US 2514815 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 11, 1950 R. WARNER ETAL 2,514,815
BOTTLE VENDING MECHANISM Filed March 11, 1948 a j Y FJ INVENTORS A TTOR/VEY Patented Jul 11,1950
Thisinvention relates to'lbottle vending mecha-- nism'. ...Ihe. invention ismoreparticularly concerned withcanovel releaselstruc'ture for use in bottle vending mechanis'm.; D r The present invention is an-improvement over the structure disclosed. in. Patent No. 2,174,712 issuedlto R W.1'Warner;' and the primar object of the inventionzis. to-yprovidex-a releas mechanismwhich, is'substantially. simpler'in construction than that; of the patent while being equally as effective, :Lwhereby: it.;is: capable of construction at substantiallylesscost. r
A further object of theinvention is-the provision. of a releasejmechanis'm for use in a bottle vending machine which is capableof adjustment for the handling .of bottles ehaying, different size necks. r I. 1.. lgFurther obj ectsv and advanta es of 'theainvention will becomeaapp'arentin the course of the following detailed description, taken in connection withsthe accompanying drawing, wherein Figure 1 is an elevational view of the improved release mechanism as viewed from the bottle entrance side thereof, the'casing' being shown in .dotand-dash lines for greater clarity, of the essential elements entering into th present invention.
. Figure 2 is a fragmental view similar to Fig. 1, but showing the position of elements when a bottle is being released.
Figure 3 is a fragmentaltop plan viewshowing .the operative relation of. the. release mechanism to other parts of a common bottle vending machine. I
Referring now in detail to the drawing, D designates a portion of a dispensing unit or vending machine, such as shown in the above referred to Warner patent, and which includes spaced slats S defining the bottle guide-ways, and a top wall T, a frontwall F and a rear Wall E defining the '***"'a...aiiiiltnna.; and Harold "B. Smalley, r
. l5 .engageable-by the bottle B:when being'withdrawn-, -and the part l5 merges into and overhangs a vertical portion l5 disposed between. bracket .l;2 andja bottle B when in seated posiv Blool 'nington', I Application March 11, 1948, Serial No. 4,313 '7 Claims. (cigars- 8s tion on base It.
The guide further includes. an elongated hori-' zontal portion I 6 havinga. threaded. stud He gtending-through an elongated-slot |i8 ;in. -a guide member l9 .depending from a plate 20 supported.
in an opening in top wall T. Theportion l tterminates in a depending flange I 5 which opposes aspaced. similar flange 122-' depending from. a
horizontal portion ,22 carried by plate '28.
A screw 23' extendsthroughfian e Z2 and has arounded end engaging flange 56', whereb surface, Himay bemoved closerto the. trap for narrower-necked bottles rafter which a nut 2L on. stud. 1 is drawnup to lock guidev surface l 5 initsset position, and the screw 23 i provided with. aYlock nut :24 to prevent inadvertent turning;
thereof. The .trap
clude relative rotation therebetween.
neck portion of a bottle B to pass therebetween,.
but such space is insufficient to permit passage of the wider body portion of the bottle there-- through. Further, in this normal position, the flangeZl is disposed to one side of the opening 0 thereby permitting a bottle B to be moved into the position shown in Fig. 1.
With the bottle in the position mentioned, a
purchaser deposits a coin, which results in unadjustable guide I4 includes a rounded surface looking the shaft 28 and thereby freeing the gate I3 for rotation. The bottle may then be grasped beneath the lip thereof and raised as in Fig. 2,. which results in counterclockwise rotation of the gate due to pressure of the bottle on the arcuate portion 25, and as the gate rotates sufiicient space 13 .includesa relatively. heavy L-shapedcasti'ng. 26 merging into a flange 2?, and. the tra'pfincludes anarcu'ate bottleengaging. edgeportion' 25. [The trap is secured to a shaft .23 'whi'chlexten'd's' through the rear wall R and into a wellflknown form of coin-controlled -mecha-= nism, the shaft preferablyincluding a squared. portion 29 extending through the. casting to. pre-- admission opening 0, thereby preventing an-.
other bottle from being moved into releasing position until after the gate has returned to its normal position, as in Fig. 1.
When the bottle is finally withdrawn,the greater portion of the mass of the gate will be disposed to the right of shaft 28,.and this un-.
balanced weight in the gate will tend to return it to its normal position of Fig. 1, the gate, however, being positively moved to such normal position by the spring 28"which acts on shaft 28 and is a well known element of a coin-controlled mechanism.
While we have disclosed the invention in accordance with a single specific embodiment thereof, such is to be considered as illustrative only, and not restrictive, the scope of the in:- vention being defined in the following claims.
What we claim and desire to secure by U. S. Letter Patent is:
1. A release mechanism for use in a bottlevending machine having spaced front and rear Walls with 'a bottle-admission opening in'the front wall; said mechanism comprising a guide overhanging the opening at one side thereof and a gate disposed between the walls at the opposite side of the opening, said guide and gate in the normal position of the parts-including opposed portions Spaced apart a substantially less distance than the width of said opening and being positioned for receiving the neck of a bottle therebetween, and said gate being, rotatably supported for movement from said normal position through an angle of substantially 90 and including surfaces unequally spaced from the axis of rotation wherebysufficient space is provided between the guide and gate to permit the passage of the body of the bottle therebetween as the bottle is vertically withdrawn from between-said walls. 1
. '2. The structure according to claim 1, wherein said guide is adjustably supported for movement thereof toward or from the gate for the handling of bottles having difierent size necks.
3. The structure according to claim 1, wherein said gate includes a flange which closes said opening as the gate is rotated to the bottle-releasing position.
4. A release mechanism for use in a bottlevending machine having front, rear and top walls and: a" bottle-admission opening in the front wall; said mechanism comprising a guide and a gate disposed between said walls and at opposite sides of said opening in the normal positions thereof and defining therebetween a bottle-receiving space, said guide and gate having opposed portions overhanging said opening and spaced apart a distance to receive there- 0 Number between the neck of a bottle and said distance being less than the diameter of the body of the bottleysaid gate being supported by a coincontrolled mechanism shaft and the gate being rotatable with the'shaft from said normal position through an angle suflicient to swing the said portion of the gate away from the cooperating portion of the guide-to permit release of the body of the bottle from therebetween.
5. The structure according to claim 4, .wherein said shaft is connected with the gate adjacent said neck-receiving portion thereof whereby the weight of the gate" when rotated to bottle-releasing position will be unbalanced relative to the'shaft and the gate will accordingly be assisted by gravity in its return to normal position.
6. The structure according to claim 4, wherein said gate is provided with a flange movable over said opening as the gate is rotated to bottlereleasing position.
7. The structureaccording to claim 4, wherein said guide is adjustably supported from said top wall for movement relative to said gate for REFERENCES CITED 'The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Warner et a1 Oct. 3, 1939 Cunningham Oct. 7, 1941 Baker Oct. 28, 1941