US 2518262 A
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Aug. 8, 1950 o. R. WILSON METHOD OF PERMANENT WAVING LONG HAIR 3'Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 3, 1949 INVENTOR; Dom/AP Alas/v ATTOEIVEK 8, 1950 D. WILSON 2,518,262
' METHOD OF PERMANENT WAVIING LONG HAIR Filed Sept. 3, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 v .7: 7- 1. 5 INVENTV'OR;
DOA/M4 ML sou.
Aug. 8, 1950 D, w so 2,518,262
METHOD OF PERMANENT WAVING LONG HAIR Filed Sept. 3, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 IN VEN TOR;
DOM/A Ph msou.
BY I" aonthezstrands ofz'hair.
Patented Aug. 8 w I V v ,asisagz s t smii rrron onRERMANENT WA v a a 115mm 7 are terarmed. App'lication September 3, 1949, Serial No; I-1 3,'91 3 rGlaims. (cl lfl t) v ,1; 7.. 2; isIlhis,iinventiomrelatesatoiamimnrovedamethad airom .c lle ;middl,e.l-;ofath efiorehead1toethe. middle tofz' permanent,avayingllongghairzin such amarmer aqk of 2217118 neck eandtshowingeone L-side as to insure that the extreme ends of h ihair epinnedvlupsan detheaether;side,;downsready:rorea will be waved equally as well as the maingportion swavin coperation; j Figured islravieweshowinghaltress :blockasepagrt :isaanmbjeet Of-itmsiin lfinfifi fnQipIQ J deW3: rated-Land saturated with a--:wav ls ttin l o1u- -method: of-.-.permanentlyi.iwavting lpn ishairewliich 112i it eineztr ss block I.and.-ready for;;the-.-wav- -cpmprisesedividin -zthenhair zinto :bloclss, 'IQQminal peration; :Jnflnly gknown-nas stress chlocks. a and :then i;. .nde Fi ures 4a viewrsimilamtotliigureee; Jou-tshow- .ipendently-eombingithe ill-a iiin'E LQb QQKBEndZfiP- ess -;h1QQk setter 'ii'tjfhasfibeen rtwisted iplying a suitable wave settin ;solutionztheretpdv, ozib edouhled back,upon itself; :SI'heh,ieaohzgblocknof rhairj isi-ltightly dr wn 1 v$ 11 .26 v15.232 tieW;imilar itozigigurece showing aatithe;samezrtinie thetresseblocl; is: lli iQd m v lahe:tresssg lack doubled ebackuponeitselrtread-y its tipitoenearethe; scalp. The :t M. for a spiral winding operati SSWatrOhG.OfjhfiilfiiSidOlhlQd aback; unqnl itselfsahd ,rfligli ifirflssfihclw 1 he-=firsttstenain:the beginning that t ortiomofl theehairiwlhieh -is-zn t-ifoi;dedsis eQ i efilili wi din toperati n; :thenesnirallyewonndzaround the douhledspo tien, .sEiswse 8 r i showingiar furthqrnstepein after which a suitable .longhiihronsamaieria ndihgmner tioh; lsuclrasnamhs wooL-is wound aboutith jla'st' n r v v. a :aiirawz howine. sererahotthaspiraI ofshairgand sthenzthe :tressblack. isapin edain vtr eiheenteemhleted oiethe double aback ,plaoe byrhair pinszin :th cu ual manner. ac 'iblolc ii'is wavedn-bvadouhling andusnirallyxwihd- A gingrzthgeizhair ,in: ;the ridenzticalgmannerz ustlzrd i-s cw nalthelex m .ipmertionlonthemressiblock .scribed, andiaiteretheehair. haslsea. .;a redebe n wound-tare m he. extrem tenduofethe .z teliminfidlzpfilf d,cllheih i ninse o earl r ress 12 d uhled aehhant ens;
woolia eir me edifrome howsathe fipinalmwindingxgpel'aifigl ecombed is-Figllalehi iii .zb inesarmlieda ,t ealen .wlthztheidouhledepmit onjnf leaehasee ion, nt es ehloch;
thus producing a more perfect and completemerith w ntmicompleted spirallyanound manent.rwaveithanahas heretofore been possible. stre s-1 19. eubl dibachlandxpinned in position;
particularly in waving long hair. 1-13 l Figur l.5 'shows ai.corr-xpleted headiwith sallwof The present rmethodralsoelini-inates the necesat erltt sibl cks wound and-pinneddmm i iensity pf usipg any typ e,, i antif ciahgourlemor Referrin amerm specificallyuto :the :drawings,
rubber b ds as We-11,35 flii 9 6 1 pager :a-fiheinumeralsgilmtorfi inclusiveiindicateathe manw h gsmall.,nieeesr ofln per applied around lhersin-.;- which .thechfiil'mflnflnflsfidetQf:l,a;ihead.'0f the free endsofthe tresses' ofhair' and around Hi0 @hDQESOIi cabs-separated;intoitresszblc k :a'fl'fhe whiclnthe usual curlers areadapted to bev placed zhllmeralififl indicates-impart:lineaextending "irom rim curlingthehair. v v a gthemiddleiofimhenoreheadito;:the middle ofathe Some of the objects of the invention having back of the neck of the head of a person having been stated, other objects will appear as the dehair which is to be waved by this improved scription proceeds, when taken in connection with method. This method is especially adapted to the accompanying drawings, in which be employed in the waving of long hair, as shown, Figure 1 is a diagrammatic view of a person's but may be used on hair which is shorter than head showing the manner in which the hair is that shown in the drawings. The hair of the head divided into sections and each section is divided, is formed into tress blocks one at a time, beginin turn, into blocks defining tress blocks which hing with section I in the left center of the foreare tobe waved; head and extending into. the successive tress Figure 2 is a schematic front elevation of a blocks 2, 3, 4 and 5 which are waved in a manner persons head showing some of the tress block to be presently described; after which tress blocks sections not shown in Figure 1; 6 to 9, inclusive, are formed, and then tress blocks Figure 3 is a view showing the hair parted II to 14, inclusive, and then tress blocks l5 to 20, inclusive, and then tress blocks are again divided out and waved from 2| to 26, inclusive, and, then beginning with 21, the hair is divided into tress blocks up through tress block 32. Then beginning with the front block 33, the tress blocks are formed and waved through section 38, and. then tress blocks 39 to 55, inclusive, are waved. The drawings indicate how one side of the head of hair is waved, and the other side is waved in an identical manner and a description of the same will not be given.
