US 2518636 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug- 15 1950 H. PHILLIPS 2,518,636
f2 'l N u BY 6 3 nw 8 l 2 H. PHILLIPS Aug. l5, 1950 KILN 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 .WM m .n .Sm P1 v .N .nl wy, f w w w nw N bm, Ov n Q@ Patented` Aug. 15, 1950 Harvey Phillips, Malvern, -K Ark., assignor f of twenty-five per cent to Willie A. Riggs, Malvern, Ark. 4
Application February 25, 1948, Serial No. 10,670
' 9 claims. (o1. 259-82) This invention relates to new and useful irnprovements in kilns and the primary object of the present' invention is to provide a kiln including novel'and improved means forY removing sedi-:- mentation rings formed on the inner walls of the same. y
`Another important Yobject of the present ,in-` vention is to provide a kiln including a plurality of agitating baflies mounted therein and includ-r ing novel and improved means for agitating the ballles within the kiln to retain the inner walls of the'kiln free from foreign matter and sedimentation which usually forms thereon during the operation of the kiln.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a kiln embodying means for frictionally Vsupporting the kiln during the rotation of the' same in use.
A still further aim of the present invention is to provide a'kiln that is simple and practical in construction, strong and reliable in use, smallv and'compact in structure, neat and attractive in appearance, relatively inexpensive to manufacture, and otherwise well adapted for the purposes for which the same is intended. f
Other objects and advantages reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference beinghad to the accompanying drawingsfforming part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout and in which:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary perspective View of the present invention, and With parts thereof broken away and shown in sections;
`Figure 2 is a longitudinal sectional viewtaken substantially on theplane of broken section line 2-2 of Figure 1;v 1, 1 p Y, 1,1;
Figure is a Vfragmentary transverse Yvertical sectional View taken substantially on the plane of broken section line 3 3 of Figure 1, and with parts thereof broken away and shown in sections; and,
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of the upper portion of the present invention, taken substantially on the plane of section line 4-4 of Figure 2.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, wherein for the purpose of illustration, there is disclosed a preferred embodiment of Ythe present invention, the numeral I represents an elongated cylindrical container or kiln that is open at both ends to receive suitable removable closures (not shown), and which is provided with an inner lining or sleeve I2 'of any suitable material.
A plurality of longitudinally and circumferentially spaced apertures i4 are provided in the container I0 and lining I2 and these aperturesv I4 `eachfrictionally support guide sleeves l 6 having stop flanges I8 that prevent inward movement of the guide sleeves I6 relative to the container I8. Mounted in each of the guide sleeves I6 for reciprocating movement, is a plunger or support arm 20, the inner end 22 of which eX- tends into the container I0 and is removably secured in any -suitable manner to the ends of a plurality of longitudinally extending, circumferenends 26 of the support arms20, are substantially U-shaped support plates 28 that rotatably sup-VV Coil springs l32 loosely embracing the support arms 20 and biased be port bearing rollers 30.
tween the stop flanges I8 and the support plates 28, normally retain the support arms in an outwardly extended position, as shown best in Figure 4 of the drawings.
' The numeral 34 represents the container supporting block used in conjunction with the'present invention generally, each of which comprise a base portion 36 that is removably secured to alsupporting structure 38 by fasteners or the like A46', and a pair of spaced side walls 42 and 44m-The sidejwalls 42 and 44 are provided with opposed central, arcuate notches 46, pairs of op- -ends i54to-rotatably support further rollers 56.
It should be noted, that the rollers 50 and 56 frictionally engage and support the container I8, andfthat a-plurality of supporting blocks 36 are used in conjunction with the container l0 and are'so disposed as to be spaced relative to the rollers 30 and support plates 28 carried by the support arms 20, whereby the container may rotatefreely upon the rollers 5D and 58 without the said supporting blocks 34 coming in contact with any type ofA obstruction carried by the container l0.
Embedded in the ground ora supporting structure 38, is a plurality of longitudinally spaced, preferably 1-beams or uprights 58 each of which rigidly supports horizontally disposed I-beams or hanger arms that are fixed to the uprights 58 by brace plates 62. Rigidly secured to the lower faces of the hanger arms 60 are cams 64 which are disposed above the container l0 and which frictionally engage the rollers 30 upon rotation tially spaced agitator, crustation breaker plates Secured by welding or the like to the outer of the container I0 to reciprocate the arms 20 and thus eiect an inward and outward movement of the agitator plates 24 to remove sedimentation rings formed on the inner walls of the lining I2.
