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Publication numberUS2514364 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 11, 1950
Filing dateDec 18, 1945
Priority dateDec 18, 1945
Publication numberUS 2514364 A, US 2514364A, US-A-2514364, US2514364 A, US2514364A
InventorsBates Robert M
Original AssigneeBates Robert M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ammunition container
US 2514364 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 11, 1950 I R. M. BATES 2,514,364

AMMUNITION. CONTAINER Filed Dec. 18, 1945 Ruhrt MQ Elat E5 f maem vzam' f i i Patented July ll, 1959 2,514,364 AMMUNITION CONTAINER Robert Means, Mns cav, Merit. Application December 18, 1945, SerialNo."635;81

tied, watef'roof and greatly strengthened Cloverleaf bundle fora'mmunition. 7

Other purposes will become 'apparentfrom the following description.

Reference is now had to the drawings in which similar reference charactersrefe'r to similar parts in all figures. H v I Figure 1 is an isometric View of the assembled ammunition container,

Figure -2 is an isometric view of'the body'portion of the ammunition container with the cloverleaf ends and fastening rod removed,

Figure 3 is an end-view of three side segments nested for shippin or storage,

Figure 4 is a cross sectional view of a grooved 0st o t i a Figure 51's a cross sectional of "a form of slip joint, and

Figure 6 is an isometric view of an -individual side segment showin the hooked edges. For

purposes of illustration, longitudinal corrugations have been added to the segment shown in this view. A

One form of ammunition package for artillery shells, which is known as the cloverleaf bundle, is made by taking three'shellsand inserting them in individual fibre cylinders closed or capped "at both ends. The three cylinders are then stacked together side by side and acloverle'af end having three lobes is applied over each end of the stack. A longitudinal rod is 'the'n p'assed through the space between the three cylinders and through the central holes in the two cloverleaf ends. Wing nuts screwed onto the threaded protruding rod ends, are tightened, thus drawing the clover leaf ends tightly over the cylinders and forming a tight selfsupporting package or bundle for the three shells. A wooden crate is then built around the cloverleaf bundle to give it protection during storage and shipment.

(mitt-"ta (Granted under. the act of March 3; 1883-, bs

amended April 30, 1928; 370 0. G. 757) I -ois ovantageor this type oi pa king the fact that the individual fibre shell -'cyliirdeis were easily reached by water while-being shippedahd hence-lost considerable strength due tobecoining water soaked and would then tend to disintegrate, leaving the shells without adequate support or protection against damage due to rough handling in transit. In addition, the *cost of the wooden crate was considerable.

It is proposed to obviate these-"disadvantages of the-present cl'o'verleafbundle by means of 't'he improvements shown and describedherein.

Figure 1 showstheassembled-ammunition con"- tain'er with twoof {the three side segments visible, namely those dehot'edby numbers =1 and -'3 respectively-J The-two'cloverleaf ends land-'8 are also shownmountd over 'opposite ends of the assembled side "segments. The cleverleaf ends have three lobes, a central holefora fastening rod-a skirted portitin B ai'dund their peripheries to contain the ends-of'the side segmhts-,a-riti a -peripher'al channel 21-. The indentations '22 are formed in the race for added StfiTnesS. The long'itudinal rod-9 sses through the center ll of the--containr anddts two threaded ends protrude through the l-i'ol'es the center of he two cloverleaf ends, being surmounted 'b'y is; nuts It for tighteningeam,was drawing the whole containertightly t getter. s

Figure a 'showstne container Wlth the mover;

removed. an the drawing the side segments 1, 2 and 3 are seen -to be arciiate in "cross section and adjoining side 'segmer it's' are connected means of lock joints 4, '5 and The "-three seg ments "when joined together 'forln the body portion of the container which has a cross' section with three lobes, each lobe forined by one side segment. The bddy portion is' thu's give'n an undulating contour when viewed frdm either end, each undulatio'n constituting one of the three side segments, the joint's'beirig-at the bases of the undulations. T ese joints are preferably made ing portions or hooks jfl l I and 12. The idi'r'it's' should beinadawithsuificieiit ear cc to permit easy assembly of adjaceiit 's'ide segments by sliding them together. Each side segment will thus be formed, as is also shown in Figure 6, with one hook ll of Figure 4 along one of its longitudinal edges and the other hook l2 along the other longitudinal edge. The segments are placed with the edges to be joined aligned and end to end and then are slid together.

Figure 2 also shows the ammunition cylinders 13, M and 15, each designed to contain one round of ammunition, inserted into the ammunition container body portion in side by side relation. Each cylinder occupies one lobe of the cloverleaf cross section of the container, the cylinder ends being cut away for purposes of illustration. After the side segments I, 2 and 3 have been joined together and the cylinders l3, l4 and 15 inserted as shown in Figure 2, the cloverleaf end portions 1 and 8 are placed over the opposite ends of the joined side segments as shown in Figure 1, and the longitudinal rod" 9 inserted through the central holes in the cloverleaf end portions 1 and 8, extending through the longitudinal space I! between the cylinders l3, l4

and 15. The two protruding ends of the fastening rod 9 are surmounted by wing nuts 10 which are tightened, thus drawing the whole container tightly together. The cloverleaf ends are provided with skirted portions l6 and peripheral channels 21 which serve to contain the ends of the joined side segments l, 2 and 3 and thus prevent any sidewise movement thereof.