After the middle part 66 is formed, one side of the head, let us say, the hair on the right-hand side of the head is tucked up and pinned in position indicated at 6|. Then, the hair in tress block I is separated from the other hair as shown in Figure 4, and is saturated with a wave setting solution, and then it is twisted into a rope like form indicated at 62 in Figure 5. Then, the twisted strands of hair are doubled upon themselves as at 63 and wound around the strand as at 64, being on the underneath side of the strand and extending from front to rear, and then the strands of hair are brought forwardly over the looped portions indicated at 65 and 66, or forwardly, as indicated at 61. Then the tress block or twisted strand of hair is wound spirally around the doubled portions 65 and B6 in successive steps or into spirals 61 to 14', inclusive, or
until all of the hair whichis not doubled back hair wave. These two operations of winding the lambs wool 80 around the tip portion of the spiral winds are indicated in Figures 12 and 13.
' When the block has thusbeen lwound, it is .pinned in a position, such as shown in Figure 14,
where the tress block is indicated at l, to correspond with the section I on the chart of the head. This operation is repeated for all of the substantially rectangular portions shown in Figures 1 and 2 in the order there indicated until the entire side of the head has been wound and .waved and pinned into the positions shown in Figure 15. Then, the other side of the head is treated in an identical manner and the waved batches of hair are allowed to remain in the position shown in Figure 15 until the curls and waves have been set, at which time the hair is unwound and combed in the usual manner.
It is thus seen that by treating the various tress blocks in the manner shown and described, that a permanent wave can be applied to the hair constituting the tress blocks without the need of any instrumentalities onto which the 4 strands of hair are wound and which will give a very attractive wave to the hair with ringlets on the tip ends of the hair.
It should also be observed that this method differs radically from other methods wherein elongated rectangles constitute the tress blocks, whereas a great many more tress blocks are formed in the present method and all of these tress blocks constitute sections of hair which are practically square and not elongated as has heretofore been the practice, thus dividing the hair into more than twice as many tress :blocks as have heretofore been used, and thus leaving a much more permanent and much more attractive wave than has heretofore been accomplished by other methods. a
In the drawings and specification there has been set forth a. preferred embodiment of the invention, and although specific terms are employed, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only, and not for purposes of limitation, the scope of the invention being defined. in the claims.
I claim: V
1. That method of imparting a permanent wave to hair which comprises dividing the hair into a plurality of relatively small and substantially square tress blocks one at a time and applying a wave setting solution to the hair of a tress block, twisting the hair of a tress block a plurality of times, and then doubling a medial portion of the hair backwardly upon itself to near the roots of the hair, then spirally winding the remaining hair around the two doubled portions of hair until all of the free ends of the hair have been wound spirally around the doubled portion of the hair, then securing the hair against unwinding.
2. That method of imparting a, permanent (wave to the hair on a human head which comprises successively separating relatively small and substantially square sections of the hair from the other hair one at a time, impregnating the separated hair with a wave setting solution, imparting a twist to the hair, then doubling that portion of the hairadjacent the roots thereof backupon itself and winding the free end of the twisted hair spirally around the doubled back portions to substantially encircle the doubled back portions and then confining the free ends REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Snyder Dec. 9, 1941 Number