In view of the foregoing description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings it is believed .that a clear understanding of the device will be quite apparent to those skilled in this art. A more detailed description is accordingly l0 deemed unnecessary.
1t is to be understood, however, that even though there is herein shown and described a preferred embodiment of theinventionf-thelsameis susceptible to certain changes"'fi'rlly"cornpre'-V l5y hended by the spirit of the invention as herein described and the scope of tI-IefappendedmIaimSs.
Having described the invention, what is claimed as new is:
1. A kiln comprising aL container, means dis- 20 posedcomplete'ly' within `tire container and; moveA ableil'aterall'yfoftlnaE container for removing' sedil menitationfzforme'd"`onistlie inner walls of-"thecorr--A tainer; means slidabl'Zl carried! by' the container foriagitating 'saidsedi'ment removing means andi'- 25A meansengaging. said last-mentioned means dur=- ing rotation` oi saidcontainerY to actuate saidi seccndinamed means.
2 A Kiln comprising a container; means mountedsaid'container for lateral movement 30 with respectfl tot: the@ containerY to'- remove sedi-- mentatien-formedfonfti'ie inner walls ofthe container, means for supporting said container dur ing: the rotation thereof, means: di'sposedfradia-lly nefct'edito the first-mentioned means for agitatir'igy saidil sediment: removing means, and means en-v ga'gingf and actuating. said" secondi-mentioned means during rotation: of 'said' container.
51 Thefcombination-:ofclaimv 4= wherein: sai-dv 552,
last mentionedg-means-includes aroller carriedibyf ea'ch-of'said-plungerse;
6:, The: comioinatien:y of; claima 2 whereinf saidV supporting means includes a plurality of support blocks, and rollers carried by said blocks for frictionally engaging the outer periphery of the container.
7. A kiln comprising a substantially cylindrical container, agitator plates mounted in said container for removing sedimentation rings formed on: the inner. wallsof the container, -reciprlocable plungerssl'dably carriedbythe Walls of the container and connected to said agitator plates, roll*- ers' carried by said plungers, supports disposed adjacent said container, and cams carried by said supports for engaging said rollers upon rotationof sai'df container, said plungers ibeing disposed-radially of" said container and said plates being mountedin said container for lateral movementz-relative'rto. the-container, said plates being terminally secured to said plungers.
8f, The combination of claim 7 wherein said agitator plates are sequentially agitated during rotatibngoisaidgcontau'ner:
9; A2 kilnf; comprising; a; supporti having:rollers:v
nrccuntedsr thereon, a; cyiindrical: container; sup-b ported ons-,said rollers torrotationa firstgroupdal v circumferentia'llyr spaced elongated? platesfil re; ceived in said container, a second group of circumferentiallyspacedrielongatedplates received in; saint; container, said-'second group. of plates:- beingfzstaggeredgwith .respect to thet first group of.y plat-es,` each. plate-f of" both groups; of` plates;
having I inner 'andf outer endy portions, the/inner end fportions'of: the -rst group` of plates overlap-r` pingzatne outer endportion ofthe second group'of plates, a first and secondrseries'offcircumferen` tiallyg spaced; radially-disposed plungers` slidably carriedlbyP the: walls of theY container andren-- neet-ed; tofthezouter4 endfportionsof the 1 rstia-nd;
second groups of plates, another series ofscircum-l ferential-lyspaced radially disposed..plungers-carriedfby the walls of the.- containerI and connect` edl to the; innerv` end f portions of bothr groupsof.` plates,A and means disposed. adjacent. the: sup-- portf for.v engaging and reciprocating all, of said-v series off plungersrduning. rotation` of said con-,- tainer.
REFEEENCESv CITED Thea" followingv references:- aref; of record in; the leV of: this; patent: Y y
UNITED. SATES PATENTS NumbersV Name` Datei 283,098 Gore ..Aug; 14, .1883?y 388,855;` Gilbert; Sept; 4, 1888 517 0g3601'i Ache'son'; Oct; 27,. '1896 2,059,176 Newhouse Oct; 27; 1936Y 233157,566;