Figure 3 shows an end view of three of the side segments l', 2 and 3 nested for shipment or storage.- It is apparent that a. considerable number of side segments may be nested together in this manner, for conservation of shipping space and that the nesting gives added protection to individual segments.

While the side segments may be made with smooth surfaces as shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3, it. has been found advantageous to'make them with longitudinal corrugations I8 as shown in Figure 6, the corrugations not extending the'en- Uncorrugated tire length of the side segments. margins l9 and 20 are left at the ends so as to permit the skirted portions 16 of the cloverleaf ends to fit closely over them. They use of the longitudinal corrugations gives added strength and stiffness and permits the use of lighter gauge sheet metal in the side segments Another method of stiffening is to use transverse corrugations on the segments instead of longitudinal corrugations, and a beading machine may be used for this purpose, the end margins I9 and 20 being unbeaded.

- Figure 5 shows an alternate type of slip joint which may be used instead of the joint shown in Figure 4, in which case it is apparent that the side segments may also be joined by placing them side by side and by moving abutting edges toward each other in engagement instead of by sliding longitudinally. But the joint of Figure 5 does not lock together as securely as the joint of Figure 4 and more dependency is placed upon the cloverleaf ends 1 and 8 to keep the joined side segments connected to each other.

The container can be made dustproof and waterproof by an application of a waterproofing compound to the longitudinal joints, 4, 5 and 6, between the ends 19 and 20 of the side segments and the inner sides of the skirted peripheries l6 and channels 2| of the cloverleaf ends, and

around the fastening rod holes in the cloverleaf ,5

ends. Litharge is one of the compositions suitable for this purpose.

It is seen that the body portion comprising the three side segments may also be applied to existing cloverleaf bundles to make them waterproof and give added protection. This will permit dispensing with the wooden crate now necessary for cloverleaf bundles. This results in a lighter and less expensive container, and also saves shipping space since the wooden crate is not used.

While the foregoing specification sets forth the invention in specific terms, it is to be understood that numerous changes in the shape, size, arrangement, and material may be resorted to without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention as claimed hereinafter.

I claim:

A container adapted to enclose a plurality of cylindrical objects and comprising three sheet sections each rolled to substantially semi-cylindrical form, each said section having its opposite longitudinal edges bent to form a flange adapted to interlock with the adjacent flange of the next succeeding section to thereby form a container of generally clover-leaf cross-section for a triangular stack of three cylindrical objects, cover members for closing the opposite ends of said container, each said cover member including an end plate conforming substantially to the crosssectional shape of the said container and a dependent skirt about the periphery thereof arranged to fit over the end of the said container and snugly engage the undulating contour of the sides thereof, means for forcing the said cover members toward each other on the container including an axially disposed rod passing through said container and having threaded nuts engaging each end thereof, there being aligned'axial openings in the respective cover members to permit passage of the said rod therethrough, and reinforcing means disposed circumferentially on the surface of each said sheet section, the said means including stiffening corrugations extending lengthwise of said sections and terminating at the respective ends at points spaced therefrom a distance at least equal to the depth of the dependent skirts of the respective cover members.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,082,175 Scherer Dec. 23, 1913 1,504,194 Treanor Aug. 5,;1924 1,668,179 Williams May 1, 1928 1,683,841 Mullen et al Sept. 11, 1928 2,020,827 Flanagan Nov. 12,1935 2,358,915 Duthie Sept. 26, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 199,928 Great Britain July 5, 1923

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1082175 *Jun 10, 1912Dec 23, 1913Excelsior Steel Furnace CompanyNest of stovepipe.
US1504194 *Jul 3, 1922Aug 5, 1924Gen ElectricContainer and method for producing it
US1668179 *Jul 15, 1926May 1, 1928Williams Arthur H TContainer
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US2020827 *Jan 30, 1932Nov 12, 1935Swift & CoTriangular prism shaped tin
US2358915 *Oct 6, 1941Sep 26, 1944Duthie Roscoe GCellular container
GB199928A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2892540 *Sep 7, 1955Jun 30, 1959Tupper CorpCombined container and cover
US3214807 *Nov 22, 1961Nov 2, 1965Hinden MiltonFlexible connector
US3272329 *Jan 26, 1966Sep 13, 1966John MehalovCore box assembly
US3402871 *Oct 24, 1966Sep 24, 1968Jones & Laughlin Steel CorpMulti-piece container-steel foil body wall
US3481021 *May 24, 1966Dec 2, 1969Asea AbMethod of manufacturing fuel assemblies
US3990601 *Nov 14, 1975Nov 9, 1976Joyce James EKnock-down display stand
US4286708 *Aug 21, 1979Sep 1, 1981The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyModule to prevent sympathetic detonations in munitions
US4783177 *Jun 18, 1987Nov 8, 1988Airflex Containers Ltd.Seals for sealing openings formed by slits
US5148932 *Oct 23, 1991Sep 22, 1992Richard OreficeMaterials-recycling collection bin assembly
US6851347 *Jun 5, 2003Feb 8, 2005The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyMulti-lobed buoyant launch capsule
DE1080903B *Feb 13, 1958Apr 28, 1960Ludwig BucklischTransportpackung fuer patronierte Geschosse
U.S. Classification206/3, 220/510, 220/4.28, 102/430
International ClassificationF42B39/00
Cooperative ClassificationF42B39/00
European ClassificationF42B39/00