina and zirconia: and silica, zirconia and beryllia. Also,
the workable mix may comprise one or more of the foregoing substances supporting or diluting hydrous or crystalline materials including compounds of chromium, tungsten, molybdenum,-
uranium, calcium, nickel, cobalt and copper.
1. In the art of producing a molded product in a plate-like mold comprising a transverse passage in which is disposed at body of liquid-containing paste having exposed surfaces at the respective opposite sides of said mold, the steps which comprise passing the mold through a dry- 10 v ing zone, engaging one exposedsurface of the body of paste with hot drying gases which occupy the space at one side of the path of said moldin substantially static condition, directing drying gases having temperature substantially above room temperature into engagement with said body of paste at its other exposed surface to thereby progressively heat the paste in a direction extending inwardly from said last named exposed surface with consequent withdrawal of.
movement of said hot drying gases, and directing drying gases at temperature substantially above room temperature into engagement with the other exposed surface of said body of paste to thereby progressively heat the paste in a direction extending inwardly from said last named exposed surface with consequent withdrawal of liquid from the paste along a path extending in reverse direction.
3. The method of claim 2 wherein the drying zone comprises a compartment through which the mold passes in reverse directions, the paste being heated under the conditions stated while passing in each of said directions.
4. In a drying system of the character described, a plate-like mold comprising a transverse passage in which is disposed a body of liquid-containing paste having exposed surfaces at the respective opposite sides of said mold, means defining a drying zone containing hot drying gases, mechanism for passing the mold through said drying zone with resultant engagement of said hot drying gases with one side of the mold and one exposed surface of the body of paste, means for restricting circulatory movement of said hot gases, and means for directing drying gases at temperature substantially above room temperature into engagement with the other exposed surface of said body of paste.
5. In a drying system of the character described, a plate-like mold comprising a transverse passage in'which is disposed a body of liquid-containing paste having exposed surfaces at the respective opposite sides of said mold, means defining a drying zone containing hot gases, mechanism for passing the mold in reverse directions through said drying zone with resultant engagement, while the mold passes in each of said directions, of said hot gases with the sawe side of the mold and the same exposed surface of the body of paste, means for restricting circulatory movement of said hot gases, and means for directing drying gases at temperature substantially above room temperature into engagement with the other exposed surface of said body of paste while the latter passes in each of said directions.
6. In the art of producing a molded product in a plate-like mold comprising a transverse passage in which is disposed a body of liquid-containing paste having exposed surfaces at the respective opposite sides of said mold, the steps which comprise passing the mold through a. drying zone containing substantially static gases which engage one side of the mold and one exposed surface of the body of paste, heating gases to cause the temperature thereof to substantially exceed room temperature; and, during movement of said mold through said drying zone, causing streams of the heated gases to successive- 1y engage said body of paste at its other exposed surface to thereby progressively heatthe paste in a direction extending inwardly from said last named exposed surface with consequent with-'- drawal of-liquid from the paste along a path extending in reverse direction.
7. In the art of producing a molded product in 12 in which is disposed a body of liquid-containin paste having exposed surfaces at the respective opposite sides of said mold, the steps which comprise passing the mold through one portion of a drying zone containing substantially static gases which engage one side of the mold and one exposed surface of the body of paste, heating gases tocausethe temperature thereof to substantially exceed room temperature, causing streams of the heated gases, during movement of the mold through said drying zone portion, to successively engage said body of paste at its other exposed a plate-like mold comprising a transverse passage in which is disposed a body of liquid-containing paste having exposed surfaces at the respective opposite sides of said mold, the steps which comprise passing the mold through one portion of a drying zone while decreasing evaporation from one exposed surface of the body of paste, heating gases to cause the. temperature thereof to substantially exceed room temperature, directing a'stream of the heated gases, during movement of the mold through said drying zone portion, into engagement with said body of paste at its other exposed surface to thereby progressively heat the pastein a direction extending inwardly from said lastnamed exposed surface with consequent withdrawal of liquid from the paste along a path extending in reverse direction, and thereafter directing a stream of the heated gases into engagement with each exposed surface of the body of paste during movement of the mold through another portion of said drying zone. a
8. In the art of producing a molded product in a plate-like mold comprising a transverse passage surface to thereby progressively heat the paste in a direction extending inwardly from said last named exposed surface with consequent withdrawal of.llquid from the paste along a path extending in reverse direction, and thereafter directing a stream of the heated gases into engage ment with each exposed surface of the body of paste during movement of the mold through another portion of said drying zone.
HUBERT A. SHABAKER.
assurances crran The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
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|U.S. Classification||34/310, 34/103, 34/207, 52/DIG.700|
|International Classification||B01J37/00, F26B17/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B01J37/00, Y10S52/07, B01J37/0009, F26B17/023|
|European Classification||B01J37/00B, B01J37/00, F26B17/02B|